nep-hpe New Economics Papers
on History and Philosophy of Economics
Issue of 2005‒11‒09
eleven papers chosen by
Andy Denis
City University

  1. Endogenous space in the Net era By E. Fabio Arcangeli; Giorgio Padrin
  2. Why is Economic Geography not an Evolutionary Science? By Ron Boschma; Koen Frenken
  3. A Game Theoretic Approach to Computer Science: Survey and Research Directions By Crescenzio GALLO
  4. The Double Paradox of Elementary Economics Education By Pol, Eduardo; Carroll, Peter
  5. Happiness, Social Preferences and Economic Policy By Luigi Bosco
  6. The new economic geography versus urban economics : an evaluation using local wage rates in Great Britain By Bernard Fingleton
  7. Ranking of Australian Economics Departments Based on Their Total and Per Academic Staff Research Output By Rodgers, Joan R.; Valadkhani, Abbas
  8. Ranking and Clustering Australian University Research Performance, 1998-2002 By Valadkhani, Abbas; Worthington, Andrew
  9. Didaktische Anregungen der Befreiungspädagogik Paulo Freires für die Entwicklungsforschung By Andreas Novy
  10. A methodological survey of recent studies for the measurement of inequality of economic welfare carried out by some Italian statisticians By Giovanni Maria Giorgi
  11. The role of smes for development: a literature review "regions and fiscal federalism" By Nelson Duarte

