nep-ger New Economics Papers
on German Papers
Issue of 2014‒04‒11
711 papers chosen by
Roberto Cruccolini
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen

  1. Arbeitskostenentwicklung und internationale Wettbewerbsfähigkeit in Europa By Alexander Herzog-Stein; Heike Joebges; Ulrike Stein; Rudolf Zwiener
  2. Online-Portale für Kompetenztests – ein Baustein für die Demografiestrategie Deutschlands By Spermann, Alexander
  3. Mismatch-Arbeitslosigkeit: wie Arbeitslose und offene Stellen zusammenpassen By Bauer, Anja; Gartner, Herrmann
  4. Deutschland im Aufschwung - Risiken bleiben By Gustav A. Horn; Alexander Herzog-Stein; Peter Hohlfeld; Fabian Lindner; Ansgar Rannenberg; Katja Rietzler; Sabine Stephan; Silke Tober
  5. Deutschland stagniert - Prognose-Update:Deutsche Konjunktur zur Jahresmitte 2013 By Gustav A. Horn; Alexander Herzog-Stein; Ansgar Rannenberg; Katja Rietzler; Silke Tober; Peter Hohlfeld; Fabian Lindner; Sabine Stephan
  6. Außenhandel der USA By Jan Behringer; Nikolaus Kowall
  7. Marktrisikoprämien am deutschen Kapitalmarkt: Ermittlung, Simulation und Vergleich historischer und angebotsseitiger Marktrisikoprämien By Hachmeister, Dirk; Ruthardt, Frederik; Autenrieth, Matthias
  8. Digitale Zivilgesellschaft in Deutschland: Stand und Perspektiven 2014 By Dobusch, Leonhard
  9. Banken treiben Eurokrise By Fabian Lindner
  10. Bildungspolitik versus Gesundheitspolitik - Evidenzbasierte Interventionen gegen soziale Ungleichheit in Gesundheit By Jürges, Hendrik
  11. Der Weg in die Nullzins- und Hochverschuldungsfalle By Gunther Schnabl
  12. Außenhandel der der EU27 By Sabine Stephan; Jonas Löbbing
  13. Einkommens- und Bildungsungleichheit im gesundheitlichen Vorsorgeverhalten in Europa By Bristle, Johanna
  14. IMK Steuerschätzung 2013-2017 By Katja Rietzler; Dieter Teichmann; Achim Truger
  15. Energiemanagement und Ökosteuer: Anforderungen und monetäre Bedeutung am Beispiel der deutschen Sägeindustrie By Mertens, Oliver; Diederichs, Stefan; Meyer, Melanie
  16. Quantitative Wirkungsanalysen zur Berliner Joboffensive : Endbericht zum 28. Juli 2013. Vorgelegt von ISG Institut für Sozialforschung und Gesellschaftspolitik GmbH, Köln By Fertig, Michael
  17. Bahnliberalisierung in der Europäischen Union: Die Rolle des EuGH als politischer und politisch restringierter Akteur bei der Transformation staatsnaher Sektoren By Dederke, Julian
  18. Konzepte und Wirkungen nachhaltigen Unternehmertums By Maaß, Frank; Chlosta, Simone; Icks, Annette; Welter, Friederike
  19. Zögerliche Konjunkturbelebung - Deutsche Konjunktur zur Jahreswende 2013/2014 By Gustav A. Horn; Alexander Herzog-Stein; Ansgar Rannenberg; Katja Rietzler; Silke Tober; Peter Hohlfeld; Fabian Lindner
  20. Uncertainty Outside and Inside Economic Models By Hansen, Lars Peter
  21. Speculative Asset Prices By Shiller, Robert J.
  22. From Micro Data to Causality: Forty Years of Empirical Labor Economics By van der Klaauw, Bas
  23. 台灣薪資停滯現象解析—全球化貿易與投資夥伴 By 黃登興
  24. Omställningskompetens i detaljhandeln - Företagens erfarenheter av uppsägningar By Arman, Rebecka; Bergström, Ola
  25. Samhällsekonomiskt effektiv tilldelning av järnvägskapacitet: några synpunkter på Trafikverkets nuvarande process By Eliasson, Jonas; Aronsson, Martin
  26. Evaluating governance indexes: Critical and less critical questions By Gisselquist, Rachel M.
  27. Two Pillars of Asset Pricing By Fama, Eugene F.
  28. The kitchen furniture market in the Middle East and North Africa By Aurelio Volpe; Mauro Spinelli
  29. The Impact of Marginal Business Taxes on State Manufacturing By Richard Funderburg Author Workplace: University of Iowa; Timothy J. Bartik; Alan H. Peters
  30. Biological Impact on Military Intelligence: Application or Metaphor? By L. Ingber
  31. Petrole : statu quo By Céline Antonin
  32. Youth employment and unemployment : an Indian perspective By Mitra, Arup; Verick, Sher
  33. The lighting fixtures market in Azerbaijan By Aurelio Volpe
  34. Active Confocal Imaging for Visual Prostheses By Jae-Hyun Jung; Eli Peli
  35. The gendering of entrepreneurship context By Welter, Friederike; Brush, Candida; De Bruin, Anne
  36. Etre employé-e dans la grande distribution : candidater en personne ou en ligne ? By Géraldine Rieucau
  37. Creaming and Dumping: Who on Whom? By Socha-Dietrich, Karolina; Zweifel, Peter
  38. Retraite 2013 : une (petite) réforme... By Henri Sterdyniak
  39. La Croatie dans l'Union europénne : une entrée sans fanfare By Sandrine Levasseur; Céline Antonin
  40. Fresh perspectives on unobservable variables: Data decomposition of the Kalman smoother By Nicholas Sander
  41. What can experiments tell us about how to improve governance? By Gisselquist, Rachel M.; Nino-Zarazua, Miguel
  42. The effectiveness of foreign aid for sustainable energy By Rogner, H-Holger
  43. The ACA: Some Unpleasant Welfare Arithmetic By Casey B. Mulligan
  44. Environmental provisions in Japanese regional trade agreements with developing countries By Yanai, Akiko
  45. Welfare Effects of Endogenous Copyright Enforcement - the Case of Digital Goods By Markus Pasche
  46. Les ERP entre mythe et réalités : les stratégies d'intégration fonctionnelle des entreprises françaises en 2006 By Yusuf Kocoglu; Frédéric Moatty
  47. EU Island Farming and the Labelling of its Products By Fabien Santini; Fatmir Guri; Audrey Aubard; Demetrios Psaltopoulos; Robert Read; Sergio Gomez y Paloma
  48. Cross-border commuting and consuming: An empirical investigation By Thomas Y. Mathä; Alessandro Porpiglia; Michael Ziegelmeyer
  49. The Elephant in the Ground: Managing Oil and Sovereign Wealth By Rick Van der Ploeg; Samuel Wills; Ton van den Bremer
  50. Conceptual Framework of the active ageing policies in employment in Czech Republic By Lucie Vidoviæová
  51. Quelle reforme des retraites en 2013 ? By Henri Sterdyniak
  52. Comment peut-on défendre les 1% ? By Guillaume Allegre
  53. Marché locatif privé : état des lieux et évaluation des dernières mesures gouvernementales By Christine Rifflart; Sabine Le Bayon; Pierre Madec
  54. Social Enterprise Strengths and Challenges. By Various authors
  55. Banques européennes : un retour de la confiance à pérenniser By Céline Antonin; Vincent Touze
  56. Les dépenses socio-fiscales ayant trait à la protection sociale : état des lieux By Michaël Zemmour
  57. The progressivity and regressivity of aid to the social sectors By Baulch, Bob; Tam, Le Vi An
  58. Unemployment in European Regions: Structural Problems vs. the Eurozone Hypothesis By Andersson, Åke E.; Andersson , David Emanuel; Hårsman, Björn; Daghbashyan, Zara
  59. Asie : crise ou coup de frein à la croissance ? By Amel Falah
  60. L'impact des dispositifs collectifs de partage des bénéfices sur les rémunérations en France. Une analyse empirique sur la période 1999-2007 By Noélie Delahaie; Richard Duhautois
  61. The Two-Step Australian Immigration Policy and its Impact on Immigrant Employment Outcomes By Gregory, Bob
  62. Desempeño del monotributo en la formalización del empleo y la ampliación de la protección social By Cetrángolo, Oscar; Goldschmit, Ariela; Gómez Sabaíni, Juan Carlos; Morán, Dalmiro
  63. Structuring Payment to Medical Homes After the Affordable Care Act. By Samuel T. Edwards; Melinda K. Abrams; Richard J. Baron; Robert A. Berenson; Eugene C. Rich; Gary E. Rosenthal; Meredith B. Rosenthal; Bruce E. Landon
  64. Pourquoi faut-il séparer les activités bancaires ? By Jean-Luc Gaffard; Jean-Paul Pollin
  65. Asie : la performance toujours au rendez-vous By Amel Falah
  66. Etats-Unis : une croissance plafonnée By Christine Rifflart
  67. De la monnaie cosmopolitique By Maxime Parodi
  68. Biased Technological Change: A contribution to the debate. By Feder, Christof
  69. Opportunism in Sequential Investment Settings: On Holdups and Holdouts By Thomas J. Miceli; Kathleen Segerson
  70. Minimum Wages and the Integration of Refugee Immigr ants By Lundborg , Per; Skedinger, Per
  71. Multi-union bargaining: Tariff plurality and tariff competition By Aghadadashli, Hamid; Wey, Christian
  72. La professionnalisation des relations de 'care' : le cas du métier de référent de parcours de santé à l'Association Française contre les Myopathies By Kévin André
  73. The impact of an adolescent girls employment program : the EPAG project in Liberia By Adoho, Franck; Chakravarty, Shubha; Korkoyah, Jr, Dala T.; Lundberg, Mattias; Tasneem, Afia
  74. A new recession-dating algorithm for South Africa By Pieter Laubscher
  75. Perfil da Mão de Obra do Turismo no Brasil nas Atividades Características do Turismo e em Ocupações By Margarida Hatem Pinto Coelho; Patrícia A. Morita Sakowski
  76. Risk and Success: Re-assessing Female Entrepreneurship in Late Victorian and Edwardian England By Jennifer Aston; Paolo Di Martino
  77. La titrisation aux États-Unis et au Canada By Christian Calmès; Raymond Théoret; François-Éric Racicot
  78. Youth Unemployment in Mediterranean Countries By Eichhorst, Werner; Neder, Franziska
  79. Droughts and Gender Bias in Infant Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa By Flatø, Martin; Kotsadam, Andreas
  80. Mock Theta Conjectures By Das, Sabuj; Mohajan, Haradhan
  81. Do natural disasters beget fraud victimization?: Unrealized coping through labor migration among the poor By Yoshito Takasaki
  82. Impact of product-related environmental regulations in Asia : descriptive statistics from a survey of firms in Penang, Malaysia By Michida, Etsuyo; Ueki, Yasushi; Nabeshima, Kaoru
  83. Političko-proračunski ciklusi na uzorku hrvatskih gradova By Velibor Mačkić
  84. Allemagne : un long fleuve tranquille By Sabine Le Bayon
  85. Furniture distribution in India By Aurelio Volpe; Mauro Spinelli
  86. Sorting Charles Tiebout: The Construction and Stabilization of Postwar Public Good Theory By John D. Singleton
  87. Verification of Performance in Result-Based Financing (RBF): The Case of Burundi By Adrien Renaud
  88. Industrialisation through State-MNC Partnership: Lessons from the Malaysia’s National Car Project By Prema-chandra Athukorala
  89. On peut douter de tout, mais pas avec n’importe qui ? Les questions délicates dans l’enquête post- électorale de la présidentielle de 2012 By Maxime Parodi
  90. Promising Findings from the Frontline Health Worker Team-Based Goals and Incentives Intervention in Bihar. By Dana Rotz; Anu Rangarajan; Evan Borkum Swetha Sridharan; Sukhmani Sethi; Mercy Manoranjini
  91. Case Study of Massachusetts' Express Lane Eligibility Processes. By Jennifer Edwards; Diana Rodin
  92. Wykorzystanie oceny zdrowia finansowego podmiotu do planowania finansowego. By Dominika Nowicka
  93. Government Expenditure Determination on the Basis of Macroeconomics By durongkaveroj, wannaphong
  94. Le travail à temps partiel By Françoise Milewski
  95. PECO : au ralenti By Marion Cochard
  96. Royaume Uni : l'austérité budgétaire sans fin By Catherine Mathieu
  97. Allemagne : la croissance plie mais ne rompt pas By Sabine Le Bayon
  98. Etats Unis : sous le poids de l'ajustement budgétaire By Christine Rifflart
  99. Towards acceptable wages for public employment programmes : a guide for conducting studies for wage setting and estimating labour supply response By Vaidya, Kirit
  100. Pétrole : la poudrière syrienne By Céline Antonin
  101. L'ASYMETRIE DES COMPETENCES ETHIQUES DES AUDITEURS TUNISIENS DANS LE CONTEXTE POST-REVOLUTION By Ikhlas Hentati-Klila; Habib Affes
  102. Coping with the crisis in Italy : employment relations and social dialogue amidst the recession By Pedersini, Roberto; Regini, Marino
  103. La macroéconomie à l'épreuve des faits By Jean-Luc Gaffard
  104. La méthode de recrutement par simulation : une passerelle entre logiques d'entreprise et de service public. By Guillemette De Larquier; Géraldine Rieucau; Carole Tuchszirer
  105. Residential Property Price Indexes for Japan: An Outline of the Japanese Official RPPI By Diewert, W. Erwin; Nishimura , Kiyohiko; Shimizu, Chihiro; Watanabe, Tsutomu
  106. Une évaluation de l'impact de l'aménagement des conditions de travail sur la reprise du travail après un cancer By Emmanuel Duguet; Christine Le Clainche
  107. Les conditions de travail dans les accords et plans d'action "seniors" By Laurent Caron; Fabienne Caser; Catherine Delgoulet; Élise Effantin; Annie Jolivet; Laurence Théry; Serge Volkoff
  108. Film, television & radio, books, music and art: estimating UK investment in artistic originals By Goodridge, PR
  109. The hard challenge of aid co-ordination By Bourguignon, Francois; Platteau, Jean-Philippe
  110. Politiques monétaires : est-ce le début de la fin ? By Christophe Blot; Paul Hubert; Fabien Labondance; Catherine Mathieu; Christine Rifflart; Vincent Touze; Céline Antonin
  111. Foreign aid and sustainable agriculture in Africa By Siddig Umbadda; Ismail Elgizouli
  112. “Economic and Social Progress toward Achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Prospect in Post MDGs Architecture". By Khaing, Sape Saw
  113. SNAP Participation, Food Security, and Geographic Access to Food. By James Mabli
  114. Network approach in economics and management: The interdisciplinary nature By Baggio Rodolfo; Sheresheva Marina
  115. Labour cost trends and international competitiveness in Europe By Alexander Herzog-Stein; Heike Joebges; Ulrike Stein; Rudolf Zwiener
  116. A closer look at some of the supply and demand factors influencing residential property markets By Elizabeth Watson
  117. Ranking Economics and Econometrics ISI Journals by Quality Weighted Citations By Chia-Lin Chang; Michael McAleer
  118. Informational and Allocative Efficiency in Financial Markets with Costly Information By Arina Nikandrova
  119. Martingale optimal transport in the Skorokhod space By Y. Dolinsky; H. M. Soner
  120. PIB, déficit, dette, chômage : où vont les économies à moyen terme By Marion Cochard; Mathieu Plane; Danielle Schweisguth
  121. La zone euro en crise : introduction By Catherine Mathieu; Henri Sterdyniak
  122. Discretisation-Invariant Swaps By Carol Alexander; Johannes Rauch
  123. Amérique latine : la croissance en sous-régime By Christine Rifflart
  124. Taking a Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program to the Home: The AIM 4 Teen Moms Experience. By Subuhi Asheer; Ellen Kisker
  125. Eficiencia financiera en los portafolios de inversión de las AFP en el Perú: Un enfoque robusto de Multifondos By Mendoza, Rodrigo
  126. Casos Reais de Implantação do Modelo de Gestão do Conhecimento para a Administração Pública Brasileira By Fábio Ferreira Batista; Alceu Roque Rech; Cleide de Andrade Gomes; Diana Leite Nunes dos Santos; Eron Campos Saraiva de Andrade; Rosane Maria Pimentel Magalhães Ferreira; Veruska da Silva Costa
  127. Foreign trade of the EU27 By Sabine Stephan; Jonas Löbbing
  128. Buhlmann’s Economic Premium Principle in The Presence of Transaction Costs By Masaaki Kijima; Akihisa Tamura
  129. Legal Systems Integrity In Philosophy By Mikhail Antonov
  130. SNAP Participation and Urban and Rural Food Security. By James Mabli
  131. Advances in Auctions By Todd R. Kaplan; Shmuel Zamir
  132. Le commencement de la déflation : perspectives 2013-2014 By Xavier Timbeau
  133. New approximations in local volatility models By Emmanuel Gobet; Ali Suleiman
  134. Espagne : vers une décennie perdue ? By Danielle Schweisguth
  135. Case Study of Louisiana's Express Lane Eligibility. By Stan Dorn; Margaret Wilkinson; Sara Benatar
  136. On the inefficiency of the restricted maximum likelihood By Nicholas Longford
  137. Employment Services and Supports Available to Veterans with Disabilities Through the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and Other Federal Agencies. By Michael West; John Kregel
  138. Ville et logement By Sandrine Levasseur; Christine Rifflart; Sabine Le Bayon
  139. Zone euro : le calice de l'austérité jusqu'à la lie By Christophe Blot; Danielle Schweisguth; Céline Antonin
  140. Energie et compétitivité By Dominique Bureau; Lionel Fontagné; Philippe Martin
  141. Configuring multiplexing prism for field expansion of acquired monocular vision and normally sighted By Jae-Hyun Jung; Eli Peli
  142. Le crépuscule de l'industrie solaire, idole des gouvernements By Sarah Guillou
  143. Demand with Consumption Externalities By Finn Christensen
  144. LE NAMING : FACILITATEUR DE MANAGEMENT DE GRANDS PROJETS INDUSTRIELS ? By Christophe Benaroya; Christine Fèvre-Pernet
  145. A RE-EXAMINATION OF THE INDUSTRY SPECIALIST AUDIT FEE PREMIUM By L. Jiang; Anne Jeny-Cazavan; Sophie Audousset-coulier
  146. Estimated Taylor Rules updated for the post-crisis period By Ross Kendall; Tim Ng
  147. MIT's Rise to Prominence: Outline of a Collective Biography By Andrej Svorenčík
  148. Emploi informel en Algérie : caractéristiques et raisons d'être By Isabelle Bensidoun; Ali Souag
  149. Four Essays in Econometrics By Laurent Davezies
  150. Consistent estimation for the full-fledged fixed effects zero-inflated Poisson model By Yoshitsugu Kitazawa
  151. On luxury and equilibrium By A. Mantovi
  152. The community work programme : building a society that works By Philip, Kate
  153. Firm Knowledge, Neighborhood Diversity and Innovation By Wixe, Sofia
  154. Unemployment and Household formation By Ebrahim, Amina; Woolard, Ingrid; Leibbrandt, Murray
  155. Les politiques de promotion sociale en question : conditions d'efficacité et perspectives pour de nouveaux modèles de "carrières positives" By Cédric Dalmasso; Sébastien Gand
  156. Banking union a solution to the euro zone crisis By Henri Sterdyniak; Maylis Avaro
  157. Understanding Incubator Value – A Network Approach to University Incubators By Catarina Roseira; Carla Ramos; Francisco Maia
  158. Austérité en Europe : changement de cap ? By Marion Cochard; Danielle Schweisguth
  159. Regional Differences in Perceived Corruption among Ukrainian Firms By Denisova-Schmidt, Elena; Huber, Martin
  160. Outils informatiques de gestion de recrutement et standardisation des façons de recruter By Yannick Fondeur; France Lhermite
  161. Unemployment Compensation During the Great Recession: Theory and Evidence. By Walter Nicholson; Karen Needels; Heinrich Hock
  162. International Capital Markets, Oil Producers and the Green Paradox By Rick Van der Ploeg; Gerard van der Meijden; Cees Withagen
  163. Freight transport, policy instruments and climate By Mandell, Svante; Nilsson , Jan-Eric; Vierth , Inge
  164. The Fiscal Compact and Current Account Patterns in Europe By Stefan Behrendt
  165. L'evoluzione socio-demografica della provincia di Ferrara nei 150 anni dall'Unita' d'Italia By Aurelio Bruzzo; Elena Curzola
  166. Japon : abenomics ou le retour du policy-mix expansionniste By Bruno Ducoudre
  167. What happened to multidimensional poverty in South Africa between 1993 and 2010? By Arden Finn; Murray Leibbrandt; Ingrid Woolard
  168. Forty Years of Immigrant Segregation in France, 1968-2007: How Different Is the New Immigration? By Pan Ké Shon, Jean-Louis; Verdugo, Gregory
  169. Lesser Degrees of Explanation: Some Implications of F.A. Hayek’s Methodology of Sciences of Complex Phenomena By Scott Scheall
  170. Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP): Time to Let Go By Raul V. Fabella
  171. A Focused Look at Rural Schools Receiving School Improvement Grants. By Linda Rosenberg; Megan Davis Christianson; Megan Hague Angus; Emily Rosenthal
  172. Leveraging global climate finance for sustainable forests: Opportunities and conditions for successful foreign aid to the forestry sector By Pascual, Unai; Garmendia, Eneko; Phelps, Jacob; Ojea, Elena
  173. Le commencement de la déflation: perspectives 2013-2104 By Bruno Ducoudre; Hervé Péléraux; Christine Rifflart; Hélène Périvier-Timbeau; Christophe Blot; Marion Cochard; Eric Heyer; Catherine Mathieu; Danielle Schweisguth; Mathieu Plane; Amel Falah; Céline Antonin; Sabine Le Bayon
  174. Les PECO resistent By Marion Cochard
  175. Demystifying a "shining example" : German public finances under the debt brake By Eicker-Wolf, Kai; Truger, Achim
  176. Securities Transaction Tax in France: Impact on market quality and inter-market price coordination By Gomber, Peter; Haferkorn, Martin; Zimmermann, Kai
  177. Italie : crises economique et politique By Céline Antonin
  178. Elección de los Modos de Exportación: Evidencia de Empresas Peruanas By Ruiz, Manuel
  179. Renforcer la progressivité des prélèvements sociaux By Yannick L'Horty; Etienne Lehmann
  180. Le partage du congé parental : un impératif d'égalité By Hélène Périvier-Timbeau
  181. France-Allemagne : Y-a-t-il un dividende démographique ? By Vincent Touze
  182. Post-harvest loss in Sub-Saharan Africa -- what do farmers say ? By Kaminski, Jonathan; Christiaensen, Luc
  183. Wake up, FCC: The Internet Protocol transition is now By Richard Bennett
  184. The European civil society campaign on the financial transaction tax By Wahl, Peter
  185. Case Study of South Carolina's Express Lane Eligibility. By Jennifer Edwards; Rebecca Kellenberg
  186. Royaume-Uni : reprise fragile By Catherine Mathieu
  187. Producción integrada de papa versus producción convencional: costos de producción y flujo de fondos en el sudeste de la Provincia de Buenos Aires By Rodríguez, Julieta A.; Rodríguez, Elsa Mirta M.
  188. Migration and the housing market By Nicholas Sander
  189. Work Practices as Implicit Incentives to Cooperate / Pratiques de travail et coopération entre collègues By Marisa Ratto
  190. Mixed reimbursement of hospitals: Securing high activity and global expenditures control? By Socha, Karolina
  191. The direct and indirect eects of oil shocks on energy related stocks By David C Broadstock; Rui Wang; Dayong Zhang
  192. Promoción de agrupamientos empresariales como política para el desarrollo local. Caso: Programa Sistemas Productivos Locales By González Gómez, Daniel A.
  193. The Black Man's Burden - The Cost of Colonization of French West Africa By Elise Huillery
  194. How Much Are Teachers Paid and How Much Does it Matter? By OECD
  195. Private equity and venture capital in smes in developing countries : the role for technical assistance By Divakaran, Shanthi; McGinnis, Patrick J.; Shariff, Masood
  196. Le contrat de travail unique: quid pro quo ou simple quiproquo ? By Etienne Wasmer; Nicolas Lepage-Saucier; Juliette Schleich
  197. "A Unified Approach to Estimating a Normal Mean Matrix in High and Low Dimensions" By Hisayuki Tsukuma; Tatsuya Kubokawa
  198. Non-monetary dimensions of well-being: A comment By Wittenberg, Martin
  199. The antecedents of customer lifetime duration and discounted expected transactions: Discrete-time based transaction data analysis By Chao Wang; Ilaria Dalla Pozza
  200. Why is Old Workers' Labor Market More Volatile? Unemployment Fluctuations over the Life-Cycle By Hairault, Jean-Olivier; Langot, François; Sopraseuth, Thepthida
  201. What the FSOC's Prudential decision tells us about SIFI designation By Peter J. Wallison
  202. Les bulles 'robustes' : pourquoi il faut construire des logements en région parisienne By Xavier Timbeau
  203. Banks and New Firm Formation By Backman, Mikaela
  204. Burocracia, Democracia e Políticas Públicas: Arranjos Institucionais de Políticas de Desenvolvimento By Vicente Correia Lima Neto; Cleandro Henrique Krause; Renato Nunes Balbim
  205. Tests to Disentangle Breaks in Intercept from Slope in Linear Regression Models with Application to Management Performance in the Mutual Fund Industry By Jose Olmo; William Pouliot
  206. Crisis continues to smoulder By IMK Düsseldorf; OFCE Paris; WIFO Wien
  207. Making Things Technical: Samuelson at MIT By Harro Maas
  208. Impact of product-related environmental regulations in Asia : descriptive statistics from a survey of firms in Vietnam By Michida, Etsuyo; Nabeshima, Kaoru; Ueki, Yasushi
  209. France: moins d'austérité plus de croissance: perspectives 2013-2014 pour l'économie française By Eric Heyer; Marion Cochard; Bruno Ducoudre; Hervé Péléraux
  210. Opportunity Cost and the Incidence of a Draft Lottery By Bingley, Paul; Lundborg, Petter; Vincent Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie
  211. Les taxis piégés par 36 000 communes By Richard Darbéra
  212. Labor Market Outcomes of Informal Care Provision in Japan By Hiroyuki Yamada; Satoshi Shimizutani
  213. The global partnership for sustainable development By Huang, Yongfu; Quibria, M. G.
  214. The Potential for Integrating Community-Based Nutrition and Postpartum Family Planning: Review of Evidence and Experience in Low-Income Settings By Helle M. Alvesson; Menno Mulder-Sibanda
  215. Diagnóstico de adecuación del clima de servicio organizacional para un servicio de calidad superior. Propuesta de mejora para el desarrollo de ventaja competitiva a través de la calidad de servicio en una Policlínica By Arraigada, Mariana Cecilia
  216. La zone euro écartelée : Perspectives 2013-2014 pour l’économie européenne By Christophe Blot; Danielle Schweisguth; Céline Antonin; Sabine Le Bayon
  217. "Commitment, Deficit Ceiling, and Fiscal Privilege" By Satoshi Baba
  218. Is the 2010 Affordable Care Act Minimum Standard to Identify Disability in All National Datasets Good Enough for Policy Purposes? By Richard V. Burkhauser; T. Lynn Fisher; Andrew J. Houtenville; Jennifer R. Tennant
  219. La crise sur plateau : Perspectives 2013-2014 pour l’économie mondiale By Xavier Timbeau
  220. Exchange rate and commodity price pass‐through in New Zealand By Miles Parker; Benjamin Wong
  221. Unité et pluralité du capitalisme : une perspective institutionnaliste By Jérôme Maucourant
  222. Birds of a feather cannot always flock together: Essays on the socio-economic impacts of local diversity By Camille Hémet
  223. Investing Even in Uneven Contests: Effects of Asymmetry on Investment in Experimental All-Pay Contests By Einav Hart; Judith Avrahami; Yaakov Kareev; Peter M. Todd
  224. Investigating the Role of Extensive Margin, Intensive Margin, Price and Quantity Components on Turkey’s Export Growth during 1998-2011 By Kemal Türkcan
  225. Italie : une faible lueur au bout du tunnel By Céline Antonin
  226. Impact of high power and high incidence angles on peripheral prisms for homonymous hemianopia By Jae-Hyun Jung; Eli Peli
  227. Is the supply side all that counts? By Alexander Herzog-Stein; Fabian Lindner; Rudolf Zwiener
  228. "Quality of Statistical Match and Employment Simulations Used in the Estimation of the Levy Institute Measure of Time and Income Poverty (LIMTIP) for South Korea, 2009" By Thomas Masterson
  229. Analysis of the Individually Paying Program of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation By Silfverberg, Denise Valerie
  230. Impact of sectoral allocation of foreign aid on gender equity and human development By Pickbourn, Lynda; Ndikumana, Leonce
  231. History of Law and Economics By Martin Gelter; Kristoffel Grechenig
  232. An Introduction to the Patstat Database with Example Queries By Gaétan de Rassenfosse; Hélène Dernis; Geert Boedt
  233. RISK ASSESSMENT UNDER A NONLINEAR FISCAL POLICY RULE By Cristos Shiamptanis
  234. Global poverty, aid, and middle-income countries: Are the country classifications moribund or is global poverty in the process of .nationalizing.? By Sumner, Andy
  235. Enriching the Home Environment of Low-Income Families in Colombia: A Strategy to Promote Child Development at Scale. By Orazio Attanasio; Sally Grantham-McGregor; Camila Fernández; Emla Fitzsimons; Marta Rubio-Codina; Costas Meghir
  236. Welfare and Trade Without Pareto By Keith Head; Thierry Mayer; Mathias Thoenig
  237. Does R&D increase the profit contribution of intangible assets? An exploration of European and American automotive supplierss By Stefan Lutz
  238. Liquidity Trap and Excessive Leverage By Alp Simsek; Anton Korinek
  239. WHEN IS LIFT-OFF? EVALUATING FORWARD GUIDANCE FROM THE SHADOW By M. Neuenkirch, P. Siklos
  240. The Sponsored Program of the Philippine National Health Insurance - Analyses of the Actual Coverage and Variations Across Regions and Provinces By Silfverberg, Raymunda R.
  241. Motivational Capital and Incentives in Health Care Organizations By Mikel Berdud; Juan M. Cabasés Hita; Jorge Nieto
  242. Are Unemployment Benefits harmful to the stability of working careers? The case of Spain By Yolanda F. Rebollo-Sanz; Jose Ignacio García Pérez
  243. Is Harrod-neutrality Needed for Balanced Growth? Uzawa's Theorem Revisited By Li, Defu; Huang, Jiuli; Zhou, Ying
  244. Rights and Capabilities: Reading the Philippines Magna Carta of Women from the Perspective of the Capabilities Approach By Marina Durano
  245. Job Tasks, Computer Use, and the Decreasing Part-Time Pay Penalty for Women in the UK By Elsayed, Ahmed; de Grip, Andries; Fouarge, Didier
  246. Distortions to visual field expansion with high-power Fresnel prisms By Jae-Hyun Jung
  247. Sports d'hiver et Politiques climatiques : les cas de la vallée de la Tarentaise By Anouk Bonnemains
  248. Weighted Majoritarian Rules for the Location of Multiple Public Facilities By Sidartha Gordon; Olivier Bochet; René Saran
  249. Reductionism in Economics: Causality and Intentionality in the Microfoundations of Macroeconomics By Kevin D. Hoover
  250. Managing Transition in an Artistic Company With Entrepreneurial Management By Thomas Paris; Frédéric Leroy
  251. The Stockholm congestion charges: an overview By Eliasson, Jonas
  252. Ethical social welfare relations and utilitarianism for infinite utility streams with finite sums and averages By Jonsson, Adam; Voorneveld, Mark
  253. Impact de la baisse du taux du livret A sur les montants collectés : tentatives de quantifications By Sandrine Levasseur
  254. Natural Catastrophe Insurance: When Should the Government Intervene? By Arthur Charpentier; Benoît Le Maux
  255. Policies for Increasing Prosocial Behavior: Evidence from three experimental studies By Elizabeth Beasley; Yann Algan
  256. Talent Management in a Collectivistic and Egalitarian Context – The Swedish Case By Bolander, Pernilla; Asplund, Kajsa; Werr, Andreas
  257. Comment peut-on défendre un revenu de base ? By Guillaume Allegre
  258. Guidelines for Exploiting Natural Resource Wealth By Rick Van der Ploeg
  259. Why are economists so different? Nature, nurture, and gender effects in a simple trust game By Haucap, Justus; Müller, Andrea
  260. Unearthing T. Rex: The Law and Economics of Paleontological Finds By Paul Hallwood; Thomas J. Miceli
  261. Consumer Benefits of Infrastructure Services By Carmit Shwartz; W. Erwin Diewert; Kevin J. Fox
  262. VTC & PHV, une étude comparative de la manière dont les Anglais régulent l'offre de transports particuliers de personnes By Richard Darbéra
  263. Peut-on se relever d'une crise bancaire ? Analyse comparée de l'Irlande et de l'Islande By Christophe Blot; Céline Antonin
  264. The Relative Capital Structure of Agricultural Grain and Supply Cooperatives and Investor Owned Firms By Li, Ziran; Jacobs, Keri; Artz, Georgeanne M.
