nep-hap New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2024‒06‒17
two papers chosen by

  1. Life Satisfaction and Inequality in Slovakia: The Role of Income, Consumption and Wealth By Biswajit Banerjee; Peter Toth
  2. Socio-Cultural Influences on Subjective Well-Being: Evidence from Syrian Migrants in Turkey By Giovanis, Eleftherios; Akdede, Sacit Hadi; Ozdamar, Oznur

  1. By: Biswajit Banerjee (Ashoka University); Peter Toth (University of Economics in Bratislava, Slovakia)
    Abstract: In recent years, a small number of studies have emphasized that subjective well-being of individuals depends not only on income but also consumption and wealth. However, only a few have examined the influence of all three variables simultaneously. Empirical studies have also analyzed the role of self-centered and community-centered inequalities but the inclusion of both measures in the same specification is scarce. In a departure from much of the existing literature, this paper analyzes concurrently the influence of all three economic well-being indicators and both types of inequalities on subjective well-being. We find that absolute levels of income, consumption and wealth all have a significant positive effect that remains robust even after the inclusion of self-centered and community-centered inequalities in the regression equations. The evidence indicates that both types of inequalities are important considerations for subjective well-being, but with different influences. Self-centered inequality measured using reference group average has a positive signalling effect, while inequality defined by the position of an individual within the distribution of the relevant economic well-being indicator has a negative comparison effect. Whereas community-centered inequality in income has a positive signalling effect, consumption and wealth inequalities have a negative comparison effect.
    Keywords: Community-centered inequality; Consumption; Income; Self-centered inequality; Subjective well-being; Wealth
    Date: 2023–10–30
  2. By: Giovanis, Eleftherios; Akdede, Sacit Hadi; Ozdamar, Oznur
    Abstract: Political tensions linked with immigration flows have sparked and stimulated the debate about migration and the integration of migrants to host societies. We aim to examine the participation of Syrian forced migrants in socio-cultural activities in Turkey and compare the frequency of participation with Turkish respondents. The second aim is to study the influence of participation in socio-cultural activities on subjective well-being (SWB). An interesting finding is that Syrians report higher SWB levels than Turkish respondents. Moreover, the study shows that integration and social inclusion should not be attributed solely to immigrants but should also rely on the efforts of the recipient societies since financial constraints and income disparities may potentially make it more difficult for migrants’ socio-cultural participation. It is critical to explore the role of socio-cultural participation in SWB because of the belief that this facility promotes social inclusion, building more cohesive communities, which in turn improves well-being.
    Keywords: Cinema and Theatrical Plays; First-Generation Immigrants; Social and Cultural Participation; Subjective Well-Being; Syrian Migrants
    JEL: Z10
    Date: 2024

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