nep-hpe New Economics Papers
on History and Philosophy of Economics
Issue of 2022‒03‒21
seven papers chosen by
Erik Thomson
University of Manitoba

  1. Re-reading Carl Menger’s Grundsätze. A Book That “Cries Out To Be Surpassed” By Kurz, Heinz D.
  2. Networks in Population Economics: production and collaborations By Molina, José Alberto; Iñíguez, David; Ruiz, Gonzalo; Tarancón, Alfonso
  3. /i In memoriam/i Philippe Mongin By Gilles Campagnolo; E. Picavet
  4. Aux Ouvrières!: socialist feminism in the Paris Commune By Muldoon, James; Müller, Mirjam; Leipold, Bruno
  5. Robert Triffin, Japan and the quest for Asian Monetary Union By Ivo Maes; Ilaria Pasotti
  6. Comptabilité et profit : comment saisir les pratiques comptables de l'époque Moderne By Pierre Gervais
  7. ECONOMICS IN WORDS By Vera Komarova

  1. By: Kurz, Heinz D. (University of Graz)
    Abstract: The paper reconsiders Menger’s Grundsätze (1871). It recalls, first, that the theory of marginal utility was developed by representatives of the so-called “German Use Value School”; secondly, that Menger’s criticism of the theories of value and distribution of the classical economists is based on severe misunderstandings; third, that his alternative construction is marred with difficulties spotted by Böhm-Bawerk and Wieser; fourth, that relative prices reflect inter alia the substances that “transmigrate” into commodities in the course of production. The Grundsätze are nevertheless a “great” work, because it invites to correct what is problematic in it and develop what is sound.
    Keywords: Classical economics; Essentialism; German Use Value School; Imputation problem; In-come distribution; Marginalism; Menger; Carl; Production; Rau; Karl Heinrich; Ricardo; David; Smith; Adam; Subjectivism; Successivism; Value
    JEL: A12 B12 B13 B31 D11 D24 D33 D42 D46 D51 D80 N00 O10
    Date: 2022–03–16
  2. By: Molina, José Alberto; Iñíguez, David; Ruiz, Gonzalo; Tarancón, Alfonso
    Abstract: Population Economics (PopEc) covers a number of topics in Economics, as well as in Demography, Labor Studies, Sociology, etc. For example, the economic determinants of population change and demographic behavior covers topics such as household formation, marriage and divorce, fertility, gender, child bearing, schooling, access to labor markets, migration, well-being, and ageing and mortality, among others. In this paper, we analyze the production and networks of a total of 6,472 authors who have published 5,070 papers in Population Journals (indexed in SSCI of WOS) between January 1969 and January 2021 (Journal of Population Economics, Journal of Human Resources, Feminist Economics, the Review of Economics of the Household, the Journal of Demographic Economics, Demography, Population and Development Review, and the European Journal of Population). Using the Impact Factor (IF) of these journals corresponding to the year of publication, our results first identify the academic leaders among those authors, as well as other results in terms of communities. Results reveal that the largest community is led by the sociologist Trude Lappegard, with the community led by the economist Hans-Peter Kohler as a close second. The latter community includes the most prolific author, the economist Samuel H. Preston. Additionally, we note that collaborations among these authors are very rare, with only their neighborhoods collaborating.
    Keywords: Population Economists,Impact factor,Leaders and co-authorship,Research production,Complex networks
    JEL: A11 C45
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Gilles Campagnolo (AMSE - Aix-Marseille Sciences Economiques - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - ECM - École Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); E. Picavet (ISJPS - Institut des sciences juridique et philosophique de la Sorbonne - UMR 8103 - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Date: 2021–03
  4. By: Muldoon, James; Müller, Mirjam; Leipold, Bruno
    Abstract: Feminist and socialist movements both aim at emancipation yet have often been at odds. The socialist feminists of the Paris Commune provide one of the few examples in late nineteenth-century Europe of a political movement combining the two. This article offers a new interpretation of the Commune feminists, focusing on the working-class women’s organisation the Union des femmes. We highlight how the Commune feminists articulated the specific form of oppression experienced by working-class women as both women and workers, which consequently required a joint, yet differentiated, struggle to overcome. We explore three aspects of this framework. First, the Commune feminists offered a vision of the transformation of the social through reforms to girls’ education, the family and women’s work. Second, they practised a politics of coalition building by connecting their struggle with those of other oppressed groups, such as male workers, peasants and workers of other nations. Third, these ideas were instantiated in the Union des femmes’ novel proposal for women’s worker co-operatives as part of a socialist re-organisation of the economy.
