nep-hap New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2021‒09‒27
three papers chosen by

  1. Does Sports Make People Happier, or Do Happy People More Sports? By Bruno S. Frey; Anthony Gullo
  2. Pobreza, vulnerabilidad y desigualdades horizontales en la población adulta uruguaya By Alina Machado; Andrea Vigorito
  3. The Consequences of Chronic Pain in Mid-Life: Evidence from the National Child Development Survey By David G. Blanchflower; Alex Bryson

  1. By: Bruno S. Frey; Anthony Gullo
    Abstract: We contribute to the happiness literature by analyzing the causal relationship between sports and happiness. Using longitudinal data from the German Socio- Economic Panel (GSOEP), we find a positive correlation between sports participa- tion and reported life satisfaction. This relationship is stronger at younger and older ages than in middle age, and for people in bad health compared to those in average health. We further provide evidence for both causal directions. It turns out that the causal impact of engaging in sports on happiness is about four times higher than the effect of happiness on engaging in sports.
    Keywords: happiness; life satisfaction; well-being; sports; causality
    Date: 2021–09
  2. By: Alina Machado (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía); Andrea Vigorito (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)
    Abstract: We assess the evolution of multidimensional poverty and vulnerability among the Uruguayan adult population between 2006 and 2018. Based on the results of a previous consultation process framed in a technical cooperation agreement between Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración (Universidad de la República) and the Ministry of Social Development, we consider deprivation in the following domains: education; health care; labour force status and social protection; housing; social cohesion and discrimination; and life satisfaction/leisure-work balance. We study the evolution of individual indicators and multidimensional indices, and analyze the evolution of horizontal inequalities in deprivation by sex, ethnic-racial descent, region and age group. We conduct two different analyses using data from official household surveys (Encuestas Continuas de Hogares), and a public opinion survey (Latinobarometro) to account for deprivation in the domains of social cohesion and subjective well-being . Although our findings indicate that multidimensional poverty fell (31%) between 2006 and 2018, it decreased a a considerably lower pace than monetary poverty (78%). Furthermore, our results reveal a trade-off between improvements in the subset of dimensions reflecting deprivation in terms of individual well-being and worsened outcomes in the dimensions that refer to more collective functionings, such as social cohesion. Regarding multidimensional vulnerability, in 2018, only 54% of the population aged 18 and over is not at risk of experiencing poverty in a worsened economic scenario. Meanwhile, horizontal inequalities remained unchanged or even widened in the period covered in this study.
    Keywords: multidimensional poverty, horizontal inequalities, vulnerability, Uruguay, encuestas de hogares, Latinobarometer, Encuestas Continuas de Hogares
    JEL: I3 D63
    Date: 2021–07
  3. By: David G. Blanchflower (Bruce V. Rauner ’78 Professor of Economics, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755-3514. Adam Smith School of Business, University of Glasgow and NBER); Alex Bryson (Professor of Quantitative Social Science, UCL Social Research Institute, University College London, 20 Bedford Way, London WC1H 0AL)
    Abstract: Using data from all those born in a single week in 1958 in Britain we track the consequences of short pain and chronic pain in mid-life (age 44) on health, wellbeing and labor market outcomes in later life. We examine data taken at age 50 in 2008, when the Great Recession hit and then five years later at age 55 in 2013. We find those suffering both short-term and chronic pain at age 44 continue to report pain and poor general health in their 50s. However, the associations are much stronger for those with chronic pain. Furthermore, chronic pain at age 44 is associated with a range of poor mental health outcomes, pessimism about the future and joblessness at age 55 whereas short-duration pain at age 44 is not. Uniquely, we also show that pain experienced in childhood, at ages 11 and 16, reported by a parent and a teacher respectively, collected decades earlier, predicts pain in mid-life, indicating just how persistent pain can be over the life-course.
    Keywords: pain; mental health; general health; sleep; paid work; wellbeing; life-course; birth cohort; NCDS
    JEL: I12 I31
    Date: 2021–09–01

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