nep-hap New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2018‒04‒16
two papers chosen by

  1. Smoking, Obesity, and Labor Market Outcomes (Japanese) By MORIKAWA Masayuki
  2. Long Commuting Time and the Benefits of Telecommuting (Japanese) By MORIKAWA Masayuki

  1. By: MORIKAWA Masayuki
    Abstract: This study, using original survey data, presents evidence in Japan on the relationship between smoking and obesity on the one hand, and labor market outcomes and subjective well-being on the other hand. According to the results, first, after accounting for various individual characteristics, wages of both male and female smokers are significantly higher than those of non-smokers. This unexpected finding is different from past studies and general perception. In addition, the labor participation rate of smokers is higher than that of non-smokers. Second, there is a wage discount for obesity only among male workers. This is also an unexpected finding, as a large number of past studies have detected wage discounts for obese females. Third, smoking and obesity are associated with low life satisfaction and job satisfaction among females, but the relationships are unclear among males.
    Date: 2018–03
  2. By: MORIKAWA Masayuki
    Abstract: This study, using original survey data, presents empirical evidence on the relationship between commuting time and telecommuting on the one hand, and wages and subjective well-being on the other hand in Japan, where long commuting time is prevalent. According to the analysis, first, individuals have a strong preference to avoid long commuting time relative to long working hours, particularly among female and non-standard employees. Second, there is a wage premium for long commuters, and is greater for female employees. Third, female, young, married and those who have preschool age children positively evaluate telecommuting. Fourth, although the number of telecommuters is currently very small, they enjoy wage premiums and higher job satisfaction. These findings suggest that diffusion of telecommuting and satellite offices may contribute to increasing the labor market participation of female and elderly people.
    Date: 2018–03

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