  265. “Task Trade and its determinants in Spain: a national and regional analysis” By José Ramón García; Fabio Manca; Jordi Suriñach
  266. Add-on pricing in retail financial markets and the fallacies of consumer education By Kosfeld, Michael; Schüwer, Ulrich
  267. Informação, Delegação e Processo Legislativo: A Política das Medidas Provisórias By Acir Almeida
  268. Cyclical components and dual long memory in the foreign exchange rate dynamics: the Tunisian case By Rania Jammazi; Chaker Aloui
  269. Reflexões sobre o Papel da Política Agrícola Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento Sustentável By Junior Ruiz Garcia; José Eustáquio Ribeiro Vieira Filho
  270. Do School Budgets Matter? The Effect of Budget Referenda on Student Performance By Lee, Kyung-Gon; Polachek, Solomon
  271. Promoting Econometrics through econometrica 1933-39 By Bjerkholt, Olav
  272. Analysis of the Employed Program of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation By Silfverberg, Denise Valerie
  273. A Comparison of the Finite Sample Properties of Selection Rules of Factor Numbers in Large Datasets By Liang Guo-Fitoussi; Olivier Darné
  274. Separation incentives and minimum wages in a job-posting search framework By Amanda Gosling; Mathan Satchi
  275. L'INCERTITUDE RELIEE A LA TACHE ET LES SYSTEMES DE CONTROLE FORMELS By Ouafa Sakka; Louise Côté; Henri Barki
  276. Buffer Stock Savings by Portfolio Adjustment: Evidence from Rural India By Samuel Kobina Annim; Katsushi S. Imai
  277. Geographic Imbalances in Doctor Supply and Policy Responses By Tomoko Ono; Michael Schoenstein; James Buchan
  278. The Housing Problem and Revealed Preference Theory: Duality and an application By Ivar Ekeland; Alfred Galichon
  279. O Gigante Invisível: Território e População Rural para além das Convenções Oficiais By Alexandre Arbex Valadares
  280. The Gender Wage Gap and Sample Selection via Risk Attitudes By Seeun Jung
  281. EMU: The Sustainability Issue By Frederic Teulon
  282. Bibliometric Evaluation vs. Informed Peer Review: Evidence from Italy By Graziella Bertocchi; Alfonso Gambardella; Tullio Jappelli; Carmela A. Nappi; Franco Peracchi
  283. Optimal Project Selection Mechanisms By Talia Bar; Sidartha Gordon
  284. Measuring Adequacy of Retirement Savings By John Burnett; Kevin Davis; Carsten Murawski; Roger Wilkins; Nicholas Wilkinson
  285. Noise Bubbles By Mario Forni; Luca Gambetti; Marco Lippi; Luca Sala
  286. Competing for Attention: Is the Showiest also the Best? By Paola Manzini; Marco Mariotti
  287. The global partnership for inclusive growth By Huang, Yongfu; Quibria, M. G.
  288. Short-term Indicator Models for Quarterly GDP Growth in the BRIICS: A Small-scale Bridge Model Approach By Thomas Chalaux; Cyrille Schwellnus
  289. TPP, RCEP, and Japan's Agricultural Policy Reforms By Hiro Lee; Ken Itakura
  290. Food Losses and Food Waste in China: A First Estimate By Gang Liu
  291. Economics and Ethics of Results-Based Financing for Family Planning: Evidence and Policy Implications By Chowdury, Sadia; Vergeer, Petra; Schmidt, Harald; Barroy, Helene; Bishai, David; Halpern, Scott
  292. Barriers of Early TB Diagnosis among the Poor in Highly Urbanized Areas in the Philippines By Reyes, Krishna; Amores, Juan Carlos
  293. Incentive contracts for environmental services and their potential in REDD By Fortmannm Lea; Salas, Paula Cordero; Sohngen, Brent; Roe, Brian
  294. Teacher incentives in South Africa: a theoretical investigation of the possibilities By Paula Armstrong
  295. Role of laboratories for adapting product-related environmental regulations (PRERs) By Sau Soon, Chen; Mohd Helan, Mohd Helme bin; Ujang, Zunairah; Michida, Etsuyo; Nabeshima, Kaoru
  296. "Large-scale Penetration of Solar PV in Japan: Simulation Analysis" (in Japanese) By Keiji Saito; Shin-ichi Hanada; Hiroshi Ohashi
  297. Prioritizing rural investments in Africa: A hybrid evaluation approach applied to Uganda By Pauw, Karl; Thurlow, James
  298. Strategic choice of stock pollution: Why conservatives (appear to) turn green By Voß, Achim
  299. Cost-effectiveness of a web-based decision aid for parents deciding about MMR vaccination By Sandy Tubeuf; Richard Edlin; Swati Shourie; Francine Cheater; Hilary Bekker; Cath Jackson
  300. The use of working time-related crisis response measures during the Great Recession By Kümmerling, Angelika; Lehndorff, Steffen
  301. Forecasting Co-Volatilities via Factor Models with Asymmetry and Long Memory in Realized Covariance By Manabu Asai; Michael McAleer
  302. Il coordinamento nella mediazione civile e commerciale: l’emergenza di norme hayekiane e il percorso “protetto” verso l’ordine sociale By Ambrosino, Angela
  303. Transaction-Specific Investments and Organizational Choice: A Coase-to-Coase Theory By Thomas J. Miceli
  304. The Effects of Entry in Oligopoly with Bargained Wages By Naylor, Robin; Soegaard, Christian
  305. Do poverty traps exist ? By Kraay, Aart; McKenzie, David
  306. Shaky emerging economies in view of the global financial crisis : the Turkish economy after three decades of liberal reforms By Faruk Ülgen
  307. Competitiveness disparities behind the economic crisis in the euro area By Rantala, Olavi
  308. On the Range of Admissible Term-Structures By Areski Cousin; Ibrahima Niang
  309. Impact of Internal Migration On Political Participation in Turkey By Ali T. Akarca; Aysýt Tansel
  310. Decentrqalized Redistribution in a Laboratory Federation By Ana B. Ania; Andreas Wagener
  311. International Efforts to Serve Youth with Disabilities for the U.S. Disability Support System. By Todd Honeycutt; Jennifer A. Lyons; Lorenzo Moreno
  312. Gender and Competition: Evidence from Academic Promotions in France By Clément Bosquet; Pierre-Philippe Combes; Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa
  313. An Examination of Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market for Recent College Graduates: Estimates from the Field By John M. Nunley; Adam Pugh; Nicholas Romero; Richard Alan Seals, Jr.
  314. Faut-il remplacer le RSA-activité et la PPE par une Prime d’activité ? Réflexions autour du rapport Sirugue By Guillaume Allegre
  315. Optimal dynamic nonlinear income taxes: facing an uncertain future with a sluggish government By Berliant, Marcus; Fujishima, Shota
  316. Normative foundations for equity-sensitive population health evaluation functions By Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Østerdal, Lars Peter
  317. Shared leadership and performance in distributed teams: An examination of mediating mechanisms By Nabila JAWADI; Likoebe M. MARUPING; Nabila BOUKEF CHARKI
  318. What predicts a successful life? A life-course model of well-being By Richard Layard; Andrew Clark; Nattavudh Powdthavee; Francesca Cornaglia
  319. Trade Patterns And Export Pricing Under Non-Ces Preferences By Sergey Kichko; Sergey Kokovin; Evgeny Zhelobodko
  320. The Impact of Oil Revenues on the Iranian Economy and the Gulf States By Dreger, Christian; Rahmani, Teymur
  321. Rumors and Social Networks By Francis Bloch; Gabrielle Demange; Rachel Kranton
  322. Re-insudstrializing the Eurozone By Jean-Luc Gaffard
  323. Institutional Change and Economic Evolution in Regions By Grillitsch, Markus
  324. Financing Higher Education when Students and Graduates are Internationally Mobile By Silke Übelmesser; Marcel Gérard
  325. Parallel American Monte Carlo By Calypso Herrera; Louis Paulot
  326. Informal Employment in Russia: Definitions, Incidence, Determinants and Labor Market Segmentation By Hartmut Lehmann; Anzelika Zaiceva
  327. La croissance économique au passé, au présent, à l'avenir By Alain Bienaymé
  328. Together at Last: Trade Costs, Demand Structure, and Welfare By Peter Neary; Monika Mrazova
  329. "Channels of Peer Effects and Guilt Aversion in Crime: Experimental and Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh" By Masahiro Shoji
  330. Do incentive systems spur work motivations of inventors in high-tech firms By Nathalie Lazaric; Alain Raybaut
  331. The Wages of Women in England, 1260-1850 By Jane Humphries; Jacob Weisdorf
  332. An Incomplete Markets Explanation to the UIP Puzzle By Katrin Rabitsch
  333. Derivative pricing under the possibility of long memory in the supOU stochastic volatility model By Robert Stelzer; Jovana Zavi\v{s}in
  334. Health Spending Continues to Stagnate in Many OECD Countries By David Morgan; Roberto Astolfi
  335. Multiple Chronic Diseases and Their Linkages with Functional health and Subjective Wellbeing among adults in the low-middle income countries: An Analysis of SAGE Wave1 Data, 2007/10 By Arokiasamy, Perianayagam; Uttamacharya, Uttamacharya; Jain, Kshipra
  336. Success and failures of inward-looking development in Cuba (1990-2008): opportunities and problems for small farmers By Elisa Botella-Rodríguez
  337. Shirking, Monitoring, and Risk Aversion By Seeun Jung; Kenneth Houngbedji
  338. The Effect of Unemployment on Household Composition and Doubling Up By Emily E. Wiemers
  339. The Prevalence of Philippine Prescribing, Dispensing, and Use Behavior in Relation to Generic Drugs and their Risk Factors By Wong, John Q.; Baclay, J. Richelcyn M.; Duque, Richelle G.; Roque, Patricia Margarita S.; Serrano, Grace Kathleen T.; Tumlos, Jenina Olivia A.; Ronsing, Aisha-Aziza A.
  340. Costs and benefits of a bicycle helmet law for Germany By Gernot Sieg
  341. A model of scholarly publishing with hybrid academic journals By Damien Besancenot; Radu Vranceanu
  342. School Resources, Behavioral Responses and School Quality: Short-Term Experimental Evidence from Niger By Elizabeth Beasley; Elise Huillery
  343. Do remittances help smooth consumption during health shocks? Evidence from Jamaica By Diether W. Beuermann; Inder J. Ruprah; Ricardo E. Sierra
  344. Financial Market Contagion during the Global Financial Crisis By Mollah, Sabur; Zafirov, Goran; Quoreshi, AMM Shahiduzzaman
  345. Does Finance Really Matter for the Participation of SMEs in International Trade? Evidence from 8,080 East Asian Firms By Jinjarak, Yothin; Mutuc, Paulo Jose; Wignaraja, Ganeshan
  346. Peut-on désormais parler d’engagement du distributeur dans la relation avec l’industriel ? By Hicham ABBAD; Gilles PACHÉ; Dominique BONET FERNANDEZ
  347. Is Self-Reported Risk Aversion Time Varying? By Seeun Jung; Carole Treibich
  348. A Comparison of Upward and Downward Intergenerational Mobility in Canada, Sweden and the United States By Corak, Miles; Lindquist, Matthew; Mazumder., Bhashkar
  349. Lange’s 1938 model: dynamics and the “Optimum propensity to consume” By Michael Assous; Roberto Lampa
  350. Household Consumption When the Marriage Is Stable By Cherchye, Laurens; Demuynck, Thomas; De Rock, Bram; Vermeulen, Frederic
  351. Some revisions to the sectoral factor model of core inflation By Gael Price
  352. Housing and Relative Risk Aversion By Francesco Zanetti
  353. The policy impact of product-related environmental regulations in Asia By Michida, Etsuyo
  354. Global Implications of the Renminbi’s Ascendance By Prasad, Eswar
  355. Non-traditional aid and gender equity: Evidence from million dollar donations By Osili, Una Okonkwo
  356. Bipolar aggregation method for fuzzy nominal classification using Weighted Cardinal Fuzzy Measure (WCFM) By Ayeley Tchangani
  357. Review of Rice Policies in China, Thailand and Vietnam By Sina Xie; Orachos Napasintuwong
  358. Price vs. weather shock hedging for cash crops: ex ante evaluation for cotton producers in Cameroon By Antoine Leblois; Philippe Quirion; Benjamin Sultan
  359. An experimental study of corporate social responsibility through charitable giving in Bertrand markets By Feicht, Robert; Grimm, Veronika; Seebauer, Michael
  360. Dependence Measures in Bivariate Gamma Frailty Models By van den Berg, Gerard J.; Effraimidis, Georgios
  361. Behavioral and Descriptive Forms of Choice Models By Ariel Pakes
  362. Self-Monitoring or Reliance on Newswire Services: How Do Financial Market Participants Process Central Bank News? By Bernd Hayo; Matthias Neuenkirch
  363. Perfect Simulation for Models of Industry Dynamics By Takashi Kamihigashi; John Stachurski
  364. Multidimensionality of Longitudinal Data: Unlocking the Age-Happiness Puzzle By Ning Li
  365. The Role of Offshore Financial Centers in the Process of Renminbi Internationalization By Cheung, Yin-Wong
  366. Household Risk Taking after the Financial Crisis By Necker, Sarah; Ziegelmeyer, Michael
  367. The CCCTB option: An experimental study By Keser, Claudia; Kimpel, Gerrit; Oestreicher, Andreas
  368. What's the damage? Environmental regulation with policy-motivated bureaucrats By Voß, Achim; Lingens, Jörg
  369. Incentives and selection in promotion contests: Is it possible to kill two birds with one stone? By Rudi Stracke; Wolfgang Höchtl; Rudolf Kerschbamer; Uwe Sunde
  370. Banking in transition countries By Bonin, John; Hasan, Iftekhar; Wachtel , Paul
  371. Regional productivity effects of multinational firm affiliates By Andersson, Martin; Gråsjö, Urban; Karlsson, Charlie
  372. "Minsky and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis: The Financial Instability Hypothesis in the Era of Financialization" By Eugenio Caverzasi
  373. Rwanda : twenty years after the genocide By Reyntjens, Filip
  374. "Effects of Consumer Subsidies for Renewable Energy on Industry Growth and Welfare: Japanese Solar Energy" By Satoshi Myojo; Hiroshi Ohashi
  375. A Stochastic Maximum Principle for Risk-Sensitive Mean-Field Type Control By Boualem Djehiche; Hamidou Tembine; Raul Tempone
  376. Forecasting the Volatility of the Dow Jones Islamic Stock Market Index: Long Memory vs. Regime Switching By Adnen Ben Nasr; Thomas Lux; Ahdi N. Ajmi; Rangan Gupta
  377. Systemic Analysis and Model of Sustainable Tourism By Sandra Camus; Lubica Hikkerova; Jean-Michel Sahut
  378. Why Pay NGOs to Involve the Community? By Burger, Ronelle; Dasgupta, Indraneel; Owens, Trudy
  379. Accounting for Dissolution: The Case of Japanese Mining Corporations 1946-1950 By Masayoshi Noguchi; Yasuhiro Shimizu; Tsunehiko Nakamura
  380. Educational expenditure in South Africa: Evidence from the National Income Dynamics Study By Branson, Nicola; Kekana, Dineo; Lam, David
  381. Objective Principles of Economics By Kakarot-Handtke, Egmont
  382. Variations on a Theme by Gossen By Haavelmo, Trygve; Bjerkholt, Olav
  383. Sri Lanka's Post-conflict Development Challenge: Learning from the Past By Prema-chandra Athukorala
  384. Redemption? By Catherine Mathieu; Henri Sterdyniak
  385. Long-Term Mitigation Strategies and Marginal Abatement Cost Curves: A Case Study on Brazil By Adrien Vogt-Schilb; Stéphane Hallegatte; Christophe De Gouvello
  386. Recursive utility and jump-diffusions By Aase, Knut K.
  387. A liberal developmental state in Georgia? State dominance and Washington Consensus in the post-communist region By Timm, Christian
  388. Neutral interest rates in the post-crisis period By Willy Chetwin; Amy Wood
  389. Nonprofit Firms in a Linear City with Nonnegative Profits By Christopher Hoag; Kamal Lamsal
  390. Fiscal Policy and the Inflation Target By Peter Tulip
  391. Emergence of communities on a coevolutive model of wealth interchange By A. Agreda; K. Tucci
  392. Unconventional monetary policy normalization in high-income countries : implications for emerging market capital flows and crisis risks By Burns, Andrew; Kida, Mizuho; Lim, Jamus Jerome; Mohapatra, Sanket; Stocker, Marc
  393. Participation, Recruitment Selection, and the Minimum Wage By Frederic Gavrel
  394. The role of relational competence in the health care sector By Bertrand Pauget; Mathieu Cabrol
  395. Multiple Interior Steady States in the Ramsey Model with Elastic Labor Supply By Takashi Kamihigashi
  396. Stochastic Stability in Assignment Problems By Bettina Klaus and; Jonathan Newton
  397. The Determinants Of Online Merchant’s Price Premium: Evidence From Russia By Evgeny A. Antipov
  398. THE CREDIT CYCLE AND THE BUSINESS CYCLE IN CANADA AND THE U.S.: TWO SOLITUDES By P. Siklos, B. Lavender
  399. The unsolved contradictions of the modernists. Economic policy expectations and political crisis in France 1978-2012. By Bruno Amable
  400. Asymptotic multivariate finite-time ruin probabilities with heavy-tailed claim amounts: Impact of dependence and optimal reserve allocation By Romain Biard
  401. The Prudential Regulation of Financial Institutions: Why Regulatory Responses to the Crisis Might Not Prove Sufficient By William R. White
  402. The Impact of Vocational Training for the Unemployed: Experimental Evidence from Turkey By Hirshleifer, Sarojini; McKenzie, David; Almeida, Rita K.; Ridao-Cano, Cristobal
  403. Valuation of sequential R&D investment under technological, market, and rival preemption uncertainty By Michi Nishihara
  404. Does Interbank Market Matter for Business Cycle Fluctuation? An Estimated DSGE Model with Financial Frictions for the Euro Area By Federico GIRI
  405. Fiscal Equalization, Tax Salience, and Tax Competition By Martin Altemeyer-Bartscher
  406. How Much Favorable Selection Is Left in Medicare Advantage? By Joseph P. Newhouse; Mary Price; J. Michael McWilliams; John Hsu; Thomas G. McGuire
  407. Putting Structure on the RD Design: Social Transfers and Youth Inactivity in France By Olivier Bargain; Karina Doorley
  408. Imported intermediate inputs and Egyptian exports: Exploring the links By María D. Parra; Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso
  409. Individual investments in education and health By Carbone, Jared C.; Kverndokk, Snorre
  410. Measuring and decomposing the overall efficiency of multi-period and -division systems associated with DEA By Chen, Kaihua
  411. Likelihood inference in an Autoregression with fixed effects By Geert Dhaene; Koen Jochmans
  412. Policy Simulation of Firms Cooperation in Innovation By Heshmati, Almas; Lenz-Cesar, Flávio
  413. Macroprudential Regulation and the Role of Monetary Policy By Tayler, William; Zilberman, Roy
  414. Optimal prizes in dynamic elimination contests: Theory and experimental evidence By Rudi Stracke; Wolfgang Höchtl; Rudolf Kerschbamer; Uwe Sunde
  415. Comparing Patent Litigation Across Europe: A First Look By Stuart Graham; Nicolas van Zeebroeck
  416. Fighting Crime with a Little Help from my Friends: Party Affiliation, Inter‐jurisdictional Cooperation and Crime in Mexico By Emilio Guterriez; Ruben Durante
  417. UN Interventions: The Role of Geography By Duque, Juan Carlos; Jetter, Michael; Sosa, Santiago
  418. Assessing Foreign Aid.s Long-Run Contribution to Growth in Development By Arndt, Channing; Jones, Sam; Tarp, Finn
  419. Mercado de Câmbio Brasileiro, Intervenções do Banco Central e Controles de Capitais de 1999 a 2012 By Estêvão Kopschitz Xavier Bastos; Patrícia Vivas da Silva Fontes
  420. Foreign aid and mobilization of growth factors in sub-Saharan Africa By Douzounet Mallaye; Yogo Thierry Urbain
  421. Poverty Persistence and Intra-Household Heterogeneity in Occupations: Some Evidence from Ethiopia By Alem, Yonas
  422. Instrumental Variables: An Econometrician's Perspective By Imbens, Guido W.
  423. How Structural Changes in Complex Networks Impact Organizational Learning Performance By Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi; Jorn Altmann
  424. Optimal Migration and Consumption Policies over an Individual's Random Lifetime By Willassen, Yngve
  425. Policy commitment, legal and regulatory framework, and institutional support for PPP in international comparison: Indexing countries’ readiness for taking up PPP By Verhoest, Koen; Petersen, Ole Helby; Scherrer, Walter; Murwantara Soecipto, Raden
  426. Ramsey Rule with Progressive Utility in Long Term Yield Curves Modeling By Nicole El Karoui; Caroline Hillairet; Mohamed Mrad
  427. Altruism, Fertility and Risk By Cordoba, Juan Carlos; Liu, Xiying
  428. Inequality debt and taxation the perverse relation between the productive and the non productive assets of the economy By Jean-Luc Gaffard; Mario Amendola; Fabricio Patriarca
  429. Regulation of Network Sectors in the EU: A Federalist Perspective By Wolfgang Kerber; Julia Wendel
  430. Cities, Tasks and Skills By Kok, Suzanne; ter Weel, Bas
  431. Revisting the Steady-State Equilibrium Conditions of Neoclassical Growth Models By Li, Defu; Huang, Jiuli; Zhou, Ying
  432. The Misbehavior of Reinforcement Learning By Gianluigi Mongillo; Hanan Shteingart; Yonatan Loewenstein
  433. Distortion Effects of Export Quota Policy: An Analysis of the China - Raw Materials Dispute By Sarah Guillou; Christophe Charlier
  434. La lutte contre la pauvreté à l'épreuve des essais cliniques. Réflexion sur l'approche expérimentale de l'économie du développement. By Judith Favereau
  435. Fiscal policy, institutional quality and central bank transparency. By Meixing Dai; Moïse Sidiropoulos; Eleftherios Spyromitros
  436. The Economics of Presenteeism: A discrete choice & count model framework By Pedersen, Kjeld Møller; Skagen, Kristian
  437. Innovation Systems Research in the Italian Food Industry By Ornella Wanda Maietta
  438. Value of Information and Fairness Opinions in Takeovers By Mehmet Ekmekci; Nenad Kos
  439. TOWARDS MORE BALANCED GROWTH STRATEGIES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: ISSUES RELATED TO MARKET SIZE, TRADE BALANCES AND PURCHASING POWER By Jörg Mayer
  440. Inflation expectation dynamics: the role of past present and forward looking information By Paul Hubert; Mirza Harun
  441. College Major, Internship Experience, and Employment Opportunities: Estimates from a Résumé Audit By John M. Nunley; Adam Pugh; Nicholas Romero; Richard Alan Seals, Jr.
  442. "Structural Asymmetries at the Roots of the Eurozone Crisis: What’s New for Industrial Policy in the EU?" By Alberto Botta
  443. In search of good quality part-time employment By Fagan, Colette; Norman, Helen; Smith, Mark; Gonzalez Menendez, María C
  444. Facteurs-clés de l’adoption des systèmes d’information dans la grande distribution alimentaire : une approche par l’UTAUT By Nabila Jawadi
  445. Regional Economic Activity in Turkey: A New Economic Geography Approach By Mehmet Burak Turgut
  446. Media clusters and metropolitan knowledge economy By Karlsson, Charlie; Rouchy, Philippe
  447. Aid and income: Another time-series perspective By Lof, Matthijs; Mekasha, Tseday Jemaneh; Tarp, Finn
  448. A Construção de um Estado Democrático para o Desenvolvimento no Século XXI By Ronaldo Herrlein Júnior
  449. Macroeconomic and fiscal challenges faced by the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean region By Marek Dabrowski
  450. Communicating Judicial Retirement By AÌlvaro Bustos; Tonja Jacobi
  451. Difusão Biotecnológica: A Adoção dos Transgênicos na Agricultura By Junior Ruiz Garcia; José Eustáquio Ribeiro Vieira Filho
  452. Brainstorming versus creative design reasoning By Akin Osman Kazakci; Thomas Gillier; Gerald Piat; Armand Hatchuel
  453. The Determinants of Credit Default on Portuguese Start-Up Firms: .An Econometric model By Vitor Gonçalves; Francisco Vitorino Martins; Elísio Brandão
  454. Identifying I(0) Series in Macro-panels: Are Sequential Panel Selection Methods Useful? By Costantini, Mauro; Lupi, Claudio
  455. An economic model of cost effectiveness of peer interventions to prevent HIV infections in prison. By Roberta Longo; Claire Hulme; Armando Vargas-Palacios; Karen Vinall-Collier; Jane South; Anne Marie Bagnall; James Woodall; Gary Raine; Karina Kinsella
  456. Time and space aggregation of the labor market flows By Katarina Borovickova
  457. Stochastic Evolution of Stock Market Volume-Price Distributions By Paulo Rocha; Frank Raischel; Jo\~ao P. da Cruz; Pedro G. Lind
  458. Specification, Estimation and Evaluation of Vector Smooth Transition Autoregressive Models with Applications By Timo Teräsvirta; Yukai Yang
  459. The price and income elasticities of the top clothing exporters: Evidence from a panel data analysis By Donatella Baiardi; Carluccio Bianchi; Eleonora Lorenzini
  460. Assessing future sustainability of french public finances By Jérôme Creel; Paul Hubert; Francesco Saraceno
  461. Monetary policy implementation in an interbank network: Effects on systemic risk By Bluhm, Marcel; Faia, Ester; Krahnen, Jan Pieter
  462. A Roadmap to a 21st-Century Disability Policy for People with Brain Injury and Other Disabilities. By David R. Mann; David C. Stapleton; Bonnie L. O'Day
  463. Something New: Where do new industries come from? By Feldman, Maryann; Tavassoli, Sam
  464. "Growth with Unused Capacity and Endogenous Depreciation" By Fabrizio Patriarca; Claudio Sardoni
  465. Internet, Price Strategy and Yield Management By Lubica Hikkerova; Jean-Michel Sahut
  466. Assessing Point Forecast Accuracy by Stochastic Divergence from Zero By Francis X. Diebold; Minchul Shin
  467. Roadblocks on the Road to Grandma's House: Fertility Consequences of Delayed Retirement By Battistin, Erich; De Nadai, Michele; Padula, Mario
  468. Does the Size of the Effect of Adverse Events at High Ages on Daily-Life Physical Functioning Depend on the Economic Conditions Around Birth? By Scholte, Robert; van den Berg, Gerard J.; Lindeboom, Maarten; Deeg, Dorly J. H.
  469. Building Customer Loyalty among SMEs in Uganda: The Role of Customer Satisfaction, Trust, and Commitment By Dr. Terry Najja Kakeeto-Aelen; Professor Jan C van Dalen; Professor H. Jaap van den Herik; Dr. Bartel A. Van de Walle
  470. Dynamic optimal execution in a mixed-market-impact Hawkes price model By Aurélien Alfonsi; Pierre Blanc
  471. A stochastic control approach to No-Arbitrage bounds given marginals, with an application to Lookback options By Pierre Henri-Labordère; Nizar Touzi; Alfred Galichon
  472. The Wild West is Wild: The Homicide Resource Curse By Mathieu Couttenier; Pauline Grosjean; Marc Sangnier
  473. Meeting Technologies and Optimal Trading Mechanisms in Competitive Search Markets By Benjamin Lester; Ludo Visschers; Ronald Wolthoff
  474. Revisiting an important Canadian natural experiment with new methods: an evaluation of the impact of the 1994 tax decrease on smoking. By Philip Merrigan; François Gardes
  475. "From the State Theory of Money to Modern Money Theory: An Alternative to Economic Orthodoxy" By L. Randall Wray
  476. Consumer flexibility, data quality and location choice By Baye, Irina; Hasnas, Irina
  477. A Smooth Transition Logit Model of the Effects of Deregulation in the Electricity Market By A.S. Hurn; Annastiina Silvennoinen; Timo Teräsvirta
  478. The dynamics of poverty in the first three waves of NIDS By Finn, Arden; Leibbrandt, Murray
  479. Some Extensions of the class of K-matrices: A Survey and Some Economic Applications By Giorgio Giorgi; Cesare Zuccotti
  480. Stock Price Booms and Expected Capital Gains By Klaus Adam; Johannes Beutel; Albert Marcet
  481. How Related Are the Prices of Organic and Conventional Corn and Soybean? By Singerman, Ariel; Lence, Sergio H.; Kimble-Evans, Amanda
  482. Exploring the optimality of cyclical emission rates By George Halkos; George Papageorgiou
  483. Catching up and falling behind in technological progress: the experience of the textile and chemical industries in Italy between 1904 and 1937 By Makiko Hino; Mototsugu Fukushige
  484. Fiscal and monetary policies in complex evolving economies By Mauro Napoletano; Andrea Roventini; Giovanni Dosi; Giorgio Fagiolo; Tania Treibich
  485. Crises and Productivity in Good Booms and in Bad Booms By Gary Gorton; Guillermo Ordonez
  486. Agricultural Household Models for Malawi:Household Heterogeneity, Market Characteristics, Agricultural Productivity, Input Subsidies, and Price Shocks. A Baseline Report By Holden, Stein
  487. Impact du reste à charge sur le volume d'heures d'aide à domicile utilisé par les bénéficiaires de l'APA. By Cécile Bourreau-Dubois; Agnès Gramain; Helen Lim; Jingyue Xing
  488. The welfare impact of parallel imports: A structural approach applied to the German market for oral anti-diabetics By Duso, Tomaso; Herr, Annika; Suppliet, Moritz
  489. What Mechanism Design Theorists Had to Say About Laboratory Experimentation in the Mid-1980s By Kyu Sang Lee
  490. Economic Integration of Intermarried Labour Migrants, Refugees and Family Migrants to Sweden: Premium or Selection? By Irastorza, Nahikari; Bevelander, Pieter
  491. Weighted Additive DEA Models Associated with Dataset Standardization Techniques By Chen, Kaihua
  492. Does an aptitude test affect socioeconomic and gender gaps in attendance at an elite university? By Jake Anders
  493. Security and Government Credibility By T. Randolph Beard; Richard Alan Seals Jr.; Michael L. Stern
  494. Strategic Withholding through Production Failures By Fogelberg, Sara; Lazarczyk, Ewa
  495. Estimating the effect of chemical safety standards on firm performance in Malaysia and Vietnam By Otsuki, Tsunehiro; Michida, Etsuyo; Nabeshima, Kaoru; Ueki, Yasushi
  496. Impact on Asian firms of product-related environmental regulations through global supply chains : a study of firms in Malaysia By Michida, Etsuyo; Ueki, Yasushi; Nabeshima, Kaoru
  497. Conceptive Artificial Intelligence: Insights from design theory By Akin Osman Kazakci
  498. Compatibility, Intellectual Property, Innovation and Efficiency in Durable Goods Markets with Network Effects By Athanasopoulos, Thanos
  499. Trust and identity in a small, post-socialist, post-crisis society By Bjornskov, Christian; Bogetic, Zeljko; Hillman, Arye L.; Popovic, Milenko
  500. The Risk Return Relationship: Evidence from Index Return and Realised Variance Series By Minxian Yang
  501. Transmission and generation investment in electricity markets: The effects of market splitting and network fee regimes By Grimm, Veronika; Martin, Alexander; Weibenzahl, Martin; Zoettl, Gregor
  502. Noisy News in Business Cycles By Mario Forni; Luca Gambetti; Marco Lippi; Luca Sala
  503. The limit of discounted utilitarianism By Jonsson, Adam; Voorneveld, Mark
  504. “Innovation Adoption and Productivity Growth: Evidence for Europe” By Rosina Moreno; Jordi Suriñach
  505. Climate Change, Hydro-dependency and the African Dam Boom By Matthew Cole; Robert Elliott; Eric Strobl
  506. Enfranchisement and Representation: Evidence from the Introduction of Quasi-Universal Suffrage in Italy By Valentino Larcinese
  507. Designing experiments to measure spillover effects By Baird, Sarah; Bohren, Aislinn; McIntosh, Craig; Ozler, Berk
  508. Individual technologies for health - the implications of distinguishing between the ability to produce health investments and the capacity to benefit from those investments By Bolin, Kristian; Liljas, Bengt; Lindgren, Björn
  509. Uma Análise Exploratória dos Efeitos da Política de Formalização dos Microempreendedores Individuais By Carlos Henrique L. Corseuil; Marcelo Côrtes Neri; Gabriel Ulyssea
  510. Matching Methods in Practice: Three Examples By Imbens, Guido W.
  511. Voter response to natural disaster aid : quasi-experimental evidence from drought relief payments in Mexico By Fuchs, Alan; Rodriguez-Chamussy, Lourdes
  512. What in the world moves New Zealand bond yields? By Michelle Lewis; Lauren Rosborough
  513. A Pilot Inquiry on Incentives and Intrinsic Motivation in Health Care: the Motivational Capital Explained by Doctors By Mikel Berdud; Juan M. Cabasés Hita; Jorge Nieto
  514. The Euro Crisis and Swedish GDP Growth — A Study of Spillovers By Österholm, Pär; Stockhammar, Pär
  515. Misperception of Consumption: Evidence from a Choice Experiment By Seeun Jung; Yasuhiro Nakamoto; Masayuki Sato; Katsunori Yamada
  516. The Effect of Hydro-meteorological Emergencies on Internal Migration By Robalino, Juan; Jimenez, José; Chacon, Adriana
  517. Input-Trade Liberalization, Export Prices and Quality Upgrading By Maria Bas; Vanessa Strauss-Kahn
  518. Using Spatial Econometric Techniques to Analyze the Joint Employment Decisions of Spouses By Kalenkoski, Charlene M.; Lacombe, Donald J.
