nep-hme New Economics Papers
on Heterodox Microeconomics
Issue of 2019‒03‒18
ten papers chosen by
Carlo D’Ippoliti
Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”

  1. The Role of the Media in Shaping Attitudes Toward Corporate Tax Avoidance: Experimental Evidence from Ireland By Liam Kneafsey; Aidan Regan
  2. A economia da mudança climática na América Latina e no Caribe: uma visão gráfica By -
  3. Der spezifische Liberalismus von Hayek im Spektrum des Neoliberalismus By Quaas, Friedrun
  4. The dynamics of family systems: lessons from past and present times By Guirkinger, Catherine; Platteau, Jean-Philippe
  5. Measuring Identity Orientations for Understanding Preferences: A French Validation of the Aspects-of-Identity Questionnaire By Rémi Yin; Fabrice Etilé
  6. Information and Behavioral Responses with More than One Agent: The Case of Domestic Violence Awareness Campaigns By Jorge M. Agüero
  7. Does it have to be a sacrifice? Different notions of the good life, pro-environmental behavior and their heterogeneous impact on well-being By Binder, Martin; Blankenberg, Ann-Kathrin; Guardiola, Jorge
  8. Economic resilience from input-output susceptibility improves predictions of economic growth and recovery By Peter Klimek; Sebastian Poledna; Stefan Thurner
  9. Hegemoni Pemerintah Terhadap Pedagang Pasar: (Analisis Dominasi Pemerintah Pasca Revitalisasi Pasar Kite Sungailiat Menurut Antonio Gramsci) By Sari, Puspita; Indra, Citra Asmara
  10. International Buyers' Sourcing and Suppliers' Markups in Bangladeshi Garments By Grossi, Julia Cajal; Macchiavello, Rocco; Noguera, Guillermo

