nep-hea New Economics Papers
on Helth Economics
Issue of 2005‒01‒09
three papers chosen by
Yong Yin
SUNY at Buffalo, USA

  1. What Do We Know About the Impact of AIDS on Cross-Country Income So Far? By Chris Papageorgiou; Petia Stoytcheva
  2. From Plan to Market in the Health Sector? China's Experience. By Karen Eggleston; Jian Wang; Keqin Rao
  3. Interactions between the Agricultural Sector and the HIV/AIDS Pandemic: Implications for Agricultural Policy By T. S. Jayne; Marcela Villarreal; Prabhu Pingali; Günter Hemrich

  1. By: Chris Papageorgiou; Petia Stoytcheva
  2. By: Karen Eggleston; Jian Wang; Keqin Rao
  3. By: T. S. Jayne (Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University); Marcela Villarreal; Prabhu Pingali; Günter Hemrich
    Abstract: This paper considers how the design of agricultural policies and programmes might be modified to better achieve policy objectives in the context of severe HIV epidemics and underscores the central role of agricultural policy in mitigating the spread and impacts of the epidemic. Based on projections of future demographic change in the hardest-hit countries of eastern and southern Africa, HIV/AIDS is likely to have the following effects on the agricultural sector: (1) increased rural inequality caused by disproportionately severe effects of AIDS on relatively poor households; (2) a reduction in household assets and wealth, leading to less capital-intensive cropping systems for severely affected communities and households; and (3) problems in transferring knowledge of crop husbandry and marketing to the succeeding generation of African farmers. It is argued that -- even though the absolute number of working age adults in the hardest-hit countries is projected to remain roughly the same over the next two decades -- the cost of labour in agriculture may rise in some areas as increasing scarcity of capital (notably, animal draft power for land preparation and weeding) will increase the demand for labour in agricultural production or shift agricultural systems to less labour- and capital-intensive crops.
    Keywords: food security, food security, agricultural policy, HIV/AIDS, structural transformation, production factors
    JEL: Q18 J43 O12
    Date: 2004

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