  519. Bivariate Integer-Valued Long Memory Model for High Frequency Financial Count Data By Quoreshi, A.M.M. Shahiduzzaman
  520. Effects of Unconventional Monetary Policy on Financial Institutions By Gabriel Chodorow-Reich
  521. Spillovers product substitution and R&D investment : theory and evidence By Lionel Nesta; Thomas Grebel
  522. On the Present Value Model in a Cross Section of Stocks By Richard Startz; Kwok Ping Tsang
  523. A Simple Model of Offshore Outsourcing, Technology Upgrading and Welfare By Jaewon Jung; Jean Mercenier
  524. Search, Project Adoption and the Fear of Commitment By Talia Bar; Vidya Atal; Sidartha Gordon
  525. Production Risk, Energy Use Efficiency and Productivity of Korean Industries By Khayyat, Nabaz T.; Heshmati, Almas
  526. The Impact of An Increase in User Costs on the Demand For Emergency Services: The Case of Portuguese Hospitals By Pedro Ramos; Álvaro Almeida
  527. Rationalizability and Efficiency in an Asymmetric Cournot Oligopoly. By Gabriel Desgranges; Stéphane Gauthier
  528. Returns to Foreign Language Skills in a Developing Country: The Case of Turkey By Antonio Di Paolo; Aysýt Tansel
  529. Evolutionary Dynamics and Fast Convergence in the Assignment Game By Bary S.R. Pradelski
  530. To meet or not to meet, that is the question - short-run effects of high-frequency meetings with case workers By van den Berg, Gerad J.; Back Kjaersgaard, Lene; Rosholm, Michael
  531. Price and Quality Competition in Spatial Markets. The Case of Camping Sites By Dieter Pennerstorfer
  532. An Empirical Survey of the Ramifications of a Green Economy By Heshmati, Almas
  533. Online Concealed Correlation and Bounded Rationality By Gilad Bavly; Abraham Neyman
  534. The heterogeneous effects of HIV testing By Baird, Sarah; Gong, Erick; McIntosh, Craig; Ozler, Berk
  535. Fund Managers Fees: Estimation and Sensitivity Analysis Using Monte Carlo Simulation By Dorra Najar
  536. Cash transfers and child labor By de Hoop, Jacobus; Rosati, Furio C.
  537. Deliberation, Leadership and Information Aggregation By Javier Rivas; Carmelo Rodríguez-Álvarez
  538. Early Life Circumstance and Adult Mental Health By James Fenske; Achyuta Adhvaryu; Anant Nyshadham
  539. Unemployment, Underemployment, and Employment Opportunities: Results from a Correspondence Audit of the Labor Market for College Graduates By John M. Nunley; Adam Pugh; Nicholas Romero; Richard Alan Seals, Jr.
  540. Causal relationship between asset prices and output in the US: Evidence from state-level panel Granger causality test By Furkan Emirmahmutoglu; Nicholas Apergis; Beatrice D. Simo-Kengne; Tsangyao Chang; Rangan Gupta
  541. Crop-Livestock Inter-linkages and Climate Change Implications for Ethiopia’s Agriculture: A Ricardian Approach By Gebreegziabher, Zenebe; Mekonnen, Alemu; Deribe, Rahel; Abera, Samuel; Kassahun, Meseret Molla
  542. Crisis Mismanagement in The United States And Europe: Impact On Developing Countries And Longer-Term Consequences By Yýlmaz Akyüz
  543. Do Immigrants Bring Good Health? By Giuntella, Osea; Mazzonna, Fabrizio
  544. Promoting Second Generation Biofuels: Does the First Generation Pave the Road? By Eggert, Håkan; Greaker, Mads
  545. Wavelet improvement in turning point detection using a Hidden Markov Model By Li, Yushu; Reese, Simon
  546. Media competition and electoral politics By Florian Schuett; Amedeo Piolatto
  547. Public Goods: Voluntary Contributions and Risk By Miguel Sánchez Villalba; Silvia Martínez-Gorricho
  548. A challenge to normativity and economic theory, the case ofdebtors movements. By Bertazzi, Ilaria
  549. The Impact of UN and US Economic Sanctions on GDP Growth By Florian Neumeier; Matthias Neuenkirch
  550. Female Brain Drains and Women's Rights Gaps: A Gravity Model Analysis of Bilateral Migration Flows By Naghsh Nejad, Maryam; Young, Andrew
  551. The Role of Coresidency with Adult Children in the Labor Force Participation Decisions of Older Men and Women in China By Connelly, Rachel; Maurer-Fazio, Margaret; Zhang, Dandan
  552. Will a Driving Restriction Policy Reduce Car Trips? A Case Study of Beijing, China By Wang, Lanlan; Xu, Jintao; Zheng, Xinye; Qin, Ping
  553. Private or Public Law Enforcement? The Case of Digital Piracy Policies with Non-monitored Illegal Behaviors By Éric Darmon; Thomas Le Texier
  554. Open Source, Dual Licensing and Software Competition By Éric Darmon; Dominique TORRE
  555. Learning the hard way? Adapting to climate risk in Tanzania By Waage Skjeflo, Sofie; Bruvik Westberg, Nina
  556. Efficient Scale of Local Government in China: Quantile Regression Approach to County-Level Data By Mototsugu Fukushige; Yingxin Shi
  557. A dynamic hurdle model for zero-inflated count data: with an application to health care utilization By Gregori Baetschmann; Rainer Winkelmann
  558. Calculating the real return of the Norwegian Government Pension Fund Global by alternative measures of the deflator By Andreas Benedictow; Pål Boug
  559. Effect of an Accessibility Measure in a Model for Choice of Residential Location, Workplace, and Type of Employment By Ignacio Inoa; Nathalie Picard; André De Palma
  560. Outperforming IMF Forecasts by the Use of Leading Indicators By Katja Drechsel; S. Giesen; Axel Lindner
  561. Rock around the clock: an agent-based model of low- and high-frequency trading By Sandrine Jacob Leal; Mauro Napoletano; Andrea Roventini; Giorgio Fagiolo
  562. Is Export Diversification good for Profitability? First Evidence for Manufacturing Enterprises in Germany By Wagner, Joachim
  563. Time to ship during Financial Crisis By Nicolas Berman; José de Sousa; Thierry Mayer; Philippe Martin
  564. Changes in Global Trade Patterns and Women's Employment in Manufacturing: An Analysis Over the Period of Asianization and De-industrialization By Burça Kýzýlýrmak; Emel Memiþ; Þirin Saracoðlu; Ebru Voyvoda
  565. Split-Panel Jackknife Estimation of Fixed-Effect Models By Geert Dhaene; Koen Jochmans
  566. Attitudes to Income Inequality: Experimental and Survey Evidence By Andrew E. Clark; Conchita D'ambrosio
  567. Spatial disparities in hospital performance By Laurent Gobillon; Carine Milcent
  568. Disentangling the Happiness Effects of Natural Disasters:The Mediating Role of Prosocial Behavior By Tim Tiefenbach; Florian Kohlbacher
  569. Evolution of wealth in a nonconservative economy driven by local Nash equilibria By Pierre Degond; Jian-Guo Liu; Christian Ringhofer
  570. La spesa pubblica in Italia prima e dopo la crisi By A. Affuso; V. Bravi
  571. Intra-household Decision Models of Residential and Job Location By Nathalie Picard; André De Palma; Ignacio Inoa
  572. Human-Mobility Networks, Country Income, and Labor Productivity By Giorgio Fagiolo; Gianluca Santoni
  573. Differential Impacts of Foreign Capital and Remittance Inflows on Domestic Savings in the Developing Countries: A Dynamic Heterogeneous Panel Analysis By Delwar Hossain
  574. A Short-Run Analysis of Exchange Rates and International Trade with an Application to Australia, New Zealand, and Japan By Anson, José; Boffa, Mauro; Helble, Matthias
  575. How Consumers Respond to Environmental Certification and the Value of Energy Information By Sébastien Houde
  576. A discrete choice model approximation to the consumer’s choice among television displays By Carlos Giovanni González Espitia; Natalia Serna Borrero
  577. Trade Liberalization, Inequality and Poverty in Brazilian States By Marta Castilho; Marta Menéndez; Aude Sztulman
  578. EFFECTS OF HUMAN CAPITAL ON THE GROWTH AND SURVIVAL OF SWEDISH BUSINESSES By Backman, Mikaela; Gabe, Todd; Mellander, Charlotta
  579. Nonparametric estimation of finite mixtures By Stéphane Bonhomme; Koen Jochmans; Jean-Marc Robin
  580. Land Reform and Productivity: A Quantitative Analysis with Micro Data By Tasso Adamopoulos; Diego Restuccia
  581. Impact of Improved Farm Technologies on Yields: The Case of Improved Maize Varieties and Inorganic Fertilizer in Kenya By Nyangena, Wilfred; Juma, Ogada Maurice
  582. Dynamic Linkages Between Tokyo and Osaka Rice Futures Markets in Prewar Japan By Mikio Ito; Kiyotaka Maeda; Akihiko Noda
  583. Non-parametric Models for Univariate Claim Severity Distributions - an approach using R By Catalina Bolance; Montserrat Guillen; David Pitt
  584. A simple wavelet-based test for serial correlation in panel data models By Li, Yushu; Andersson, Fredrik N. G.
  585. Product Introductions, Currency Unions, and the Real Exchange Rate By Roberto Rigobon; Brent Neiman; Alberto Cavallo
  586. Welfare Losses from Financial Frictions: The Role of Fixed Costs By Ahrang Lee
  587. Assessing the Interest Rate and Bank Lending Channels of ECB Monetary Policies By Jérôme Creel; Mathilde Viennot; Paul Hubert
  588. The Rise and Fall of R&D Networks By Mauro Napoletano; Mario V Tomasello; Antonios Garas; Frank Schweitzer
  589. Fairness and Accountability: Testing Models of Social Norms in Unequal By Visser, Martine
  590. Loyalty Programs : a study case in the Hospitality Industry By Lubica Hikkerova
  591. Product market regulation, innovation and productivity. By Bruno Amable; Ivan Ledezma; Stéphane Robin
  592. Openness, Specialisation and Vulnerability of the Nordic Countries By Kaitila, Ville; Virkola, Tuomo
  593. A suggestion for a multivariate concordance coefficient By Silvia Terzi; Luca Moroni
  594. How ICT Investment and Energy Use Influence the Productivity of Korean Industries By Khayyat, Nabaz T.; Lee, Jongsu; Heshmati, Almas
  595. Analysis of European Equity Funds Preferences for Stock Characteristics By Carlos F. Alves; João Vaz Nunes; Ana Paula Serra
  596. Italy's current account sustainability:a long run perspective, 1861-2000 By Barbara Pistoresi
  597. Does benefit/cost-efficiency influence transport investment decisions? By Eliasson, Jonas; Börjesson, Maria; Odeck, James; Welde, Morten
  598. Targeted vs. collective information sharing in networks By Alexey Kushnir; Alexandru Nichifor
  599. Excess control rights, bank capital structure adjustment and lending By Laetitia Lepetit; Amine Tarazi; Nadia Zedek
  600. Land Reforms, Status and Population Growth By Lehmijoki, Ulla; Palokangas, Tapio K.
  601. Stochastic Kaya model and its applications By Hwang, In Chang
  602. The Informal Sector Wage Gap: New Evidence using Quantile Estimations on Panel Data By Olivier Bargain; Prudence Kwenda
  603. Green growth: theory and evidence By Huang, Yongfu; Quibria, M. G.
  604. Knowing that You Matter, Matters! The Interplay of Meaning, Monetary Incentives, and Worker Recognition By Kosfeld, Michael; Neckermann, Susanne; Yang, Xiaolan
  605. On the Importance of Inequality in Politics: Duplicate Bills and Bill Co-sponsorship in the U.S. House of Representatives By David N. Laband; Richard Alan Seals, Jr.
  606. One Mandarin Benefits the Whole Clan: Hometown Favoritism in an Authoritarian Regime By Quoc-Anh Do; Kieu-Trang Nguyen; Anh N. Tran
  607. Switching cost and deposit demand in China By Ho, Chun-Yu
  608. Optimal College Tuition Subsidies By Nicholas Lawson
  609. Are taxes beautiful? A survey experiment on information, tax choice and perceived adequacy of the tax burden By Abbiati, Lorenzo; Antinyan, Armenak; Corazzini, Luca
  610. On the core and bargaining set of a veto game By Eric Bahel
  611. Recent Trends in Income Redistribution in Australia: Can Changes in the Tax-Transfer System Account for the Decline in Redistribution?* By Nicolas Herault; Francisco Azpitarte
  612. Matching, Sorting and Wages By Jeremy Lise; Costas Meghir; Jean-Marc Robin
  613. A Multilevel Investigation of Individual and Contextual Effects on Employee Job Crafting By Jie Li; Tomoki Sekiguchi; Jipeng Qi
  614. Trade-in programs in the context of technological innovation with herding By Paolo Pellizzari; Elena Sartori; Marco Tolotti
  615. WHICH FIRMS USE UNIVERSITIES AS COOPERATION PARTNERS? – THE COMPARATIVE VIEW IN EUROPE By Kärt Rõigas; Marge Seppo; Urmas Varblane; Pierre Mohnen
  616. Mitigating Hypothetical Bias in Stated Preference Data: Evidence from Sports Tourism By John Whitehead; Melissa S. Weddell; Pete Groothuis
  617. Mobility and Inequality in the First Three Waves of NIDS By Finn, Arden; Leibbrandt, Murray
  618. Bagging Exponential Smoothing Methods using STL Decomposition and Box-Cox Transformation By Christoph Bergmeir; Rob J Hyndman; Jose M Benitez
  619. FEMALE BANK EXECUTIVES: IMPACT ON PERFORMANCE AND RISK TAKING SUBSTITUTES? By Cindy Truong, Yan Wendy Wu
  620. A Likelihood Ratio and Markov Chain Based Method to Evaluate Density Forecasting By Li, Yushu; Andersson, Jonas
  621. Education and the Transition to Sustained Democracy By Jesus Crespo Cuaresma; Doris A. Oberdabernig
  622. Immigration and Manufacturing In Italy.Evidence from the 2000s By Giuseppe De Arcangelis; Edoardo Di Porto; Gianluca Santoni
  623. Friendship And Study Assistance Ties Of University Students By Oleg Poldin; Diliara Valeeva; Maria Yudkevich
  624. Voting Alone? The Political and Cultural Consequences of Commercial TV By Andrea Tesei; Paolo Pinotti; Ruben Durante
  625. Household Fuel Choice in Urban Ethiopia: A Random Effects Multinomial Logit Analysis By Alem, Yonas; Beyene, Abebe D.; Kohlin, Gunnar; Mekonnen, Alemu
  626. International Labor Mobility and Child Work in Developing Countries By De Paoli, Anna; Mendola, Mariapia
  627. Learning-by-doing in a highly skilled profession when stakes are high: evidence from advanced cancer surgery By Avdic, Daniel; Lundborg, Petter; Vikström, Johan
  628. Information Transmission in Nested Sender-Receiver Games By Sidartha Gordon; Ying Chen
  629. The impact of age and training on creativity: a design-theory approach to study fixation effects By Marine Agogué; Nicolas Poirel; Olivier Houde; Arlette Pineau; Mathieu Cassotti
  630. Energy market liberalisation and renewable energy policies in OECD countries By Francesco Vona; Francesco Nicolli
  631. Savings in Transnational Households: A Field Experiment among Migrants from El Salvador By Nava Ashraf; Diego Aycinena; Claudia Martínez A.; Dean Yang
  632. Oil Shock Transmission to Stock Market Returns: Wavelet Multivariate Markov Switching GARCH Approach By Rania Jammazi
  633. Applying Negishi's method to stochastic models with overlapping generations By Felix Kubler; Johannes Brumm
  634. Institutional Environments and the internationalization of franchise chains: the contrasting cases of North African countries By Odile CHANUT; Nadjoua GHARBI; Dominique BONET FERNANDEZ
  635. Bidimensional Matching with Heterogeneous Preferences: Smoking in the Marriage Market By Climent Quintana-Domeque; Pierre-Andre Chiappori; Sonia Oreffice
  636. Taken by Storm: Business Survival in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina By Emek Basker; Javier Miranda
  637. Returns to Citizenship? Evidence from Germany's Recent Immigration Reforms By Gathmann, Christina; Keller, Nicolas
  638. Life Insurance and Pension Contracts I: The Time Additive Life Cycle Model By Aase, Knut K.
  639. Monkey see, monkey do: Truth-telling in matching algorithms and the manipulation of others By Guillen, Pablo; Hakimov, Rustamdjan
  640. The Impact of Health Events on Individual Labor Market Histories: the Message from Difference in Differences with Exact Matching / L'impact des événements de santé sur la carrière professionnelle : une analyse fondée sur la méthode des doubles différences avec appariement exact By Emmanuel Duguet; Christine Le Clainche
  641. Social Security and the Interactions Between Aggregate and Idiosyncratic Risk By Daniel Harenberg; Alexander Ludwig
  642. Cap and Trade under Transactions Costs By Singh, Rajesh; Weninger, Quinn
  643. Source of Underestimation of Monetary Policy Effect: Re-examination of the Policy Effectiveness in Japan's 1990s By Masahiko Shibamoto
  644. Innovation, Firm Risk and Industry Productivity By Maliranta, Mika; Määttänen, Niku
  645. The transmission of longevity across generations: The case of the settler Cape Colony By Piraino, Patrizio; Muller, Sean; Cilliers, Jeanne; Fourie, Johan
  646. The Power of Hydroelectric Dams: Agglomeration Spillovers By Severnini, Edson R.
  647. An Empirical Model of Wage Dispersion with Sorting By Jesper Bagger; Rasmus Lentz
  648. A global view of cross-border migration By Julian di Giovanni; Andrei A. Levchenko; Francesc Ortega
  649. Optimal Agglomerations in Dynamic Economics By William Brock; Anastasios Xepapadeas; Athanasios Yannacopoulos
  650. Between-group conflict and other-regarding preferences in nested social dilemmas By Robert Böhm; Gary Bornstein; Hannes Koppel
  651. Blissful Ignorance? A Natural Experiment on the Effect of Feedback on Students'Performance By Oriana Bandiera; Valentino Larcinese; Imran Rasul
  652. Inference on Mixtures Under Tail Restrictions By Marc Henry; Koen Jochmans; Bernard Salanié
  653. Explaining Educational Attainment across Countries and over Time By Diego Restuccia; Guillaume Vandenbroucke
  654. Optimal Expectations and the Welfare Cost of Climate Variability By Alem, Yonas; Colmer, Jonathan
  655. Does Increasing Schooling Improve Later Health Habits? Evidence from the School Reforms in Australia By Jinhu Li; Nattavudh Powdthavee
  656. Robust Approaches to Forecasting By Jennifer Castle; David Hendry; Michael P. Clements
  657. Exchange Rate Adjustment, Monetary Policy and Fiscal Stimulus in Japan's Escape from the Great Depression By Masahiko Shibamoto; Masato Shizume
  658. Genuine Fakes: The prevalence and implications of fieldworker fraud in a large South African survey By Finn, Arden; Ranchhod, Vimal
  659. Trust-based Work-time and Product Improvements: Evidence from Firm Level Data By Olivier N. Godart; Holger Görg; Aoife Hanley
  660. Information in the yield curve: A Macro-Finance approach By Hans Dewachter; Leonardo Iania; Marco Lyrio
  661. Does Labor Legislation Benefit Workers? Well-Being after an Hours Reduction By Hamermesh, Daniel S.; Kawaguchi, Daiji; Lee, Jungmin
  662. Identifying Tax Implicit Equivalence Scales By Justin van de Ven; Nicolas Herault; Francisco Azpitarte
  663. Policy process and food price crisis: A framework for analysis and lessons from country studies By Babu, Suresh Chandra
  664. Instrumental Cardinal Concerns for Social Status in Two-Sided Matching with Non-Transferable Utility By Ennio Bilancini; Leonardo Boncinelli
  665. Financial stability and economic performance By Jérôme Creel; Paul Hubert; Fabien Labondance
  666. Beyond the SUTVA: how policy evaluations change when we allow for interactions among firms. By Augusto Cerqua; Guido Pellegrini
  667. Human Capital and Regional Development By Nicola Gennaioli; Rafael LaPorta; Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes; Andrei Shleifer
  668. Housing Supply Elasticity in Sydney Local Government Areas By Xiangling Liu; Glenn Otto
  669. The Effect of Economic Reform and Industrial Policy in a Panel of Chinese Cities By Lin Shao; Fabrizio Zilibotti; Simon Alder
  670. Assessing the link between Price and Financial Stability By Christophe Blot; Jérôme Creel; Fabien Labondance; Francesco Saraceno; Paul Hubert
  671. Non-monotonic health behaviours - implications for individual health-related behaviour in a demand-for-health framework By Bolin, Kristian; Lindgren, Björn
  672. Overlapping coalitions, bargaining and networks By Messan Agbaglah
  673. The Euro crisis and contradictions of Neoliberalism in Europe By Stockhammer, Engelbert
  674. Environmental Policy and Growth in a Model with Endogenous Environmental Awareness By Karine Constant; Marion Davin
  675. The Great Shift : Macroeconomic projections For the World Economy at the 2050 Horizon By Jean Fouré; Agnès Bénassy-Quéré; Lionel Fontagné
  676. Regulatory environment and firm performance in EU telecommunications services By Daniel Montolio; Francesc Trillas; Elisa Trujillo-Baute
  677. Propagation of Economic Shocks in Input-Output Networks: A Cross-Country Analysis By Martha G. Alatriste Contreras; Giorgio Fagiolo
  678. The Margins of Global Sourcing: Theory and Evidence from U.S. Firms By Pol Antràs; Teresa C. Fort; Felix Tintelnot
  679. Financial Markets Banks and Growth disentangling the links By Maurizio Iacopetta; Alessandro Giovannini; Raoul Minetti
  680. Maternal employment and childhood obesity in China: Evidence from the China Health and Nutrition Survey By Nie, Peng; Sousa-Poza, Alfonso
  681. Market structure in the banking sector: Evidence from a developing economy By Matousek, Roman; Nguyen, Thao Ngoc; Stewart, Chris
  682. Immigrants and Firms' Productivity: Evidence from France By Mitaritonna, Cristina; Orefice, Gianluca; Peri, Giovanni
  683. News and Labor Market Dynamics in the Data and in Matching Models By Francesco Zanetti; Konstantinos Theodoridis
  684. Firms leverage and export quality evidence from France By Sarah Guillou; Michel Bernini; Flora Bellone
  685. Social Capital to Induce a Contribution to Environmental Collective Action in Indonesia: An Experimental Method By Alin Halimatussadiah; Budy P. Resosudarmo; Diah Widyawati
  686. Which Peers Matter? The Relative Impacts of Collaborators, Colleagues, and Competitors By George J. Borjas; Kirk B. Doran
  687. The Impact of Adolescent Motherhood on Education in Chile By Berthelon, Matias; Kruger, Diana
  688. Treatment Effect Stochastic Frontier Models with Endogenous Selection By Yi-Ting Chen; Yu-Chin Hsu; Hung-Jen Wang
  689. Attention Discrimination: Theory and Field Experiments with Monitoring Information Acquisition By Bartos, Vojtech; Bauer, Michal; Chytilová, Julie; Matejka, Filip
  690. Chronic Illnesses and Injuries: An Evaluation of their Impact on Occupation and Revenues / Maladies chroniques et accidents : une évaluation de leur impact sur le parcours professionnel et les revenus By Emmanuel Duguet; Christine Le Clainche
  691. How does external debt impact democratization? Evidence from developing countries By Jean-Louis Combes; Rasmané OUEDRAOGO
  692. Home Sweet Home? Macroeconomic Conditions in Home Countries and the Well-Being of Migrants By Alpaslan Akay; Olivier Bargain; Klaus F. Zimmermann
  693. Accounting for Skill Premium Patterns during the EU Accession: Productivity or Trade? By Sang-Wook (Stanley) Cho; Juliàn P. Dìaz
  694. Asymmetric Information and Adverse Selection By Ian Jewitt; Clare Leaver; Heski Bar-Isaac
  695. Disclosure of information in matching markets with non-transferable utility By Ennio Bilancini; Leonardo Boncinelli
  696. Life-Satisfaction in Urban Ethiopia: The Role of Relative Poverty and Unobserved Heterogeneity By Alem, Yonas
  697. Peer Effects and Students’ Self-Control By Berno Buechel; Lydia Mechtenberg; Julia Petersen;
  698. Inflation Targeting and Inflation Expectations: Evidence for Brazil and Turkey By Sumru Altug; Cem Cakmakli
  699. Input Diffusion and the Evolution of Production Networks By Vasco Carvalho; Nico Voigtländer
  700. Effects of Stress on Economic Decision-Making: Evidence from Laboratory Experiments By Delaney, Liam; Fink, Günther; Harmon, Colm P.
  701. Spillovers, capital flows and prudential regulation in small open economies By Armas, Adrián; Castillo, Paul; Vega, Marco
  702. Migration, remittances and poverty in Ecuador By Simone BERTOLI; Francesca Marchetta
  703. Poverty and Crime: Evidence from Rainfall and Trade Shocks in India By Lakshmi Iyer; Petia Topalova
  704. The relationship between costs and quality in nonprofit nursing homes By Laura Di Giorgio; Massimo Filippini; Giuliano Masiero
  705. Who had the idea to build up a village organization? Some evidence from Senegal and Burkina Faso. By Navarra, Cecilia; Vallino, Elena
  706. Experience in Public Goods Experiments By Anna Conte; M. Vittoria Levati; Natalia Montinari
  707. Family Firms, Soft Information and Bank Lending in a Financial Crisis By Leandro D’Aurizio; Tommaso Oliviero; Livio Romano
  708. Occupational Choice, Human Capital, and Financing Constraints By Pavel Sevcik; Rui Castro
  709. Multi-product exporters, variable markups and exchange rate fluctuations By Mauro Caselli; Arpita Chatterjee; Alan Woodland
  710. Book Translations as Idea Flows: The Effects of the Collapse of Communism on the Diffusion of Knowledge By Ran Abramitzky; Isabelle Sin
  711. Monetary Policy Switching in the Euro Area and Multiple Equilibria: An Empirical Investigation By Gilles Dufrénot; Anwar Khayat

  1. By: Alexander Herzog-Stein; Heike Joebges; Ulrike Stein; Rudolf Zwiener
    Abstract: Das IMK analysiert regelmäßig mittels Daten von Eurostat die Entwicklung der Arbeitskosten und der Lohnstückkosten in Europa. In dieser aktuellen Auswertung wird zunächst die Entwicklung der Arbeitskosten in der Privatwirtschaft, dem privaten Dienstleistungssektor und dem Verarbeitenden Gewerbe in wichtigen europäischen Ländern, dem Euroraum und der Europäischen Union als Ganzes dargestellt. Dabei werden auch Ergebnisse einer neuen Untersuchung zum Umfang der Kostenentlastung der deutschen Industrie durch die Verbundeffekte mit dem Dienstleistungssektor präsentiert. Zudem wird die Entwicklung der Arbeitskosten im öffentlichen Dienstleistungssektor aufgezeigt. Im Anschluss daran wird die Entwicklung der Lohnstückkosten untersucht, dabei wird insbesondere der Frage nach dem Zusammenhang zwischen der preislichen Wettbewerbsfähigkeit, den Exportpreisen und den Lohnstückkosten nachgegangen. Im Jahr 2012 kostete in Deutschland eine Arbeitsstunde in der Privatwirtschaft 31,00 Euro. Obwohl sich die Arbeitskostenentwicklung zuletzt normalisiert und mit einer Veränderungsrate von 2,8 % höher als der durchschnittliche Euroraumzuwachs war, ist Deutschland im Vergleich zum Vorjahr im europäischen Länderranking um einen Platz nach unten auf den achten Platz gerutscht. In Deutschland ist eine Arbeitsstunde im privaten Dienstleistungssektor um rund ein Fünftel billiger als im Verarbeitenden Gewerbe; in keinem anderen europäischen Land ist der Abstand so groß. Die deutsche Industrie profitiert durch die Verbundeffekte mit dem Dienstleistungssektor hiervon beträchtlich. So reduzieren sich durch die deutlich preiswerteren Vorleistungen aus dem Dienstleistungssektor die Arbeitskosten der deutschen Industrie um acht bis zehn Prozent. Alles in allem bestätigt dies das Bild, dass die deutsche Volkswirtschaft weiterhin über eine extrem hohe preisliche Wettbewerbsfähigkeit gegenüber dem Rest Europas verfügt. Die sogenannten Krisenländer haben durch die dramatische Lohnstückkostenentwicklung der vergangenen Jahre ihre preisliche Wettbewerbsfähigkeit in Bezug auf ihre Kostensituation zurückerlangt. Problematisch ist aber nach wie vor, dass die deutsche Volkswirtschaft, als größter Absatzmarkt Europas, bei der Importnachfrage schwächelt und so den Anpassungsprozess in diesen Ländern behindert. Notwendig wäre deshalb, dass die deutschen Löhne vorübergehend um deutlich mehr als 3 % jährlich steigen.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:88-2013&r=ger
  2. By: Spermann, Alexander (IZA)
    Abstract: Die zentrale Antwort auf die demografische Herausforderung in Deutschland ist das lebenslange Lernen. Mit Blick auf den beruflichen Erfolg sind dabei nicht nur die hard skills, sondern auch die soft skills von Bedeutung. Kompetenzen wurden durch die OECD-Kompetenztests PISA und PIAAC zwar in den Vordergrund gerückt, doch sind erworbene Qualifikationen weiterhin relevanter. Angesichts des zunehmenden Fachkräftemangels und der gesunkenen Halbwertszeit von Qualifikationen gewinnt die Weiterbildung an Bedeutung – auch im Rahmen von Employer Branding- und Corporate Social Responsibility-Aktivitäten von Unternehmen. Es fehlt jedoch die Verknüpfung von Kompetenzerwerb in der Weiterbildung mit dem automatischen Erwerb von Qualifikationen. Dazu könnten Online-Portale für Kompetenztests für Jung und Alt in Verbindung mit Credit Points eine wichtige Rolle einnehmen.
    Keywords: Demografie, lebenslanges Lernen, Kompetenzen, hard skills, soft skills
    JEL: D83 I23 J11 J14 R20
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izasps:sp67&r=ger
  3. By: Bauer, Anja (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]); Gartner, Herrmann
    Abstract: Ein nicht unerheblicher Teil der Arbeitslosigkeit in Deutschland ist darauf zurückzuführen, dass Arbeitsuchende und offene Stellen nicht zusammenpassen. Die Ursachen für diesen "Mismatch" sind vielfältig, die Diskrepanzen können beruflicher, sektoraler oder regionaler Natur sein. Geeignete Maßnahmen müssen sowohl auf der Angebotsseite als auch auf der Nachfrageseite des Arbeitsmarktes ansetzen, um die Mismatch-Arbeitslosigkeit weiter abzubauen.
