nep-hap New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2021‒01‒18
three papers chosen by

  1. Self-employment and Subjective Well-Being By Binder, Martin; Blankenberg, Ann-Kathrin
  2. Time Use and Life Satisfaction within Couples: A Gender Analysis for Belgium By Bram De Rock; Guillaume Perilleux
  3. Fertility in Russia: A Re-examination Using Microdata By KUMO, Kazuhiro

  1. By: Binder, Martin; Blankenberg, Ann-Kathrin
    Abstract: Self-employment contributes to employment growth and innovativeness and many individuals want to become self-employed due to the autonomy and exibility it brings. Using "subjective well-being" as a broad summary measure that evaluates an individual's experience of being self-employed, the chapter discusses evidence and explanations why self-employment is positively associated with job satisfaction, even though the self-employed often earn less than their employed peers, work longer hours and experience more stress and higher job demands. Despite being more satisfied with their jobs, the self-employed do not necessarily enjoy higher overall life satisfaction, which is due to heterogeneity of types of self-employment, as well as motivational factors, work characteristics and institutional setups across countries.
    Keywords: self-employment,entrepreneurship,subjective well-being,job satisfaction,life satisfaction
    JEL: L26 J24 J28
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Bram De Rock; Guillaume Perilleux
    Abstract: This study looks at the time allocations of individuals with a focus on paid and unpaid work, its division within the households, as well as its link with life satisfaction. The analysis is performed for Belgium in 2016 using the MEqIn database, a database containing information on both partners in the household. Time use by men and women appears to be quite different. Men are found to be more active in the paid activities and women in the unpaid ones. The link between time use and life satisfaction appears to be different for each gender as well. As in previous tudies, women are found to be happier when working part-time. However, the usual conclusion that they follow traditional gender norm is challenged as it appears that this result remains only when they also undertake the majority of the unpaid work. This supports the idea that women active on the paid labor market suffer from a double burden. We then look at the within household interdependencies in the time allocations and at the link these can have with the subjective well-being of both men and women. Doing so, it appears that men’s behavior can be related to the gender-identity hypothesis, and more precisely to its bread-winner version, while women’s behavior is closer to a egalitarian vision of the division of work. We further observe that those behaviors are softened by the presence of children.
    Keywords: Time use, Unpaid work, Household division of labor, Subjective well-being, Gender, Parenthood
    Date: 2021–01
  3. By: KUMO, Kazuhiro
    Abstract: This paper employs microdata of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMSHSE) to discuss the impact on childbirth probability in Russia, which, following a continuous decline in the birth rate throughout the 1990s, began to increase in the 2000s, and rose thereafter almost continuously, of economic factors such as household income and female wages and subjective well-being such as life satisfaction and health condition. The following results were obtained: Higher household incomes serve to encourage childbirth, while female wages are seen to act to curtail childbirth, and when indicators such as life satisfaction and health condition are high, the likelihood of childbirth is increased significantly. Most previous research concerning determinants of the birth rate in Russia has shown that household income has no effect at all, but the findings in this paper suggest that this may have been due to the special circumstances that existed at the beginning of the economic transformation period in the 1990s.
    Date: 2020–11

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