New Economics Papers
on Economics of Happiness
Issue of 2010‒08‒28
two papers chosen by

  1. Gender Differences in Subjective Well-Being in and out of Management Positions By Trzcinski, Eileen; Holst, Elke
  2. Poverty and Inequality in Standards of Living in Malawi: Does Religious Affiliation Matter? By Mussa, Richard

  1. By: Trzcinski, Eileen (Wayne State University, Detroit); Holst, Elke (DIW Berlin)
    Abstract: This study used data from the German Socio-economic Panel to examine gender differences in the extent to which self-reported subjective well-being was associated with occupying a high-level managerial position in the labour market, compared with employment in non-leadership, non-high-level managerial positions, unemployment, and non-labour market participation. Our results indicated that a clear hierarchy exists for men in term of how status within the labour market was associated with subjective life satisfaction. Unemployed men were the least satisfied, followed by men who were not in the labour market, while men in leadership positions reported the highest level of subjective life satisfaction. For women, no statistically significant differences were observed among women in high-level managerial positions, women who worked in non-high-level positions, and women who specialized in household production, with no market work. Only women who were unemployed reported lower levels of life satisfaction, compared with women in other labour-market statuses. Our results lend evidence to the contention that men can "have it all", but women must still choose between career and family in Germany. We argue that interventions need to address how the non-pecuniary rewards associated with high-level managerial and leadership positions can be increased for women. Such policies would also likely serve to mitigate the "pipeline" problem concerning the number of women who are available to move into high positions in the private sector.
    Keywords: well-being, gender, management, non-management, unemployment, non-labor-market participation
    JEL: J16 J29 J69
    Date: 2010–08
  2. By: Mussa, Richard
    Abstract: This paper looks at whether or not there are differences in consumption, health, and education poverty and inequality among Catholics, Protestants, Muslims, and followers of indigenous religions in Malawi. Poverty dominance tests show that Catholics have the lowest levels of consumption and education poverty. Inequality dominance tests indicate that Muslims are more equal in terms of consumption than Catholics, however, Catholics are more health equal than Protestants. Protestants are found to be the largest contributors to national poverty and inequality in the three dimensions of well being. Within religious grouping inequalities (vertical inequalities) are the major driver of national consumption and health inequality. In contrast, most of the national education inequality is due to between religious grouping inequalities (horizontal inequalities).
    Keywords: Stochastic dominance; vertical and horizontal inequalities; Malawi
    JEL: D30
    Date: 2010–08–15

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