nep-hpe New Economics Papers
on History and Philosophy of Economics
Issue of 2005‒10‒29
six papers chosen by
Andy Denis
City University

  1. An interview with Thomas C. Schelling: Interpretation of game theory and the checkerboard model By N. Emrah Aydinonat
  2. A Neo-Weberian Theory of the Firm By Pursey P.M.A.R. Heugens
  3. Is there any progress in Economics? Some answers from the historians of economic thought By Antonio Almodovar; Maria de Fátima Brandão
  4. Entrepreneurship, Evolution and the Human Mind By Brian Loasby
  5. Trade, growth and geography: A synthetic By David-Pascal Dion
  6. NOBEL, LE JEU DE LA DECOUVERTE SCIENTIFIQUE By David Chavalarias; Sylvain Charron; Vincent Roger De Gardelle; Paul Bourgine

  1. By: N. Emrah Aydinonat (Ankara University)
    Abstract: This note is mainly based on a short interview with Thomas C. Schelling (TCS), who shared the Nobel Prize with Robert J. Aumann in 2005. The interview took place on 06.03.2001 at University of Maryland, College Park, USA. It consists of two parts. The first part is about his interpretation of game theory, particularly about the use of game- theoretic models in explaining the origin and maintenance of conventions, and norms. The second part is on the origin of Schelling’s influential checkerboard model of residential segregation, particularly about his approach to modeling social phenomena exemplified by this model. The note ends with some concluding remarks. Citation: Aydinonat, N. Emrah, (2005) 'An interview with Thomas C. Schelling: Interpretation of game theory and the checkerboard model,' Economics Bulletin, Vol. 2 no. 2 pp. 1-7.
    Keywords: Thomas Schelling, game theory, checkerboard model
    JEL: B
    Date: 2005–10–22
  2. By: Pursey P.M.A.R. Heugens
    Abstract: In the field of organization studies, two types of theories of the firm exist: "why" and "how" theories. "Why" theories use the instrument of comparative analysis to explain why firms exist despite various institutional alternatives. "How" theories, in contrast, employ intra-organizational perspectives to explore how firms meaningfully connect the actions of many interdependently operating individuals to collective outcomes. Since both theories are complements rather than substitutes, the field of organization studies would benefit from the development of a parsimonious theory that integrates "why" and "how" perspectives. It is argued that Max Weber's writings on bureaucracy, and especially his focus on the organization as a set of decision rules (Urteilsgründe), provide an exceptionally meaningful conceptual background structure for such a theory. The paper demonstrates that a Neo-Weberian, decision rule-based theory of the firm can simultaneously provide reasons for the existence of the firm and explore the nature of coordination and cooperation within the firm itself.
    Keywords: decision rules, theory of the firm, Weberian sociology, transaction cost economics, knowledge-based perspectives
    Date: 2004–02
  3. By: Antonio Almodovar (CEMPRE, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto); Maria de Fátima Brandão (CEMPRE, Faculdade de Economia,Universidade do Porto)
    Abstract: In our paper we look back and review some of the old books on the history of economic thought. This exercise allows us not only to scan and line up a possible range of different views on progress, but also to perceive why progress itself sometimes becomes an explicit issue within those histories. At the same time, this inquiry shed some light over the path that led to Schumpeter and Blaug views on the history of economics.
    Keywords: Progress; Economic Thought
    JEL: A11 B0
    Date: 2005–10
  4. By: Brian Loasby
    Date: 2005–09
  5. By: David-Pascal Dion (Department of Economics, University of Mannheim)
    Abstract: Economic integration affects economic development through two main channels: growth and localization of the economic activities. The theories of endogenous growth and economic geography enable us to understand these mechanisms. We study in this paper their similarities and specificities before suggesting their useful combination within a single model. Indeed, both theories are based on the same Spence-Dixit-Stiglitz monopolistic competition framework. However, they suggest two different approaches to deal with the impact of economic integration. We consider that a third path, by proposing a synthetic approach, better answers the issues raised in terms of economic convergence and divergence by these two sets of models.
    Keywords: regional economic integration, endogenous growth, economic geography
    JEL: F12 F15 F43 O18 O30 O41 R11 R12 R13
    Date: 2004–03
  6. By: David Chavalarias (CREA - Centre de recherche en épistémologie appliquée - CNRS : UMR7656 - Polytechnique - X); Sylvain Charron (CREA - Centre de recherche en épistémologie appliquée - CNRS : UMR7656 - Polytechnique - X); Vincent Roger De Gardelle (CREA - Centre de recherche en épistémologie appliquée - CNRS : UMR7656 - Polytechnique - X); Paul Bourgine (CREA - Centre de recherche en épistémologie appliquée - CNRS : UMR7656 - Polytechnique - X)
    Abstract: Popper a rompu avec une tradition épistémologique ancienne en introduisant une dissymétrie entre vérifiabilité et réfutation. Cette conception a d'importantes répercussions sur la manière d'envisager la croissance des connaissances scientifiques et l'activité du chercheur. La vérité, qui avait pu être considérée comme un but pour la recherche scientifique, est placée hors d'atteinte. Sans indicateur évident pour marquer le terme de ses recherches, le chercheur doit alors faire, en fonction de ses motivations, un compromis entre l'exploration des théories possibles et des manières de les tester, et l'exploitation de théories qui auront été suffisamment corroborées. Si les thèses épistémologiques de Popper sont pertinentes, ce compromis exploration/exploitation au niveau du chercheur a des conséquences notables sur le développement des connaissances scientifiques et notamment, sur la fiabilité des théories acceptées. Ce sont ces conséquences que nous nous proposons d'étudier par une approche analytique, expérimentale et computationnelle, dont nous présentons ici les grandes lignes et les premiers résultats. Au delà de préoccupations purement épistémologiques, cette étude cherche à proposer un schéma générique pour l'approche d'un vaste ensemble de phénomènes d'élaboration collective et distribuée de connaissances ou d'artefacts.
    Keywords: découverte collective, développement de la connaissance, compromis exploration/exploitation, épistemologie popperienne, knowledge managment distribué
    Date: 2005–10–16

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