nep-hap New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2022‒09‒12
three papers chosen by
Viviana Di Giovinazzo
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

  1. Sandwiched women: Health behavior, health, and life satisfaction By Kartseva, Marina; Peresetsky, Anatoly
  2. Well-being at the heart of policy: lessons from national initiatives around the OECD By Nicola Brandt; Carrie Exton; Lara Fleischer
  3. Occupation-personality fit is associated with higher employee engagement and happiness By McCarthy, Paul X.; Kern, Margaret L.; Gong, Xian; Parker, Michael; Rizoiu, Marian-Andrei

  1. By: Kartseva, Marina; Peresetsky, Anatoly
    Abstract: In this paper, we use unique nationally representative data from the 25th wave of Russia Longitudinal Monitoring survey, (RLMS-HSE) for 2016. Based on the survey data, we investigate the impact of sandwich generation caregiving on the health behavior of Russian women—their health behavior, self-assessed health and life satisfaction. We found that sandwich generation caregiving reduces the likelihood of medical examinations, and regular meals, the effect is especially pronounced for working women. A small reduction in alcohol consumption is observed. The likelihood of smoking is reduced (especially for women under 50). The likelihood of being overweight increases, the proportion of chronic diseases decreases, and self-assessed health improves (these effects are especially pronounced for women who are non-pensioners). The proportion of depression decreases. These effects may be the result of an inattentive attitude to one's health and a consciousness of the social significance of fulfilling one's duty. The latter also affects the decreasing number of sandwich generation givers (SGC) dissatisfied with life in general.
    Keywords: sandwich generation; sandwich caregiving; Russia; female caregivers; health; health behavior; life satisfaction; informal care
    JEL: I12 I31 J14 J16
    Date: 2022–01
  2. By: Nicola Brandt (OECD Berlin Centre); Carrie Exton (OECD Centre for Well-being, Inclusion, Sustainability and Equality of Opportunity); Lara Fleischer (OECD Berlin Centre)
    Date: 2022–02
  3. By: McCarthy, Paul X.; Kern, Margaret L.; Gong, Xian; Parker, Michael; Rizoiu, Marian-Andrei
    Abstract: Using large scale data sets about Australians (n=99,897) active on social media in a variety of occupations (n=624) across all industries, we used a variety of linguistic analysis techniques to infer user’s happiness, engagement and Big5 personality traits across 30 dimensions, as well as their occupational-personality fit when compared to others in the same role. We found that: (a) when roles are clustered by the personality traits of those in them there appears to be eight groups or ‘tribes’ made up of roles with similar personality trait combinations; (b) happiness, as measured by inferred current happiness, is positively correlated with occupation-personality fit and; (c) engagement is significantly correlated with occupation-personality fit and can explain over 25% of the variance in engagement in a sample of 18k people across 624 roles. These findings show that occupation and personality fit play a material and significant role in employee engagement, which in turn is known to have many firm-level and economy-wide outcomes.
    Keywords: Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity; Employee Engagement; Occupation-Fit; Personality.
    JEL: J24
    Date: 2022–06–01

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