nep-hpe New Economics Papers
on History and Philosophy of Economics
Issue of 2006‒10‒07
ten papers chosen by
Erik Thomson
University of Chicago

  1. Measuring Economics Research in the Czech Republic: A Comment By Daniel Munich
  2. The Political Economy of Democratic Governance and Economic Development Keywords: Economic Development, Democracy, Governance, Human Rights, Political Economy. By Manuel Couret Branco
  3. Scandinavia, Economics in By Kærgård, Niels; Sandelin, Bo; Sæther, Arild
  4. Social economy as social science and practice : historical perspectives on France By Danièle Demoustier; Damien Rousselière
  5. 06-04 "Ethics and International Debt: A View from Feminist Economics," By Julie A. Nelson
  6. Mondialisation et théorie de la nation By Pierre Berthaud; Bernard Gerbier; Pierre-Olivier Peytral
  7. The Ship of Fools - a society of selfish individuals By Petersen, Verner C.
  8. Development and Modernity in Hofstede's Culture's Consequences: A Postcolonial Reading By Fougère, Martin; Moulettes, Agneta
  9. Francis Ysidro Edgeworth 1845-1926 By John Creedy
  10. Is There a Free-Market Economist in the House? The Policy Views of American Economic Association Members By Stern, Charlotta; Klein, Daniel B.

