nep-hap New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2016‒10‒09
five papers chosen by

  1. Satisfactory time use elasticities of demand and measuring well-being inequality through superposed utilities By Okay Gunes; Armagan Tuna Aktuna-Gunes
  2. The Development and Happiness of Very Young Children By Anand, Paul; Roope, Laurence
  3. Job Satisfaction of Returnees to Japan By Lara Makowski; Ralf Bebenroth
  4. The Effects of ICTs on Well-being: A Survey and a Theoretical Framework By Fulvio Castellacci; Vegard Tveito
  5. Intensive Mothering and Well-being: The Role of Education and Child Care Activity By Gimenez-Nadal, Jose Ignacio; Sevilla, Almudena

  1. By: Okay Gunes (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Armagan Tuna Aktuna-Gunes (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)
    Abstract: In this article, the satisfactory consumption and labor supply elasticities of demand are measured through a model of time allocation that includes eight time assignment equations by using the full time use (the temporal values of the monetary expenditure plus time spent) concept obtained by matching the Classic Family Budget survey with the Time Use survey for Turkey. The cross-sectional data covers the period of 2003-2006 in Turkey. The elasticity results show a clear picture of the relationship between satisfactory consumption and working with commodity demands for Turkey. As a contribution to the literature, we explore the reasons behind the demand for satisfactory consumption through working decisions by measuring well-being inequality for each consumption group. In order to increase the robustness of our result, overall well-being inequality is measured by introducing the axiom of superposed utility of preferences. As expected, overall well-being inequality declines to 0.26, which is 119 percentage points lower than the average rate of well-being inequality (0.57) in Turkey.
    Abstract: Dans cet article, les élasticités de consommation satisfaisante et de l'offre de travail de demande sont mesurées par un modèle d'allocation du temps qui comprend huit équations en utilisant du temps complet (les valeurs temporelles des dépenses monétaires plus les dépenses temporelles) obtenu par l'appariement statistique des enquêtes turques sur le Budget des Familles avec l'enquête sur l'Emploi du Temps. Les données transversales couvrent les années 2003-2006 en Turquie. Les résultats des élasticités montrent une image claire de la relation entre la consommation satisfaisante et l'offre du travail avec les demandes de bien pour la Turquie. Comme contribution à la littérature, nous explorons les raisons derrière de la demande de consommation satisfaisante grâce à la décision de travail en mesurant l'inégalité de bien-être dans chaque groupe de consommation. Afin d'augmenter la robustesse de nos résultats, l'inégalité du bien-être général est mesurée en introduisant l'axiome d'utilité superposée de préférences. Comme prévu, l'inégalité de bien-être général diminue à 0,26 qui est de 119 points de pourcentage moins que le taux moyen de l'inégalité de bien-être général (0,57) en Turquie.
    Keywords: time use,life satisfaction,well-being inequality,superposed utilities
    Date: 2015–02
  2. By: Anand, Paul (The Open University); Roope, Laurence (University of Oxford)
    Abstract: The paper demonstrates how Sen's (1985) alternative approach to welfare economics can be used to shed light on the wellbeing of very young children. More specifically, we estimate versions of the three key relations from his framework using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) Survey. Our primary models provide evidence that skills are related to involvement in cognate activities with a parent, indicating a behavioural relationship between capabilities and activities which is not explicit in Sen's original set-up, but is key to the development and happiness of young children. A second set of models indicates that the daily activities of very young children are related to household income but that in some cases the association with parenting inputs is stronger. Thirdly, we report happiness regressions for the children which seem to suggest that shopping and reading are valued but that their distribution is limited in some cases – probably either by household income or parental education. Across the piece, we find that the number of siblings is negatively related to activity involvement with parents, as hypothesised by Becker, but positively related to everyday, motor and social skills. Combined with evidence from other studies, we conclude that the capability approach provides a useful framework for understanding the economics of wellbeing across the entire life course.
    Keywords: child development, well-being, happiness, daily activities, capabilities
    JEL: D60 I31 J13
    Date: 2016–09
  3. By: Lara Makowski (Graduate School of Business Administration, Kobe University); Ralf Bebenroth (Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration (RIEB), Kobe University, Japan)
    Abstract: We investigate how Japanese returnees’ job satisfaction is influenced by their organizational identification, their cultural openness and the degree of the ‘Japaneseness’ of the business system in their firms. On the tenets of social identity and cultural fit theory, we find that stronger identified Japanese returnees are more job satisfied. Furthermore, the degree of “Japaneseness” of the business system is negatively related to the job satisfaction of returnees, indicating that firms with a rather Western business system have more job satisfied returnees in their workforce. Also, even though we do not find any direct relationship between cultural openness and job satisfaction, we receive weak support, that cultural openness moderates the influence of the Japanese business system on a returnee’s job satisfaction. That is, the group of culturally more open returnees has a higher job satisfaction when working in a rather Japanese business system.
    Date: 2016–09
  4. By: Fulvio Castellacci (TIK Centre, University of Oslo); Vegard Tveito (TIK Centre, University of Oslo)
    Abstract: Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) presently pervade human life. Most individuals make active use of ICTs, both in private and in work life, without proper information and awareness of how these affect their well-being. Research on this topic is still underdeveloped and highly fragmented. This paper presents a survey of extant literature on the relationships between ICTs and well-being, and it develops a new interdisciplinary theoretical framework to analyze the positive effects and potential risks that the pervasive use of ICTs may lead to. Specifically, we point out four distinct channels through which ICTs can shape well-being: they are time-saving, create new activities, facilitate access to information, and act as powerful communication tools. We show how these four channels impact well-being in distinct domains of life. A central point is that the effects of ICTs on well-being are mediated by a set of personal characteristics that are specific to each individual, and in particular psychological functioning, capabilities, and framing conditions (culture and beliefs). Hence, it is the interaction between human beings’ activities in distinct domains of life and their individual personal characteristics that explains why the use of ICTs has stronger positive effects for some individuals and social groups than others.
    Date: 2016–10
  5. By: Gimenez-Nadal, Jose Ignacio; Sevilla, Almudena
    Abstract: We use data from the 2012, and 2013 Well-being Module of the American Time Use Survey to understand maternal momentary well-being, and how these vary by educational attainment. We document that even after controlling for a wide set of maternal characteristics, higher educated mothers report lower levels of happiness and meaning, and higher levels of fatigue when engaging in child-related activities than mothers with lower educational attainment. Further analysis reveals that there is no education gap in momentary wellbeing among fathers and non-mothers. These findings are consistent with more educated mothers feeling the pressures from the ideology of intensive mothering, whereby mother’s continuous time and attention is understood as being crucial for child development.
    Keywords: Mothering. Momentary well-being. Child care. Ideology of intensive mothering. Time use
    JEL: D1 D13 D6
    Date: 2016

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