nep-hea New Economics Papers
on Health Economics
Issue of 2013‒11‒29
eight papers chosen by
Yong Yin
SUNY at Buffalo

  1. Accountability and Access to Medical Care: Lessons from the Use of Capitation Payments in Ontario By Ake Blomqvist; Boris Kralj; Jasmin Kantarevic
  2. To drink or not to drink: the microeconomic analysis of alcohol consumption in Russia in 2006-2010 By Yana Roshchina
  3. "High"-School: The Relationship between Early Marijuana Use and Educational Outcomes By Deborah A. Cobb-Clark; Sonja C. Kassenboehmer; Trinh Le; Duncan McVicar; Rong Zhang
  4. Trends in Access to Health Care for Workers with Disabilities, 1997-2011. By Jody Schimmel; Gina Livermore
  5. Positive Impacts of Playworks on Students' Healthy Behaviors: Findings from a Randomized Controlled Trial. By Jane Fortson
  6. The Earnings Consequences of the Americans with Disabilities Act on People with Disabilities. By Allison V. Thompkins
  7. The Influence of Psychological Well-being, Ill Health and Health Shocks on Single Parents' Labour Supply By Alan Duncan; Mark Harris; Anthony Harris; Eugenio Zucchelli
  8. An overlapping generations approach to price policies in privatehealthcare insurance. The Catalan case By Carles Lavila, Misericordia; Oliva Furés, Martí

  1. By: Ake Blomqvist (Carleton University); Boris Kralj (Ontario Medical Association); Jasmin Kantarevic (Ontario Medical Association)
    Abstract: Ontario healthcare reforms have made headway in improving access to primary care by implementing the “capitation” model where doctors are paid mainly for a roster of patients rather than fee-for-service – but too many of patients are still using “outside” doctors, according to a report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Accountability and Access to Medical Care: Lessons from the Use of Capitation Payments in Ontario,” authors Åke Blomqvist, Boris Kralj and Jasmin Kantarevic suggest an area for further reform would be to encourage patients to stick to their regular doctor.
    Keywords: Social Policy, Health Policy, Primary Care
    JEL: I10 I11 I18
    Date: 2013–11
  2. By: Yana Roshchina (National Research University Higher School of Economics. Department of economic sociology: Associate Professor; Laboratory for studies in economic sociology: Senior Research Fellow; Center for longitudinal studies: Senior Research Fellow;)
    Abstract: The goal of this project is to investigate the influence of economic and social factors on the demand for alcohol in modern Russia. The regression models are estimated on the base of "The Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE)" 1994-2011. There are three classic models of demand for alcohol (Becker & Murphy, 1988): the static, myopic and rational addiction models. We use a two-step estimation method because of the two-step consumer decision ("to drink or not to drink" and “how much to drink”). This allows us to distinguish between the factors influencing each decision separately. The contribution of this paper is to use as independent variables not only economic parameters (as prices and incomes of respondent and his\her family members) but also social characteristics such as educational level, gender, age, nationality, optimism level, alcohol use by other family members. The first results have demonstrated that some social factors (education, marital status, alcohol use by other family members) are more important than economic ones such as the price of alcohol
    Keywords: alcohol consumption, addictive behavior, demand for alcoholic beverages.
    JEL: Z13 I12 D11 D12
    Date: 2013
  3. By: Deborah A. Cobb-Clark (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne; and Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)); Sonja C. Kassenboehmer (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne; and Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)); Trinh Le (Department of Economics, The University of Waikato); Duncan McVicar (Queen's University Management School, Queen's University, Belfast); Rong Zhang (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne)
    Abstract: We use unique survey data linked to nearly a decade of administrative welfare data to examine the relationship between early marijuana use (at age 14 or younger) and young people’s educational outcomes. We find evidence that early marijuana use is related to educational penalties that are compounded by high-intensity use and are larger for young people living in families with a history of welfare receipt. The relationships between marijuana use and both high school completion and achieving a university entrance score appear to stem from selectivity into the use of marijuana. In contrast, early marijuana use is associated with significantly lower university entrance score for those who obtain one and we provide evidence that this effect is unlikely to be driven by selection. Collectively, these findings point to a more nuanced view of the relationship between adolescent marijuana use and educational outcomes than is suggested by the existing literature.
    Keywords: Marijuana, cannabis, educational achievement, educational attainment, socio-economic disadvantage, welfare receipt
    JEL: I20 I24 I10 I18
    Date: 2013–10
  4. By: Jody Schimmel; Gina Livermore
    Keywords: Health Care Access, Workers, Disabilities, Disability
    JEL: I J
    Date: 2013–11–08
  5. By: Jane Fortson
    Keywords: Playworks, Student Healthy Behaviors, Randomized Controlled Trial, Education
    JEL: I
    Date: 2013–11–08
  6. By: Allison V. Thompkins
    Keywords: Earnings Consequences, Americans with Disabilities, Long-Term Care, Disability
    JEL: I J
    Date: 2013–11–30
  7. By: Alan Duncan (Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin University); Mark Harris (School of Economics and Finance, Curtin University); Anthony Harris (Centre for Health Economics (CHE), Monash University); Eugenio Zucchelli (University of Lancaster, UK)
    Abstract: This paper proposes a discrete-choice behavioural model of labour supply to examine the role of ill-health on single parents’ employment. The model provides estimates of individual preferences over a given set of labour market states and allows these preferences to be influenced by a measure of mental health, a latent health index purged of reporting bias and various measures of health shocks. Exploiting longitudinal data from the HILDA Survey, we find that psychological well-being, ill-health and health shocks significantly influence single parents’ marginal disutility of work and marginal utility of income. Further, we apply behavioural microsimulation methods to estimate the likely labour supply responses among single parents in Australia from restricting eligibility to access disability support via the Australian Disability Support Pension (DSP) scheme. Our simulation exercise reveals that imposing tighter DSP eligibility rules has a moderate but positive effect on single mothers’ employment.
    Keywords: health, disability, wellbeing, health shocks, discrete choice, behavioural microsimulation, labour supply
    JEL: C10 C25 C51 I10 I19 J01
    Date: 2013–07
  8. By: Carles Lavila, Misericordia; Oliva Furés, Martí
    Abstract: We analyze premium policies and price dispersion among private healthcare insurance firms from an overlapping-generations model. The model shows that firms that apply equal premium to all policyholders and firms that set premiums according to the risk of insured can coexist in the short run, whereas coexistence is unlikely in the long run because it requires the coincidence of economic growth and interest rates. We find support for the model’s results in the Catalan health insurance industry. Keywords: Economic theory, price policies, health insurance, health economics, overlapping-generations. JEL Classifications: I11 / L11 / L23
    Keywords: Economia de la salut, Assegurances de salut, Preus -- Fixació, Serveis sanitaris, Producció -- Organització, 338 - Situació econòmica. Política econòmica. Gestió, control i planificació de l'economia. Producció. Serveis. Turisme. Preus,
    Date: 2013

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