    Keywords: commune feminism; feminism; France; Paris Commune; socialism; socialist feminism
    JEL: B14 B24 P2 P3
    Date: 2022–01–31
  5. By: Ivo Maes (Robert Triffin Chair, University of Louvain and Ichec Brussels Management School); Ilaria Pasotti (Consultant at the Intesa Sanpaolo Group Historical Archives)
    Abstract: Especially with the Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998, Asian countries have advocated a profound reform of the international financial architecture. Their proposals focused on two main axes: a reform of the global financial system and stronger regional monetary integration in Asia. There are here significant parallels with the ideas of Robert Triffin (1911-1993). Triffin became famous with trenchant analyses of the vulnerabilities of the international monetary system, especially his book Gold and the Dollar Crisis. Triffin put forward several proposals for reforming the global monetary system, but he also developed proposals for regional monetary integration. These were very much based on his experience with the European Payments Union, and focused on the creation of a (European) Reserve Fund and a (European) currency unit. In this paper we focus on Triffin’s proposals for an Asian payments union in the late 1960s, giving special attention to Japan (in Triffin’s time the biggest Asian economy).
    Keywords: : Triffin, Bretton Woods, international liquidity, regional monetary integration, Asian Payments Union, Japan
    JEL: A11 B22 B31 E30 E50 F02 F32
    Date: 2022–03
  6. By: Pierre Gervais (CRAN - Centre de Recherche sur l'Amérique du Nord - CREW - CREW - Center for Research on the English-speaking World - EA 4399 - Université Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris 3)
    Abstract: The accounting methods used in the Early Modern period are hotly debated, particularly from the point of view of a possible «capitalist spirit» (the so-called «Sombart-Weber thesis», linking accounting and the development of capitalism). Because of the diversity of these methods, from day books to single-entry and double-entry book-keeping as well as charge and discharge, and the even wider range of practices, each source needs to be critically examined. Double-entry bookkeeping in particular, a method linked to the merchant world since manufacturers and large landholders tended to rely on charge and discharge, was actually used in ways specific to the period, in spite of the apparent modernity of the vocabulary. It did not focus on balance sheets, cost accounting, profit calculations or returns on investment, but was rather a tool allowing its users to manage the highly complex credit flows which structured merchant activity, thus allowing for the proper circulation of information, and underpinning the cartels and networks which controlled market segments and generated merchant profit.
    Abstract: Les comptabilités de l'époque Moderne sont l'objet de vifs débats, particulièrement par rapport à une possible « mentalité capitaliste » (la « thèse Sombart-Weber », d'après le lien fait par Max Weber et Werner Sombart entre comptabilité et capitalisme). La diversité des modèles, livres de raison, partie simple, charge et décharge, partie double, et surtout la multiplicité des pratiques, imposent une approche critique des sources. Malgré la modernité apparente du vocabulaire, la partie double en particulier, associée au monde marchand alors que les producteurs manufacturiers et les propriétaires fonciers utilisaient plutôt le système en charge et décharge, est en réalité un outil spécifique à la période. Les acteurs de l'époque, loin de se focaliser sur les bilans, calcul de coûts, mesures du profit et autres retours sur investissement, l'utilisaient avant tout pour gérer des flux de crédit multiformes, qui structuraient l'activité marchande en garantissant la circulation de l'information et la perpétuation de réseaux cartellisés contrôlant des segments de marché.
    Date: 2021–12–27
  7. By: Vera Komarova (Daugavpils University)
    Abstract: The interdisciplinary study "ECONOMICS IN WORDS. Terminology Consistency in Translations of Economic Texts" is aimed to assess terminology consistency within corpora of Latvian and Russian textbooks on economics of "three generations" (1990s, 2000s and 2010s) (n = 61 textbook), and in addition to them – bilingual and multilingual dictionaries of economic terms issued in Latvia and Russia since 1990 (n = 9 dictionaries). In the framework of this study, terminology consistency is conceptually understood as a component of the overall quality of terminology in translations of economic texts. Results of the empirical research show that terminology consistency in textbooks on economics statistically significantly increased in the 2010s compared to the 1990s and 2000s. Using the methodology of linguistic discourse analysis, which includes both quantitative and qualitative methods, the author concluded that translation studies are able to discern social asymmetries behind linguistic ones. Considering the experience of socio-economic metamorphoses both over the past 30 years and in earlier periods, the author emphasizes the special importance of critical thinking in the creation, translation and perception of modern economic texts. The work is positioned by the author as a scientific research in the field of economic linguistics, which covers the relationship between economic reality and the language of economic texts.
