nep-hap New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2023‒01‒23
three papers chosen by

  1. Do Fathers Have Son Preference in the United States? Evidence from Paternal Subjective Well-Being By Song, Younghwan; Gao, Jia
  2. Another Brick on the Wall: On the Effects of Non-Contributory Pensions on Material and Subjective Well Being By Bando, Rosangela; Galiani, Sebastián; Gertler, Paul

  1. By: Song, Younghwan (Union College); Gao, Jia (World Bank)
    Abstract: Using data drawn from 2010, 2012, and 2013 American Time Use Survey Well-Being Modules, this paper examines the existence of son preference among fathers in the U.S. by estimating the effect of child gender on the fathers' subjective well-being. A wide range of subjective well-being measures, including happiness, pain, sadness, stress, tiredness, and meaningfulness, is analyzed, and fixed-effects models are adopted to control for unobserved individual heterogeneity. The results from the full sample show that fathers feel less sad and tired when interacting with both sons and daughters versus with daughters only. In families with only one child, fathers report no difference in subjective well-being when spending time with a son versus with a daughter. By further stratifying this sample of fathers by child's age of three, we continue to find no difference in paternal subjective well-being between being with a son and with a daughter when the child is younger than three. However, when the child is three or older, we find that fathers feel less stressed and more meaningful being with a son versus with a daughter. The results from Asian fathers in the U.S., in contrast, show a tremendous reduction in stress in activities with sons only than with daughters only. These results indicate no evidence of son preference in the general U.S. population. If there is any, it only exists among Asian fathers in the U.S.
    Keywords: son preference, child gender, subjective well-being, stress, time use
    JEL: J13 J16 I31
    Date: 2022–12
  2. By: Bando, Rosangela; Galiani, Sebastián; Gertler, Paul
    Abstract: Public expenditures on non-contributory pensions are equivalent to at least 1 percent of GDP in several countries in Latin America and is expected to increase. We explore the effect of non-contributory pensions on the well-being of the beneficiary population by studying the "Pensiones Alimentarias" program established by law in Paraguay, which targets older adults living in poverty. Households with a beneficiary increased their level of consumption by 44 percent. The program improved subjective well-being in 0.48 standard deviations. These effects are consistent with the findings of Bando, Galiani and Gertler (2020) and Galiani, Gertler and Bando (2016) in their studies on the non-contributory pension schemes in Peru and Mexico. Thus, we conclude that the effects of non-contributory pensions on well-being in Paraguay are comparable to those found for Peru and Mexico and add to the construction of external validity.
    Keywords: Poverty;Non-contributory pensions;Mental health;Well-being
    JEL: I1 I3 H3 H4
    Date: 2021–03
  3. By: Olivier Ardouin (LEGO - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion de l'Ouest - UBS - Université de Bretagne Sud - UBO - Université de Brest - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris] - IBSHS - Institut Brestois des Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société - UBO - Université de Brest - UBL - Université Bretagne Loire - IMT Atlantique - IMT Atlantique - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris])
    Abstract: Abstract : This communication aims to show how the sacrifices perceived to consume local food products can be made more or less salient to consumers according to their orientation to pursue eudemonic well-being as well as by the presence or absence of perceived hedonic benefits. Our research is based on an analysis of semi-structured interviews conducted with 17 consumers of local products aimed at highlighting the quest for eudemonic well-being through their perceptions of benefits and sacrifices. The results show that the perception of hedonic benefits provided by the purchase and consumption of local food products increases the perception of the sacrifices to be made by consumers in search of eudemonic well-being. The construal level theory (Trope and Liberman, 2003) can explain this result.
    Abstract: Cette communication vise à montrer comment les sacrifices perçus pour consommer des produits alimentaires locaux peuvent être rendus plus ou moins saillants auprès des consommateurs, selon leur orientation à poursuivre un bien-être eudémonique et selon la présence ou l'absence de perception de bénéfices hédoniques. Notre recherche se fonde sur une analyse d'entretiens semi-directifs, réalisés auprès de 17 consommateurs, et vise à mettre en évidence la quête d'un bien-être eudémonique au travers leurs perceptions des bénéfices et des sacrifices associés à la consommation de produits locaux. Les résultats montrent que la perception de bénéfices hédoniques augmente la perception des sacrifices à consentir chez le consommateur en quête de bien-être eudémonique. La théorie des niveaux de représentation (Trope et Liberman, 2003) permet d'expliquer ce résultat..
    Keywords: bien-être alimentaire, eudémonie, produits alimentaires locaux, valeur de consommation, théorie des niveaux de représentation
    Date: 2021–05–19

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