nep-hap New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2016‒12‒11
two papers chosen by

  1. Indicadores de Avaliação Subjetiva da Suficiência da Renda das Famílias Brasileiras – um estudo com a pesquisa de orçamentos familiares By Marcos Antonio Coutinho da Silveira
  2. My Baby Takes the Morning Train: Gender Identity, Fairness, and Relative Labor Supply Within Households By Lepinteur, Anthony; Flèche, Sarah; Powdthavee, Nattavudh

  1. By: Marcos Antonio Coutinho da Silveira
    Abstract: As versões de 2002-2003 e 2008-2009 da Pesquisa de Orçamentos Familiares (POF), realizada pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), trazem duas perguntas sobre a avaliação subjetiva das famílias brasileiras quanto à suficiência de seus rendimentos. Enquanto a primeira pergunta extrai informação direta sobre o grau de satisfação da família com sua renda mensal, permitindo construir, a partir dela, um indicador qualitativo de suficiência da renda, a segunda pergunta extrai informação sobre o valor da renda avaliado pela família como minimamente necessário para cobrir seus gastos mensais, permitindo construir, a partir dela, um indicador quantitativo de suficiência da renda, definido como a proporção em que a renda efetiva supera aquele valor. Ao investigar a relação empírica entre estes dois indicadores subjetivos, o trabalho pode contribuir não apenas para respaldar estes indicadores como medidas confiáveis de qualidade de vida das famílias brasileiras na sua dimensão material, mas também para explicar o descasamento entre indicadores objetivos e subjetivos de qualidade de vida. The versions of 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 of the Household Budget Survey (POF) from the IBGE bring two questions on the subjective evaluation of Brazilian families about the sufficiency of their income. While the first question draws direct information on the degree of family’s satisfaction with its monthly income, allowing to build from it a qualitative indicator of income sufficiency, the second question extracts information on the income value evaluated by the family as minimally necessary for covering their monthly expenses, allowing to build from it a quantitative indicator of income sufficiency, defined as the proportion to which the actual income exceeds that value. In looking into the empirical relationship between these two subjective indicators, the work can contribute not only to support these indicators as reliable measures of quality of life of Brazilian families in its material dimension, but also to explain the mismatch between quality objective and subjective indicators of life.
    Date: 2016–10
  2. By: Lepinteur, Anthony (Paris School of Economics); Flèche, Sarah (CEP, London School of Economics); Powdthavee, Nattavudh (University of Warwick)
    Abstract: The current study argues that women's decision to leave the labor force at the point where their income exceeds their husbands' income may have less to do with gender identity norm (Bertrand et al., 2015) and more to do with what women think is a fair distribution of relative working hours within the household. Using three nationally-representative data, we show that life satisfaction is significantly lower among women whose work hours exceed their partners, holding the share of wife's income constant. Men, by contrast, are not affected by working longer or fewer hours than their wives.
    Keywords: fairness, gender identity, life satisfaction, relative income, working hours, labor supply
    JEL: I31 J12 J22
    Date: 2016–11

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