    Date: 2014–03–25
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iab:iabfob:201405&r=ger
  4. By: Gustav A. Horn; Alexander Herzog-Stein; Peter Hohlfeld; Fabian Lindner; Ansgar Rannenberg; Katja Rietzler; Sabine Stephan; Silke Tober
    Abstract: Das Wachstum der Weltwirtschaft hat sich im vergangenen Jahr beschleunigt. Im Prognosezeitraum wird die Weltkonjunktur weiter an Tempo gewinnen, insbesondere in den USA. Die Wirtschaft im Euroraum außerhalb Deutschlands hat sich im Verlauf des vergangenen Jahres aus der Rezession gelöst. Maßgeblich für die Stabilisierung war neben dem Rückgang der Spannungen auf den Finanzmärkten, die Verlangsamung des Tempos der Haushaltskonsolidierung. Die Belebung des Wachstums wird sich im Euroraum außerhalb Deutschlands 2014 (0,7 %) und 2015 (1,5 %) fortsetzen.In Deutschland hat der Aufschwung begonnen. Dieser ist nachhaltiger ausgerichtet als seine Vorgänger, weil er stärker binnenwirtschaftlich fundiert ist. Im Prognosezeitraum nehmen insbesondere die privaten Konsumausgaben spürbar zu und auch die Investitionen erholen sich kräftig. Das Bruttoinlandsprodukt wächst 2014 um 1,6 % und 2015 um 2,4 %. Die Verbraucherpreise nehmen nur sehr verhalten zu (2014: 1,4 % und 2015: 1,5 %). Die Arbeitslosenquote beträgt in diesem Jahr 6,7 % und im nächsten Jahr 6,5 %. Es gibt aber Risiken. Um den wichtigsten davon (wieder zunehmende Unsicherheit über den Erhalt des Euroraums und Deflationsgefahren) für den Aufschwung zu begegnen, sollte die Geldpolitik stärker expansiv werden und die Finanzpolitik im Euroraum insgesamt expansiv ausgerichtet sein.
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:91-2014&r=ger
  5. By: Gustav A. Horn; Alexander Herzog-Stein; Ansgar Rannenberg; Katja Rietzler; Silke Tober; Peter Hohlfeld; Fabian Lindner; Sabine Stephan
    Abstract: Das weltwirtschaftliche Umfeld außerhalb des Euroraums weist im Prognosezeitraum moderate Wachstumsraten auf. Dagegen verharrt der Euroraum vorerst in der Rezession. Die Fiskalpolitik im Euroraum außerhalb Deutschlands bleibt restriktiv, wenngleich es auch zu einer Mäßigung der Austeritätspolitik in vielen Ländern kommt. Gleichwohl bleibt die damit verbundene Belastung der Inlandsnachfrage hoch. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird das Bruttoinlandsprodukt im Euroraum insgesamt im Durchschnitt dieses Jahres um 0,9 % schrumpfen und im Jahr 2014 um lediglich 0,1 % leicht zunehmen. Die Konjunktur in Deutschland befindet sich in einem Spannungsfeld zwischen dem Sog nach unten aus den Krisenländern und einem stabilen weltwirtschaftlichen Umfeld. Für den Prognosezeitraum ist mit einer insgesamt nahezu stagnierenden Konjunktur zu rechnen. Im Jahresdurchschnitt 2013 steigt das Bruttoinlandsprodukt um 0,3 % und im Jahr 2014 um 0,8 %. Die Arbeitslosenquote liegt 2014 im Jahresdurchschnitt bei 7,0 %, nach 6,9 % im Jahr 2013. Der Anstieg der Verbraucherpreise wird in diesem Jahr 1,5 % betragen und im Jahr 2014 nur 1,4 %, womit er in beiden Jahren deutlich hinter dem Inflationsziel der EZB zurückbleibt. Die Krise im Euroraum ist bei weitem nicht vorbei. Die wirtschaftliche Lage ist fragil und erfordert entschiedene politische Schritte, nicht zuletzt zur Wiederherstellung der Effektivität der Geldpolitik in den Krisenländern, damit die expansiven Impulse dort, wo sie am dringendsten benötigt werden, ankommen.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:84-2013&r=ger
  6. By: Jan Behringer; Nikolaus Kowall
    Abstract: Die USA haben zwischen 1999 und 2012 ihre Handelsverflechtungen mit dem Ausland intensiviert. Aufgrund der kräftigen Expansion des gesamten Welthandels haben die USA jedoch Weltmarktanteile verloren. Seit Mitte der 1970er Jahre ist der Außenhandelssaldo der USA nahezu ununterbrochen negativ, so dass sich mittlerweile beträchtliche Nettoauslandsverbindlichkeiten aufgebaut haben. Die wichtigsten Handelspartner der USA waren in den vergangenen Jahren Süd- und Ostasien sowie die NAFTA-Länder Mexiko und Kanada. Insbesondere China hat als Handelspartner für die USA stark an Bedeutung gewonnen, während das Gewicht Japans abgenommen hat. Die EU ist nach Süd- und Ostasien sowie der NAFTA der drittwichtigste Handelspartner der USA, hat in den vergangenen Jahren sowohl einfuhr- als auch ausfuhrseitig jedoch an Bedeutung verloren. Insofern sind von einem Freihandelsabkommen mit der EU keine kurzfristigen konjunkturellen Impulse für die USA zu erwarten. Darüber hinaus sind die USA eine relativ geschlossene Volkswirtschaft, in der eine Belebung der Konjunktur aus der Binnenwirtschaft kommen muss. Die US-Exporte haben sich aufgrund der hohen Wachstumsdynamik im Warenverkehr mit China und Mexiko rasch vom krisenbedingten Einbruch erholt. Die Importnachfrage der USA erholte sich hingegen zögerlicher.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:85-2013&r=ger
  7. By: Hachmeister, Dirk; Ruthardt, Frederik; Autenrieth, Matthias
    Abstract: Die Diskussion über die richtige methodische Ableitung und Höhe der Marktrisikoprämie wurde durch die Finanzmarkt- und Staatsschuldenkrise neu entfacht. Während in Deutschland der Ansatz impliziter Kapitalkosten als Alternative zu historischen Marktrisikoprämien diskutiert wird, wird in den USA zunehmend auf das Konzept der angebotsseitigen Marktrisikoprämie verwiesen. Dieser Beitrag ermittelt erstmals angebotsseitige Marktrisikoprämien für den deutschen Kapitalmarkt. Darüber hinaus werden historische Marktrisikoprämien für den deutschen Kapitalmarkt in Abhängigkeit vom Beobachtungszeitraum simuliert. Darauf aufbauend kann eine Einschätzung des Konzeptes der angebotsseitigen Marktrisikoprämie für den deutschen Kapitalmarkt erfolgen. Darüber hinaus ergeben sich neue Erkenntnisse zur Stabilität historischer Marktrisikoprämien am deutschen Kapitalmarkt. --
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:hohrsw:201401&r=ger
  8. By: Dobusch, Leonhard
    Abstract: [Fazit] Mehr als 30 Jahre nachdem mit dem CCC eine erste zivilgesellschaftliche Organisation mit dem Fokus auf digitale Technologien und deren gesellschaftliche Implikationen gegründet wurde, ist der Organisierungsgrad trotz eines klar beobachtbaren Bedeutungszuwachses überschaubar geblieben. Der Professionalisierungsgrad und, damit verbunden, die Finanzkraft der Bewegungsorganisationen ist verglichen mit Umweltschutzorganisationen völlig vernachlässigbar. Die verfolgten Themen fokussieren zum größten Teil Fragen von Überwachung bzw. Datenschutz und sind stark defensiv geprägt. Eine Kanalisierung von kurzfristig-emotionalisierender Mobilisierung in langfristig-organisiertes, zumindest teilweise auch pro-aktives Engagement gelingt nur in einem sehr beschränkten Ausmaß. Die vorliegende Analyse kann bestenfalls als Ausgangspunkt für Diskussionen über strategische Optionen und Potentiale dienen. Zu den möglichen Ansatzpunkten zählen beispielsweise: - Verbreiterung der behandelten Themenstellungen um neue Zielgruppen und BündnispartnerInnen zu gewinnen. - Ausbau offensiver Kampagnenschwerpunkte und diesbezüglicher Framingstrategien, die auch prognostisch-lösungsorientierte Aspekte berücksichtigen. - Stärkere Fokussierung auf Kanalisierung von kurzfristiger Mobilisierung in langfristige Organisationsstrukturen. - Professionalisierung von Organisations- sowie insbesondere Fundraising-Strukturen. Die Herausforderung bei der zuletzt angesprochenen Professionalisierungsstrategie wird allerdings auch darin bestehen, größere Finanzkraft zu erreichen ohne legitimitätsschwächende Kooperation mit großen IndurstrieakteurInnen einzugehen. --
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:fubsbe:20147&r=ger
  9. By: Fabian Lindner
    Abstract: Der Report betrachtet das Verhalten der Gläubiger - vor allem der Banken - in der Eurokrise. Die größten Gläubiger der heutigen Krisenländer Griechenland, Spanien, Irland, Portugal und Italien sind deutsche und französische Banken. Diese haben 2008 große Verluste in der US-Subprimekrise erlitten und mussten ihre Bilanz verkürzen, was zu einem Abbau ihrer Auslandsforderungen geführt hat. Der Forderungsabbau hat zu einem plötzlichen Anhalten der Kreditvergabe geführt, der die Krise im Euroraum mit ausgelöst hat. Dass die Banken sich so verhalten haben, liegt an der Bankenregulierung und den Regeln des Euroraums. Nach der Bankenregulierung Basel II müssen Banken prozyklisch ihr Kapital erhöhen, wenn ihre Forderungen risikoreicher werden. In einer Finanzkrise erfolgt diese Kapitalanpassung meist über den Abbau von Forderungen. Die Regeln des Euroraums erlauben eine staatliche Insolvenz, so dass Gläubiger Verluste tragen müssen. Steigt die Wahrscheinlichkeit einer Insolvenz, müssen Gläubiger ihre Forderungen so schnell wie möglich verringern, um selbst ihr Kapital und damit ihre eigene Solvenz zu erhalten. Notwendige Bedingung der Stabilisierung des Euroraums wäre damit eine Garantie, Staaten nicht insolvent gehen zu lassen. Darüber hinaus sollte die Bankenregulierung weniger prozyklisch ausgestaltet werden.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:82-2013&r=ger
  10. By: Jürges, Hendrik (Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA))
    Abstract: In Deutschland ist soziale Ungleichheit in Gesundheit kaum in der öffentlichen Diskussion, obwohl auch hier besser gebildete, reichere, und in der beruflichen Hierarchie höher stehende Menschen zeitlebens gesünder sind und länger leben als andere. Soziale Ungleichheit wird dadurch entlang einer weiteren wichtigen Dimension verstärkt. In diesem Beitrag werden kurz Ausmaß und Dimensionen derartiger Ungleichheit in Deutschland dargestellt. In Abgrenzung zur vorherrschenden sozialepidemiologischen Literatur wird auf Basis der aktuellen gesundheits- und bildungsökonomischen Literatur diskutiert, ob und wie soziale Ungleichheit in Gesundheit mit wirtschafts- und sozialpolitischen Mitteln vermindert werden kann. Dabei wird als Defizit erkannt, dass wir aufgrund einer ausnehmend schlechten Datenlage viel zu wenig über ihre Entstehung wissen. Dies mündet in der Forderung nach einer neuen Evaluationskultur im Bereich der Bildungs- und Gesundheitspolitik.
    Date: 2013–10–18
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mea:meawpa:13275&r=ger
  11. By: Gunther Schnabl (Universität Leipzig)
    Abstract: Das Papier zeigt den Ursache-Wirkungs-Zusammenhang zwischen expansiver Geldpolitik und Boom-und-Krisen-Zyklen auf Finanzmärkten einschließlich der Rückwirkungen auf die Finanzpolitik und Wachstumsperspektiven auf. Seit den 1990er Jahren reagierten die großen Zentralbanken mit Zinssenkungen auf Krisen in den Finanzmärkten. Die Liquiditätszufuhr in der Krise bewirkte erneute Spekulationsphasen, die beim Platzen der Blasen neue Zinssenkungen notwendig machten. Es wird gezeigt, dass die daraus resultierenden strukturellen Zinssenkungen gegen Null in den großen Industrieländern einen Anreiz zur Erhöhung der Staatsverschuldung gegeben haben. Hohe Staatsverschuldung wird als treibende Größe der Persistenz der Nullzinsfalle sowie für die Zerstörung der Allokations- und Signalfunktion von Zinsen identifiziert. Der Artikel zeigt am Beispiel Japan, wie die resultierende Niedrigzins- und Hochverschuldungsfalle die Wachstumsperspektiven eintrübt.
    Keywords: Geldpolitik, Finanzpolitik, Niedrigzinsfalle, Hochverschuldungsfalle, Finanzmarktkrisen
    JEL: E32 E44 E58 E62
    Date: 2014–03–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hlj:hljwrp:50-2013&r=ger
  12. By: Sabine Stephan; Jonas Löbbing
    Abstract: Die EU27 hat zwischen 1999 und 2012 ihre Handelsverflechtungen mit den Ländern außerhalb der EU (Drittländer) intensiviert, gleichwohl entfällt mit einem Anteil von etwa 60 % immer noch der weitaus größte Teil des Außenhandels der EU-Mitgliedstaaten auf den Handel untereinander (Intrahandel). Die EU hat in den vergangenen Jahren von dem Aufholprozess der aufstrebenden Schwellenländer - insbesondere China und Russland - und der damit verbundenen starken Nachfrage nach Investitionsgütern und Produktionsanlagen profitiert. Entsprechend haben China und Russland als Handelspartner für die EU stark an Bedeutung gewonnen, während die USA und Japan beträchtlich an Bedeutung verloren haben. Anders als der Extrahandel hat sich der EU Intrahandel noch nicht vom krisenbedingten Einbruch erholt, was maßgeblich daran liegt, dass die Austeritätspolitik in Europa die Binnennachfrage stark belastet. Das geplante transatlantische Freihandelsabkommen zwischen der EU und den USA wird vermutlich eher bestehende Handelsbeziehungen zwischen den beiden Wirtschaftsräumen stärken, denn in großem Umfang neue Vernetzungen schaffen. Vor allem aber werden sich positive Effekte erst längerfristig zeigen, kurzfristige gesamtwirtschaftliche Wachstumsimpulse sind hingegen von diesem Abkommen nicht zu erwarten.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:83-2013&r=ger
  13. By: Bristle, Johanna (Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA))
    Abstract: Soziale Ungleichheit im Gesundheitsverhalten ist ein in der Gesundheitssoziologie viel diskutiertes Forschungsfeld, wobei gesundheitlichen Vorsorgeuntersuchungen bisher eher wenig Aufmerksamkeit zukam. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht für drei Vorsorgeuntersuchungen, ob die Teilnahme nach Bildung und Einkommen variiert und somit auch hier soziale Ungleichheit besteht. Daraufhin soll gezeigt werden, inwieweit diese sozial ungleiche Inanspruchnahme von Vorsorgeuntersuchungen im europäischen Vergleich und nach spezifischen institutionellen Merkmalen der Gesundheitssyteme variiert. Die Arbeit orientiert sich theoretisch an einem mikrosoziologischem Handlungsmodell, welches rationaler Kosten- Nutzen-Kalkulation folgt. Datengrundlage bilden die ersten beiden Wellen des Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), welche sich auf die Bevölkerung 50+ in 13 europäischen Ländern bezieht. Für Makroeinflüsse werden Daten der OECD zu den staatlichen Ausgaben für Prävention und Public Health sowie zu der Höhe privater Zuzahlungen herangezogen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Teilnahme sich nach Bildung und Einkommen unterscheidet, dies aber auf wenige spezifische Länder in den Analysen zurückzuführen ist. Von systemischer Seite haben die privaten Zuzahlungen keinen Einfluss auf die soziale Ungleichheit von Vorsorgeuntersuchungen, wohingegen staatliche Ausgaben zumindest teilweise Erkärungskraft besitzen.
    Date: 2014–02–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mea:meawpa:14278&r=ger
  14. By: Katja Rietzler; Dieter Teichmann; Achim Truger
    Abstract: Nach der aktuellen IMK-Steuerschätzung für den Zeitraum 2013-2017 dürfte das Aufkommen in diesem Jahr nur noch um 2 % auf 612,2 Mrd. Euro zunehmen und damit erheblich langsamer steigen als in den vergangenen Jahren. Am Ende des Schätzzeitraums sind Steuereinnahmen von knapp 700 Mrd. Euro zu erwarten. Nach wie vor weisen die öffentlichen Haushalte eine gravierende strukturelle Einnahmenlücke auf. Mehrfache Steuersenkungen, nicht übermäßiges Ausgabenwachstum, sind die Ursache. An Steuererhöhungen führt daher mittelfristig kein Weg vorbei. Die Oppositionsparteien im Bundestag haben entsprechende Pläne für die kommende Legislaturperiode. Erhöhungen des Einkommensteuertarifs sind dabei ein wesentliches Element. Befürchtungen von höheren Belastungen für die Mittelschicht erweisen sich als unbegründet: Die Mehrbelastungen aller Vorschläge setzen erst bei hohen Bruttoeinkommen ein.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:81-2013&r=ger
  15. By: Mertens, Oliver; Diederichs, Stefan; Meyer, Melanie
    Abstract: Für Unternehmen des produzierenden Gewerbes sind die Energiepreise bzw. deren Steigerung ein wesentlicher Grund, sich mit Effizienzsteigerungen auseinanderzusetzen. Naturgemäß können Kosteneinsparungen durch eine direkte Verminderung des Verbrauches erzielt werden. Daneben können Unternehmen die Höhe der gezahlten Ökosteuer reduzieren, wenn sie sich im Rahmen der Einführung eines Energiemanagementsystems strategisch mit dem Thema Energieeffizienz auseinandersetzen. Anerkannt sind Energiemanagementsysteme nach DIN EN ISO 50001:2012 und das Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). Kleine und mittlere Unternehmen (KMU) können auf Grund der hohen Einführungs- und Unterhaltungskosten der oben genannten Mana-gementsysteme auch weniger komplexe alternative Systeme nach Spitzenausgleich-Effizienzverordnung (SpaEfV) einführen. Bei Beantragung der Steuerrückerstattung können dann bis zu 70 % der zu zahlenden Steuer eingespart werden. Im vorliegenden Bericht wird zunächst genauer auf die Gesetze und Verordnungen sowie die Anforderungen der Energiemanagementsysteme an die Unternehmen eingegangen, die bei der Beantragung der Steuererstattung beachtet werden müssen. Im Anschluss werden die wesentlichen Parameter beschrieben, die einen Einfluss auf die tatsächliche Höhe der Rückerstattung haben. Zudem werden beispielhaft die potentiellen Rückerstattungen für verschiedene Unternehmensgrößen der Sägeindustrie berechnet. Dabei werden einige Annahmen getroffen, deren Auswirkungen auf die Höhe des Spitzenausgleichs einer Sensitivitätsanalyse unterzogen werden. Insgesamt zeichnet sich ab, dass für die Höhe der Steuerrückerstattung in der Holzindustrie der Stromverbrauch eine wesentliche Rolle spielt und alle anderen bei der Berechnung der Rückerstattung zu beachtenden Faktoren - insbesondere für größere Unternehmen - von nur untergeordneter Bedeutung sind. Bezogen auf die Schnittholzproduktion liegen die möglichen Rückerstattungen bei etwa 1€ je m3. -- For industry members energy prices are a major reason to deal with energy efficiency issues. Naturally, cost reduction can be achieved by direct reduction of energy consumption. Besides this, enterprises can reduce the amount of the German eco-tax to be paid, if they deal with the issue of energy efficiency on a strategic level by implementing energy management systems. Accepted energy management systems are those in accordance with ISO 50001:2012 and the Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). Small and medium sized enterprises are also allowed to implement alternative systems according to Spitzenausgleich-Effizienzverordnung (SpaEfV). As a consequence, up to 70 % of the eco-tax can be saved if companies request a refund. The report in hand is initially describing the relevant laws and regulations as well as the demands an energy management system has to meet, in order to allow the enterprise to get the tax refund. Subsequently the essential parameters are described, which have an influence on the amount of eco-tax refund. In addition, the potential refunds will be calculated for different sizes of enterprises of the sawmill industry as an example. The assumptions made in this context will be analysed in a sensitivity analysis. Altogether it becomes apparent, that the amount of electricity consumed is the essential parameter for the amount of tax refund. All other parameters - particularly for large enterprises - are of minor importance. Based on the production of timber, the potential refunds are about 1€ per m3.
    Keywords: Energieeffizienz,Energiemanagement,Sägewerksindustrie,Stromsteuer,Energy efficiency,energy management,sawmill industry,electricity tax,Energiewende,Erneuerbare Energie,regionale Verteilungswirkungen der Energiewende,Wertschöpfungseffekte erneuerbarer Energien,Energy transformation,renevable energies,regional distribution effects of the energy transformation,value creation effects of renewable energies
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:jhtiwp:18&r=ger
  16. By: Fertig, Michael
    Abstract: "The pilot project 'Berliner Joboffensive' (BJO) aimed at increasing the number of labor market integrations of individuals receiving means-tested unemployment benefits II (also known as Hartz IV) by intensified counseling and assistance. To this end, the caseload of 650 caseworkers in twelve Jobcenters in Berlin was reduced to 100 jobseekers per caseworker. Furthermore, these jobseekers were considered to be relatively close to the labor market and should have received intensive and individualized help to find an appropriate job on the (first) labor market quickly. The Federal Employment Office commissioned the ISG-Institute to identify the causal effects of the BJO. To this end, a conditional difference-in-difference approach was established to assess effectiveness and efficiency of the BJO. The report at hand summarizes the results." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    Keywords: Beschäftigungsförderung - Modellversuch, arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahme - Erfolgskontrolle, Arbeitslosengeld II-Empfänger, berufliche Reintegration, Langzeitarbeitslose, Case Management, Job-Center, Arbeitsvermittlung, Beschäftigungseffekte, matching - Effizienz, Integrierte Erwerbsbiografien, IAB-Leistungsempfängerhistorik, Beschäftigungsdauer, Grundsicherung nach SGB II - Zu- und Abgänge, Berlin, Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    Date: 2014–03–06
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iab:iabfob:201404&r=ger
  17. By: Dederke, Julian
    Abstract: Ehemals staatliche oder staatsnahe Sektoren wie der Schienenverkehr sind im Zuge der Europäischen Integration und des Binnenmarktprojekts einem markt- und wettbewerbsorientierten Liberalisierungsprozess ausgesetzt. Diesen treibt die Europäische Kommission (KOM) auf verschiedenen Wegen voran. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht eine Reihe von Vertragsverletzungsklagen der KOM gegen Mitgliedstaaten (MS), die keine ausreichenden Umsetzungsschritte bei der Eisenbahnliberalisierung ergriffen hätten. Mit dieser Klagewelle erhielt der EuGH erstmals die Möglichkeit zur Rechtsauslegung im Schienenverkehrssektor und fällte unterschiedliche Urteile. Die Arbeit fragt nach den Gründen für die Differenzierung im Angesicht der Rolle des EuGH als politischer und politisch restringierter Akteur. Diese wird in der wissenschaftlichen Debatte unterschiedlich bewertet: integrationsorientierter Liberalisierungsmotor einerseits, politisch restringiert innerhalb des politischen Umfelds andererseits. Anknüpfend an eine Debatte im American Political Science Review werden konkurrierende Hypothesen zur politischen Autonomie des EuGH generiert. In den Verfahren kam es zu zahlreichen Interventionen durch MS, die als Streithelfer aufseiten der Verklagten auftraten. Die Befunde der Arbeit weisen den Streithelfern in der untersuchten Klagewelle jedoch keinen zentralen Einfluss zu. Dagegen folgten die RichterInnen fast ausnahmslos den Empfehlungen des EuGH-Generalanwalts, der als unabhängiger Sachverständiger sachlich differenziert einzelne Rügen in Klageverfahren bestätigt oder zurückweist. Dies traf sowohl bei Empfehlungen zugunsten der Klägerin (KOM) als auch zugunsten der Verklagten (MS) zu. Das Urteilsmuster des EuGH zeigt außerdem, dass er Bahn-Holdingmodelle - als vertikal integrierte Unternehmensstrukturen einer der stärksten Konfliktpunkte zwischen KOM und MS - toleriert. Eine grundsätzlich liberalisierende und KOM-freundliche Positionierung des EuGH ist nicht erkennbar. -- Former public sectors or sectors close to the state (staatsnahe Sektoren) like rail transport are exposed to a market- and competition-based liberalisation process in the context of European integration and the single market project. The European Commission (COM) promotes liberalisation in various ways. This paper analyses a number of infringement lawsuits led by COM against several member states (MSs) accused of not having transposed the sectoral directives on railway liberalisation properly. These lawsuits allowed the ECJ to interpret the European legislation on rail transport for the first time. The role of the ECJ as political and politically restricted actor is evaluated differently in the scientific debate. On the one hand, the ECJ is argued to be an integrationist engine of liberalization. On the other hand, it is perceived to be bounded by its political surroundings. The judgments in the cases considered differ and the paper asks for the reason for this differentiation. For this purpose, following a debate in the American Political Science Review, competing hypotheses concerning the ECJ's political autonomy are generated and tested statistically. Since many MSs decided to intervene as third parties in support of other MSs during the proceedings at a first glance the interventions seemed to be of vital importance. However, the results don't support assumptions of MS interveners playing a key role in the observed lawsuits. Against this, the judges followed the court's Advocate General nearly without exception, who as an independent expert witness confirms or rejects individual complaints of an infringement process in a factual manner. This holds true for recommendations in favour of the plaintiff (COM) as well as for those in favour of the indictee (MS). Beyond this, the judgment pattern shows that railway company holding models are tolerated by the ECJ. Such vertically integrated firm structures have been one of the core points of contention between COM and MS. In this paper, I do not find evidence that the ECJ holds a strict bias in favor of liberalisation or the European Commission.
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:fubipe:202014&r=ger
  18. By: Maaß, Frank; Chlosta, Simone; Icks, Annette; Welter, Friederike
    Abstract: Betriebliches Nachhaltigkeitsmanagement zielt auf einen verantwortungsvollen Umgang mit Ressourcen und auf die entsprechende Gestaltung der innerbetrieblichen Abläufe ab. Dabei nutzen Unternehmen, die nachhaltiges Wirtschaften mit strategischen Zielen verbinden und hierbei über das gesetzlich Geforderte und bloße Philanthropie hinausgehen, die Instrumente des Stakeholder Managements sowie der Corporate Compliance. Im Alltag werden diese Managementansätze von kleinen, mittleren wie auch großen Unternehmen gleichermaßen angewendet. Daneben existiert eine Vielzahl an weiteren Konzepten, die sich bei näherer Betrachtung jedoch als Varianten der beiden vorgenannten Nachhaltigkeitskonzeptionen erweisen. Während die Unternehmen die betriebswirtschaftlichen Effekte ihres Nachhaltigkeitsengagements durchaus einschätzen können (Ressourcenzugewinn, Signal-, Motivations- und Bindungswirkungen), sind die volkswirtschaftlichen Effekte kaum eindeutig messbar. -- Sustainability aims at a responsible use of natural resources and the environment as well as at shaping corporate relations and restructuring the constitution of the firm. As such, sustainability is commonly and successfully used by small, medium as well as large enterprises. Enterprises that turn sustainability into a strategic business goal, going beyond legal compliance and philanthropic generosity, can make use of a variety of instruments within the scope of Stakeholder Management and Corporate Compliance. Other existing management concepts turn out to be variants of the before mentioned strategic concepts. Enterprises recognise in resource gains as well as signal-, motivation- and binding-effects the main impacts of their sustainable involvement. The effects of enterprise sustainability on the national economy, however, can hardly be quantified.
    Keywords: Nachhaltigkeit,Unternehmerische Verantwortung,CSR,Stakeholder Management,Corporate Compliance,KMU,Deutschland,Sustainability,Corporate Social Responsibility,Stakeholder Management,Corporate Compliance,SME,Germany
    JEL: D22 L11 L25 M12 M14 Q01
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:ifmmat:227&r=ger
  19. By: Gustav A. Horn; Alexander Herzog-Stein; Ansgar Rannenberg; Katja Rietzler; Silke Tober; Peter Hohlfeld; Fabian Lindner
    Abstract: The global economy will be slightly more dynamic during the forecast period. In particular, the emerging market economies will grow a bit faster as a result of higher export demand. The recovery in the United States will gain in strength, supported above all by private consumption expenditure. In the euro area outside Germany, production will pick up slightly given the decline in fiscal restriction, and GDP will increase by 0.6% in 2014. In the euro area as a whole, GDP growth will average 0.8% in 2014. In Germany, economic growth will continue to be restrained during the forecast period. Domestic demand remains the main driving force, the growth contribution of foreign trade being negative. German GDP will increase by 1.2% in 2014, after 0.4% in 2013. Unemployment will rise slightly to 7.0% in 2014, up from 6.9% in 2013. Consumer price inflation will average 1.5% in both years.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:89-2013&r=ger
  20. By: Hansen, Lars Peter (University of Chicago)
    Abstract: Lars Peter Hansen delivered his Prize Lecture on 8 December 2013 at Aula Magna, Stockholm University.
    Keywords: Asset Pricing;
    JEL: G12
    Date: 2013–12–08
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ris:nobelp:2013_007&r=ger
  21. By: Shiller, Robert J. (Yale University)
    Abstract: Robert J. Shiller delivered his Prize Lecture on 8 December 2013 at Aula Magna, Stockholm University.
    Keywords: Asset Pricing;
    JEL: G12
    Date: 2013–12–08
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ris:nobelp:2013_006&r=ger
  22. By: van der Klaauw, Bas (VU University Amsterdam)
    Abstract: This overview describes the development of methods for empirical research in the field of labor economics during the past four decades. This period is characterized by the use of micro data to answer policy relevant research question. Prominent in the literature is the search for exogenous variation in treatment assignment which can be exploited to estimate causal effects. With the increased availability of detailed administrative data empirical labor economics and more generally empirical microeconomics will become an even more prominent field in economics research.
    Keywords: treatment effects, endogeneity, selection, experiments, labor market behavior, microeconometrics
    JEL: C21 C26 C93 J68
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8047&r=ger
  23. By: 黃登興 (Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan)
    Abstract: 台灣實質薪資水準於近十多年來近乎停滯狀態。2001年的薪資還與韓國相當,月薪大約1300美元左右,到2011年台灣薪資停留1477美元的水準,而韓國則已經高達2738美元, 幾乎是台灣的兩倍。若考慮物價水準的趨勢變化, 則台灣的實質薪資甚至是倒退的。有鑑於台灣高度依賴外貿的經濟特質, 本文將從全球化與兩岸經貿關係來解析台灣的薪資停滯現象。理論上隨著經濟發展的演進,薪資成長減緩有其必然性,全球化尤其是勞工豐沛的大經濟體如中國的開放與融入國際貿易體系, 則促使這個薪資增長速度從遞增而減緩乃至停滯的演進速度變快。相對於日韓等鄰近國家,台灣高度依賴中國大陸的出口貿易與投資, 使得台灣薪資進入停滯期的階段提早到來。透過中國主要貿易夥伴的實證分析, 我們得到保持經濟發展的領先與技術優勢,可以顯著地讓先進國家拋開被中國低薪資水準所 牽絆的困境。
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:sin:wpaper:14-a005&r=ger
  24. By: Arman, Rebecka (Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University); Bergström, Ola (Department of Business Administration, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)
    Abstract: Denna studies övergripande syfte är att bidra med ökad kunskap om konsekvenserna av strukturomvandling inom detaljhandeln, när det gäller uppsägningar och omställningsarbete. Rapporten återger resultaten av en första delstudie som beskriver och analyserar varför och hur företag i detaljhandeln genomför uppsägningar. För att undersöka omställningsarbetet har vi genomfört intervjuer i ett urval av 15 företag inom detaljhandeln som genomgått förändringar och sagt upp personal. Resultaten av analysen beskrivs i tre olika grupper beroende på företagens storlek. Studien visar att ju större företag och ju mer komplex organisation, desto mer utförlig och komplicerad motivering gavs till uppsägningarna. Med ökad storlek kom ökad specialisering av omställningsarbetet inom företagen och även ökad distans till konsekvenserna för de enskilda anställda.
    Keywords: detaljhandeln; uppsägningar; förändringsledarskap; restructuring; retail; omställningsstöd; omställning
    Date: 2014–03–27
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhb:gunwba:2014_421&r=ger
  25. By: Eliasson, Jonas (KTH); Aronsson, Martin (SICS)
    Abstract: När inte järnvägskapaciteten räcker till för alla tågoperatörers önskemål ska Trafikverket enligt järnvägslagen fördela kapacitet till olika operatörer på ett samhällsekonomiskt effektivt sätt. För att utföra detta använder Trafikverket s k prioriteringskriterier. Vi diskuterar vi först ett antal problem med dessa, för att sedan argumentera att det i praktiken är omöjligt för Trafikverket att göra en samhällsekonomiskt effektiv prioritering mellan olika typer av kommersiell trafik och mellan kommersiell och offentligt beslutad trafik (såsom pendeltåg), eftersom väsentlig information om den kommersiella trafiken som t ex trafikvolymer, priser och vinster är okända för Trafikverket. Vi föreslår i stället en princip för kapacitetstilldelning där offentligt beslutad trafik värderas samhällsekonomiskt, medan kommersiell trafik (såväl som gods) tilldelas kapacitet med hjälp av olika typer av marknadsmekanismer såsom auktioner eller dynamisk prissättning.
