nep-hpe New Economics Papers
on History and Philosophy of Economics
Issue of 2008‒03‒01
ten papers chosen by
Erik Thomson
University of Chicago

  1. How often do economists self-archive? By Ted Bergstrom; Rosemarie Lavaty
  2. Teaching Economics Interactively: A Cannibal's Dinner Party By Ted Bergstrom
  3. Queues, Private Health Insurance and Medicare: Is Economics or Ethics the Driving Force? By Malcolm Anderson; Jeff Richardson; John McKie; Angelo Iezzi
  4. Jacob Viner’s Reminiscences from the New Deal (February 11, 1953) By Luca Fiorito; Sebastiano Nerozzi
  5. Does poverty research in Russia follow the scientific method? By Lokshin, Michael
  6. Social choice and information: a note on the calculus of mappings from utility spaces By Alex Coram
  7. Figures du néomodernisme - le marché est-il un signifiant vide ? By Jérôme Maucourant
  8. La performativité des sciences économiques By Fabian Muniesa; Michel Callon
  9. A Route Choice Experiment With an Efficient Toll By John Hartman
  10. Credit Expansion, the Prisoner´s Dilemma and Free Banking as Mechanism Design By van den Hauwe, Ludwig

  1. By: Ted Bergstrom (University of California, Santa Barbara); Rosemarie Lavaty (UCSB)
    Abstract: To answer the question of the paper's title, we looked at the tables of contents from two recent issues of 33 economics journals and attempted to find a freely available online version of each article. We found that about 90 percent of articles in the most-cited economics journals and about 50 percent of articles in less-cited journals are available. We conduct a similar exercise for political science and find that only about 30 percent of the articles are freely available. The paper reports a regression analysis of the effects of author and article characteristics on likelihood of posing and it discusses the implications of self-archiving for the pricing of subscription-based academic journals.
    Keywords: open access, self-archiving, academic journals, citations, impact factor, journal prices,
    Date: 2007–02–08
  2. By: Ted Bergstrom (University of California, Santa Barbara)
    Abstract: This paper describes techniques that I use to teach economics principles "interactively". These techniques include classroom experiments and classroom clickers. The paper describes an experiment on market entry and gives examples of applications of classroom clickers. Clicker applications include the collection data about student preferences that can be used to construct demand curves and supply curves. Check on students' knowledge of central concepts. Play interactive games that illustrate economic concepts.
    Keywords: teaching economics, classroom clickers, classroom experiments, active learning,
    Date: 2007–10–26
  3. By: Malcolm Anderson (Centre for Health Economics, Monash University); Jeff Richardson (Centre for Health Economics, Monash University); John McKie (Centre for Health Economics, Monash University); Angelo Iezzi (Centre for Health Economics, Monash University)
    Date: 2007–10
  4. By: Luca Fiorito; Sebastiano Nerozzi
    Abstract: This paper presents and reproduces an unpublished oral history interview given by Jacob Viner in 1953. The interview released by Viner for the Columbia Oral History Project gives us a valuable opportunity to throw light on his advisory activity during the New Deal Era. In our introduction we attempt to make a critical appraisal of Viner's reminiscences and to state the contribution they can provide to our general knowledge of the period. In addition, we also attempt to find out some biographical and interpretative elements useful to understand Viner’s own vision and his contribution to important economic policy processes during the New Deal.
    JEL: A11 B31 H5 N01 N41
    Date: 2008–01
  5. By: Lokshin, Michael
    Abstract: This paper presents the first critical review of literature on poverty published in Russia between 1992 and 2006. Using a dataset of about 250 publications in Russian scientific journals, the authors assess whether the poverty research in Russia satisfies the general criteria of a scientific publication and if such studies could provide reliable guidance to the Russian government as it maps out its anti-poverty policies. The findings indicate that only a small proportion of papers on poverty published in Russia in 1992-2006 follow the universally-recognized principles of the scientific method. The utility of policy advice based on such research is questionable. The authors also suggest steps that could, in their view, improve the quality of poverty research in Russia.
    Keywords: Tertiary Education,Population Policies,Poverty Monitoring & Analysis,Science Education,Scientific Research & Science Parks
    Date: 2008–02–01
  6. By: Alex Coram (Robert Gordon University, Scotland, and The University of Western Australia)
