nep-hea New Economics Papers
on Health Economics
Issue of 2005‒04‒09
three papers chosen by
Yong Yin
SUNY at Buffalo, USA

  1. An institutional sociology perspective of the implementation of activity based costing by Spanish health care institutions By Eriksen, Scott D.; Urrutia, Ignacio
  2. Suicidal Behavior and the Labor Market Productivity of Young Adults By Erdal Tekin; Sara Markowitz
  3. Births, Deaths, and New Deal Relief during the Great Depression By Price V. Fishback; Michael R. Haines; Shawn Kantor

  1. By: Eriksen, Scott D. (Instituto de Empresa); Urrutia, Ignacio (IESE Business School)
    Abstract: According to institutional sociology, hospitals will respond to external environmental pressures and adopt Activity-Based-Costing (ABC). This theory overemphasizes conformity and fails to consider the advantages of organizational non-conformance. A conflict of interests between physicians and management leads to physician resistance to accepting ABC. This paper investigates the Spanish government's response to this resistance by creating new public foundation hospitals, and involves a case study of the Alcorcón foundation hospital. Population ecology is offered as an explanation for the emergence of new entities as a result of inert existing entities' resistance to reform.
    Keywords: Activity based costing; ABC implementation; Health care; Institutional sociology; Spanish health care sector;
    Date: 2005–02–21
  2. By: Erdal Tekin; Sara Markowitz
    Abstract: This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the link between suicidal behaviors and labor market productivity of young adults in the United States. Using data from the National Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we estimate the effects of suicide thoughts and suicide attempts on the work and schooling activities of young adults as well as on their hourly wage rates. The richness of the data set allows us to implement several strategies to control for unobserved heterogeneity and the potential reverse causality. These include using a large set of control variables that are likely to be correlated with both the suicidal behavior and the outcome measures, an instrumental variables method, and a twin fixed effects analysis from the subsample of twin pairs contained in the data. The longitudinal nature of the data set also allows us to control for past suicide thoughts and attempts of the individuals from their high school years as well as the suicide behaviors of the members of their family. Results from the different identification strategies consistently indicate that both suicide thoughts and suicide attempts decrease the hourly wage rate and the probability that a young adult individual works and/or attends school. The results are found to be robust to various specification tests.
    JEL: I1 J24
    Date: 2005–04
  3. By: Price V. Fishback; Michael R. Haines; Shawn Kantor
    Abstract: This paper examines the impact of New Deal relief programs on infant mortality, noninfant mortality and general fertility rates in major U.S. cities between 1929 and 1940. We estimate the effects using a variety of specifications and techniques for a panel of 114 cities for which data on relief spending during the 1930s were available. The significant rise in relief spending during the New Deal contributed to reductions in infant mortality, suicide rates, and some other causes of death, while contributing to increases in the general fertility rate. Estimates of the relationship between economic activity and death rates suggest that many types of death rates were pro-cyclical, similar to Ruhm%u2019s (2000) findings for the modern U.S.. Estimates of the relief costs associated with saving a life (adjusted for inflation) are similar to estimates found in studies of modern social insurance programs.
    JEL: I38 J11 N32
    Date: 2005–04

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