    Keywords: Railway
    JEL: R40
    Date: 2014–03–25
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:ctswps:2014_004&r=ger
  26. By: Gisselquist, Rachel M.
    Abstract: Recent years have seen a proliferation of .composite indicators. or .indexes. of governance. Such measures can be useful tools for analysing governance, making public policy, building scientific knowledge, and even influencing ruling elites, but some are
    Keywords: governance, indexes, composite indicators, research methods, development
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-068&r=ger
  27. By: Fama, Eugene F. (University of Chicago)
    Abstract: Eugene F. Fama delivered his Prize Lecture on 8 December 2013 at Aula Magna, Stockholm University.
    Keywords: Asset Pricing;
    JEL: G12
    Date: 2013–12–08
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ris:nobelp:2013_008&r=ger
  28. By: Aurelio Volpe (CSIL Centre for Industrial Studies); Mauro Spinelli (CSIL Centre for Industrial Studies)
    Abstract: The Report 'The kitchen furniture market in Middle East and North Africa (MENA)' analyses supply structure, distribution system (channels), market demand, import-export flows, competitive system, providing statistical data and trends of kitchen furniture production and consumption, as well as import and export data. 2015 forecasts on number of kitchen sold is given for each country considered (Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates).
    JEL: L11 L22 L68 L81
    Date: 2013–11
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mst:csilre:s71&r=ger
  29. By: Richard Funderburg Author Workplace: University of Iowa; Timothy J. Bartik (W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research); Alan H. Peters (University of New South Wales Author Name: Peter S. Fisher Author Workplace: University of Iowa)
    Keywords: REGIONAL ISSUES, Business incentives, Tax incentives, Regional and urban studies
    JEL: R1
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:upj:weupjo:fbpfjrs&r=ger
  30. By: L. Ingber
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:lei:ingber:14bi&r=ger
  31. By: Céline Antonin (OFCE)
    Abstract: Alors que le premier semestre 2012 avait été marqué par une grande volatilité des cours, les prix du Brent sont restés relativement stables au deuxième semestre avec une moyenne à 110 dollars. Le Brent est actuellement soumis à plusieurs forces antagonistes (...).
    Keywords: petrole
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2l47ae14&r=ger
  32. By: Mitra, Arup; Verick, Sher
    Keywords: youth employment, youth unemployment, young worker, labour force participation, India, emploi des jeunes, chômage des jeunes, jeune travailleur, taux d'activité, Inde, empleo de jóvenes, desempleo de jóvenes, joven trabajador, tasa de actividad de mano de obra, India
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ilo:ilowps:480686&r=ger
  33. By: Aurelio Volpe (CSIL Centre for Industrial Studies)
    Abstract: During the 2008-2013 period, imports of lighting fixtures in Azerbaijan registered an average 20% growth yearly. There are a lot of projects planned to be realized in next several years, including construction of tourism resorts, hotel and business centers, health and recreation centers. The overall costs of projects provide for about USD 528 million. This report analyzes the lighting fixtures market in Azerbaijan, providing trends (2008-2013) in lighting fixtures production and consumption, imports and exports. Data on the supply structure, reference prices and distribution channels are also provided, as well as sales data, market shares and short company profiles of the major lighting fixtures companies operating on Azerbaijani market.
    JEL: L11 L22 L68 L81
    Date: 2014–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mst:csilre:s78&r=ger
  34. By: Jae-Hyun Jung; Eli Peli
    Date: 2014–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:qsh:wpaper:156421&r=ger
  35. By: Welter, Friederike; Brush, Candida; De Bruin, Anne
    Abstract: The paper builds on the understanding of context as suggested by Welter (2011) who introduced different dimensions of context along a continuum of where entrepreneurship takes place and when this happens. Where context has been studied in relation to gender and women, the focus has been on the influence of social contexts such as networks, family and household embeddedness of women entrepreneurs or the institutional environment for women's entrepreneurship. We contribute to the literature by identifying three further themes, based on a systematic literature review: how to conceptualise the spatial and institutional contexts for women's entrepreneurship and their intersections, as informed by entrepreneurship, gender and geography studies; the paradox of empowering women and the debate around mumpreneurship. Our analysis highlights the influence of spatial-institutional contexts on entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurial behaviour is gendered because of place which itself is gendered, reflecting local institutions such as accepted gender norms which may force women into specific industries or business sizes. We also highlight the agency of women entrepreneurs in influencing their spatial-institutional contexts. --
    Keywords: entrepreneurship,women's entrepreneurship,gender,entrepreneurship context
    JEL: J16 L26 M13
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:ifmwps:0114&r=ger
  36. By: Géraldine Rieucau (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé, LED - Laboratoire d'Economie Dionysien - Université Paris VIII - Vincennes Saint-Denis : EA3391)
    Abstract: Les politiques publiques encouragent les chômeurs les moins qualifiés à intensifier leurs recherches d'emploi et à se former. Or, les difficultés que rencontrent ces derniers sur le marché du travail peuvent aussi résulter de la sélection opérée par les recruteurs. C'est ce que montrent des enquêtes sur les pratiques de recrutement menées dans la grande distribution en France et au Royaume-Uni. Cette recherche souligne le rôle des canaux d'embauche et leurs liens avec les critères de sélection déterminants. À côté des mises en relation de proximité (candidatures déposées en mains propres, annonces placardées) où la sélection des candidats est assurée en magasin et porte sur l'apparence, l'attitude et la disponibilité, co-existent des appariements via les sites internet, où la sélection se fait sur CV ou par test. Le recrutement en magasin peut alimenter les jugements arbitraires, celui via internet exclure ceux qui maîtrisent mal l'outil informatique ou ne sont pas retenus sur CV. S'il devenait exclusif, le recrutement à distance pourrait pénaliser les chômeurs les moins avantagés.
    Keywords: recherche d'emploi et recrutement;études et comparaisons sectorielles;comparaisons internationales
    Date: 2013–05–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00969310&r=ger
  37. By: Socha-Dietrich, Karolina (COHERE, Department of Business and Economics); Zweifel, Peter (Department of Economics)
    Abstract: In several countries, public healthcare providers purchase services from private providers to shorten waiting times. Some private providers in turn combine public service with practice in their own facilities. According to the existing literature, they are viewed as cream-skimming profitable (low-severity) public patients to the benefit of private practice, causing cost of treatment in the public sector to increase. This is particularly problematic when public provider payment is prospective. However, two facts seem to be neglected. First, cream skimming involves effort and thus does not occur in all circumstances. Second, public providers might have an incentive to select patients too, resulting in dumping of the least profitable (high-severity) patients on the private sector. This paper derives the conditions under which both creaming and dumping are predicted to occur.
    Keywords: Creaming; Dumping; Waiting lists; Public Service; Dual Practice
    JEL: I11 I18
    Date: 2014–03–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:sduhec:2014_004&r=ger
  38. By: Henri Sterdyniak (OFCE)
    Abstract: Sous la pression des marchés financiers et des institutions européennes, le gouvernement s’est cru tenu de présenter une nouvelle réforme des retraites en 2013, trois ans après celle de 2010. Pourtant, la question des retraites ne devrait pas être aujourd’hui la priorité de la politique économique française : retrouver une croissance satisfaisante, réorienter la stratégie macroéconomique de la zone euro, donner une nouvelle impulsion à la politique industrielle française dans le cadre de la transition écologique sont des réformes autrement plus urgentes...
    Date: 2013–09–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09nge336sbj&r=ger
  39. By: Sandrine Levasseur (OFCE); Céline Antonin (OFCE)
    Abstract: Le 1er juillet 2013, 10 ans après avoir déposé sa demande d’adhésion à l’Union européenne, la Croatie deviendra le 28e État membre de l’UE, et le deuxième pays de l’ex-Yougoslavie à intégrer l’Union. Dans cette note, après un rapide état des lieux, nous reviendrons sur ce qui nous semble être les deux principales faiblesses du pays : d’une part, son manque de compétitivité, et d’autre part, son niveau de corruption encore beaucoup trop élevé pour lui garantir une croissance soutenue et durable (...).
    Date: 2013–06–26
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09ne294b21o&r=ger
  40. By: Nicholas Sander (Reserve Bank of New Zealand)
    Abstract: Macroeconomics makes extensive use of concepts for which there are no observed data. Empirical estimates of such unobservable variables - core inflation is one example - have to be estimated from observed data. The data decomposition tool helps identify the contribution of each piece of observed data to the estimate of the unobservable variable.
    Date: 2013–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nzb:nzbans:2013/09&r=ger
  41. By: Gisselquist, Rachel M.; Nino-Zarazua, Miguel
    Abstract: In recent years, randomized controlled trials have become increasingly popular in the social sciences. In development economics in particular, their use has attracted considerable debate in relation to the identification of .what works. in development pol
    Keywords: randomised control trials, governance, development
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-077&r=ger
  42. By: Rogner, H-Holger
    Abstract: Foreign aid and technology transfer are an essential means, especially for the least developed countries, towards meeting the Millennium Development Goals as well as facilitating adaptation to, and mitigation of, climate change. The deployment of technolo
    Keywords: official development assistance, foreign aid, climate change mitigation, renewables, good practices
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-055&r=ger
  43. By: Casey B. Mulligan
    Abstract: Under the Affordable Care Act, between six and eleven million workers would increase their disposable income by cutting their weekly work hours. About half of them would primarily do so by making themselves eligible for the ACA's federal assistance with health insurance premiums and out-of-pocket health costs, despite the fact that subsidized workers are not able to pay health premiums with pre-tax dollars. The remainder would do so primarily by relieving their employers from penalties, or the threat of penalties, pursuant to the ACA's employer mandate. Women, especially those who are not married, are more likely than men to have their short-term financial reward to full-time work eliminated by the ACA. Additional workers, beyond the six to eleven million, could increase their disposable income by using reduced hours to climb one of the "cliffs" that are part of the ACA's mapping from household income to federal assistance.
    JEL: E24 H21 I38
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nbr:nberwo:20020&r=ger
  44. By: Yanai, Akiko
    Abstract: With the growing interest in environmental issues in the global community, recently concluded regional trade agreements (RTAs) have introduced environmental provisions. These RTAs will help achieve sustainable development at the intersection of trade liberalization and ever-increasing environmental concerns. However, environmental provisions are not incorporated into all RTAs. For example, Japanese RTAs often incorporate environmental issues only in the preamble or relevant articles. As the first step in examining the environmental provisions in RTAs, this paper focuses on the RTAs that Japan has concluded with developing countries. The main characteristic of environmental provisions in Japanese RTAs is that there are very few relevant provisions. All Japanese RTAs has neither environmental chapters nor side agreements. However, the attitude toward the environment in Japanese RTAs has gradually changed since the signing of the Japan-Chile EPA in 2007, in which a joint environmental statement was adopted. Although Japanese RTAs have environmental provisions, environmental problems originating from the RTAs may occur. One of the possible causes is a lack of environmental impact assessment. Japanese RTAs need to incorporate an environmental impact assessment system in order to identify environmental problems resulting from its RTAs, and to enable the country to take appropriate measures at the appropriate time.
    Keywords: Developing countries, Japan, Environmental protection, International trade, FTA, International agreements, Sustainable development, Regional trade agreement, Environmental provisions, Trade and the environment, RoHS, REACH
    JEL: F18
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper467&r=ger
  45. By: Markus Pasche (School of Economics and Business Administration, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena)
    Abstract: In case of digital goods such like music, intellectual property rights are typically not exerted by the creators (artists) but by intermediaries. Their profits, and therefore also the income of the artists, are endangered by copyright infringements (piracy). It is well known from static welfare analysis that to some extent piracy reduces the deadweight loss by limiting monopoly power and could therefore increase welfare. This paper contributes to the discussion by including the costs of law enforcement into the welfare analysis. Most models in the literature assume that law is enforced by governmental activities. In contrast, this paper considers that law enforcement is exerted by agents (e.g. lawyer chancellories, provider of screening technologies) which are also seen as intermediaries. The enforcement effort is therefore endogenously determined. It is shown that this will lead to suboptimal welfare outcomes. A social planner has to regulate punishment and enforcement effort to a moderate level. A more rigorous fight against piracy could only be justified by negative dynamic welfare effects due to a loss of creativity. However, there is no empirical evidence for that.
    Keywords: digital goods, music, piracy, copyright, intermediation, law en- forcement, welfare
    JEL: D60 L12 K11 K42
    Date: 2014–03–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2014-008&r=ger
  46. By: Yusuf Kocoglu (LEAD - Laboratoire d'Économie Appliquée au Développement - Université de Toulon : EA3163, CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé); Frédéric Moatty (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé, TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV))
    Abstract: À partir d'un échantillon représentatif des entreprises françaises de dix salariés et plus des secteurs marchands, issu de l'enquête Changements Organisationnels et Informatisation (COI) de 2006, les auteurs dressent un bilan statistique de la diffusion des ERP (Progiciels de gestion intégrée) et montrent que celle-ci se situe entre mythe et réalité. Tout d'abord, la diffusion des ERP se renforce, principalement à l'intérieur de ses bastions d'origine, les grandes entreprises, les groupes et l'industrie manufacturière. Mais, dans les entreprises, l'intégration des fonctions au moyen des ERP reste partielle en 2006 et n'est pas plus importante que celle permise par d'autres progiciels. Ces résultats révèlent que les stratégies évolutionnistes d'adoption et l'intégration limitée sont beaucoup plus répandues que les stratégies d'intégration totale. La rationalisation des organisations par les ERP ne conduit pas à une convergence vers un modèle unique mais témoigne de la variété des degrés et des stratégies d'intégration. L'entreprise intégrée reste marquée par des choix stratégiques qui reflètent sa position économique et une certaine prudence dans ses investissements technico-organisationnels.
    Keywords: ERP; intégration; changement organisationnel; stratégies des firmes; statistiques
    Date: 2014–03–27
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00966857&r=ger
  47. By: Fabien Santini (European Commission – JRC - IPTS); Fatmir Guri (European Commission – JRC - IPTS); Audrey Aubard; Demetrios Psaltopoulos (Department of Economics University of Patras); Robert Read (Department of Economics Management School Lancaster University); Sergio Gomez y Paloma (European Commission – JRC - IPTS)
    Abstract: Farming in the islands of the European Union faces specific challenges due to isolation and small size, which justify specific policy tools in terms of structural and regional polices. The question whether the output of island farming (island agricultural and food products) is of such a specific quality that labelling it as such by ways of an optional quality term in the sense of Regulation (EC) No 1151/2012 is justified or not. Capturing the socio-economic reality of island farming in the EU as well as the labelling strategies pursued by stakeholders on the market demonstrates that a specific labelling rule for island products has benefits in particular for small producers and/or small islands, but that it would better be accompanied by the labelling of the specific name of the island(s) concerned.
    Keywords: Sustainable agriculture, Food quality, agricultural products quality policy, food labelling, rural development, Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), island farming, less favoured areas
    JEL: Q18 Q13 R11
    Date: 2014–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipt:iptwpa:jrc84949&r=ger
  48. By: Thomas Y. Mathä; Alessandro Porpiglia; Michael Ziegelmeyer
    Abstract: This paper analyses empirically how cross-border consumption varies across product and services categories and across household characteristics. It focuses on the part of crossborder sales that arise due to work-related cross-border crossings; it analyses the crossborder consumption behaviour of cross-border commuter households residing in Belgium, France and Germany and working in Luxembourg. In total, it is estimated that these households spend ?925 million per annum in Luxembourg, reflecting about 17% of their gross annual income from Luxembourg and contributing about 10% to total household final consumption expenditure in Luxembourg. Cross-border consumption expenditure is shown to depend on individual and household characteristics, such as total household income, the number of cross-border commuters in the household, distance between home and work, as well as price level (index) differences between Luxembourg and its neighbouring countries. Cross-border commuters take advantage of existing arbitrage opportunities.
    Keywords: Cross-border shopping, commuting, consumption, expenditure, households
    JEL: F15 R12 R23 J61
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:bcl:bclwop:bclwp089&r=ger
  49. By: Rick Van der Ploeg; Samuel Wills; Ton van den Bremer
    Abstract: Many oil exporters accumulate large sovereign wealth funds, though their portfolio allocation does not take into account below-ground assets, like oil. Similarly, the above-ground portfolio does not affect the decision to extract oil. This paper shows that subsoil oil wealth should change a country's above-ground asset allocation in two ways. First, the holding of all risky assets is leveraged because there is additional wealth outside the fund. Second, more (less) is invested in financial assets that are negatively (positively) correlated with oil to hedge against the riskiness of subsoil exposure. Furthermore, if marginal oil rents move pro-cyclically with the value of the financial assets in the fund, then oil will be extracted slower than predicted by the standard Hotelling rule. This leaves a buffer of oil to be extracted when both oil prices and asset returns are high. Finally, any unhedged residual volatility must be managed through additional precautionary saving.
    Keywords: oil, portfolio allocation, sovereign wealth fund, optimal extraction
    JEL: E21 G11 G15 O13 Q32 Q33
    Date: 2013–12–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:oxf:wpaper:oxcarre-research-paper-129&r=ger
  50. By: Lucie Vidoviæová
    Abstract: In this paper we present a general assessment of the labour market situation of older workers in the Czech Republic, starting with a more general overview of the demographic situation and emphasizing the generational differences among the young-old and older cohorts, underlying a number of different problems as well as solutions. Further in the paper we address the impact of the recent economic situation on employment levels, showing that the recovery in terms of employment has not yet begun and that the impact on older workers is (at least) two-fold: firstly, for older workers it is very difficult to find a new job once unemployed; secondly, if employed, the pressure on workability and the increasing demands of workplaces may be harder to bear for the older the worker. We describe a National Action Plan Supporting Positive Ageing (2013-2017) and other examples of good and transferable praxes which address some of the active ageing issues in an innovative way. The second part of this report examinethe issues of employability, workability and age-managementas perceived by some of the key actors. We go into greater detail on the topic of paid work after retirement, which is considered an important part of the Czech economy, despite the fact that the employment of sizable groups of older workers after retirement is undeclared. Self-entrepreneurship and independent work in later life are another realm of employment that is increasing in importance in the Czech economy; however, as consulted experts argue, it is not to be taken as an unproblematic solution to late-life careers. In the last chapter we turn our attention to the lifelong learning of older workers and to their up-skilling/retraining. In the concluding remarks, we reemphasize the need to address the heterogeneity of the older workforce, in the sense of age/generational affiliation, health, socio-economic and other characteristics.
    Keywords: Older workers, Labour market, Lifelong learning, Active ageing, Good practice, Czech Republic, Paid work after retirement, Self-entrepreneurship, Trade unions, Focus groups
    JEL: H55 H75 M12 M50
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:sec:cnstan:0469&r=ger
  51. By: Henri Sterdyniak (OFCE)
    Abstract: François Hollande et le gouvernement Ayrault veulent de nouveau réformer les retraites en 2013, trois ans après la réforme de 2010. Dans son intervention du 28 mars, François Hollande a mis en avant le déficit prévu de 20 milliards en 2020 pour annoncer un nouvel allongement de la durée de cotisations tout en refusant la désindexation des petites retraites et des retraites du régime général. Jean-Marc Ayrault annonce que la « réforme traitera la pénibilité au travail, la complexité des régimes et résoudra les inégalités. Au final, nous paierons les retraites, nous préserverons les plus petites retraites et nous pérenniserons les régimes de retraite pour les générations à venir » (...).
    Date: 2013–04–24
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09ne5qj60b2&r=ger
  52. By: Guillaume Allegre (OFCE)
    Abstract: Dans un article à paraître dans le Journal of Economic Perspectives, Greg Mankiw, professeur à l’Université Harvard et auteur reconnu de manuels universitaires, défend les revenus perçus par les 1 % les plus aisés (en opposition au mouvement 99 % qui dénonce l’explosion des inégalités et la concentration des revenus et du patrimoine). Mankiw cite ainsi l’étude de Thomas Piketty et Emmanuel Saez (2003, mise à jour 2011)2, montrant qu’aux États-Unis, la part du revenu gagnée par les 1 % les plus aisés est passée de 7,7 % en 1973 à 17,4 % en 2010 (...).
    Date: 2013–07–05
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09ne24mao35&r=ger
  53. By: Christine Rifflart (OFCE); Sabine Le Bayon (OFCE); Pierre Madec
    Abstract: Le marché locatif privé est, depuis maintenant plus d’une décennie, sujet à une crise profonde (hausse des loyers, paupérisation des locataires, mobilité résidentielle bloquée, ...). Dans ce contexte, les pouvoirs publics ont récemment mis en place deux mesures. L’une encadrant l’évolution des loyers dans les zones sous tensions, l’autre agissant sur l’offre par le biais d’un nouveau dispositif d’incitation fiscale à l’investissement locatif. Après un état des lieux du marché locatif privé, nous nous proposons d’évaluer l’impact de ces mesures gouvernementales sur les loyers, les taux d’effort supportés par les locataires, les rendements perçus par les propriétaires, ou encore sur la construction. Il ressort de cette étude quel’encadrement, s’il est pérennisé, pourrait certes stopper l’inflation des loyers dans les zones ciblées et avoir un impact positif sur le taux d’effort des ménages les plus modestes,notamment si plusieurs obstacles sont surmontés (maintien de l’offre, transparence de l’information, ...). Concernant le dispositif Duflot, en s’appuyant sur des plafonds de ressources et de loyers trop élevés, il bénéficierait peu aux classes moyennes inférieures, alors même que son coût fiscal s’avère non négligeable. Bien que la régulation du marché locatif paraisse être, dans ces conditions, une équation insoluble compte tenu des attentes des parties prenantes (État, bailleurs privés et locataires), certaines solutions existent comme le développement de l’offre locative sociale ou encore de l’accession sociale à la propriété. Ces solutions, coûteuses mais pérennes, permettraient de détendre durablement un marché locatif privé saturé.
    Keywords: marché locatif; logement; regulation; encadrement; taux d'effort; loyers
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/f6h8764enu2lskk9p50316t2l&r=ger
  54. By: Various authors
    Keywords: Social Enterprises
    JEL: J
    Date: 2014–03–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8079&r=ger
  55. By: Céline Antonin (OFCE); Vincent Touze (OFCE)
    Abstract: Depuis août 2012, la remontée en Bourse des valeurs bancaires et la baisse de leur volatilité attestent d’un retour de la confiance. Cette confiance retrouvée est-elle durable ? C’est à cette question que la Note de l’OFCE n° 36 du 11 décembre 2013 s’attache à répondre, à partir de l’état des lieux de la situation des banques fin 2013.
    Date: 2013–12–11
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oe802esrl&r=ger
  56. By: Michaël Zemmour (Centre lillois d'études et de recherches sociologiques et économiques (CLERSE))
    Abstract: La France a recours aux dépenses socio-fiscales (i.e. des dispositifs de dérogations aux prélèvements obligatoires) pour intervenir dans le champ de la protection sociale : i) soit du côté des prestations comme complément ou substitut aux prestations directes ii) soit du côté du financement en modifiant la structure des prélèvements sociaux. Sur la base de rapports publics récents, nous proposons une base de données chiffrée de l’ensemble des dépenses sociofiscales qui interviennent dans le champ de la protection sociale en 2011. Nous proposons une classification en quatre catégories : i) renoncement à des recettes sociales pour des motifs de politiques économiques (emploi) ii) dépenses fiscales assimilables à des prestations en espèces ii) incitations à la réalisation de dépenses privées iii) non-imposition ou imposition à taux réduit des prestations sociales. Chacune de ces catégories contribue à façonner l’Etat-providence à la française. Les dépenses socio-fiscales jouent un rôle particulièrement structurant dans les domaines des politiques de l’emploi, des services à la personne, de la protection sociale privée en entreprise et dans la politique familiale. Nous passons en revue les principales évaluations académiques et nous confrontons nos données aux éléments de comparaison internationale disponibles.
    Date: 2013–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6o65lgig8d0qcro9oj599gl90&r=ger
  57. By: Baulch, Bob; Tam, Le Vi An
    Abstract: This paper analyses the distribution of total aid and aid to the social sectors between 2009 and 2011. Its key findings are four-fold. First, despite the stated objectives of donors, total aid disbursements are broadly neutral, favouring neither the most
    Keywords: aid, social sectors, concentration curves, progressivity
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-075&r=ger
  58. By: Andersson, Åke E. (Jönköping International Business School); Andersson , David Emanuel (Nottingham University Business School China); Hårsman, Björn (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology); Daghbashyan, Zara (CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology)
    Abstract: Unemployment rates differ dramatically across European regions. This paper analyses these differences by integrating institutional and spatial perspectives into a unified theoretical framework. An econometric model is then used to analyse differences among European NUTS2 regions. The results of random-effects models indicate that there are four key factors that explain regional unemployment rates. Flexible labour market regulations and above-average levels of interpersonal trust are institutional factors that reduce unemployment. Accessibility factors such as inter-regional transport connectivity and local access to skilled workers have similarly substantial effects. Whether a region belongs to the Eurozone or not seems to be less important.
    Keywords: unemployment; Euro; institutions; accessibility
    JEL: R10 R15 R23 R28
    Date: 2014–03–26
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0355&r=ger
  59. By: Amel Falah (OFCE)
    Abstract: En 2012, la croissance de l’activité en Asie a bien résisté, malgré une baisse de régime durant l’été. Son dynamisme toujours impressionnant contraste encore avec une conjoncture mondiale souvent incertaine. Malgré la faiblesse des économies avancées, l’Asie émergente a maintenu un rythme de croissance assez soutenu, même s’il a ralenti en 2012 (+5,8 % en net repli par rapport aux +7,5 % de 2011). La demande intérieure a soutenu la croissance dans l’ensemble de la région, les gouvernements recourant à la fois aux politiques budgétaire et monétaire pour stimuler la consommation et l’investissement. Les marges de manoeuvre monétaire et budgétaire sont confortables, même si les tensions inflationnistes en Inde et en Indonésie et la hausse des prix immobiliers en Chine incitent à la prudence. La faiblesse de la demande extérieure a pesé sur la croissance en 2012 dans la plupart des économies de la région. De ce fait, les excédents des soldes courants se sont détériorés l’an dernier, mais les positions des réserves internationales sont demeurées fortes, reflétant des entrées considérables de capitaux. Malgré les politiques monétaires très expansionnistes des pays émergents, leurs monnaies se sont ré appréciées vis-à-vis du dollar, particulièrement depuis fin 2012. Des mouvements violents vis-à-vis du yen ont été enregistrés fin 2012 avec l’arrivée au pouvoir du nouveau Premier ministre.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oap3o08ol&r=ger
  60. By: Noélie Delahaie (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales - IRES); Richard Duhautois (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé, TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV))
    Abstract: En France, les dispositifs collectifs de partage des bénéfices - intéressement et participation aux bénéfices - sont des mécanismes qui permettent la constitution d'une épargne salariale. D'après les résultats de l'enquête PIPA (Participation, Intéressement, Plan d'épargne entreprise et Actionnariat des salariés) menée par la Dares depuis 1999, l'épargne salariale connaît une diffusion croissante dans les entreprises. En 2010, plus de 57 % des salariés du secteur marchand non agricole étaient concernés par au moins un dispositif. En raison de l'obligation légale de mise en œuvre dans les entreprises de 50 salariés ou plus, la participation aux bénéfices demeure le dispositif le plus répandu et concerne 44,8 % des salariés en 2010, contre 38,1 % en 1999. Sur la même période, la part des salariés couverts par un accord d'intéressement passe de 27,4 % à 37,3 %. Dans la littérature économique, les enjeux de l'épargne salariale, et surtout de l'intéressement, en termes d'incitation à l'effort sont bien documentés : la majorité des travaux observe des effets positifs de ce dispositif sur la productivité du travail. En revanche, les effets sur les salaires font l'objet d'un nombre plus réduit d'études, notamment sur des données françaises et sur la période récente. Dans ce contexte, quel est l'impact des dispositifs collectifs de partage des bénéfices (intéressement et participation aux bénéfices) sur les salaires en France entre 1999 et 2007 ? Les dispositifs collectifs de partage des bénéfices et les primes auxquelles ils donnent lieu se substituent-ils aux augmentations de salaire ? Ou bien sont-ils complémentaires ?
    Keywords: partage du profit; intéressement; participation;salaires.
    Date: 2013–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00967479&r=ger
  61. By: Gregory, Bob (Australian National University)
    Abstract: Three decades ago most immigrants to Australia with work entitlements came as permanent settlers. Today the annual allocation of temporary visas, with work entitlements, outnumbers permanent settler visas by a ratio of three to one. The new environment, with so many temporary visa holders, has led to a two-step immigration policy whereby an increasing proportion of immigrants come first as a temporary immigrant, to work or study, and then seek to move to permanent status. Around one half of permanent visas are allocated on-shore to those who hold temporary visas with work rights. The labour market implications of this new two-step system are substantial. Immigrants from non-English speaking countries (NES), are affected most. In their early years in Australia, they have substantially reduced full-time employment and substantially increased part-time employment, usually while attending an education institution. Three years after arrival one third of NES immigrants are now employed part-time which, rather than unemployment, is becoming their principal pathway to full-time labour market integration. Surprisingly, little has changed for immigrants from English speaking countries (ES).
    Keywords: immigrant part-time employment, fee paying foreign students, temporary employment visas, labour market integration, immigrants, employment
    JEL: J15 J61 J68 F22
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8061&r=ger
  62. By: Cetrángolo, Oscar; Goldschmit, Ariela; Gómez Sabaíni, Juan Carlos; Morán, Dalmiro
    Keywords: informal economy, informal workers, social protection, social security, contributions, Argentina, économie informelle, travailleurs informels, protection sociale, sécurité sociale, cotisations, Argentine, economía informal, trabajadores informales, protección social, seguridad social, cotizaciones, Argentina
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ilo:ilowps:484593&r=ger
  63. By: Samuel T. Edwards; Melinda K. Abrams; Richard J. Baron; Robert A. Berenson; Eugene C. Rich; Gary E. Rosenthal; Meredith B. Rosenthal; Bruce E. Landon
    Keywords: PCMH, Patient Centered Medical Home, Affordable Care Act, Structuring Payment
    JEL: I
    Date: 2014–04–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8091&r=ger
  64. By: Jean-Luc Gaffard (OFCE); Jean-Paul Pollin (Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans)
    Abstract: C’est au niveau européen que se situe la dernière chance d’une réforme structurelle des systèmes bancaires, c’est-à-dire d’une séparation entre les activités de banque d’investissement et celles de banque commerciale. A en croire la profession bancaire et certains milieux académiques, cette séparation est au mieux inutile et au pire dommageable. Il serait illusoire de vouloir séparer les activités risquées des activités non risquées, les activités non spéculatives des activités spéculatives. Toute activité bancaire est risquée, sinon spéculative. Après tout, la crise des subprime aux Etats-Unis, la crise des caisses d’épargne en Espagne, la crise de la Northern Rock en Grande-Bretagne résultent de risques inconsidérés pris dans l’octroi de crédits immobiliers aux ménages (...).
    Date: 2013–11–19
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1cud3763momrc7c9o91o4g581&r=ger
  65. By: Amel Falah (OFCE)
    Abstract: En 2012, l’Asie apparaît encore comme la principale zone de croissance dans le monde, même si les scores ne sont plus aussi flamboyants qu’auparavant. Elle affiche une croissance de 5,8 %, en net repli par rapport aux 7,5 % de 2011. Ces dernières années, les pays émergents s’en sont, d’une manière générale, beaucoup mieux sortis que les pays développés, que ce soit en termes de croissance économique, d’endettement public ou de balance commerciale (...).