  1. By: E. Fabio Arcangeli; Giorgio Padrin
    Abstract: Libre Software communities are among the most interesting and advanced socio-economic laboratories on the Net. In terms of directions of Regional Science research, this paper addresses a simple question: “Is the socio-economics of digital nets out of scope for Regional Science, or might the latter expand to a cybergeography of digitally enhanced territories ?” As for most simple questions, answers are neither so obvious nor easy. The authors start drafting one in a positive sense, focussing upon a file rouge running across the paper: endogenous spaces woven by socio-economic processes. The drafted answer declines on an Evolutionary Location Theory formulation, together with two computational modelling views. Keywords: Complex networks, Computational modelling, Economics of Internet, Endogenous spaces, Evolutionary location theory, Free or Libre Software, Path dependence, Positionality.
    Date: 2004–08
  2. By: Ron Boschma; Koen Frenken
    Abstract: This paper explains the main commonalities and differences between neoclassical, institutional and evolutionary approaches that have been influential in economic geography during the last couple of decades. For all three approaches, we argue that they are in agreement in some respects and in conflict in other respects. While explaining to what extent and in what ways the Evolutionary Economic Geography approach differs from the Neoclassical (or ‘new’) Economic Geography and the Institutional Economic Geography, we can specify the value-added of economic geography as an evolutionary science. Finally, we briefly outline a research agenda of the Evolutionary Economic Geography we like to explore.
    Date: 2004–08
  3. By: Crescenzio GALLO (Università di Foggia-Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Matematiche e Statistiche)
    Abstract: Theoretical Computer Science classically aimed to develop a mathematical understanding of capabilities and limits of traditional computing architecture (Boole, von Neuman, Turing, Church, Godel), investigating in computability, complexity theory and algorithmics. Now it seems more natural to revisit classical computer science notions under a new game- theoretic model. The purpose of this work is to investigate some themes at the intersection of algorithmics and game theory, emphasizing both mathematical and technological issues.
    Keywords: computer science, game theory, network, protocol
    JEL: C7 D8
    Date: 2005–09–07
  4. By: Pol, Eduardo (University of Wollongong); Carroll, Peter (University of Wollongong)
    Abstract: Elementary economics textbooks have become less attractive to students requiring only an introduction to economics, given that their content is pervaded by mathematical diagrams and simple equations. Also they are of relatively little value to those interested in, for example, attempting to gain an understanding of the New Economy, for they rarely emphasise business innovation and its crucial dynamic role. These factors engender something of a double paradox. First (paradox of the tools and the audience), newcomers are frequently 'turned off' by existing economics textbooks due to the pervasive use of mathematics. Second (paradox of the content and relevance), those newcomers who are not initially turned off tend to be disenchanted with economics because they perceive that economics is of little use in understanding the New Economy in which they work, or will come to work. We suggest an integrated solution to both paradoxes. The implementation entails a minor reorientation of the traditional pedagogical strategy for teaching introductory economics.
    Keywords: Double paradox, elementary economics education
    Date: 2005
  5. By: Luigi Bosco
    Abstract: Two recent research branches have called into question the hypothesis that the economic subject is rational and egoist, that is to say, that his/her sole objective is to maximize his/her own personal material interests. In the first place, the literature on the so-called happiness paradox has seriously put in question the given, widely diffused not only in the doctrine but also in the common perception, that a higher level of material welfare necessarily leads to a greater level of personal well being or happiness, on an individual level but even more so on a collective one. In the second place, experimental economics has produced a wealth of results that, vice versa, confirm something that the common sense and the personal observation of many had already suspected: economic subjects do not all and not always pursue exclusively the maximization of their own personal interests. This work critically discusses these two approaches and analyzes their interesting implications in economic policy
    JEL: I31 C92
    Date: 2005–07
  6. By: Bernard Fingleton
    Abstract: This paper tests two competing models, one deriving from new economic geography theory (NEG) emphasising varying market potential, the other with a basis in urban economics theory (UE) in which the main emphasis is on producer service linkages. Using wage rate variations across small regions of Great Britain, the paper finds that, taking commuting into account, it is UE theory rather than NEG theory that has explanatory power. However since the two hypotheses are non-nested, the evaluation of the competing hypotheses is difficult and therefore the conclusions are provisional. Nevertheless this paper provides evidence that we should be cautious about the ability of NEG to work at all levels of spatial resolution, and re-emphasises the need to focus on supply-side variations in producer services inputs and labour efficiency variations, including the role of commuting, in local economic analysis.
    Date: 2004–08
  7. By: Rodgers, Joan R. (University of Wollongong); Valadkhani, Abbas (University of Wollongong)
    Abstract: This study uses cluster analysis to classify twenty-seven Australian economics teaching departments into groups that have similar quantities of research output, measured by two different publication counts, and similar quality of research output, measured by a citation count. Three distinct groups of departments are identified and factor analysis is used to rank the groups. Whether research output is measured in total or on a per staff basis, Melbourne is in the group that ranks first, the remaining members of the "group of eight" are in one or other of the top two groups, and at least fifteen other departments are always in the third-ranked group.
    Keywords: Economics Departments, Australia, Ranking
    JEL: A11 A19 C63 I29
    Date: 2005
  8. By: Valadkhani, Abbas (University of Wollongong); Worthington, Andrew (University of Wollongong)
    Abstract: This paper clusters and ranks the research performance of thirty-seven Australian universities over the period 1998-2002. Research performance is measured according to audited numbers of PhD completions, publications and grants (in accordance with rules established by the Department of Education, Science and Training) and analysed in both total and per academic staff terms. Hierarchical cluster analysis supports a binary division between fifteen higher and twenty-two lower-performing universities, with the specification in per academic staff terms identifying the self-designated research intensive "Group of Eight" (Go8) universities, plus several others in the better-performing group. Factor analysis indicates that the top-three research performers are the Universities of Melbourne, Sydney and Queensland in terms of total research performance and the Universities of Melbourne, Adelaide and Western Australia in per academic staff terms.
    Keywords: Higher education, hierarchical cluster analysis, research performance, factor analysis
    JEL: A11 A19 C63 I29
    Date: 2005
  9. By: Andreas Novy
    Date: 2005
  10. By: Giovanni Maria Giorgi (University of Siena)
    Keywords: inequality measurement, welfare, Italian contributions
    JEL: C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C8
    Date: 2005–09–05
  11. By: Nelson Duarte
    Abstract: The role played by SMEs in any society is undoubtedly important, for instance, in Portugal around 98% of the industrial fabric is composed by SMEs. Nowadays, entrepreneurship and firm creation is mostly related to small and micro firms, which lead us to look at them as an important development agent in any society. Most of times, firms are seen as a black box on what concerns to development however the measures taken by them, entrepreneurial strategies, and entrepreneurship actions, have influence in the development theatre. At the same, not only the SMEs as a group of firms (industrial sector) must be taken into consideration, but also many factors inside the firm, such as the quality of management, human resources, or innovation factors. This work intends to present the state-of-art on the subjects relating SMEs and development, trying to find out how the SMEs are related to development, which factors are taken into consideration when the role of these firms are analysed, for instance, innovation factors, human resources, or the firm revenues. It is widely accepted that SMEs are an important development agent, but sometimes they are analysed not like an agent by themselves, but as a group of firms creating (the group) another agent. This group might be a cluster, an industrial district or a filière, however it is important to look to the firm by itself. The entrepreneur might take individual actions different from those followed by the group. So the small or micro firm also has an important role for development, the main idea for this work is to find out some important initial literature on SMEs and development, trying to get a perception of the role played, not only on what concerns to enterprises creation, but also on the strategies adopted by these type of enterprises to overcome the bottleneck of regional development. Keywords: Development, SMEs, Entrepreneurship
    Date: 2004–08

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