  1. By: Daniel Munich
    Abstract: Turnovec (2005) represents the first rigorous attempt to quantify and compare research of economists affiliated with Czech institutions as well as total output by these institutions. In this comment, I reconsider some of his results. My key finding is that a research-accounting methodology that closely reflects the widely differing quality of publications in economics leads to notably different results from those presented by Turnovec, who used an accounting scheme favoring quantity of publications over their quality.
    Keywords: Impact factor, Publications, Czech Republic, Research
    JEL: A10 A11
    Date: 2006–07
  2. By: Manuel Couret Branco (Department of Economics, University of Évora)
    Abstract: Pure mainstream economics, based on methodological and sociological individualism usually ignores politics; development economics, on the contrary frequently integrates social and political factors in order to explain economic progress. Within this branch of economics, politics can mainly be dealt in two different approaches. The classical and neoclassical approach takes politics essentially as an obstacle to the expression of agents’ rationality, and, therefore considers it a disturbance. A more heterodox approach of development, on the contrary, puts politics at the heart of the process, development being an economic as much as a political process. Those, like A. Sen, that take human rights, both as a means and an end to development do not separate the two processes as well. Be that as it may, and despite the opposed ways in which these approaches take politics, all consider governance, and its democratic or authoritarian character, a key factor in the development process. The main purpose of this paper is to discuss the importance of the issue of democratic governance within the development process. In the first part of the paper I will make a review of the main literature concerning the impacts of democracy on economic development and the importance of promoting democracy. In the second part of the paper the analysis will focus on the political economy of democratization, namely on the obstacles standing before democracy, and on the economic policies and reforms needed to facilitate democratization. The diagnosis states that democratization needs to deal with inequality of income distribution, with institutional design in order to overcome cultural divisions within the nations, with diversification of the sources of income and with a new economic order characterized by an erased debt burden and a more equitable distribution of the benefits of international trade.
    JEL: A10 F02 F50 F54 H11 O10 O17
    Date: 2006
  3. By: Kærgård, Niels (KVL , The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University); Sandelin, Bo (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University); Sæther, Arild (Agder University College)
    Abstract: Scandinavia includes in a narrow sense Denmark, Norway and Sweden, which have similar languages and have strongly influenced one another. Nevertheless, it is possible to distinguish different histories of learning. Danish economists made early contributions to neoclassical distribution theory, econometric analysis and multiplier theory. Like most economists from small-language communities they understood the major European languages but wrote in their domestic languages, which delayed international knowledge about their contributions. In Norway Ragnar Frisch revolutionized economics in the 1930s, but met opposition from colleagues. Swedish economics flourished in the early 20th century with Knut Wicksell and Gustav Cassel and later with the Stockholm School. In recent decades national traits have largely disappeared. <p>
    Keywords: Oslo School; Stockholm School; history of economics
    JEL: B00
    Date: 2006–09–15
  4. By: Danièle Demoustier; Damien Rousselière (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Economie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - [CNRS : FRE2664] - [Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II])
    Abstract: This article aims to investigate the multiple meanings of "économie sociale" ("social economy"), a term which first appeared in France at the founding moment of modern capitalism, both as a concept in the framework for the creation of a social science in close relation with the tradition of classical, Christian and socialist economists, and also to establish an ensemble of social practices and institutions. A historical perspective shows the close yet ambivalent relationship between these two principal connotations. Stemming from this, the conclusion presents some new research orientations towards social economy as a social science and social practice.
    Keywords: social economy ; social science ; France
    Date: 2006–10–02
  5. By: Julie A. Nelson
    Abstract: Feminist scholars examine not only the gendered impacts of development programs whose design has been influenced by disciplines such as economics, but also the gendered biases that permeate the models and methods of the disciplines themselves. This essay draws on aspects of feminist critiques of economics, philosophy, psychology, law, and finance to analyze the way in which international debt is discussed. Feminist critiques raise serious questions about the rational choice framework that often undergirds scholarly discussions of “agents,” “contract,” “ethics,” and “capital and debt.”
  6. By: Pierre Berthaud (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Economie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - [CNRS : FRE2664] - [Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II]); Bernard Gerbier (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Economie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - [CNRS : FRE2664] - [Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II]); Pierre-Olivier Peytral (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Economie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - [CNRS : FRE2664] - [Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II])
    Abstract: Une diversité de travaux aux origines variées sont venus enrichir la vision perrousienne. S'il est compréhensible que l'Economie Politique Internationale (EPI), qui fait de l'analyse des stratégies de groupes d'intérêt un élément essentiel de son programme de recherche, soit complémentaire de la problématique de Perroux, il est plus surprenant de voir l'analyse économique traditionnelle, parfois même la plus conventionnelle, avancer des notions et résultats qui peuvent être intégrés à celle-ci. C'est à cette tentative que cette communication est destinée. Ainsi, sont regroupées les avancées récentes selon qu'elles développent la théorie de la nation à partir de l'analyse économique ou à partir de l'économie politique internationale.
    Keywords: mondialisation ; nation ; théorie économique ; économie politique ; économie internationale ; théorie de la nation
    Date: 2006–09–29
  7. By: Petersen, Verner C. (Department of Management, Aarhus School of Business)
    Abstract: No abstract
    Keywords: No keywords;
    Date: 2006–09–01
  8. By: Fougère, Martin (Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration); Moulettes, Agneta (Department of Business Administration, School of Economics and Management, Lund University)
    Abstract: Along with an increasingly globalized business environment and a strongly held corporate belief that the world can be rationally managed, the last two decades have witnessed a growing demand for normative models dealing with cross-cultural management issues. This trend has allowed cross-cultural management to establish itself as a significant research field, with much of the initial inspiration coming from Hofstede and his cultural model from 1980. In this paper, our intention is not to merely repeat the already formulated objections to the latter model concerning its ontology, epistemology and methodology, but rather to focus on the very words of Hofstede himself in his second edition of Culture’s Consequences (2001), which he wrote partly in order to address the criticisms that his work received in the previous twenty years and to demonstrate that his findings are still valid. Our main aim here will be to explore how the discourse generated by Hofstede through his model and his comments on his results constructs the world by dividing it especially according to dichotomies of 'development'/'underdevelopment' and 'modernity'/'tradition'.
    Keywords: Critical management studies; cross-cultural management; discourse analysis; Hofstede; postcolonialism.
    Date: 2006–03–17
  9. By: John Creedy
    Abstract: no abstract
    Keywords: Edgeworth
    Date: 2006
  10. By: Stern, Charlotta (Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University); Klein, Daniel B. (George Mason University, USA, (and Ratio Institute, Stockholm).)
    Abstract: People often suppose or imply that free-market economists constitute a significant portion of all economists. We surveyed American Economic Association members and asked their views on 18 specific forms of government activism. We find that about 8 percent of AEA members can be considered supporters of free-market principles, and that less than 3 percent may be called strong supporters. The data is broken down by voting behavior (Democratic or Republican). Even the average Republican AEA member is “middle-of-the-road,” not free-market. We offer several possible explanations of the apparent difference between actual and attributed views.
    Keywords: -
    Date: 2006–04–02

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