    Keywords: Asie
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2lgl8ggo&r=ger
  66. By: Christine Rifflart (OFCE)
    Abstract: Engagée depuis la fin de l’année 2009, la reprise se poursuit aux Etats-Unis à un rythme modéré. Après 1,8 % en 2011 et 2,8 % en 2012, la croissance a ralenti fin 2012. Frappée par les mesures d’ajustement budgétaire décidées en début d’année à la suite des négociations autour du fiscal cliff, elle est passée en rythme annuel à 1,6 % au deuxième trimestre 2013. Ce choc vient à nouveau interrompre une reprise encore fragile. De par son faible contenu en emploi, cette reprise s’avère insuffisante pour enclencher une véritable dynamique de la demande. Tant que cette situation durera, le marché du travail restera bloqué et la croissance américaine ne suffira pas à refermer un output gap, d’environ 3 % du PIB. D’autant que le changement de discours de la Réserve fédérale sur sa politique monétaire non conventionnelle s’est déjà traduit par la hausse des taux d’intérêt à long terme et que l’importance de la dette publique (16 738 milliards de dollars, soit 100,5 % du PIB à la fin du deuxième trimestre 2013) maintient la pression sur l’ajustement budgétaire. En 2013, l’impulsion budgétaire devrait rester élevée avant de s’alléger à -0,7 en 2014. La croissance, après 1,5 % en 2013 pourrait s’accélérer autour de 2,5 % en 2014 et 2015.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oap3444q2&r=ger
  67. By: Maxime Parodi
    Abstract: Une monnaie cosmopolitique est une monnaie commune à plusieurs nations et fondée explicitement sur une forme de co-souveraineté. Une telle monnaie n’est possible qu’en acceptant une politique monétaire et des politiques budgétaires et fiscales fondées sur des raisons partagées, où chacun est responsable des engagements monétaires qu’il prend et coresponsable de la capacité de chacun à mener une politique économique adéquate. Pour durer, cette monnaie exige une attention soutenue sur les divergences macroéconomiques entre les partenaires et les difficultés que rencontrent chacun; elle impose une concertation ouverte sur les raisons de ces divergences et de ces difficultés; elle nécessite une force de propositions sur les remèdes possibles, à court, moyen et long terme; enfin, elle exige la coopération volontaire de chacun, à condition toutefois d’en avoir la capacité.Une telle coopération monétaire repose sur une union cosmopolitique, qui est comme une société toujours en train de se faire mais jamais achevée entre des partenaires conservant leur souveraineté.Une telle union n’écrit pas de contrat social; elle ne promulgue pas nécessairement de lois ou de traités pour résoudre ses problèmes, même lorsqu’elle est convaincue de la nécessité d’une réponse collective au problème. Face à certains problèmes hautement conflictuels, il n’y aura ainsi pas d’autre choix que d’en passer à chaque fois par le jugement commun des gouvernements co- souverains. Dans ce cas, la seule garantie que peuvent espérer obtenir les partenaires de l’union, c’est que le jugement commun traduira le mieux possible l’esprit de l’union, la volonté de continuer à faire le chemin ensemble.
    Keywords: E42; E61; F42
    Date: 2013–06
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/f6h8764enu2lskk9p50c4i5qm&r=ger
  68. By: Feder, Christof (University of Turin)
    Abstract: Antonelli and Quatraro (2010) apply a speciÖc methodology to identify the e§ects of biased technological change on productivity growth. However, this method has been criticized by Ji and Wang (2014). This research note is a reply to their critique.
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:uto:dipeco:201404&r=ger
  69. By: Thomas J. Miceli (University of Connecticut); Kathleen Segerson (University of Connecticut)
    Abstract: The holdup and holdout problems arise in different contexts, but they share certain fundamental similarities that have not generally been recognized. In particular, both involve activities requiring an up-front, non-salvageable investment, and both require the investor to purchase an input, the price of which is determined by bargaining after the initial investment has been made. The effect of the up-front investment is to reduce the investor’s bargaining power with the seller of the input. The anticipation of the outcome of this bargaining creates a disincentive for the investor to undertake the project in the first place, causing some efficient projects to be foregone. Remedies for the two problems, though outwardly different, share features that reflect the common source of their inefficiency.
    Keywords: Holdup problem, holdout problem, non-salvageable investments, eminent domain, contracts, vertical integration
    JEL: D23 K11 L14 L23
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:uct:uconnp:2014-08&r=ger
  70. By: Lundborg , Per (Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University); Skedinger, Per (Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN))
    Abstract: -
    Keywords: -
    Date: 2014–03–26
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:sofiwp:2014_004&r=ger
  71. By: Aghadadashli, Hamid; Wey, Christian
    Abstract: We study sequential bargaining between two unions and a single firm. Parties bargain bilaterally and efficiently (over wage and employment). The unions' workforces can be substitutable (tariff competition) or complementary (tariff plurality or craft unionism). If unions are substitutable, then too many workers from the first union are employed at the cost of employment from the second union (with overall overemployment). If unions are complementary, then employment of both unions is reduced (with overall underemployment). Unions merge when workers are substitutable but stay separate if complementary, so that the inefficiencies associated with craft unionism persist. --
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:dicedp:138&r=ger
  72. By: Kévin André (ESSEC Business School - ESSEC Business School)
    Abstract: Si les relations de care émergent généralement de manière spontanée dans le contexte domestique (Noddings, 1984), certains auteurs plaident pour la reconnaissance de leur rôle en dehors de la sphère privée (Tronto, 2009), notamment dans le contexte de la prise en charge des personnes en situation de dépendance (Winnicott, 1970). Nous nous appuyons sur une recherche menée au sein de l'Association Française contre les Myopathies (AFM) pour montrer en quoi les " référents de parcours de santé " de l'AFM peuvent être qualifiés de professionnels du care. Nous discutons des conditions qui ont permis cette professionnalisation du care et des implications pour une meilleure intégration des soins.
    Keywords: éthique du care; intégration des systèmes de soin; professionnalisation; dépendance; gestion de cas
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00967178&r=ger
  73. By: Adoho, Franck; Chakravarty, Shubha; Korkoyah, Jr, Dala T.; Lundberg, Mattias; Tasneem, Afia
    Abstract: This paper presents findings from the impact evaluation of the Economic Empowerment of Adolescent Girls and Young Women (EPAG) project in Liberia. The EPAG project was launched by the Liberian Ministry of Gender and Development in 2009 with the goal of increasing the employment and income of 2,500 young Liberian women by providing livelihood and life skills training and facilitating their transition to productive work. The analysis in this paper is based on data collected during two rounds of quantitative surveys in 2010 and 2011, the second of which was conducted six months after the classroom-based phase of the training program ended. Strong impacts are found on the employment and earnings outcomes of program participants, relative to a control group of non-participants. The EPAG program increased employment by 47 percent and earnings by 80 percent. In addition, the impact evaluation documents positive effects on a variety of empowerment measures, including access to money, self-confidence, and anxiety about circumstances and the future. The evaluation finds no net impact on fertility or sexual behavior. At the household level, there is evidence of improved food security and shifting attitudes toward gender norms. These results reinforce the highly positive feedback received from focus group discussions with program participants. Finally, preliminary cost-benefit analysis indicates that the budgetary cost of the EPAG business development training for young women is equivalent to the value of three years of the increase in income among program beneficiaries. These preliminary results provide strong evidence for further investment and research into young women's livelihood programs in Liberia.
    Keywords: Primary Education,Population Policies,Education For All,Access&Equity in Basic Education,Labor Policies
    Date: 2014–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6832&r=ger
  74. By: Pieter Laubscher (Bureau for Economic Research, University of Stellenbosch)
    Abstract: The SA Reserve Bank (SARB) regularly determines the upper and lower turning points of the South African business cycle, but this is only completed after all the relevant information has been obtained, confirmed and analysed, causing a lengthy time lag between the actual determination and the event. The current research aimed to design a recession-dating algorithm, which could allow the Bureau for Economic Research (BER) to make accurate calls on business cycle turning points substantially sooner after the event than is the case with the official SARB determination, which typically lags actual turning points by 18 to 24 months. The proposed algorithm includes, as a point of departure, the advance signals given by the yield spread (between 3-month and 10-year government bonds), as well as a consideration of the local moments of five high-frequency economic time series. The turning point signals provided by these indicators (and after the application of censoring rules) are integrated by reconciling the differences through the use of the median date in order to derive true business cycle turning points. The algorithm was tested for the five recessions experienced over the 1981 to 2013 period. It was found that the algorithm could be applied successfully in calling the business cycle turning points over this 32-year period avoiding any false positives. A high degree of accuracy was also obtained, i.e. a median two month lag in respect of upper turning points (or peaks) of the SARB-determined business cycle and a one month lead in respect of lower turning points (i.e. troughs). The algorithm will not only allow the BER to make close calls on business cycle turning points, it will be able to do this with a much shorter time delay following actual turning points compared to the SARB’s official determination.
    Keywords: Business cycles, turning points, quantitative analysis of business cycles
    JEL: C41 E32
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:sza:wpaper:wpapers211&r=ger
  75. By: Margarida Hatem Pinto Coelho; Patrícia A. Morita Sakowski
    Abstract: Este texto tem como base uma série de estudos e pesquisas que o Ipea desenvolve desde 2003 a respeito do mercado de trabalho e do desempenho do setor turismo, bem como do impacto econômico e social deste setor em nível nacional, regional e estadual. Complementa textos anteriores, trazendo dados detalhados sobre o perfil da mão de obra formal do turismo no Brasil. As estimativas contemplam oito atividades características do turismo (ACTs) que representam a maior parte dos gastos dos turistas: alojamento; alimentação; transporte aéreo; transporte terrestre; transporte aquaviário; agências de viagem; aluguel de transporte; e cultura e lazer. As observações apresentadas têm caráter descritivo, a maior parte delas referindo-se a um marco específico no tempo (dezembro de 2011) e poderão servir para o monitoramento do setor; a elaboração de análises sobre a sua dinâmica; o diagnóstico e a definição de ações voltadas para a capacitação da mão de obra e o incremento da competitividade do turismo no Brasil, bem como subsidiar futuras análises e estudos sobre o tema, em especial pelos órgãos responsáveis pela gestão das políticas do setor. Os resultados trazem informações sobre atributos individuais e ocupacionais – como gênero, idade, escolaridade, tempo de emprego, remuneração, tamanho do estabelecimento e número de horas contratuais – e são apresentados sob a forma de gráficos, para cada ACT, para o conjunto das ACTs (denominado no texto turismo ou setor turismo), para o núcleo das ACTs ou do turismo (ACTs mais fortemente vinculadas ao turismo: alojamento, agências de viagem e transporte aéreo) e para a economia como um todo. São apresentados também dados relativos a ocupações mais frequentes em atividades que constituem o núcleo do turismo e da atividade alimentação, como garçom, camareiro e emissor de passagens. Inicialmente, faz-se uma contextualização do tema, abordando resumidamente aspectos metodológicos, e, em seguida, apresentam-se os resultados.
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1938&r=ger
  76. By: Jennifer Aston; Paolo Di Martino
    Date: 2014–02–25
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:oxf:wpaper:number-125&r=ger
  77. By: Christian Calmès (Chaire d'information financière et organisationnelle ESG-UQAM, Laboratory for Research in Statistics and Probability, Université du Québec (Outaouais)); Raymond Théoret (Chaire d'information financière et organisationnelle ESG-UQAM, Université du Québec (Montréal), Université du Québec (Outaouais)); François-Éric Racicot (Chaire d'information financière et organisationnelle ESG-UQAM, Telfer School of Management, University of Ottawa)
    Abstract: Since the subprime crisis, securitization by financial institutions has been threatened, both in the U.S. and in Canada. In the U.S., private financial institutions have almost completely stopped their securitization activities. In Canada, the asset-backet commercial paper market is moribund and the new accounting rules (IFRS) hamper the future of residential mortgage securitization. Nevertheless, in spite of obvious weaknesses, securitization contributes to decrease the procyclicality of credit. Public measures must thus be taken to revive these markets.
    Keywords: Securitization; Asset-backed commercial paper; Banks; Disintermediation; Procyclicality; IFRS.
    JEL: G20 G21
    Date: 2014–04–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pqs:wpaper:032014&r=ger
  78. By: Eichhorst, Werner (IZA); Neder, Franziska (IZA)
    Abstract: In all Mediterranean countries youth unemployment has reached alarming record levels. This paper analyses the current situation in France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain. In all countries school dropout rates are high, returns to education are low and the transition from education to work is problematic and difficult. This is due to a poor working vocational training system, the dualization of the labor market and minimum wages that are set too high. The Great Recession deteriorated the situation of young people, but youth unemployment is mostly structural. To overcome this crisis the overall performance of the labor market has to be improved.
    Keywords: vocational training, Europe, Mediterranean countries, youth unemployment
    JEL: J21 J23 J24
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izapps:pp80&r=ger
  79. By: Flatø, Martin (Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo); Kotsadam, Andreas (Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo)
    Abstract: Are African girls more exposed than boys to risk of infant mortality during crises and if so, is the difference due to discrimination? To answer these questions, we combine retrospective fertility data on over 1.5 million births from Demographic and Health Surveys with data on rainfall variability and find a substantial gender difference favouring boys following droughts. We substantiate that this difference has social determinants by showing that the difference is only present in contexts in which we would expect discrimination of daughters. The difference is only present in communities with strong preferences for sons and in areas where fertility desires are low. In areas with low levels of female employment there is a large gender gap following droughts, especially for infants with mothers who are not working. In contrast, there is no gender difference in infant mortality after droughts in areas where many women work, irrespective of the employment status of the individual mother under consideration. No difference is found across mothers with different levels of education, perhaps due to the lower fertility preferences of more educated women. In total, the results indicate a large and socially founded gender bias in infant mortality after crises. They also shed light on factors behind the African exceptionalism of little gender discrimination in infant mortality. As communities with strong son preferences, low fertility preferences, and low female employment display gender bias after crises in Africa, the results are consistent with factors explaining differences in gender biases between countries across the world.
    Keywords: Rainfall; Drought; Gender; Infant mortality; Africa
    JEL: I15 J13 J16 O55 Q54
    Date: 2014–02–13
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:osloec:2014_002&r=ger
  80. By: Das, Sabuj; Mohajan, Haradhan
    Abstract: This paper shows how to prove the two Theorems first and second mock theta conjectures respectively.
    Keywords: Mock theta, rank of partition.
    JEL: C3
    Date: 2014–01–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pra:mprapa:55070&r=ger
  81. By: Yoshito Takasaki
    Abstract: Although international remittances are important insurance against natural disasters in developing countries, fraud is a pitfall of international labor migration. This paper addresses an unexplored question about the disaster-fraud nexus: Do natural disasters beget fraud victimization among the poor as they seek labor migration for coping? I exploit a natural experiment: Two years after a cyclone, a huge number of Fijian males were defrauded of application fees for labor migration to the Middle East in 2005. My household survey data, which by chance I collected before the fraudulence was noticed, are free from underreporting/misreporting out of embarrassment. Controlling for the endogeneity of household housing damage reveals that housing damage strongly increases individual memberfs job application that later turned out to be fraud victimization. Households resort to high-risk, highreturn labor migration because their domestic coping options are constrained by their labor endowment.
    Date: 2013–07
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:tsu:tewpjp:2013-002&r=ger
  82. By: Michida, Etsuyo; Ueki, Yasushi; Nabeshima, Kaoru
    Abstract: This paper summarizes the main results of a unique firm survey conducted in Penang, Malaysia in 2012 on product-related environmental regulations. The results show that firms receiving foreign-direct investment have adapted well to regulations but faced more rejections. Several research questions are addressed and examined by using the survey data. Major findings are as follows. First, adaptation involves changes in input procurement and market diversification, which potentially changes the structure of supply chains. Second, belonging to global supply chains is a key factor in compliance, but this requires firms to meet tougher customer requirements. Third, there is much room for government policy to play a role in assisting firms.
    Keywords: Malaysia, Environmental protection, Environmental policy, Industrial standards, International trade, Global supply chain, FDI, PRERs (Product-related environmental regulations), REACH, RoHS
    JEL: F18 O14
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper457&r=ger
  83. By: Velibor Mačkić (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb)
    Abstract: U radu se istražuju političko-proračunski ciklusi (engl. political-budget cycles: PBC) na lokalnoj razini u Republici Hrvatskoj. Istraživanje obuhvaća razdoblje od 2002. do 2011. i provodi se na uzorku od 19 županijskih središta, Grada Zagreba i Pule. U navedenom razdoblju održana su tri ciklusa parlamentarnih izbora (2003., 2007. i 2011.) i dva ciklusa lokalnih izbora (2005. i 2009.), te su svi rezultati prikazani na razini odabranih gradova. Rezultati istraživanja ne potvrđuju postojanje oportunističkog PBC-a i upućuju na restrukturiranje ukupnih rashoda uslijed institucionalnih ograničenja prisutnih na razini gradova. Uz empirijsku analizu prikazani su različiti teorijski modeli PBC-a i pregled empirijskih istraživanja o postojanju PBC-a u razvijenim i tranzicijskim zemljama, te u zemljama u razvoju.
    Keywords: političko-proračunski ciklusi, izbori, dinamička panel analiza, Hrvatska
    JEL: D72
    Date: 2014–03–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zag:wpaper:1401&r=ger
  84. By: Sabine Le Bayon (OFCE)
    Abstract: Après un bon deuxième trimestre 2013 (+0,7 %), l'Allemagne va connaître une croissance plus modérée. Mais elle afficherait tout de même en 2014 une croissance proche de son potentiel : 1,3 %. En effet, elle va bénéficier de la moindre restriction menée par ses partenaires européens en 2014 (avec un effet sur sa croissance de - 0,5 point de PIB en 2014 contre -0,9 en 2013). De plus, la consommation des ménages continuerait de soutenir la demande, dans un contexte de faibles créations d'emplois mais de dynamisme des salaires. Porté par des perspectives de demande plus favorables, l'investissement des entreprises redémarrerait. À l'horizon de notre prévision, le taux d'investissement productif resterait cependant bien en-deçà de son niveau d'avant-crise. Un solde public proche de l'équilibre inciterait l'Allemagne à mener une politique légèrement expansionniste. L'Allemagne serait ainsi le seul pays de la zone euro où il n'y aurait pas de restriction budgétaire en 2014. La seule contrainte à laquelle doit faire face l'Allemagne est en effet de ne pas avoir un déficit structurel supérieur à 0,35 % du PIB à partir de 2016. En sachant que le solde structurel devrait être de 0,3 % du PIB en 2013, l'objectif est d'ores et déjà atteint. Le ratio dette publique brute PIB poursuivrait sa baisse pour passer sous les 80 % en 2014. Il resterait cependant supérieur d'environ 10 points à son niveau d'avant-crise.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oasc98gqh&r=ger
  85. By: Aurelio Volpe (CSIL Centre for Industrial Studies); Mauro Spinelli (CSIL Centre for Industrial Studies)
    Abstract: Furniture consumption in India recorded 10% average yearly growth over the last decade, reaching about US$ 15 billion in 2013 at retail prices. A further 4%-5% yearly increase is forecasted for the coming two years. The Report focuses on suggested eight megacities and 6 Indian states where the outlook of growth of household expenditure is given by around 50% up to the year 2020. The CSIL report Furniture Distribution in India offers an accurate comprehensive picture of the Indian furniture market, providing 2008-2013 trends, short (2014-2015) and medium term forecasts (2020). Statistics of furniture production, imports and exports are also provided. The furniture market is broken down by product segment 2013. Distribution channels and Reference Prices of the Indian furniture market are further considered both for domestically produced furniture and imported items. The analysis of the Indian furniture market includes: demand drivers (macroeconomic indicators, population distribution and construction market) and purchasing process among Indian consumers. The analysis of furniture distribution channels includes: Large scale furniture retailers, independent furniture specialists, architects and interior designers, E-commerce, local craftsmen and artisans (unorganized sector). Profiles of the main distributors and manufacturers, both for domestic and imported furniture operating on the Indian furniture market are also available.
    JEL: L22 L81
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mst:csilre:s75&r=ger
  86. By: John D. Singleton
    Abstract: A substantial and diverse literature in economics traces its intellectual roots to Charles Tiebout's 1956 article, "The Pure Theory of Local Expenditure." Its present recognition frequently attributed to originating the idea of "voting with your feet," however, contrasts sharply with its obscurity during Tiebout's academic career, which was tragically cut short by his passing in 1968. Penned as a qualification to Paul Samuelson's "pure theory," the article failed to influence the stabilization of postwar public good theory, despite Tiebout's engagement with key figures in its construction. Moreover, his death preceded the application of its central mechanism to public, urban, and environmental topics via hedonic, sorting, and computational general equilibrium models. Viewed in this way, the history of Tiebout's article, and thereby the history of public economics, has remarkably little to do with Tiebout himself. Professionally, though, the article reflected Tiebout's lifelong interest in issues of local economies and governance. The social and political context of urban sprawl and political fragmentation that accompanied the rapid growth of metropolitan area, such as Chicago, Los Angeles, and Seattle, raised novel questions in local public finance for researchers before a knowledge community existed to credit their work. For Tiebout, it stimulated his collaboration with Vincent Ostrom and Robert Warren and later involvement in the burgeoning interdisciplinary field of regional science.
    Keywords: public goods, Charles Tiebout, Tiebout sorting, James Buchchanan, Richard Musgrave, Paul Samuelson
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hec:heccee:2013-20&r=ger
  87. By: Adrien Renaud
    Abstract: Paying health facilities incentives based on their performance is one form of results-based financing (RBF). Verification of the performance of the providers is a vital part of RBF program implementation. Burundi was one of the first African countries to introduce performance-based financing (PBF). The PBF scheme is implemented in the whole country and is led by the Ministry of Health (MoH). It pays incentives based on quantity of services provided as well as a quality of care component. This study describes the methods used for verification in Burundi, which include monthly verification of the quantity and technical quality of services provided on a quarterly basis; semiannual patient tracing and assessment of patient satisfaction; and counter-verification of the information provided by these three mechanisms. The results of verification are presented and it discusses obstacles to verification, how they have been addressed, and the challenges ahead. The case study is part of a broader analysis, which includes multiple country case examples, to expand knowledge about the verification process and practices to address the design and implementation needs of RBF programs.
    Keywords: Caesarean section, Circumcision, cleanliness, clinical guidelines, confidentiality, description, districts, domain, domains, e-mail, family planning, fraud, health care ... See More + health care provider, health care providers, Health Centers, Health Centres, health expenditure, health facilities, Health indicators, Health Management, health providers, health sector, health services, health system, health system performance, HIV, hospital services, Hospitalization, Hospitals, Human Development, income, Information System, inhabitants, institution, integration, life expectancy, material, medicine, morality, mortality, Nurses, nursing, Nutrition, patient, patient satisfaction, patients, performances, physician, Physicians, pilot project, pilot projects, pregnancy, Pregnant woman, pregnant women, provider payment, Public Health, quality of health, quality of health care, quality of services, refugees, registries, regulatory system, reliability, Result, results, supervision, surgery, technical assistance, telephone, tetanus, training workshops, trainings, treatment, tuberculosis, under-five mortality, user, vaccination, VERIFICATION, verifications, web, workers
    Date: 2013–07–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wbk:hnpdps:86190&r=ger
  88. By: Prema-chandra Athukorala
    Keywords: Automotive industry, Malaysia, multinational enterprise
    JEL: F21 F23 I25 O14 O53
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pas:papers:2014-06&r=ger
  89. By: Maxime Parodi (OFCE)
    Abstract: Ce n’est pas la même chose d’interroger les Français sur l’immigration ou la peine de mort par internet ou par téléphone. L’enquête post-électorale de la présidentielle 2012 du CEVIPOF permet de s’en rendre compte puisque les deux modes d’interrogation ont été utilisés sur la même période avec le même questionnaire et l’ambition, dans les deux cas, de fournir une image représentative de la population française. La comparaison des résultats est toutefois problématique. Non seulement chaque mode d’enquête introduit des biais d’échantillonnage différents et plus ou moins importants, mais encore les enquêtés ne répondent pas toujours de la même manière au téléphone et par internet. Pour certaines questions délicates, ils peuvent mentir à leur interlocuteur au téléphone, mais dire la vérité sur internet. Ils peuvent également se laisser aller au pessimisme et à la défiance devant leur écran, mais se montrer plus mesurés au téléphone. Mais il est clair néanmoins que toutes les questions ne sont pas égales en termes de fragilité de l’opinion. Les questions délicates sont loin d’être anodines : immigration, islam, peine de mort, homosexualité... Selon l’interprétation que l’on retiendra, on dira alors soit que l’opinion est pleine de non-dits et que, derrière des propos bienséants se cachent souvent la haine de l’étranger et la peur de l’autre ; soit que l’opinion est pleine de doutes et que, derrière des opinions tranchées, il y a matière à discussions – même si, par crainte d’être jugés, les protagonistes ne participent pas à ces débats en toute sérénité.
    Keywords: désirabilité sociale; sondage; CATI; CAWI
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/f6h8764enu2lskk9p4oq5cqa3&r=ger
  90. By: Dana Rotz; Anu Rangarajan; Evan Borkum Swetha Sridharan; Sukhmani Sethi; Mercy Manoranjini
    Keywords: TBGI, Frontline Health Worker Team Based Goals, Bihar, Ananya, International
    JEL: F Z
    Date: 2014–02–28
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8094&r=ger
  91. By: Jennifer Edwards; Diana Rodin
    Keywords: ELE Evaluation, Express Lane Eligibility Evaluation, Massachusetts, CHIPRA
    JEL: I
    Date: 2013–11–19
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8088&r=ger
  92. By: Dominika Nowicka (UE - Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny - Poznan University of Economics)
    Abstract: This article presents a new method to assess the financial situation, developed by John Zietlowa, and its use to estimate the Financial Health Index for three entities: * non-profit organization whose aim is to educate people not connected professionally with the legal system, * trading company - a network of grocery stores, * a financial institution - one of the leading banks in Poland. Job involve not only the presentation of the method, manner and methodology of calculation. It also relates to the problem of practical use FHI. The issue of the application is primarily due to the fact that it was created in order to assess the financial condition of non-profit organizations. Article points out, however, that the use of FHI combined with the basic knowledge about the activities of the company and the segment in which it operates, allows to determine the financial position of the entity.
    Keywords: FHI Zietlowa, PHI Zietlowa, Financial Health Index, assessment of liquidity risk of bankruptcy
    Date: 2014–03–15
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00966006&r=ger
  93. By: durongkaveroj, wannaphong
    Abstract: Government expenditure is realized to be the exogenous variable and its change impacts national income through Aggregate Demand expression. The purpose of this study is to derive new macroeconomic expression based on Keynesian basis with SAM multiplier through mathematical approach. The study reveals that there are factors determined government spending including exogenous shock (government subsidy), taxation, and money supply.
    Keywords: macroeconomics, government expenditure
    JEL: C02 E12
    Date: 2014–04–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pra:mprapa:55048&r=ger
  94. By: Françoise Milewski (OFCE)
    Abstract: La part des emplois à temps partiel dans l’emploi total a fortement progressé. Si cette hausse était encore limitée dans les années 1970, elle s’est accélérée dans les années 1980 et surtout 1990. Durant les années 2000 et au début des années 2010, les fluctuations ont été moins marquées au regard de la longue période. La part du temps partiel a plus que doublé depuis quarante ans et il représente désormais près d’un cinquième de l’emploi (...).
    Date: 2013–12–16
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oe80935b4&r=ger
  95. By: Marion Cochard (OFCE)
    Abstract: Le ralentissement de l’activité s’est poursuivi dans les pays d’Europe centrale et orientale au second semestre 2012, à la fois du fait de l’intégration commerciale et financière avec la zone euro et des politiques de restriction budgétaire. À la fin de l’année 2012, aucun pays de la zone, à l’exception de la Pologne, n’avait retrouvé son niveau d’activité d’avant-crise. La persistance d’indicateurs conjoncturels au plus bas et de perspectives moroses pour la zone euro annoncent une année 2013 à l’image de 2012 (+0,7 % en 2012 sur l’ensemble de la zone), avant un léger mieux en 2014. Toujours tirée par le haut niveau du prix des matières premières, la Russie devra quant à elle faire face à un risque de surchauffe en limitant l’accès au crédit, ralentissant ainsi la croissance en dessous de 4 % à l’horizon de la prévision.
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2so32i36&r=ger
  96. By: Catherine Mathieu (OFCE)
    Abstract: En ce début de printemps, la croissance britannique est quasiment nulle. Le PIB a augmenté de 0,3 % seulement en moyenne annuelle en 2012, après 1 % en 2011. A la fin 2012, le PIB restait encore près de 3 % en dessous de son niveau d’avant-crise, celui du premier trimestre 2008 (...).
    Keywords: Royaume uni; Budget
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2liha8qk&r=ger
  97. By: Sabine Le Bayon (OFCE)
    Abstract: A la suite de la chute du PIB de 2008-2009, la croissance avait été très forte, permettant à l'Allemagne de retrouver début 2011 son PIB d'avant-crise. Après une année 2011 toujours dynamique, avec une croissance de 3,1 %, l'année 2012 s'est inscrite en net retrait (0,9 %). La croissance annuelle est néanmoins restée positive, contrairement à celle de la zone euro (-0,5 %). Ceci resterait le cas en 2013, où le PIB progresserait de 0,4 % en Allemagne, alors qu'il reculerait encore dans la zone euro (-0,4 %). En 2014, le PIB allemand croîtrait de 1,5 %. Après la forte amélioration déjà observée en 2011 dans le sillage de la reprise économique, le solde public est devenu excédentaire en 2012 (0,2 % du PIB). Ce rétablis- sement rapide des finances publiques permet à l'Allemagne de se distinguer en étant le seul pays de la zone euro avec une impulsion budgétaire quasi-neutre en 2013 comme en 2014. La consommation privée repartirait progressivement dans un contexte de négociations salariales toujours favorables aux ménages. Le PIB allemand serait en revanche toujours amputé par l'impact de la crise de la zone euro sur ses exportations, puisque 40 % de ces dernières sont destinées à la zone euro. La restriction budgétaire de ses partenaires réduirait sa croissance de 0,9 point en 2013 puis de 0,8 point en 2014.
    Keywords: Allemagne; Croissance
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2so74h2k&r=ger
  98. By: Christine Rifflart (OFCE)
    Abstract: En ligne avec la moyenne observée depuis le début de la reprise de 2010, la croissance américaine a atteint 2,2 % en 2012. Le rythme de sortie de crise reste inchangé autour de 2 % l’an. Mais le début de l’année 2013 pourrait marquer un tournant. D’un côté, les conditions d’une reprise plus franche sont réunies avec la levée progressive de la contrainte financière pesant sur les ménages depuis le déclenchement de la crise immobilière ; d’un autre côté, l’ajustement budgétaire devrait prendre une dimension plus contraignante en 2013 et 2014. Les engagements déjà pris au sein du Congrès et la crise politique qui bloque l’adoption des choix budgétaires souhaités par les Républicains se traduisent par des coupes brutales dans les dépenses de l’État. Ces coupes pourraient ramener la croissance de l’économie américaine à 1,5 % cette année et 1,7 % en 2014 et conduire à une hausse du taux de chômage autour de 8,3 % fin 2014.
    Keywords: Etats Unis; Budget
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2skj65b5&r=ger
  99. By: Vaidya, Kirit
    Keywords: wage determination, wage rate, labour supply, data collecting, survey, data analysis, public works, fixation du salaire, taux des salaires, offre de main-d'oeuvre, collecte des données, enquête, analyse des données, travaux publics, determinación del salario, tasa de salario, oferta de mano de obra, recopilación de datos, encuesta, análisis de datos, obras públicas
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ilo:ilowps:482165&r=ger
  100. By: Céline Antonin (OFCE)
    Abstract: Les craintes du début de l’année de voir les cours du Brent dépasser durablement la barre des 120 dollars ne se sont pas matérialisées et le premier semestre 2013 a été marqué par une baisse des cours du baril de Brent de 116 à 103 dollars entre janvier et juin 2013. Ce fléchissement s’explique par plusieurs facteurs : la faiblesse de la demande en provenance des pays industriels, la montée en puissance de nouveaux gisements non conventionnels en Amérique du Nord, et la présence de capacités de production inutilisées au sein des pays de l’OPEP.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oaor9894i&r=ger
  101. By: Ikhlas Hentati-Klila (FSEG - University of Sfax, Tunisia); Habib Affes (FSEG - University of Sfax, Tunisia)
    Abstract: L'objectif de cette recherche est de rendre compte au plus prés de la réalité des compétences éthiques des auditeurs Tunisiens dans le contexte post-révolution. Dans une première partie, nous allons mettre l'accent sur la récurrence des dilemmes éthiques auxquels les auditeurs ont à faire face à l'occasion de l'exercice de leur jugement. Ce dernier ne peut trouver son assise que dans une éthique irréprochable. Par définition, la capacité d'un auditeur à rendre des jugements éthiques est tributaire d'un type particulier de compétences à savoir la compétence éthique. Celle-ci a pu s'imposer comme une compétence clef au même titre que les autres compétences professionnelles requises dans le métier de l'auditeur. Dans la deuxième partie, nous allons proposer une approche d'évaluation des compétences éthiques des acteurs en mobilisant à cette fin la théorie du développement moral cognitif de Kolhberg(1969). Les résultats ont montré que les auditeurs Tunisiens ont des niveaux hétérogènes decompétences éthiques qui varient en fonction de la nature du diplôme obtenu. En plus, l'enseignement à l'éthique ainsi que le développement des méthodes pédagogiques pour sensibiliser les futurs auditeurs sur les dilemmes éthiques semblent être des facteurs déterminants pour l'acquisition d'une telle compétence. Par contre, l'instauration d'un climat éthique au sein du cabinet n'a aucune influence sur la dite compétence.
    Keywords: ompétences éthiques, Asymétrie, auditeurs Tunisiens, Contexte Tunisien post- révolution.