  1. By: Liam Kneafsey (Trinity College Dublin); Aidan Regan (University College Dublin)
    Abstract: This articles examines the role of the mass media in shoring up popular support for corporate tax avoidance, using the EU’s recent ruling against Apple Inc. in the case of Ireland. Using an original and novel survey experiment, we find that media frames play an important role in shaping attitudes toward Apple’s corporate tax avoidance, and attitudes towards whether the Irish state should challenge the EU ruling. We find that respondents exposed to treatments questioning the morality and fairness of Ireland’s facilitation of Apple tax avoidance are more likely to acknowledge the negative impact on Ireland’s EU neighbours. These results are largely robust to the inclusion of control variables for ideology, age, previous voting behaviour, and gender. These findings suggest that media frames are an important factor in shoring up popular support for those components of national growth regimes that are politically controversial, and play an important role in how business exercises its power over public policy. More broadly, our findings suggest that to understand popular support for national varieties of capitalism in Europe, we need to examine the role of the country-specific media.
    Keywords: Comparative political economy; media frames; corporate tax avoidance
    Date: 2019–02–15
  2. By: -
    Abstract: A mudança climática é um dos grandes desafios do século XXI devido a suas causas e consequências globais e à magnitude dos esforços necessários e simultâneos para amortecer seus impactos negativos, adaptar-se às novas condições climáticas e realizar os processos de mitigação das emissões de gases de efeito estufa. O principal objetivo desta publicação é apresentar as hipóteses e as cifras básicas da economia da mudança climática na América Latina e no Caribe de forma resumida e gráfica. Esses fatos estilizados procuram contribuir para uma melhor formulação, implementação e avaliação das políticas públicas relacionadas com a mudança climática no século XXI, de maneira a permitir a transformação do atual estilo de desenvolvimento e a transição para um desenvolvimento sustentável. Além do prólogo e desta introdução, apresentam-se nove teses e sete desafios que definem as características da mudança climática na América Latina e no Caribe.
    Date: 2019–02–28
  3. By: Quaas, Friedrun
    Abstract: Friedrich August von Hayek hat der Nachwelt ein breites theoretisches Werk hinterlassen. Ein durchgängiger Wesenszug darin ist sein spezifischer Liberalismus, der durch einen negativen Begriff von Freiheit bestimmt ist. Damit verbunden ist Hayeks ausgeprägter methodologischer Individualismus. Doch Hayek polarisiert, und zwar nicht nur zwischen Anhängern und Gegnern, sondern auch innerhalb der Vertreter des neoliberalen Spektrums. Der Beitrag geht der Frage nach, in welchem Grade Hayek selbst die Verantwortung dafür trägt, indem Inkonsistenzen in seinem Denken aufgezeigt werden. Eine Konsequenz davon ist, dass Hayek zwar für verschiedene Varianten des Neoliberalismus als Bezugspunkt dient, aber die Heterogenität des modernen Neoliberalismus noch vertieft hat. Ob Hayek ein Ordoliberaler oder ein Marktradikaler ist, bleibt eine Frage, die bestenfalls tendenziell zu beantworten ist Ein einheitliches Denkkollektiv im Anschluss an Hayek existiert jedenfalls nicht, ebenso wenig wie ein homogener Neoliberalismus.
    Keywords: Liberalismus,Neoliberalismus,Ordoliberalismus,Colloque Walter Lippmann,Österreichische Schule,Gouvernementalität,Individualismus,Freiheit,staatlicher Zwang,liberalism,neoliberalism,ordoliberalism,Austrian School of Economics,gouvernementality,individualism,freedom,state coercion
    JEL: B3 B12 B24 B25 B53
    Date: 2019
  4. By: Guirkinger, Catherine; Platteau, Jean-Philippe
    Abstract: The present paper surveys significant research dealing with some neglected roles of the family and its dynamics in the presence of changes in the economic environment. Attention is thus directed to the response of family systems to changes in resource endowments, outside economic opportunities, the development of markets, and surrounding institutions. Two other original features of our investigation deserve to be emphasized. First, unlike what is generally done in economics, we extensively draw from scholarly works of social scientists, family historians in particular. Second, in order to shed light on family dynamics in present-day developing countries, we assess the state of knowledge about the transformation of family patterns in Europe during a long period stretching back to the early Middle Ages and even earlier.
    Date: 2019–03
  5. By: Rémi Yin (PSE - Paris School of Economics, PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Fabrice Etilé (PSE - Paris School of Economics, PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Concepts and results from the psychological research on identity may providebetterunder- standing of the formation and dynamics of economic preferences.In this perspective,weproposea French translation ofthe Aspectof Identity (AIQ-IV) psychometric questionnaire, which measures the orientation of subjective identity along personal, relational, public, and collective dimensions (Cheek and Briggs 1982; Cheekand Briggs 2013). The psychometric validation study checks the internal consistency,as well as the four-dimensional factorial structure, of the questionnaire in a representative sample of French young adults (N=1,118). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of item responses reveala four-factor structure that corresponds to the personal, relational, public, and collective aspects of identity. Individual responses are found to be stable overtime. In addition,whilebeingcorrelatedwithsimilar psychological constructs (Self-esteem, Social Self- esteem, Self-consciousness), dimensions of the AIQ also predicts risk, time, and social preferences as measured by Likert scales and hypothetica lchoices.
    Keywords: Individual identity,Aspects of identity,Economic preferences,Psychometric,French Validation
    Date: 2019–03
  6. By: Jorge M. Agüero (University of Connecticut)
    Abstract: Behavioral interventions often provide information to help improve outcomes and many focus on settings with only one decision maker. We explore the case where two agents have opposed goals and show that information campaigns worsen outcomes. Using exogenous variation in the intensity of nationwide awareness campaigns to reduce violence against women in Peru, we show that these efforts led to more violence including more killings of women. An increase in the controlling behaviors of husbands during those months is identified as a possible mechanism. These findings question the efficacy of such campaigns on the short-term reduction of violence.
    Keywords: domestic violence, health information, backlash
    JEL: J12 J16 D13
    Date: 2019–03
  7. By: Binder, Martin; Blankenberg, Ann-Kathrin; Guardiola, Jorge
    Abstract: Our well-being is influenced by our notion of what constitutes a good life, a vital part of our identity. While pro-environmental behavior is often found to be positively related to individuals' well-being, our research delves into the extent to which this relationship is influenced by individuals' identity, measured both as green self-image and their notion of the good life in general. Using survey responses from Spanish university students (n = 640) and paying close attention to the subjective perception of what it means to be "satisfied with their lives", we find that green behavior is negatively related to life satisfaction in our sample. In contrast, green self-image is positively related to life satisfaction. Whether pro-environmental behavior is positively related to life satisfaction further depends on whether one's notion of the good life (and hence happiness) is utopian, stoicist, or based on a fulfillment- or virtueview. In addition, well-being loss from pro-environmental behavior also decreases with the available disposable income.
    Keywords: Pro-environmental behavior,subjective well-being,good life,identity,green self-image,conceptual referent theory,life satisfaction
    Date: 2019
  8. By: Peter Klimek; Sebastian Poledna; Stefan Thurner
    Abstract: Modern macroeconomic theories were unable to foresee the last Great Recession and could neither predict its prolonged duration nor the recovery rate. They are based on supply-demand equilibria that do not exist during recessionary shocks. Here we focus on resilience as a nonequilibrium property of networked production systems and develop a linear response theory for input-output economics. By calibrating the framework to data from 56 industrial sectors in 43 countries between 2000 and 2014, we find that the susceptibility of individual industrial sectors to economic shocks varies greatly across countries, sectors, and time. We show that susceptibility-based predictions that take sector- and country-specific recovery into account, outperform--by far--standard econometric growth-models. Our results are analytically rigorous, empirically testable, and flexible enough to address policy-relevant scenarios. We illustrate the latter by estimating the impact of recently imposed tariffs on US imports (steel and aluminum) on specific sectors across European countries.
    Date: 2019–02
  9. By: Sari, Puspita; Indra, Citra Asmara
    Abstract: Hegemony is the dominance of one class against another class due to ideological and political reasons. Hegemony is done through a consensus mechanism not by suppression of other social classes. There is a government hegemony towards market traders at Sungailiat Kite Market. The intellectual power used by the government is able to influence traders' awareness to follow government policies. Traders who feel disadvantaged by policies are unable to fight. The resistance of traders can be overcome by the government by forming a consensus between the government and traders. Consensus was carried out to influence traders' thinking to follow the rules made by the government.
    Keywords: Hegemony, Revitalization, Consensus
    JEL: A11 A14 D43 Z13 Z18
    Date: 2017–06–01
  10. By: Grossi, Julia Cajal (Graduate Institute, Geneva); Macchiavello, Rocco (London School of Economics and CEPR); Noguera, Guillermo (Yale University and CAGE)
    Abstract: Large international buyers play a key role in global value chains. We exploit detailed transaction-level data on the usage of material inputs to study how Bangladeshi garment suppliers’ markups vary across international buyers. We find substantial dispersion in markups across export orders of a given seller for the same product. Buyer effects explain a significant share of this variation, while destination effects do not. Buyers adopting relational sourcing strategies pay higher markups than non-relational buyers. This pattern holds within seller-product-year combinations, is robust to controlling for the buyer’s size, traded volumes, and quality, and, together with larger volumes, implies higher profits for suppliers dealing with relational buyers.
    Keywords: Markups, Sourcing Strategies, Global Buyers, Buyer-Driven Value Chains JEL Classification: L11, L14, D23, F63
    Date: 2019

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