    Abstract: Social choice is studied in this paper as a mapping from information on utilities over states of the world to an ordering of those states of the world. The idea of using this type of information originates in the work of Sen and Roberts. This paper differs in that it uses theorems from analysis to derive its results in a straightforward manner. It also gives information on the way in which all states of the world, on any path through the set of states of the world, must be ordered. JEL Categories: D60, D71.
    Keywords: social choice theory, information, analysis.
    Date: 2008–02
  7. By: Jérôme Maucourant (Triangle : action, discours, pensée politique et économique - CNRS : UMR5206 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines - Institut d'Études Politiques de Lyon)
    Abstract: Parfois, se fondant sur l’existence de certains marchés, on en déduit la réalité d’une « économie de marché ». Or, celle-ci se caractérise par des marchés qui constituent un système. Le présent article se propose de discuter de la réalité des systèmes de marchés que les « modernistes » prétendent avoir redécouverte pour des périodes parfois fort anciennes. En dépit des nouvelles interprétations de Bernadette Menu ou David Warburton, l’article suggère, d’abord, que l’existence de marchés structurant l’économie pharaonique n’est nullement démontrée. Dans une seconde partie, nous précisons notre conception d’un « néomodernisme », qui nous semble en voie de construction. Celui-ci, qui n’est pas un simple retour au postulat du marché autorégulateur pour l’Antiquité, essaie d’intégrer, en cas de besoin, la perspective « néoinstitutionnaliste » (même de façon implicite). Cette perspective, qui est par exemple celle de Dominic Rathbone, a soulevé des controverses. Or, la défense et illustration des thèses modernistes de D. Rathone, que l’on doit notamment à Jean-Michel Carrié, est problématique. Ne faudrait-il pas, finalement, contre les « boucles herméneutiques », œuvrer en faveur de l’émergence d’une véritable division du travail, afin de dépasser de vieilles oppositions qui ne font pas toujours avancer la réflexion ?
    Keywords: marchés ; économie pharaonique; Antiquité ; division du travail ; marchés archaïques ; marchés autorégulateurs
    Date: 2008
  8. By: Fabian Muniesa (CSI - Centre de sociologie de l'innovation - CNRS : UMR7120 - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris); Michel Callon (CSI - Centre de sociologie de l'innovation - CNRS : UMR7120 - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris)
    Abstract: Propose quelques développements théoriques sur le thème de la performativité des sciences économiques.
    Keywords: Performativité ; performation ; sciences économiques ; sociologie économique ; anthropologie des sciences et des techniques ; théorie de l'acteur-réseau
    Date: 2008
  9. By: John Hartman (University of California Santa Barbara)
    Abstract: Traffic congestion is a substantial time cost for many urban commuters. This paper studies the response of subjects in an experimental setting in which subjects choose between a short direct route that becomes increasingly congested as more people travel on it and a more indirect route that does not become congested. More specifically, I investigate how subjects respond to the use of a toll that theory predicts will minimize travel time costs. The experimental results reported in this paper show that this toll comes very close to achieving efficient use of the travel network.
    Keywords: congestion, Pigou-Knight-Downs paradox, experiment, toll,
    Date: 2007–05–01
  10. By: van den Hauwe, Ludwig
    Abstract: Despite the distinctive character of the Austrian approach to “microfoundations for macroeconomics”, the literature on free banking contains a number of arguments which make use of game-theoretic concepts and models such as the well-known Prisoner´s Dilemma model. While there can be no general a priori presumption against the possible usefulness of game-theoretic concepts for Austrian theorizing, in the context of the debate on free banking such concepts and models have been used with varying degrees of perspicacity. One example which is elaborated in the paper is concerned with the interaction configuration between independent banks in a fractional-reserve free banking system, which has sometimes been modeled as a One-Shot Prisoner´s Dilemma. This conceptualization does not provide a sufficient argument for the in-concert overexpansion thesis, nor for the thesis that fractional-reserve free banking will “inevitably” lead to central banking. The author drops the implicit assumption that there exists a one-to-one correspondence between the outcome matrix and the utility matrix. When it is acknowledged that banks in a fractional-reserve free banking system need not necessarily adopt a “myopic”, self-regarding perspective but may recognize the long-run harmony of interests between the banking sector and society at large, a different conceptualization and a different matrix representation emerge.
    Keywords: Free Banking; Business Cycle Theory; Prisoner´s Dilemma; Mechanism Design;
    JEL: E32 E66 E58 E42 E31 G18 E52 D01 K39
    Date: 2008–02–21

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