    Date: 2013–05–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00962396&r=ger
  102. By: Pedersini, Roberto; Regini, Marino
    Keywords: labour relations, social dialogue, collective bargaining, social implication, economic recession, Italy, relations de travail, dialogue social, négociation collective, conséquences sociales, récession économique, Italie, relaciones laborales, diálogo social, negociación colectiva, consecuencias sociales, recesión económica, Italia
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ilo:ilowps:480976&r=ger
  103. By: Jean-Luc Gaffard (OFCE)
    Abstract: L’objet de cet article est de proposer une lecture de l’évolution des faits et des idées économiques, dans la perspective de montrer que les vieilles idées resurgissent sous de nouveaux atours, au point d’en cacher les lacunes et de rendre les crises, non seulement, difficiles à prévoir, mais même à imaginer. Vouloir incriminer la seule finance et l’incapacité des économistes d’en cerner les véritables arcanes pour les expliquer ne saurait suffire, pas plus d’ailleurs que ne le saurait la tentative de construire une macroéconomie pour temps de crise différente de celle pour temps calmes. Les crises ne viennent pas de nulle part. Elles sont le fruit d’une longue maturation dont les clés sont difficilement perceptibles par temps calme, mais existent bel et bien.
    Keywords: chômage; crise; depression; inflation
    Date: 2013–09
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/f6h8764enu2lskk9p4sqhi4gm&r=ger
  104. By: Guillemette De Larquier (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université Paris X - Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense); Géraldine Rieucau (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé, LED - Laboratoire d'Economie Dionysien - Université Paris VIII - Vincennes Saint-Denis : EA3391); Carole Tuchszirer (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé)
    Abstract: La méthode de recrutement par simulation (MRS) mise en place par Pôle emploi entend placer des chômeurs éloignés de l'emploi sur des offres réputées difficiles à satisfaire. En se basant sur l'évaluation des " habiletés " à occuper le poste et non plus sur les éléments du CV, elle permet de s'affranchir d'une sélection sur le diplôme et l'expérience. Une enquête récente menée dans trois secteurs utilisateurs de la MRS (grande distribution, chaînes d'hôtellerie-restauration et banque) montre comment, malgré le bien-fondé que lui reconnaissent les entreprises, la méthode trouve des limites auprès de celles qui l'ont expérimentée. Pour les unes, elle est trop lourde ; pour les autres, elle est insuffisante. Parce qu'elle bouleverse les modes de recrutement habituels et n'entend pas composer avec ces derniers, la MRS suscite des réticences auprès des entreprises. Parce qu'elle conduit les employeurs à réviser leur jugement sur les chômeurs les plus éloignés de l'emploi, elle est cependant un outil indispensable pour qu'entreprises et Pôle emploi travaillent de concert.
    Keywords: recherche d'emploi et recrutement;études et comparaisons sectorielles
    Date: 2013–10–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00969283&r=ger
  105. By: Diewert, W. Erwin; Nishimura , Kiyohiko; Shimizu, Chihiro; Watanabe, Tsutomu
    Abstract: Fluctuations in housing prices have substantial economic impacts. Thus, it is essential to develop housing price indexes that can adequately capture housing market trends. However, construction of such indexes is very difficult due to the fact that residential properties are heterogeneous and do not remain at constant quality over time due to renovations and depreciation of the structure. In order to improve the quality of housing price statistics Eurostat published the Residential Property Price Indices Handbook in 2012. The present paper discusses alternative methods for obtaining constant quality housing price statistics and alternative data sources in the Japanese context.
    Keywords: House price indexes; hedonic price indexes; repeat sales price indexes; aggregation bias; housing depreciation; land and structure components; flexibl
    JEL: C2 C23 C43 D12 E31 R21
    Date: 2014–03–27
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ubc:bricol:erwin_diewert-2014-17&r=ger
  106. By: Emmanuel Duguet (ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l'Utilisation des Données Individuelles Temporelles en Economie - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne (UPEC) : EA437 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV), TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV)); Christine Le Clainche (LAMETA - Laboratoire Montpelliérain d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - Université Montpellier I - CNRS : UMR5474 - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) : UR1135 - Centre international de hautes études agronomiques méditerranéennes [CIHEAM], ENS Cachan - École Normale Supérieure de Cachan - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Cachan)
    Abstract: Nous évaluons l'impact d'un aménagement des conditions de travail sur le retour au travail après un cancer. En appliquant une méthode d'appariement, nous trouvons que, toutes choses égales par ailleurs, l'obtention d'un aménagement augmente fortement la probabilité de retour au travail et améliore l'état de santé auto-évalué. Toutefois, pour les hommes, ceci va de pair avec un sentiment de pénalisation au travail et une baisse des revenus du ménage causée par la maladie, dans le cas d'un aménagement de la durée ou des horaires de travail. Pour les femmes, la même conclusion s'applique lors d'un aménagement du poste de travail.
    Keywords: santé; travail; cancer; appariement
    Date: 2014–03–27
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00966861&r=ger
  107. By: Laurent Caron (CESTP-ARACT - Centre d'ergonomie et sécurité du travail en Picardie - Association régionale pour l'amélioration des conditions de travail - Centre d'ergonomie et sécurité du travail en Picardie - Association régionale pour l'amélioration des conditions de travail); Fabienne Caser (ANACT - Agence Nationale d'Amélioration des Conditions de Travail - Anact, Lyon); Catherine Delgoulet (LATI - Laboratoire Adaptations Travail Individus - Université Paris V - Paris Descartes : EA4469); Élise Effantin (CESTP-ARACT - Centre d'ergonomie et sécurité du travail en Picardie - Association régionale pour l'amélioration des conditions de travail - Centre d'ergonomie et sécurité du travail en Picardie - Association régionale pour l'amélioration des conditions de travail); Annie Jolivet (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé); Laurence Théry (CESTP-ARACT - Centre d'ergonomie et sécurité du travail en Picardie - Association régionale pour l'amélioration des conditions de travail - Centre d'ergonomie et sécurité du travail en Picardie - Association régionale pour l'amélioration des conditions de travail); Serge Volkoff (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé)
    Abstract: Ce rapport présente la démarche et les résultats d'une étude qualitative sur les volets " conditions de travail " d'accords ou plans d'action d'entreprises françaises concernant l'emploi des seniors ; ou, à l'inverse, les volets qui concernent les seniors dans des accords ou plans d'action sur les conditions de travail. L'étude a été menée en 2011, pour le compte du Conseil d'orientation des conditions de travail (Coct), qui l'a commanditée. Elle a été présentée, à un stade intermédiaire et vers sa fin, d'une part devant un " groupe de pilotage " (composé de membres du secrétariat général du comité permanent du Coct, de représentants d'administrations et organismes impliqués, et de deux personnalités scientifiques), d'autre part devant le groupe de réflexion " seniors " du Coct, où sont représentés les partenaires sociaux. Les auteurs sont : Laurent Caron et Laurence Théry (Aract Picardie), Fabienne Caser (Anact), Catherine Delgoulet (Université Paris Descartes), Annie Jolivet (Ires, Créapt) et Serge Volkoff (Centre d'études de l'emploi, Créapt) qui a assuré la coordination de l'étude. Cette équipe est pluridisciplinaire (ergonomie, économie, gestion, droit) ; l'étude a été organisée de manière à favoriser ces rapprochements entre disciplines. Les entreprises dans lesquelles l'étude a été menée sont de tailles et secteurs divers. Elles sont désignées ici sous des noms d'emprunt. Les auteurs remercient vivement les responsables de ces entreprises, et les divers acteurs rencontrés. Même si nous avons cherché à rendre compte avec soin des éléments que nous avons recueillis, des imprécisions sont toujours possibles, et nous en prenons bien sûr la responsabilité. De même, nous assumons les choix que nous avons faits pour sélectionner les aspects qui nous semblaient les plus pertinents, et les mettre en perspective. Les analyses présentées n'engagent donc ni les entreprises concernées, ni le Coct lui-même.
    Keywords: conditions de travail, qualité de vie au travail;emploi des seniors;relations professionnelles
    Date: 2014–03–28
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00967302&r=ger
  108. By: Goodridge, PR
    Date: 2014–03–11
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imp:wpaper:12918&r=ger
  109. By: Bourguignon, Francois; Platteau, Jean-Philippe
    Abstract: Aid co-ordination is a constant theme of discussion among national and international aid agencies in their search for more effectiveness and efficiency in delivering development assistance. This paper seeks to clarify some of the arguments currently made
    Keywords: development aid, co-ordination, aid efficiency
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-073&r=ger
  110. By: Christophe Blot (OFCE); Paul Hubert; Fabien Labondance (Atelier de recherche sur la politique économique et la gestion des entreprises (ARPEGE)); Catherine Mathieu (OFCE); Christine Rifflart (OFCE); Vincent Touze (OFCE); Céline Antonin (OFCE)
    Abstract: Depuis 2009, les principales banques centrales mettent en oeuvre des politiques monétaires expansionnistes afin de stimuler l'activité économique, réduire les risques de spirale déflationniste et soutenir le système financier. Ces politiques se sont traduites par des taux d'intérêt fixés à leur plus bas niveau ou presque et par des mesures non conventionnelles. L'amélioration récente du climat conjoncturel et la volonté affichée des banques centrales d'organiser le retrait progressif des mesures non conventionnelles posent la question d'une éventuelle normalisation des politiques monétaires. Pour autant, toute hausse des taux d'intérêt d'ici 2014 est exclue. En effet, le risque inflationniste est inexistant et la croissance anticipée trop modérée pour entraîner une baisse rapide du taux de chômage. Or, la Réserve fédérale et la Banque d'Angleterre ont conditionné un relèvement du taux d'intérêt à une cible de taux de chômage. Cette politique de communication (forward guidance ou orientation prospective) relative aux taux d'intérêt a pour objectif d'ancrer les anticipations de taux et de fournir par ce biais un soutien à la croissance. Cette stratégie accompagne l'ensemble des mesures non conventionnelles de nature plus quantitatives telles que les programmes d'achat de titre ou les opérations exceptionnelles de refinancement du système bancaire. La normalisation des opérations de politique monétaire passe par un retrait progressif de ces mesures non conventionnelles. Mais l'annonce de Ben Bernanke d'un éventuel ralentissement progressif du rythme des achats de titres par la Réserve fédérale a provoqué de la volatilité sur les marchés et une augmentation rapide des taux à long terme. Dès lors, les banques centrales doivent faire preuve d'une grande prudence afin d'éviter une normalisation trop hâtive des politiques monétaires. Ceci d'autant plus que les risques associés à ces mesures (développement de nouvelles bulles, indépendance des banques centrales ou risques inflationnistes) ne paraissent pas être aujourd'hui la principale menace dans les pays industrialisés...
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oasij6sc6&r=ger
  111. By: Siddig Umbadda; Ismail Elgizouli
    Abstract: Although agriculture is important for the livelihood of most Africans, especially the poor, donors did not accord it a high priority. Both volume and share of aid earmarked for agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa not only remained low, around five per cent,
    Keywords: agriculture, foreign aid, effectiveness, upscaling, transferability, sustainable
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-081&r=ger
  112. By: Khaing, Sape Saw
    Abstract: Where the Myanmar is with regards to the MDG goals and targets? Progress by which Myanmar is moving towards the MDGs
    Keywords: Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
    JEL: O10
    Date: 2014–03–18
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pra:mprapa:55039&r=ger
  113. By: James Mabli
    Keywords: SNAP, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Food Security, Geographic Access
    JEL: I0 I1
    Date: 2014–03–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8083&r=ger
  114. By: Baggio Rodolfo (Department of Policy Analysis and Public Management, Bocconi University); Sheresheva Marina (Department of Economics, Lomonosov Moscow State University)
    Abstract: This article focuses on the interdisciplinary nature of the emerging network paradigm in economic and management sciences. The intersection of different approaches is unveiled, including those with roots in the natural sciences. The authors briefly describe the contribution of different disciplines in the development of research methodology applied to network forms widespread in contemporary economy. The second part presents an example of using techniques originally applied to solve the problems of theoretical physics to the study of tourism business networks. Conclusions are drawn about the prospects for an interdisciplinary approach in shaping the science of networks.
    Keywords: network, coordination mechanism, network approach
    JEL: A10 C00
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:upa:wpaper:0011&r=ger
  115. By: Alexander Herzog-Stein; Heike Joebges; Ulrike Stein; Rudolf Zwiener
    Abstract: Based on data from Eurostat the Macroeconomic Policy Institute (IMK) regularly analyses the development of labour costs and unit labour costs in Europe. This report presents labour cost trends in the private sector, and disaggregated for private services and manufacturing industry, for a selection of European countries, the Euro Area and the European Union. Additionally, results of a new study investigating the extent of the labour-cost relief for industrial production in Germany associated with the use of intermediate inputs from the service sector are presented. Furthermore, labour cost trends in public services are presented. Next, the development of unit labour costs in Europe and more specifically the relationship between international price competitiveness, export prices, and unit labour costs are investigated.In 2012 hourly labour cost in the German private sector averaged 31.0 euro. Despite a recent normalisation in labour-cost trends in Germany, and an annual rate of change of 2.8 per cent, well above the European average, the German economy is in eighth place in the ranking of EU countries, one place down from the previous year. Hourly labour costs in private services are one fifth lower than in manufacturing industry; in no other European country does the service sector lag manufacturing to such an extent. Due to the use of cheaper intermediate inputs from the service sector, labour costs in the German industry are reduced by eight to ten per. Overall, the picture of a highly competitive German economy is confirmed.In recent years as a consequence of dramatic unit-labour-cost developments the so called European crisis countries regained their price competitiveness. However, German demand for imports remains relatively modest and hence is still a handicap for the ongoing economic adjustment processes in these countries. Therefore wages in Germany need to increase by more than 3 % per annum for an extended period.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:88e-2013&r=ger
  116. By: Elizabeth Watson (Reserve Bank of New Zealand)
    Abstract: This note takes a closer look at some factors that influence demand and supply in residential property markets, and goes on to consider how such factors might be relevant in interpreting current New Zealand developments.
    Date: 2013–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nzb:nzbans:2013/11&r=ger
  117. By: Chia-Lin Chang (Department of Applied Economics, Department of Finance, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan); Michael McAleer (Econometric Institute, Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands, Department of Quantitative Economics, Complutense University of Madrid, and Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University.)
    Abstract: The paper analyses academic journal quality and impact using quality weighted citations that are based on the widely-used Thomson Reuters ISI Web of Science citations database (ISI). A recently developed Index of Citations Quality (ICQ), based on quality weighted citations, is used to analyse the top 276 Economics and top 10 Econometrics journals in the ISI Economics category using alternative quantifiable Research Assessment Measures (RAMs). It is shown that ICQ is a useful additional measure to the 2-Year Impact Factor (2YIF) and other well known RAMs available in ISI for the purpose of evaluating journal impact and quality, as well as ranking, of Economics and Econometrics journals as it contains information that has very low correlations with the information contained in alternative well-known RAMs. Among other findings, the top Econometrics journals have some of the highest ICQ scores in the ISI category of Economics.
    Keywords: Research assessment measures; Impact factors; Eigenfactor; Article Influence; Quality weighted citations; Index of citations quality; Economics journal rankings.
    JEL: C18 C81 Y10
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ucm:doicae:1403&r=ger
  118. By: Arina Nikandrova (Department of Economics, Mathematics & Statistics, Birkbeck)
    Abstract: Costly information acquisition is introduced into a dynamic trading model of Glosten and Milgrom (1985). The market maker and some traders, called "value traders," value the asset at its fundamental value, which can be either high or low. The remaining traders, called "liquidity traders," have idiosyncratic valuations that are independent of the fundamental. At a cost, each value trader can acquire an informative, but imperfect, signal about the fundamental. In this setting, at equilibrium, each value trader acquires the signal if and only if the uncertainty about the fundamental's value conditional on publicly available information is sufficiently high. Thus, the prices quoted by the market maker are "informationally inefficient," as they do not reveal the value of the fundamental, even in the long-run. Equilibrium amount of information acquisition is either excessive or insufficient relative to the social optimum and results in an inefficient allocation of the asset among the market maker and liquidity traders.
    Keywords: Sequential Trading, Cost of Information, Endogenous Information Acquisition.
    JEL: D80 D83 D84 G12 G14
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:bbk:bbkefp:1403&r=ger
  119. By: Y. Dolinsky; H. M. Soner
    Abstract: The dual representation of the martingale optimal transport problem in the Skorokhod space of multi dimensional c?adl?ag processes is proved. The dual is a minimization problem with constraints involving stochastic integrals and is similar to the Kantorovich dual of the standard optimal transport problem. The constraints are required to hold for very path in the Skorokhod space. This problem has the ?nancial interpretation as the robust hedging of path dependent European options.
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:arx:papers:1404.1516&r=ger
  120. By: Marion Cochard (OFCE); Mathieu Plane (OFCE); Danielle Schweisguth (OFCE)
    Abstract: Le potentiel de production, son niveau, sa croissance et l’output gap qui en résulte sont, à l’image du multiplicateur budgétaire, des indicateurs essentiels pour déterminer les stratégies macroéconomiques à suivre à moyen terme. Pour autant, leurs mesures sont sujettes à un grand nombre de controverses, notamment au sein des institutions internationales (FMI, Commission européenne et OCDE) qui peinent à s’accorder sur ces sujets. Notre évaluation des variations d’output gap, effectuée à partir des données portant sur le marché du travail, nous révèle un creusement important de l’écart de production au cours de la crise et des différences très fortes entre les pays. Dans le même temps, nos simulations de trajectoires macroéconomiques à moyen terme font apparaître le coût économique et social élevé associé à une stratégie de réduction rapide des déficits publics de manière coordonnée dans l’ensemble des pays de la zone euro. Il ressort des différents scénarios testés (multiplicateur faible, prime de risque, croissance potentielle réduite) qu’une stratégie équilibrée et optimale se traduirait par une réduction modérée et progressive des déséquilibres budgétaires structurels. Les nouveaux délais accordés à un certain nombre de pays européens pour ramener leur déficit public en-dessous du seuil d’un déficit à 3 % du PIB semblent aller dans ce sens.
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2p9k74a8&r=ger
  121. By: Catherine Mathieu; Henri Sterdyniak (OFCE)
    Abstract: Introduction du numéro spécial de la Revue de l'Ofce consacré à "La zone Euro en crise".
    Date: 2013–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/dambferfb7dfprc9lip2l15gl&r=ger
  122. By: Carol Alexander; Johannes Rauch
    Abstract: Extensive research illustrates the jump and discretisation errors that affect the valuation of standard swap contracts. We introduce a vector space of price and return characteristics that allow to define swaps which can be valued exactly, assuming only that the market is free of arbitrage. Although fair-value swap rates are independent of monitoring frequency, the associated risk premiums are not. A historical analysis based on 16 years of S&P500 data demonstrates the diversity of the risk exposures attainable through trading these swaps, as well as floating-floating swaps that trade differential risk premiums and maturities.
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:arx:papers:1404.1351&r=ger
  123. By: Christine Rifflart (OFCE)
    Abstract: Après la reprise soutenue de 2010, l’économie latino-américaine a ralenti, la croissance de la région atteignant 2,9 %, contre 6,1 % en 2010. Dans un environnement international en berne, les dynamiques nationales reprennent une place prépondérante. Or la situation reste contrastée selon les pays. Si les petits pays s’en sortent plutôt bien, le Brésil et l’Argentine connaissent un certain ralentissement. En 2013 et surtout 2014, la situation devrait cependant s’améliorer.
    Keywords: Amérique Latine; croissance
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2skpek03&r=ger
  124. By: Subuhi Asheer; Ellen Kisker
    Keywords: Teen pregnancy prevention , repeat births, Teen Mothers, implementation evaluation
    JEL: I
    Date: 2014–02–21
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8089&r=ger
  125. By: Mendoza, Rodrigo (UPC)
    Abstract: Este documento evalúa la eficiencia financiera de los portafolios de inversión de las Administradoras de Fondos de Pensiones (AFP) durante el periodo 2006-2011. Se encuentra que un portafolio es más eficiente, en el sentido financiero, cuando se minimiza la diferencia entre el ratio de Sharpe del mismo respecto del portafolio de mercado. La estimación de dicho ratio se realiza, en el marco de una optimización robusta de portafolio, por medio del enfoque denominado ‘Encogimiento No Paramétrico’. Se consideran las restricciones legales relevantes así como aquellas que capturan el grado de liquidez del mercado de capitales local. Se concluye que, en el periodo de análisis, ninguno de los tres tipos de fondos satisface los criterios de eficiencia financiera establecidos.
    Keywords: AFP, Multifondos, Sistema Privado de Pensiones, optimización de portafolio, robustez, eficiencia financiera
    JEL: G11 G23 G28
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2014-005&r=ger
  126. By: Fábio Ferreira Batista; Alceu Roque Rech; Cleide de Andrade Gomes; Diana Leite Nunes dos Santos; Eron Campos Saraiva de Andrade; Rosane Maria Pimentel Magalhães Ferreira; Veruska da Silva Costa
    Abstract: Este trabalho analisa casos reais de implantação do modelo de gestão do conhecimento para a administração pública brasileira (MGCAPB) em cinco organizações públicas: Superintendência de Aeronavegabilidade (SAR) da Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil (ANAC); Empresa Brasileira de Correios e Telégrafos (ECT); Ipea; Agência Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Industrial (ABDI); e Ministério Público do Distrito Federal e Territórios (MPDFT). Este modelo e um método de implementação da GC são descritos no livro, publicado pelo Ipea, em 2012, intitulado Modelo de gestão do conhecimento para a administração pública brasileira (Batista, 2012). Como o início da implantação do MGCAPB nessas instituições ocorreu recentemente (entre 12 e 18 meses), ainda não houve impacto observável em termos de aumento de eficiência e melhoria da qualidade de processos, produtos e serviços. Por isto, para conhecer a efetividade da aplicação do modelo, será necessário acompanhar estes casos de implementação nos próximos anos. Este trabalho revela, no entanto, que a adoção do modelo trouxe resultados relevantes para a institucionalização da GC nestas organizações. This paper aims to analyse the implementation of the Knowledge Management (KM) Framework for the Brazilian Public Administration in five organizations: The Brazilian National Civil Aviation Agency; The Brazilian Postal Service Company; The Institute for Applied Economic Research; The Brazilian Industrial Development Agency; and The Prosecution Office of the Federal District and Territories. This framework and a KM implementation method are described in a book published by the Institute for Applied Economic Research in 2012 entitled “KM Framework for Brazilian Public Administration”. Because the adoption of the KM framework is recent in these organizations (the implementation process started in the last 12 to 18 months), efficiency and quality improvements in processes, products and services cannot be noticed yet. Therefore, to find out the framework effectiveness will require further studies in the upcoming years. However, the paper shows that the framework adoption has brought important results for KM institutionalization in these organizations.
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1941&r=ger
  127. By: Sabine Stephan; Jonas Löbbing
    Abstract: Between 1999 and 2012 the EU intensified its trade relations with countries outside the European Union (third countries). However, the major part (about 60 %) of the EU member states' external trade consists of trade with each other (intra-trade). In past years, the EU has benefited from the catching-up process of the emerging economies - especially China and Russia - and the associated strong demand for capital goods and production facilities. Consequently, China and Russia became more important trading partners for the EU, whereas the US and Japan declined in importance. Unlike EU's foreign trade with countries outside the EU, the foreign trade among EU member states has not yet recovered from the massive slump due to the economic and financial crisis 2008/2009. This is mainly due to the fact that many European countries have followed a strict austerity policy which has severely depressed domestic demand. While it may have longer-run impacts, in the short run the proposed Transatlantic Free Trade Agreement will do little to reverse the relative decline in EU-US trade, much less can it be expected to serve as a stimulus for economic recovery.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:83e-2013&r=ger
  128. By: Masaaki Kijima (Graduate School of Social Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University); Akihisa Tamura (Department of Mathematics, Keio University)
    Abstract: This paper examines the B¨uhlmann’s equilibrium pricing model (1980) in the presence of transaction cost and derives the (multivariate) Esscher transform within the framework under some assumptions. The result reveals that the Esscher transform is an appropriate probability transform for the pricing of insurance risks even in the market with transaction costs.
    Keywords: Equilibrium pricing, Equilibrium allocation, Incomplete market, Esscher transform, Transaction cost
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:kyo:wpaper:893&r=ger
  129. By: Mikhail Antonov (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper aims to analyse the philosophical premises on which the idea of unity of law (identity of legal system) is based. In the history of legal philosophy this idea found its main arguments in the presumption of totality of legal regulation. Such totality translated the philosophical tenets of holism according to which law is not limited to the positive-law rules and institutes. Law refers to the supreme values priming over the legal instruments human beings and collectives create for regulation of their mutual behaviour. This argument implies that there are highest values (that of justice, good…) under which all the social relations can be subsumed and which finally give the binding force to positive law. The author argues that this line of thought is based on philosophical objectivism and naturalism, and can easily lead to primacy of the social over the individual. To substantiate the idea of systemacity of law, one can turn to the modern debates about logic of social cohesion and construct a legal system identity as a purely intellectual hypothesis necessary for thinking about law. This integrity can be described as a unity of discourse, or as a unity of societal practices. This reconstruction of integrity of law can be extended by appealing to the basic ideas of normative philosophy of law (from Hart and Kelsen to Raz and Dworkin) and is reconcilable with the conception of normative systems of Bulygin–Alchourron.
    Keywords: normativity, social control, legal system, positivity of law, unity of law, identity of legal system
    JEL: K10
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hig:wpaper:34/law/2014&r=ger
  130. By: James Mabli
    Keywords: SNAP, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Food Security, Urban and Rural
    JEL: I0 I1
    Date: 2014–03–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8084&r=ger
  131. By: Todd R. Kaplan; Shmuel Zamir
    Abstract: As a selling mechanism, auctions have acquired a central position in the free market econ-omy all over the globe. This development has deepened, broadened, and expanded the theory of auctions in new directions. This chapter is intended as a selective update of some of the developments and applications of auction theory in the two decades since Wilson (1992) wrote the previous Handbook chapter on this topic.
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:huj:dispap:dp662&r=ger
  132. By: Xavier Timbeau (OFCE)
    Abstract: Ce numéro spécial sur les prévisions est composé de plusieurs articles qui peuvent être lus indépendamment. Le premier article présente le scénario de prévision pour l'ensemble du monde et le deuxième pour la zone euro. Le troisième article détaille l'analyse conjoncturelle de la France. Des fiches pays et thématiques suivent ces deux articles, détaillant d'autres zones géographiques. Une première étude spéciale traite de la déflation salariale et de son lien avec la compétitivité ; elle s'intitule « La quête de la compétitivité ouvre la voie de la déflation ». La seconde intitulée « PIB, déficit, dette, chômage : où vont les économies à moyen terme ? » aborde les perspectives à moyen terme concernant le potentiel d'activité, les déficits et la dette publique. Insérés dans cette prévision, 17 encadrés abordent des points spécifiques. Enfin, le débat sur les perspectives économiques permet de confronter les analyses de l'OFCE à celles d'Axelle Lacan et d'Edouard Tétreau.
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n09hk8ojo&r=ger
  133. By: Emmanuel Gobet (CMAP - Centre de Mathématiques Appliquées - Ecole Polytechnique - Polytechnique - X - CNRS : UMR7641); Ali Suleiman (ENSIMAG - École nationale supérieure d'informatique et de mathématiques appliquées - Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble I)
    Abstract: For general time-dependent local volatility models, we propose new approximation formulas for the price of call options. This extends previous results of [BGM10b] where stochastic expansions combined with Malliavin calculus were performed to obtain approximation formulas based on the local volatility At The Money. Here, we derive alternative expansions involving the local volatility at strike. Averaging both expansions give even more accurate results. Approximations of the implied volatility are provided as well.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00523369&r=ger
  134. By: Danielle Schweisguth (OFCE)
    Abstract: La situation économique espagnole est très préoccupante et le spectre de la décennie perdue japonaise plane sur la péninsule ibérique (...).
    Keywords: Espagne
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2or5ikbo&r=ger
  135. By: Stan Dorn; Margaret Wilkinson; Sara Benatar
    Keywords: ELE Evaluation, Express Lane Eligibility Evaluation, Louisiana, CHIPRA
    JEL: I
    Date: 2014–01–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8086&r=ger
  136. By: Nicholas Longford
    Abstract: The restricted maximum likelihood is preferred by many to the full maximum likelihood for estimation with variance component and other random coefficient models, because the variance estimator is unbiased. It is shown that this unbiasedness is accompanied in some balanced designs by an inflation of the mean squared error. An estimator of the cluster-level variance that is uniformly more efficient than the full maximum likelihood is derived. Estimators of the variance ratio are also studied.
    Keywords: efficiency, random effects, truncation, variance component.
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:upf:upfgen:1415&r=ger
  137. By: Michael West; John Kregel
    Keywords: Veterans, Disabilities, Veterans Affairs, Federal Agencies
    JEL: I J
    Date: 2014–03–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8092&r=ger
  138. By: Sandrine Levasseur (OFCE); Christine Rifflart (OFCE); Sabine Le Bayon (OFCE)
    Abstract: La France bénéficie d’un important parc de logements sociaux. Faut-il l’étendre ? Peut-on lui attribuer un rôle régulateur dans le fonctionnement du marché résidentiel ? Faut-il s’inspirer des modèles de logement social de nos voisins néerlandais et britanniques ? Sur le marché privé, l’augmentation des prix et de loyers révèle la pénurie de logements dans les zones attractives du territoire français. Les politiques à mettre en place doivent fluidifier l’accès aux logements existants et stimuler la construction de nouveaux logements. Pour construire plus, faut-il mobiliser davantage de foncier non-bâti ou faut-il densifier ? Et comment financer la rénovation du parc de logements ? C’est à ces multiples questions que tentent de répondre les contributions présentées ici. En faisant appel à des auteurs d’horizons divers (chercheurs et acteurs du monde institutionnel) dont l’approche disciplinaire est différente (économie, sociologie, science politique, urbanisme), nous avons voulu élargir le champ de l’analyse pour enrichir notre connaissance du logement et de la ville.
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09mitalgtqp&r=ger
  139. By: Christophe Blot (OFCE); Danielle Schweisguth (OFCE); Céline Antonin (OFCE)
    Abstract: Le recul de l’activité observée dans la zone euro depuis le quatrième trimestre 2011 s’est amplifié en fin d’année 2012 malgré le retour annoncé de la confiance. Depuis l’été 2012, la ratification du TSCG (Traité sur la stabilité, la coordination et la gouvernance) ainsi que l’annonce par la BCE de l’OMT (Outright monetary transactions ou aussi Opérations monétaires sur titres) avaient écarté les risques d’un éclatement de la zone euro contribuant à la baisse des primes de risques sur les marchés obligataires publics. Cet espoir fut cependant insuffisant pour compenser le fort impact récessif de la consolidation budgétaire. Les demandes interne et externe, du fait des fortes interdépendances entres les pays de la zone euro, ont par conséquent continué à fléchir. Le vote des budgets pour l’année 2013 annonce d’ores et déjà la poursuite de ce scénario. Bien qu’en léger recul, l’impulsion budgétaire serait de -1,1 point de PIB. 2013 sera par conséquent une nouvelle année de récession dans la zone euro, le PIB reculerait de 0,4 %. En 2014, le rythme de consolidation marquera encore le pas dans la mesure où certains pays auront atteint la cible de 3 % pour le déficit budgétaire (Allemagne, Autriche, Belgique, Finlande) ou en seront assez proches (Pays-Bas). La croissance serait alors positive (0,9 %) mais insuffisante pour permettre une décrue du chômage. Les risques resteront orientés à la baisse en raison des pressions déflationnistes qui vont s’intensifier. La déflation est déjà enclenchée en Espagne et en Grèce et pourrait se généraliser à tous les pays où le taux de chômage se maintient à des niveaux très élevés, d’autant plus qu’à ce mécanisme s’ajoutent de nombreuses réformes ou mesures visant à réduire le coût du travail. La concurrence entre pays de la zone euro pour gagner des parts de marché devrait s’intensifier ce qui amplifiera les pressions déflationnistes sans réussir à générer l’effet positif escompté sur la croissance de l’ensemble de la zone euro.
