nep-ger New Economics Papers
on German Papers
Issue of 2014‒09‒25
four papers chosen by
Roberto Cruccolini
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

  1. Determinanten kommunaler Verschuldung und die Rolle der Länder By Jens Boysen-Hogrefe
  2. Geschlechterarrangements und Ehestabilität in Ost- und Westdeutschland By Christian Schmitt; Heike Trappe
  3. Revision der IAB-Arbeitszeitrechnung 2014 : Grundlagen, methodische Weiterentwicklungen sowie ausgewählte Ergebnisse im Rahmen der Revision der Volkswirtschaftlichen Gesamtrechnungen By Wanger, Susanne; Weigand, Roland; Zapf, Ines
  4. Grundlagen und Methoden von GKV-Routinedatenstudien By Neubauer, Sarah; Zeidler, Jan; Lange, Ansgar; Graf von der Schulenburg, J.-Matthias

  1. By: Jens Boysen-Hogrefe
    Abstract: In einer Regressionsanalyse werden mögliche Determinanten kommunaler Verschuldung untersucht. Von erheblicher Bedeutung sind die SGBII-Quote und das Zusammenspiel aus Einwohnerzahl und Einwohnerdichte. Zudem spielt die Länderzugehörigkeit der Kommunen eine große Rolle. Unterschiede gibt es vor allem zwischen Schleswig-Holstein auf der einen Seite und Rheinland-Pfalz, Hessen und vor allem dem Saarland auf der anderen Seite. Eine mögliche Erklärung für den Einfluss der Länderzugehörigkeit sind Variationen in den Transferzahlungen der Länder an die Kommunen
    Keywords: Kommunen, Länder, Schulden, Finanzausgleich, Transferzahlungen
    JEL: H74 H77
    Date: 2014–09
  2. By: Christian Schmitt; Heike Trappe
    Date: 2014
  3. By: Wanger, Susanne (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]); Weigand, Roland (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]); Zapf, Ines (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])
    Abstract: "This report documents reasons, methods and results of the general revision 2014 of the IAB working-time measurement concept (AZR) for the period from 1991 to 2013. The AZR which is part of the German system of national accounts (VGR) provides long comparable time series for industry-specific hours worked and the volume of work for Germany. Since the concepts and definitions of the VGR are also binding for the AZR, the 2014 general revision of the VGR leads to changes regarding the concepts, methods and resulting time series. In this context, we also take this as an occasion to revise and update statistical methods and data sources of the AZR in its whole. A key part of the methodological changes is due to the introduction of modern techniques of time series analysis. By multivariate structural time series models embedded in a state space framework, all available information can be exploited timely and efficiently for estimating the different components of hours worked. In this context a new approach is proposed which makes the use of a multiplicity of relevant time series for structural time series models feasible by principal components methods. This would otherwise be possible with a high computational cost only. In the following, we present the base concept of the AZR, and outly the changes of the revision of the VGR as well as its impact on the AZR. We describe the foundation of the estimation methods and discuss methodological developments as well as estimates for the respective components of hours worked. A subsequent section depicts the most relevant results of the revision for the period from 1991 to 2013 and compares results before and after the revision." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    Keywords: Arbeitszeit, volkswirtschaftliche Gesamtrechnung, Arbeitszeitentwicklung, Arbeitsvolumen, Schätzung, Datengewinnung, Konjunkturabhängigkeit
    Date: 2014–08–18
  4. By: Neubauer, Sarah; Zeidler, Jan; Lange, Ansgar; Graf von der Schulenburg, J.-Matthias
    Abstract: Claims data studies are becoming an increasingly important source of information for healthcare stakeholders. The importance and scientific use of claims data of the statutory health funds has further increased. We saw a general lack of elaborated recommendations for best practices in this field and a need for a thorough overview of published methods used in each step of conducting a claims data study. This discussion paper examines and compares conceptual and methodological approaches used in claims data studies aiming to stimulate discussion on quality of the studies and to promote creation of standards and guidelines for consistent and transparent claims data studies and reports. Our results emphasize the importance guidelines in the field of claims data analyses and discussed the advantages and disadvantages of different methodological approaches.
    Keywords: GKV-Routinedaten, Datenkategorien, Studiendesigns, Validierung, Datenaufbereitung, claims data, data categories, study design, validation, data pro-cessing, best practices
    JEL: I13
    Date: 2014–08

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