    Abstract: Starpdisciplinārā pētījuma "EKONOMIKA VĀRDOS. Terminoloģijas konsekvence ekonomi-kas tekstu tulkojumos" mērķis ir novērtēt terminoloģijas konsekvenci "trīs paaudžu" (1990. gadu, 2000. gadu un 2010. gadu) ekonomikas mācību grāmatās latviešu un krievu valodā (n = 61 mācību grāmata), kā arī bilingvālajās un multilingvālajās ekonomikas terminu vārdnīcās, kas izdotas Latvijā un Krievijā kopš 1990. gada (n = 9 vārdnīcas). Šī pētījuma ietvaros terminoloģijas konsekvence konceptuāli tiek saprasta kā terminoloģijas kopējās kvalitātes sastāvdaļa ekonomikas tekstu tulko-jumos. Empīriskās izpētes rezultāti rāda, ka terminoloģijas konsekvence ekonomikas mācību grā-matās statistiski nozīmīgi palielinājās 2010. gados salīdzinājumā ar 1990. gadiem un 2000. gadiem. Pielietojot lingvistiskās diskursanalīzes metodoloģiju, kas ietver sevī gan kvantitatīvās, gan kvalita-tīvās metodes, autore secināja, ka tulkošanas pētījumi spēj noteikt sociālās asimetrijas, pamato-joties uz lingvistiskajām asimetrijām. Ņemot vērā sociāli ekonomisko metamorfožu pieredzi gan pēdējo 30 gadu laikā, gan iepriekšējos periodos, autore uzsver kritiskās domāšanas īpašo nozīmību mūsdienu ekonomikas tekstu veidošanā, tulkošanā un uztverē. Šo darbu autore pozicionē kā zināt-nisko pētījumu ekonomiskajā lingvistikā, kas pētā attiecības starp ekonomisko realitāti un ekono-mikas tekstu valodu.
    Abstract: Междисциплинарное исследование "ЭКОНОМИКА В СЛОВАХ. Единообразие терминологии в переводах экономических текстов" посвящено оценке единообразия терминологии в корпусах учебников экономики "трёх поколений" (1990-х, 2000-х и 2010-х годов) на латышском и русском языках (n = 61 учебник) и в дополнение к ним – билингвальных и мультилингвальных словарей экономических терминов, вышедших в свет в Латвии и России после 1990 года (n = 9 словарей). В рамках данного исследования единообразие терминологии концептуально понимается, как структурный элемент общего качества терминологии в переводах экономических текстов. Результаты эмпирического исследования показали, что единообразие терминологии в словарно-учебных экономических текстах статистически значимо повысилось в 2010-х годах по сравнению с 1990-ми и 2000-ми годами. Используя методологию лингвистического дискурсивного анализа, включающую как количественные, так и качественные методы, автор пришла к выводу о том, что переводоведение способно за языковыми асимметриями разглядеть социальные. Учитывая опыт социально-экономических метаморфоз как в течение последних 30 лет, так и в более ранние периоды, автор подчёркивает особую значимость критического мышления при создании, переводе и восприятии современных экономических текстов. Данная работа позиционируется автором как научное исследование в области экономической лингвистики, анализирующее взаимосвязь между экономической реальностью и языком экономических текстов.
    Keywords: economics in words,economic texts,economic terminology,linguistic discourse analysis,translation studies,economic discourse,ekonomika vārdos,ekonomikas terminoloģija,tulkošanas pētījumi,ekonomikas diskurss,ekonomikas teksti,ekonomiskā lingvistika,lingvistiskā diskursanalīze,экономика в словах,экономические тексты,экономический дискурс,экономическая терминология: дингвистический дискурсивный анализ,экономическая лингвистика,переводоведение
    Date: 2022–02–17

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