nep-hap New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2012‒05‒02
four papers chosen by
Viviana Di Giovinazzo
University of Milano-Bicocca

  1. Unhappiness and Job Finding By Anne C. Gielen; Jan C. van Ours
  2. Corporate culture and satisfaction at work By Jocelyne Robert; Aigul Asfarova
  3. What Makes for a Better Life?: The Determinants of Subjective Well-Being in OECD Countries – Evidence from the Gallup World Poll By Romina Boarini; Margherita Comola; Conal Smith; Robert Manchin; Femke de Keulenaer
  4. Outsourcing, occupational restructuring, and employee well-being: Is there a silver lining? By Petri, Böckerman; Mika, Maliranta

  1. By: Anne C. Gielen; Jan C. van Ours
    Abstract: It is puzzling that people feel quite unhappy when they become unemployed, while at the same time active labor market policies are needed to bring unemployed back to work more quickly. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, we investigate whether there is indeed such a puzzle. First, we find that nearly half of the unemployed do not experience a drop in happiness, which might explain why at least some workers need to be activated. In addition to that, we find that even though unemployed who experience a drop in happiness search more actively for a job, it does not speed up their job finding. Apparently, there is no link between unhappiness and the speed of job finding. Hence, there is no contradiction between unemployed being unhappy and the need for activation policies.
    Keywords: Happiness, unemployment duration
    JEL: I31 J64
    Date: 2012
  2. By: Jocelyne Robert (management et leadership - Université de Liège); Aigul Asfarova (management et leadership - Université de Liège)
    Abstract: This study present in the first part different statistics about employment and satisfaction at work in Belgium : working conditions, relationship with colleagues, quality of management and implication as well as everyday life within the organisation. Dissatisfaction factors as well as stress, work accidents and "male-female" inequalities are also be mentioned. In the secound part, we present the result of interviews of human rfesource managers about coporate culture, satisfaction at work, social responsibility
    Keywords: Corporate culture, satisfaction at work, human resource, social responsibility
    Date: 2012–01
  3. By: Romina Boarini; Margherita Comola; Conal Smith; Robert Manchin; Femke de Keulenaer
    Abstract: This paper uses data from the Gallup World Poll to explore the determinants of subjective well-being. The paper builds on the existing literature on the determinants of subjective well-being in three areas. First, the paper systematically examines the drivers of measures of affect as well as the determinants of life satisfaction that are more prevalent in the existing literature. Overall, items relating to health status, personal security, and freedom to choose what to do with one’s life appear to have a larger impact on affect balance when compared to life satisfaction, while economic factors such as income and unemployment have a more limited impact. The second part of the paper considers the degree to which there is heterogeneity in the weights assigned by different population sub-groups to the different determinants of subjective well-being. Relatively small differences are found between men and women, but priorities change significantly over the life course. Finally, the paper uses OECD data on the labour market and health policy regimes in different countries to test for the impact of these policy regimes on subjective well-being. Significant results are found for the replacement rate for unemployment assistance, employment protection legislation, and the extent of health co-payments. Although these results are tentative, they suggest that looking for the impact of policy changes on subjective well-being in large cross-country datasets is a promising area for research.<P>Quels sont les facteurs qui influent sur notre qualité de vie ? : Les déterminants du bien-être subjectif dans les pays de l'OCDE - Données extraites de l'enquête Gallup World Poll<BR>Fondé sur des données issues de l’enquête Gallup World Poll, ce rapport analyse les déterminants du bien-être subjectif. Il est en outre étayé par les travaux antérieurs menés sur les facteurs du bien-être subjectif dans trois domaines. Tout d’abord, l’étude passe systématiquement en revue les caractéristiques des mesures relatives aux ressentis, ainsi que les critères qui déterminent la satisfaction à l’égard de la vie, qui sont plus répandus dans les publications existantes. Dans l’ensemble, les facteurs relatifs à l’état de santé, à la sécurité des personnes et à la liberté qu’ont les individus de choisir la vie qu’ils veulent mener semblent peser plus lourd dans la balance entre ressentis négatifs et ressentis positifs que la satisfaction à l’égard de l’existence, tandis que les facteurs économiques, comme le revenu et le chômage, ont une influence plus limitée. La deuxième partie du rapport examine dans quelle mesure l’importance accordée aux différents déterminants du bien-être subjectif varie en fonction des catégories de population. Si les écarts observés entre hommes et femmes sont relativement limités, il ressort que les priorités ne cessent d’évoluer tout au long de la vie. Enfin, le rapport s’appuie sur les données de l’OCDE relatives aux politiques nationales du marché du travail et de la santé pour évaluer l’impact de l’action publique sur le bien-être subjectif. Il semble que le taux de remplacement de l’assistance-chômage, la législation sur la protection de l’emploi et le niveau de participation des assurés sociaux au coût des soins jouent un rôle majeur. S’ils restent indicatifs, ces résultats donnent néanmoins à penser que l’étude de l’impact des réformes sur le bien-être subjectif dans les grandes séries de données internationales constitue un axe de recherche prometteur.
    Date: 2012–04–25
  4. By: Petri, Böckerman; Mika, Maliranta
    Abstract: This paper explores the effects of outsourcing on employee well-being through the use of the Finnish linked employer-employee data. The direct negative effect of outsourcing is attributable to greater job destruction and worker outflow. In terms of perceived well-being, the winners in international outsourcing are those who are capable of performing interactive tasks (i.e., managers, professionals and experts), especially when offshoring involves closer connections to other developed countries.
    Keywords: globalization; outsourcing; offshoring; working conditions; job satisfaction; subjective well-being
    JEL: F23 J28
    Date: 2012–04–20

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