nep-hap New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2023‒10‒30
four papers chosen by
Viviana Di Giovinazzo, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

  1. The Effects of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Adults' Subjective Wellbeing By Blanchflower, David G.; Bryson, Alex
  2. Well-being, time use, and women's empowerment after couple separation: Longitudinal evidence for Uruguay By Marisa Bucheli; Andrea Vigorito
  3. Artificial Intelligence and Workers' Well-Being By Giuntella, Osea; König, Johannes; Stella, Luca
  4. Le Bien-être des Français – Septembre 2023 By Perona, Mathieu

  1. By: Blanchflower, David G. (Dartmouth College); Bryson, Alex (University College London)
    Abstract: Using four cross-sectional data files for the United States and Europe we show that Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) have a significant impact on subjective wellbeing (SWB) in adulthood. Death of a parent, parental separation or divorce, financial difficulties, the prolonged absence of a parent, quarreling between parents, parental unemployment, sexual assault, experiencing long-term health problems, being bullied at school and being beaten or punched as a child all have long-term impacts on wellbeing. These experiences impact a wide range of wellbeing measures in adulthood including satisfaction with many aspects of everyday life, happiness and life satisfaction, self-assessed health, and are positively linked to measures of negative affect including the GHQ6. The evidence linking ACEs to lower SWB in adulthood is consistent across fifty different measures including sixteen positive affect and twenty-six negative affect measures relating to assessments of one's one life, and eight variables capturing how the individual feels about the area she lives in, including unemployment, drugs, violence and vandalism plus democracy in their country. Trauma in childhood is long lasting.
    Keywords: childhood, neglect, abuse, family circumstances, bullying, subjective wellbeing
    JEL: I31 I10 J12
    Date: 2023–09
  2. By: Marisa Bucheli (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Sociales. Departamento de Economía); Andrea Vigorito (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)
    Abstract: Although many studies have assessed the effects of union dissolution on access to economic resources, on economic outcomes for adults, particularly custodial mothers, and on a broad set of educational and socioemotional outcomes for children, there is less literature analysing changes in other domains of women's quality of life that might be affected when couple separation occurs in households with small children. In this study, we analyse the effects of union dissolution (divorce and couple separation) on women's well-being and empowerment in the short run, based on two waves of Encuesta de Nutrición, Desarrollo Infantil y Salud (ENDIS), an official longitudinal study that followed Uruguayan households with children who were age 0 to 3 years in 2013. Specifically, we assess the effects of separation on economic and subjective well-being, time use and household workload, empowerment, and attitudes towards gender norms. To control for the potential selectivity of union dissolution, we carry out a combined PSM/difference-in-difference estimation. We find that, for women who are custodial mothers, union dissolution entails, on average, a net per capita household income loss of 29%, an increase in paid labour effort, and a decrease in time devoted to household work. At the same time, empowerment and traditional gender norms are scarcely affected by union dissolution, though equalizing gender norm attitudes predict union dissolution. After ruling out a set of potential channels related to substitution effects (such as increased school attendance, seeking help from relatives, or hiring domestic workers) that might explain the decrease in household workload, we provide suggestive evidence on the role of loosened gender norms following the exit of a male household member or more structured care arrangements with non-coresident fathers that needs to be tested in further research.
    Keywords: Uruguay, time use, separation, gender role attitudes, empowerment, ENDIS
    JEL: J12 J13 I30
    Date: 2023–06
  3. By: Giuntella, Osea (University of Pittsburgh); König, Johannes (DIW Berlin); Stella, Luca (Free University of Berlin)
    Abstract: This study explores the relationship between artificial intelligence (AI) and workers' well-being and mental health using longitudinal survey data from Germany (2000-2020). We construct a measure of individual exposure to AI technology based on the occupation in which workers in our sample were first employed and explore an event study design and a difference-in-differences approach to compare AI-exposed and non-exposed workers. Before AI became widely available, there is no evidence of differential pre-trends in workers' well-being and concerns about their economic futures. Since 2015, however, with the increasing adoption of AI in firms across Germany, we find that AI-exposed workers have become less satisfied with their life and job and more concerned about job security and their personal economic situation. However, we find no evidence of a significant impact of AI on workers' mental health, anxiety, or depression.
    Keywords: artificial intelligence, future of work, well-being, mental health
    JEL: I10 J28 O30
    Date: 2023–09
  4. By: Perona, Mathieu
    Abstract: Si la satisfaction des Français quant à leur situation présente est stable, voire en légère progression, septembre est dominé par un approfondissement des inquiétudes au sujet de l’avenir. Les Français sont inquiets, à la fois de la dégradation de leurs conditions de vie à court-terme et de celles de leurs enfants à long-terme.
    Keywords: Wellbeing, France, bien-être, conjoncture
    Date: 2023–10

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