nep-hpe New Economics Papers
on History and Philosophy of Economics
Issue of 2005‒03‒13
six papers chosen by
Andy Denis
City University

  1. Turning Qualitative into Quantitative Evidence: A Well-Used Method Made Explicit By A.W. Carus; Sheilagh Ogilvie
  2. The Rhetoric of Inequity Aversion By Avner Shaked
  3. The Rhetoric of Inequity Aversion – Reply By Ernst Fehr; Klaus M. Schmidt
  4. Wild and Crazy Ideas: In Memory of Ken Koford By David Colander
  5. The importance in the papers' impact of the number of pages and of co-authors - an empirical estimation with data from top ranking economic journals By Pedro Cosme Costa Vieira
  6. Individual action, institutions and social change : an approach in terms of convention By Bernard Enjolras

  1. By: A.W. Carus; Sheilagh Ogilvie
    Keywords: Many historians now reject quantitative methods as inappropriate to understanding past societies. It is argued here, however, that no sharp distinction between qualitative and quantitative concepts can be drawn, as almost any concept used to describe a past society is implicitly quantitative. Many recent advances in understanding have been achieved by deriving quantitative evidence from qualitative evidence, and using it jointly and dialectically with the qualitative evidence from which it is derived. Its reliability as quantitative evidence can be improved by indexing it against other quantitative evidence from the same community or population during the same period. We suggest that this triangulation method can be extended to many apparently qualitative types of sources that have not previously been used in this way. The potential of turning qualitative into quantitative evidence, then, despite its successes over the past decades, has hardly begun to be exploited.; quantitative methods; qualitative methods; methodology; economic history; local studies; case studies; cliometrics
    JEL: A12 B40 C10 C80 J10 N01 N30 N90
    Date: 2005–03
  2. By: Avner Shaked
    Date: 2005–03–04
  3. By: Ernst Fehr; Klaus M. Schmidt
    Date: 2005–03–04
  4. By: David Colander
    Date: 2005–04
  5. By: Pedro Cosme Costa Vieira (Faculdade de Economia do Porto)
    Abstract: On a regular basis the scientific output of academic people has to be evaluated, e.g. to decide tenure. A very important item in this evaluation is the published papers’ quality that tends to be approximated by its impact in the literature. As the measure of this impact requires a long-term analysis, thus it is used as its estimator the journal average impact where each paper is published. But some papers have a single author while others have several and some papers have one or two pages while others have more than fifty. In this work I validate the conjecture that these two variables have a significant and positive effect in papers’ future impact, i.e. in papers quality. Nonetheless, I quantify that this two variables jointly considered merely explain 2.8% of papers’ impact variability.
    Keywords: Scientific Skill, Co-authorship, Papers’ impact
    JEL: J24 J31
    Date: 2005–03
  6. By: Bernard Enjolras (Institute for social research et MATISSE)
    Abstract: This anthology consists of a collection of articles that address two common questions : how institutions emerge from individual actions and how individual actions are shaped by institutions ? What unifies these contributions is the search of a theoretical explanation that overcomes the shortcomings of the rational choice explanations of social institutions. The approach developed here deals with two methodological problems that are pervasive in social sciences : that of the relationship between agency and structures and that of role of rationality and norms in explaining individual social behavior. Individuals are seen to be acting according to "conventions" that structure their interaction and that are cognitive and interpretative schemes that allow them to understand social reality and to give meaning to their actions. In addition individuals do not act either rationally or normatively but are conceived as acting within a "conventional" context that gives meaning to their action but also constrains them. They are supposed to be moved both by normative considerations and by self-interest that can conflict.
    Keywords: Convention, norm; rationality; collective action; agency; structure; social action; institution; governance; social change; community; nonprofit organizations; institutions
    JEL: C72 D70 H42 L3 L31 L32 L50
    Date: 2004–06

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