    Keywords: zone euro
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2i0g0a33&r=ger
  140. By: Dominique Bureau (MEEDDAT); Lionel Fontagné (Maison des Sciences Economiques); Philippe Martin (Département d'économie)
    Abstract: Dans un contexte de renchérissement prévisible de l’énergie au cours des vingt prochaines années, orienter l’effort d’innovation industrielle et l’offre de biens et services vers des technologies économes en énergie est une nécessité. Toutefois, une hausse des prix de l’énergie plus marquée en France que chez nos concurrents pénaliserait la compétitivité à court terme de l’industrie française. Cette Note expose les termes de l’arbitrage que doit affronter la France entre la préservation d’un élément significatif de sa compétitivité à court terme (le coût relativement faible de son énergie en particulier électrique) et la nécessaire transformation de ses avantages comparatifs à moyen-long terme (sous l’effet d’une vérité des prix énergétiques). À partir d’un travail économétrique original portant sur les exportations des entreprises françaises, nous estimons qu’une hausse de 10 % des prix de l’électricité en France réduirait la valeur des exportations en moyenne de 1,9 % et qu’une même augmentation du prix du gaz les réduirait de 1,1 %. La perte de compétitivité est sensiblement plus marquée pour les plus gros exportateurs, parti- culièrement dans les secteurs fortement dépendants de l’énergie. Cet effet négatif de court terme est à mettre en regard de l’effet de signal d’une hausse des prix de l’énergie sur les spécialisations à moyen-long terme, afin que la France ne reste pas en arrière dans la course à l’innovation « verte ». Nous tirons de cette analyse plusieurs enseignements. Tout d’abord, il convient d’annoncer la hausse des prix de l’énergie, de manière crédible, afin que les agents économiques l’intègrent dans leurs calculs et réorientent leurs choix de consommation et de production. Afin de limiter les effets négatifs d’un renchérissement de l’énergie sur la compétitivité à court terme, nous recommandons que la taxation supplémentaire de l’énergie soit utilisée pour réduire le coût du travail, une grande prudence quant au rythme de déclassement des équipements nucléaires historiques, dont le coût au kWh est particulièrement performant, une imputation différenciée de la charge de service public en fonction de l’intensité énergétique (comme en Allemagne) et une convergence des approches au niveau européen pour ce qui concerne les coûts de réseau.
    Date: 2013–05
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09mitbo4d9n&r=ger
  141. By: Jae-Hyun Jung; Eli Peli
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:qsh:wpaper:154796&r=ger
  142. By: Sarah Guillou (OFCE)
    Abstract: Début juillet 2013, c’est encore une entreprise de l’industrie du solaire, Conergy, qui est déclarée en faillite. La sortie de cette entreprise allemande, créée en 1998, illustre la fin d’un cycle pour l’industrie solaire. Cette faillite s’ajoute à une série de fermetures et de liquidations, tous pays confondus, qui ont ponctué la montée de la tension commerciale entre les États-Unis et l’Europe d’un côté et la Chine de l’autre au sujet des panneaux solaires. Au sommet de cette tension, en juin, la Commission européenne a décidé de menacer la Chine de droits de douanes de plus de 45 %. La guerre commerciale conclut une décennie d’engagements des gouvernements comme s’il s’agissait de sauver les deniers publics investis. Mais, elle signe surtout l’échec industriel d’une politique énergétique mondiale non coopérative...
    Date: 2013–09–06
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09nge3o54bg&r=ger
  143. By: Finn Christensen (Department of Economics, Towson University)
    Abstract: This paper studies stability and slope properties of market demand when disaggregated consumption externalities exist. Equilibrium is stable when feedback effects are limited, where feedback effects exist when own demand is indirectly affected by own consumption. Market demand is downward sloping if consumption externalities are not too strong and negative consumption externalities are not too varied. Under purely positive consumption externalities market demand is downward sloping in any stable equilibrium. Demand may be stable and upward sloping when negative consumption externalities exist. Under purely negative consumption externalities, upward sloping demand requires at least one "spoiler" whose consumption has a cumulatively large negative effect on others' demand.
    Keywords: Demand, consumption externalities, bandwagon and snob effects,network effects, strategic complements and substitutes, interdependent preferences, congestion, feedback effects, stability, slope of market demand, moderate social influence.
    JEL: D11
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:tow:wpaper:2014-02&r=ger
  144. By: Christophe Benaroya (M&CN - Marketing & Communication Networks - Toulouse Business School); Christine Fèvre-Pernet (Cérep - Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur les Emplois et les Professionnalisations - Université de Reims - Champagne Ardenne)
    Abstract: Une très grande variété de travaux académiques porte sur la marque y compris, et plus récemment, dans le domaine business to business. En revanche, probablement considéré comme allant de soi, le processus même d'attribution d'un nom (naming) n'est pas étudié en tant que tel en marketing. En mobilisant les apports de la linguistique principalement et en les combinant aux concepts marketing, cet article à visée exploratoire met en œuvre une approche abductive appliquée aux grands projets industriels. La double démarche adoptée auprès d'experts en marques et noms et d'experts en projets aéronautiques permet de définir plus précisément ici la notion de naming. Est souligné le rôle essentiel du naming pour permettre l'identification, la différenciation et l'authentification d'un projet. Mais, au-delà, les résultats principaux révèlent d'autres fonctions managériales insoupçonnées/ du naming : le nom donne vie au projet (au sens fort du terme) ce qui a pour résultat de mieux fédérer et mobiliser les parties prenantes autour du projet et ainsi d'en faciliter l'organisation et le pilotage.
    Keywords: Abductif; BtoB; Management; Marketing; Marque; Naming; Projet; Onomastique commerciale ; Onomastique des organisations
    Date: 2014–03–28
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00972031&r=ger
  145. By: L. Jiang (ESSEC Business School - ESSEC Business School); Anne Jeny-Cazavan (ESSEC Business School - ESSEC Business School); Sophie Audousset-coulier (Department of accounting - Concordia University)
    Abstract: Cette recherche analyse les effets de l'utilisation de diverses mesures de la spécialisation sectorielle des auditeurs. Les auditeurs spécialistes développent une expertise sectorielle spécifique qui leur permet d'offrir un audit de meilleure qualité. Ils obtiennent une réputation supérieure et peuvent ainsi facturer des honoraires plus élevés (prime de spécialisation). Sur un échantillon de 29 726 entreprises cotées américaines, nous avons calculé et comparé 35 mesures différentes de spécialisation sectorielle pour montrer que ces mesures différentes conduisent à des classifications non homogènes. Ce problème de classification représente une erreur de mesure significative car elle remet en question la validité du calcul des primes de spécialisation estimées dans les recherches antérieures. En effet, nous montrons que la significativité, le signe et l'amplitude de la prime de spécialisation dépend fortement de la mesure de spécialisation choisie. Notre analyse suggère que les mesures de spécialisation sectorielle des auditeurs employées dans la recherche empirique en audit ont une faible validité interne et externe.
    Keywords: spécialisation sectorielle, honoraires audit, validité de construit
    Date: 2013–05–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00962383&r=ger
  146. By: Ross Kendall; Tim Ng (Reserve Bank of New Zealand)
    Abstract: The Taylor Rule is often used to describe simply how central banks adjust short-term interest rates in response to economic conditions. We use this approach to analyse monetary policy in New Zealand, Australia, and the United States since the early 1990s. We find that the response of monetary policy to changing economic conditions is similar in New Zealand and Australia. Robust results could not be found for the United States, and in recent years it has become even more difficult to do so as the Federal Reserve has been constrained by the zero lower bound on nominal interest rates.
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nzb:nzbans:2013/04&r=ger
  147. By: Andrej Svorenčík
    Abstract: The core question of MIT Economics Department’s history – why has MIT economics risen to prominence so quickly – requires an approach to history of economics that focuses on the role of the networks within which economists operate, their ideas diffuse, and gain scientific credit. By reconstructing the network of MIT economics Ph.Ds. and their advisors, this paper furnishes not just evidence of how MIT rose to prominence as documented by the numerous ties of Nobel Laureates, Clark Medalists, elected officials of the AEA or the Council of Economic Advisors to the MIT network. The MIT Economics Department is also revealed as a community of self-replicating economists who are to a large extent trained by a few key advisers who were mostly trained at MIT as well. MIT exhibits a large share of graduates who remain in American academia that is disproportionate to the number of graduates it has produced. It is hypothesized that this has been an important factor in MIT’s rise to prominence. On a methodological level this paper introduces prosopography or collective biography, a well-established historiographic method, to the field of history of economics.
    Keywords: MIT, networks of economists, advisor-advisee relations, prosopography, collective biography
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hec:heccee:2013-19&r=ger
  148. By: Isabelle Bensidoun (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé); Ali Souag (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé)
    Abstract: Cet article présente dans un premier temps les principales caractéristiques des emplois informels en Algérie et leur évolution entre 2001 et 2007. Pour ce faire, il s'appuie sur les enquêtes emploi auprès des ménages réalisées par l'Office national des statistiques. Il s'interroge ensuite sur les raisons d'être de ces emplois, à savoir leur caractère subi ou choisi, en mobilisant les réponses fournies dans les enquêtes par les salariés sur leur souhait de changer de travail. Il montre que, sur cette période, le retrait du secteur public comme pourvoyeur d'emplois s'est traduit par une expansion marquée de l'emploi informel. Celui-ci touche particulièrement les jeunes, les moins éduqués, ceux qui exercent leur activité dans de très petites entreprises et dont l'emploi est précaire. Les premiers enseignements que l'on peut dégager sur les raisons d'être de ces emplois indiquent que l'emploi salarié informel en Algérie constituerait un emploi en dernier ressort pour échapper au chômage.
    Keywords: emploi informel, Algérie, satisfaction dans l'emploi, segmentation du marché du travail.
    Date: 2013–07–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00965775&r=ger
  149. By: Laurent Davezies (Laboratoire Ville, Mobilité, Transport)
    Abstract: Cette thèse se compose de quatre travaux indépendants. Le premier concerne les modèles partiellement identifiés, c'est-à-dire des modèles dans lesquels la valeur du paramètre d’intérêt ne peut pas être déduite de la distribution des données et des hypothèses du modèle. Dans certaines situations, aucune ou au contraire plusieurs valeurs du paramètre d’intérêt sont compatibles avec les données et les hypothèses du modèle. Ce travail démontre entre autre que si l’ensemble des distributions de probabilités compatibles avec le modèle est convexe, alors les parties extrêmes de ce convexe caractérise l’ensemble des distributions compatibles avec le modèle. Le deuxième travail propose une méthode basée sur une condition d’exclusion pour corriger de l’attrition endogène dans les panels. Nous appliquons cette méthode pour estimer les transitions sur le marché du travail à partir de l’enquête emploi française. Le troisième travail propose une méthode simple pour estimer un modèle logistique avec effets fixes et dépendance d’état tel qu’étudié par Honoré et Kiriazidou. Il propose également un nouvel estimateur des écarts-types qui semble avoir de meilleures propriétés à distance finie. Le quatrième travail est une évaluation sur les collèges de la politique éducative des Réseaux-Ambition-Réussite lancée en 2006. Nous exploitons une discontinuité dans la sélection des collèges pour comparer entre eux certains collèges « identiques » avant la mise en place de la politique. Les résultats de cette évaluation laissent place à peu d’optimisme concernant l’efficacité de cette politique.
    Keywords: Identification partielle, Attrition, Dépendance d’état, Evaluation de politiques publiques; Partial identification, Attrition, State dependence, Policy Evaluation
    Date: 2013–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6o65lgig8d0qcro9p14826c84&r=ger
  150. By: Yoshitsugu Kitazawa (Faculty of Economics, Kyushu Sangyo University)
    Abstract: This paper advocates the transformations used for the consistent estimation of the full-fledged fixed effects zero-inflated Poisson model whose zero outcomes can arise from both of logit and Poisson parts and which equips both parts with the fixed effects. The valid moment conditions are constructed on the basis of the transformations. The finite sample behaviors of GMM and EL estimators employing the moment conditions are investigated by use of Monte Carlo experiments.
    Keywords: fixed effects zero-inflated Poisson model; predetermined explanatory variables in Poisson part; moment conditions; GMM; EL; Monte Carlo experiments
    JEL: C23 C25 C51
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:kyu:dpaper:66&r=ger
  151. By: A. Mantovi
    Abstract: Building on a class of transcendental preferences for luxury, explicit solutions for price taking behavior and exchange equilibrium are discussed, which share the analytical tractability of Cobb-Douglas models and display positive relevance, along the lines discussed by Freixas and Mas-Colell (1987). The monotone comparative statics of the luxury effect is discussed. Pareto sets admit a simple characterization which generalizes the one set forth by Afriat (1987) for Cobb-Douglas exchange economies. Potential lines of progress are envisaged.
    Keywords: Edgeworth Box; General Equilibrium; Luxury; Necessity; Comparative Statics; Pareto Set
    JEL: D50 D51 D58
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:par:dipeco:2014-ep02&r=ger
  152. By: Philip, Kate
    Keywords: public works, community participation, community development, part time employment, employment creation, local economic development, social service, South Africa R, travaux publics, participation de la communauté, développement communautaire, emploi à temps partiel, création d'emploi, développement économique local, services sociaux, Afrique du Sud R, obras públicas, participación comunitaria, desarrollo de la comunidad, empleo a tiempo parcial, creación de empleos, desarrollo económico local, servicios sociales, República de Sudáfrica
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ilo:ilowps:482779&r=ger
  153. By: Wixe, Sofia (Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE), Jönköping International Business School,)
    Abstract: This paper tests the importance of firm level knowledge and neighborhood diversity, as a source for localized knowledge spillovers, on firms propensity to innovate. Diversity is measured in terms of industries as well as employee education and occupation, of which the results show a positive neighborhood effect from diversity in education. In addition, an added positive effect from neighborhood diversity in education is found for firms with a larger share of highly educated employees, which points to the importance of absorptive capacity. However, firm characteristics, such as the knowledge of the own employees, provide to be the strongest determinants for the innovativeness of firms.
    Keywords: Knowledge; neighborhood diversity; education; skills; innovation
    JEL: J21 J24 O31 R32
    Date: 2014–04–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0360&r=ger
  154. By: Ebrahim, Amina; Woolard, Ingrid (SALDRU, School of Economics, University of Cape Town); Leibbrandt, Murray (SALDRU, School of Economics, University of Cape Town)
    Abstract: In comparison to other continents, Africa has received little scholarly attention with regard to household composition. Household composition is endogenous to a variety of welfare issues and little is understood about the determinants of this composition. Understanding the household composition and formation decision may improve our understanding of how the unemployed gain access to resources and how household composition could provide a safety net to the unemployed. However, increasingly, more work is surfacing around the topic in South Africa.
    Keywords: household composition; unemployment; South Africa; National Income Dynamics Study; NIDS
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ldr:wpaper:126&r=ger
  155. By: Cédric Dalmasso (CGS - Centre de Gestion Scientifique - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris); Sébastien Gand (CGS - Centre de Gestion Scientifique - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris)
    Abstract: La crise de ce qui est couramment appelé l' "ascenseur social" revient régulièrement dans les médias. Elle interroge les politiques de RSE et de manière plus générale les modèles de cohésion sociale des grandes entreprises dans un contexte mêlant crise de l'emploi, allongement des carrières, problématiques d'intensification du travail et de santé. Deux grands types d'institution influent particulièrement sur le devenir professionnel des individus : l'école et l'entreprise. Le rôle de l'entreprise a été traditionnellement suivi à travers l'évolution de la composition de la catégorie des "cadres". En France le terme de "promotion sociale" est resté très associé aux pratiques de promotion interne de cadres. Si des enquêtes de grande envergure décrivent l'évolution d'ensemble et sectorielle de la promotion sociale, elles ne permettent pas de distinguer les mouvements et leurs explications au niveau d'une entreprise dans le temps. Or la compréhension de la composition de facteurs pluriels qui peuvent influer sur les résultats des politiques de promotion sociale est très structurante pour comprendre la capacité des entreprises à les inscrire dans leurs politiques de RSE et de performance économique. L'objectif de notre communication est d'appréhender l'évolution de la promotion sociale au niveau d'une entreprise. Dans quelle mesure et à quelles conditions les entreprises peuvent-elles agir sur la promotion sociale de leurs salariés ? Nous souhaitons ainsi expliquer la manière dont une politique de promotion sociale prend corps ou au contraire est freinée. Afin d'appréhender un phénomène multifactoriel, nous adoptons une démarche de modélisation puis de simulation. Nous élaborons un modèle qui s'appuie sur la théorie des files d'attente et dont le choix des paramètres a été élaboré à partir d'une étude approfondie d'une grande entreprise française. Dans un second temps, nous procédons à des simulations afin de montrer des effets stylisés du phénomène. Un premier résultat est de proposer une modélisation à 4 dimensions (structure hiérarchique de l'entreprise, répartition de la couverture des besoins d'encadrement entre recrutement et promotion, durée des carrières et volume de recrutement au niveau exécutant) et 3 paramètres (les 3 premières dimensions). Les simulations permettent de montrer le fort conditionnement de la réussite d'une politique de promotion sociale par l'espace d'encadrement disponible par rapport au facteur d'allongement de carrière. La compensation d'une éventuelle diminution de la structure d'encadrement par une augmentation de la part de promotions demande d'autant plus d'efforts que le niveau d'encadrement initial est faible. Nos résultats explicitent ainsi les conditions historiques de réussite des politiques de promotion sociale. Ils invitent également à ouvrir un nouvel agenda de recherche autour de modèles de "carrières positives" qui enrichissent et renouvellent les possibilités de mobilité des niveaux d'exécution dans les grandes entreprises.
    Keywords: Promotion sociale, responsabilité sociale des entreprises, diversité, modélisation, simulation
    Date: 2014–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00968534&r=ger
  156. By: Henri Sterdyniak (OFCE); Maylis Avaro
    Abstract: The banking union emerged from the June 2012 European Council as a new project expected to help and solve the euro area crisis. Is banking union a necessary supplement to monetary union or a new rush forward? The banking union would break the link between the sovereign debt crisis and the banking crisis, by asking the ECB to supervise banks, establishing common mechanisms to solve banking crises, and encouraging banks to diversify their activities. The banking union project is based on three pillars: a Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM), a Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM), a European Deposit Guarantee Scheme. Each of these pillars raises specific problems. Some are related to the current crisis (can deposits in euro area countries facing difficulties be guaranteed?); some other are related to the EU complexity (should the banking union include all EU member states? Who will decide on banking regulations?), some other are related to the EU specificity (is the banking union a step towards more federalism?), the more stringent are related to structural choices regarding the European banking system. The banks' solvency and their ability to lend would primarily depend on their capital ratios, and thus on financial markets' sentiment. The links between the government, firms, households and domestic banks would be cut, which is questionnable. Will governments be able tomorrow to intervene to influence bank lending policies, or to settle specific public banks? An opposite strategy could be promoted: restructuring the banking sector, and isolating retail banking activity from risky activities. Retail banks would focus on lending to domestic agents, and their solvency would be guaranteed because they would not be allowed to run risky activity. Can European peoples leave such strategic choices in the hands of the ECB?
    Date: 2013–09
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/f6h8764enu2lskk9p4srjesb4&r=ger
  157. By: Catarina Roseira (FEP-U.Porto); Carla Ramos (Insper - Investigação e Ensino); Francisco Maia (FEP-U.Porto)
    Abstract: Abstract Networking represents a cornerstone for entrepreneurial action, nurturing relationships that provide access to necessary resources. Previous research shows that such relationships can be fostered as part of incubation processes. However, there is a lack of understanding of the underlying networking process, particularly in settings aimed at promoting them such as Networked Incubators (NIs). Moreover, little is known about entrepreneurs’ expectations when joining a NI, or about entrepreneurs’ satisfaction regarding the fulfilment of those expectations. We address these issues by investigating the features of networking within NIs, and by positing new ways of measuring incubator performance: performance from the entrepreneurs’ perspective. The article focuses on the start-ups located in UPTEC - Science and Technology Park of the University of Porto, a NI. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methodological tools (including content and social network analysis) is used. Findings show how entrepreneurs hold relatively high expectations for the dimensions of Legitimacy/Credibility, Infrastructure, and Networking, and lower expectations regarding the Business Support provided by the incubator. However, the UPTEC network shows low levels of Networking, raising questions regarding effectiveness of NIs. The findings also reveal a number of factors that impact the value and effectiveness of the networking process within a NI.
    Keywords: University Incubators; Networked Incubators; Business Networks; Value; Entrepreneurship; Social Network Analysis.
    JEL: M13 L24 L29
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:por:fepwps:532&r=ger
  158. By: Marion Cochard (OFCE); Danielle Schweisguth (OFCE)
    Abstract: Le 29 mai dernier, la Commission européenne adressait aux États membres de l’Union ses nouvelles recommandations de politique économique. Dans ces recommandations, la Commission préconise un report des objectifs de déficit public pour quatre pays de la zone euro (Espagne, France, Pays-Bas, Portugal), leur laissant plus de temps pour atteindre la cible de 3% de déficit public. L’Italie sort de la procédure de déficit excessif. Seule la Belgique est sommée d’intensifier ses efforts. Cette nouvelle feuille de route peut-elle être interprétée comme un changement de cap annonçant un assouplissement des politiques d’austérité en Europe ? Peut-on en attendre un retour de la croissance sur le vieux continent ?
    Date: 2013–07–18
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09ne286g5jg&r=ger
  159. By: Denisova-Schmidt, Elena; Huber, Martin
    Abstract: This paper investigates regional differences in the perception of corruption and informal practices among Ukrainian firms. Using two different data sets from Ukraine we show that perceived corruption differs significantly across regions, even when taking into account the size, industry, workforce composition, and other characteristics of the firms based on propensity score matching. In particular, perceived corruption is highest in the eastern areas and lowest in the western region, which points to distinct business practices that may be rooted in the different political, cultural, and historical development of Ukrainian regions.
    Keywords: Corruption, Informal Practices, Regionalism, Ukraine
    JEL: C21 D73 K42 O17 P2
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:usg:econwp:2014:07&r=ger
  160. By: Yannick Fondeur (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé); France Lhermite (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé, LATTS - Laboratoire Techniques, Territoires et Sociétés - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - CNRS : UMR8134)
    Abstract: Apparus à la fin des années 1990, les progiciels de gestion de recrutement constituent aujourd'hui une norme d'équipement dans les grandes entreprises. Leur adoption y répond souvent à la volonté de standardiser les façons de recruter, avec en arrière-plan des enjeux gestionnaires et de " professionnalisation ". En particulier, la pénétration des indicateurs de gestion dans le champ du recrutement, les enjeux autour de l'" image employeur " et la question de la lutte contre les discriminations constituent pour les grandes entreprises des incitations fortes à normaliser leurs processus. Pour aligner les pratiques sur des standards communs, les porteurs de projets d'équipement se réfèrent aux " bonnes pratiques " que l'outil permettrait de mettre en œuvre. La transversalité de la fonction " ressources humaines " (RH), et sa quête de légitimité professionnelle face aux opérationnels sur le champ du recrutement, sont particulièrement propices à l'usage de cette rhétorique. Les éditeurs de progiciels et consultants s'emparent aussi largement de cet argument, pour que les clients renoncent à la personnalisation de l'outil, que le mode de commercialisation de ces solutions (Software as a Service) rend économiquement peu viable.
    Keywords: progiciels de gestion; recrutement; standardisation; sélectivité;Software as a Service;mimétisme organisationnel. Cette
    Date: 2013–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00971311&r=ger
  161. By: Walter Nicholson; Karen Needels; Heinrich Hock
    Keywords: Unemployment Compensation, Unemployment Insurance, Great Recession, Federal Policy
    JEL: J
    Date: 2014–03–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8080&r=ger
  162. By: Rick Van der Ploeg; Gerard van der Meijden; Cees Withagen
    Abstract: In partial equilibrium a rapidly rising carbon tax encourages oil producers to extract fossil fuels more quickly, giving rise to the Green Paradox. General equilibrium analysis for a closed economy shows that a rapidly rising carbon tax negatively affects the interest rate, which tends to weaken the Green Paradox. However, in a two-country world with an oil-importing and an oil-exporting region the Green Paradox may be amplified in general equilibrium if exporters are relatively patient. On the contrary, if oil exporters are relatively impatient, the Green Paradox might be reversed. Furthermore, general equilibrium effects tend to weaken the link between a capital asset tax and the time profile of resource extraction so that the capital asset tax becomes less useful as an instrument to offset the Green Paradox effect associated with the announcement of a future carbon tax. Taking exploration costs into account, we show that the effect of both policy instruments on cumulative extraction is of opposite sign as the effect on current extraction. Moreover, if the change in current extraction is amplified or reversed in general equilibrium, so will be the change in cumulative extraction.
    Keywords: Green Paradox, Hotelling rule, oil importers, oil producers, investment, capital markets, carbon tax, asset holding tax
    JEL: D81 H20 Q31 Q38
    Date: 2014–01–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:oxf:wpaper:oxcarre-research-paper-130&r=ger
  163. By: Mandell, Svante (KTH and VTI); Nilsson , Jan-Eric (VTI); Vierth , Inge (VTI)
    Abstract: The impact of policy instruments supposed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from road freight transports may seem smaller than expected. Using insights from economics and contract theory, the paper sorts out the (possible) instances of market failure in the freight transport market; operator market power, asymmetric information split incentives, and public goods. The primary limitations of standard policy instruments are demonstrated to be linked to unobservable information. Some of these may be reduced but not eliminated as information technologies develop, making it possible to observe, verify and provide contract-relevant information to the uninformed parties. There is little reason to believe that possible market failures present major limitations to the efficiency of economic instruments geared toward protecting the climate, other than possibly in the short run
    Keywords: Freight transport; Climate; Greenhouse gas; Policy instruments; Asymmetric information; Split incentives
    JEL: R40
    Date: 2014–03–25
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:ctswps:2014_005&r=ger
  164. By: Stefan Behrendt (Graduate Programme "Global Financial Markets")
    Abstract: This paper shall give an overview of the implications to the sectoral balances stemming from the implementation of the Fiscal Compact in the Euro area in 2013. Since there is now a more or less strict limit to deficit spending-absent from cyclical factors-some other sector has to make up for the reduction of the financial deficit of Euro area gov- ernments. While applying sensible estimates on the trajectories of the sectoral balances in the Euro area, I reach the conclusion that the only logical outlet for these (potentially) reduced deficits would be the for- eign sector, reflecting the inability of the private sector to run a sizeable surplus of investments over savings over the long-run. Under the sce- nario described in the paper, the Euro area would run a considerable current account surplus in the foreseeable future.
    Keywords: fiscal policy, Fiscal Compact, current account, sectoral balances
    JEL: E27 E61 E62 E66 F32 H62 H63
    Date: 2014–03–26
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hlj:hljwrp:52-2014&r=ger
  165. By: Aurelio Bruzzo; Elena Curzola
    Abstract: The evolution socio-demographics of the province of Ferrara in the 150 years since the Unification of Italy. Among the many initiatives developed during the 150 years of the Unification of Italy also included a survey conducted, in collaboration with a small group of students (or undergraduates) of the Faculty of Economics, with the objective of reconstruct (or sketch) the demographic change, social and productive recorded in the province of Ferrara from 1861 to 2011, using Census made by ISTAT. After the diffusion of data of the population Census 2011 has become possible to publish the results of calculations performed on the complete series in relation to the socio-demographic aspects that, unfortunately, starting from the flood of Polesine, which took place in November 1951, not appear to be satisfactory.
    Keywords: evolution socio-demographics; long period; provincial level
    JEL: J10
    Date: 2014–03–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:udf:wpaper:2014063&r=ger
  166. By: Bruno Ducoudre (OFCE)
    Abstract: Après une année 2012 moins bonne que prévue (+2,0 % de croissance contre +2,4 % prévu en octobre 2012), l'année 2013 sera marquée par un policy-mix dont l'objectif principal est un retour de la croissance associé à une sortie rapide de la déflation, avant la hausse de 3 points de la TVA qui devrait intervenir en avril 2014 si la croissance est au rendez-vous (...).
    Keywords: Japon
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2lgi0928&r=ger
  167. By: Arden Finn (SALDRU, School of Economics, University of Cape Town); Murray Leibbrandt (SALDRU, School of Economics, University of Cape Town); Ingrid Woolard (SALDRU, School of Economics, University of Cape Town)
    Abstract: Gauging levels of welfare using data on income and expenditure is informative yet limited and can be enhanced by including non-money-metric measures. Nationally representative data sets from 1993 and 2010-2011 which cover a broad set of domains are used to calculate a multidimensional poverty index (MPI) for each year. This paper calculates these indices and uses them to assess trends in multidimensional poverty in South Africa over the post-apartheid period. From 1993 to 2010 MPI poverty fell by 29 percentage points from 37% to 8%. During this time period, the level of severe MPI poverty also dropped substantially from 17% of the population in 1993 to just over 1% in 2010. Not only did the incidence and intensity of multidimensional poverty fall significantly, but the average distance from the multidimensional poverty line across all dimensions also decreased over the period. These declines in multidimensional poverty are notably stronger than the estimated declines in money-metric poverty, which are also estimated and compared for the post-apartheid period.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ldr:wpaper:099&r=ger
  168. By: Pan Ké Shon, Jean-Louis (CREST-LSQ); Verdugo, Gregory (Bank of France)
    Abstract: Analysing restricted access census data, this paper examines the long-term trends of immigrant segregation in France from 1968 to 2007. Similar to other European countries, France experienced a rise in the proportion of immigrants in its population that was characterised by a new predominance of non-European immigration. Despite this, average segregation levels remained moderate. While the number of immigrant enclaves increased, particularly during the 2000s, the average concentration for most groups decreased because of a reduction of heavily concentrated census tracts and census tracts with few immigrants. Contradicting frequent assertions, neither mono-ethnic census tract nor ghettoes exist in France. By contrast, many immigrants live in census tracts characterised by a low proportion of immigrants from their own group and from all origins. A long residential period in France is correlated with lower concentrations and proportion of immigrants in the census tract for most groups, though these effects are sometimes modest.
    Keywords: immigration, spatial segregation, France
    JEL: J61
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8062&r=ger
  169. By: Scott Scheall
    Abstract: From the early-1950s on, F.A. Hayek was concerned with the development of a methodology of sciences that study systems of complex phenomena. Hayek argued that the knowledge that can be acquired about such systems is, in virtue of their complexity (and the comparatively narrow boundaries of human cognitive faculties), relatively limited. The paper aims to elucidate the implications of Hayek’s methodology with respect to the specific dimensions along which the scientist’s knowledge of some complex phenomena may be limited. Hayek’s fallibilism was an essential (if not always explicit) aspect of his arguments against the defenders of both socialism ([1935] 1948, [1940] 1948) and countercyclical monetary policy ([1975] 1978); yet, despite the fact that his conceptions of both complex phenomena and the methodology appropriate to their investigation imply that ignorance might beset the scientist in multiple respects, he never explicated all of these consequences. The specificity of a scientific prediction depends on the extent of the scientist’s knowledge concerning the phenomena under investigation. The paper offers an account of the considerations that determine the extent to which a theory’s implications prohibit the occurrence of particular events in the relevant domain. This theory of “predictive degree” both expresses and – as the phenomena of scientific prediction are themselves complex in Hayek’s sense – exemplifies the intuition that the specificity of a scientific prediction depends on the relevant knowledge available.
    Keywords: Hayek, Economic Methodology, Fallibilism, Complexity, Explanation, Prediction, Underdetermination, Quine
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hec:heccee:2013-21&r=ger
  170. By: Raul V. Fabella (School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman)
    Abstract: This paper revisits the record of CARP over the quarter century of its existence. By 2014, 5.05 million of the 5.37m hectares of the targeted agricultural land shall have been distributed. As a program for land asset equity, it shall have accomplished 99% of its target, whopper of a success for a government program. As a program to advance the economic welfare of farmers, it has accomplished the opposite of its stated goals. Productivity has fallen drastically in coconut and sugar and poverty incidence among agrarian reform beneficiaries in agrarian reform communities stood at 54% in 2011 higher than for farmers in general. CARP and CARPER has created a new class of people: the landed poor. The paper then explores the many design and implementation flaws that has brought this sad result among which are: CARP’s illegalization of the market for land assets (Section 27) sending Coasean bargains underground and the 5-hectare land ownership ceiling leading to the demise of the legal rural financial market and the flight of private capital. It is time to shift from land equity to farm efficiency. The paper argues for the return of the market in rural production: let productive farmers legally cultivate 10 or more hectares as the market dictates; let PSE-registered firms legally operate agro-industrial farms without land ceiling. Poverty reduction requires the shift of resources and manpower from informal to formal sectors. CARP has done the opposite. To echo the architect of the great Chinese Economic Miracle, Deng Xiaoping: It is time to stop redistributing poverty!
    Keywords: CARP, agrarian reform, agriculture, Coase Theorem, Philippines
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:phs:dpaper:201402&r=ger
  171. By: Linda Rosenberg; Megan Davis Christianson; Megan Hague Angus; Emily Rosenthal
    Keywords: SIG, School Improvement Grants, Rural Schools, Education
    JEL: I
    Date: 2014–04–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8093&r=ger
  172. By: Pascual, Unai; Garmendia, Eneko; Phelps, Jacob; Ojea, Elena
    Abstract: Forest loss and degradation remains a leading environmental problem. The long history of sustainable forest management has often failed to meet expectations.constrained by funding, governance, capacity and competing interests. Initiatives from the climate
    Keywords: sustainable forest management, foreign aid, official development assistance, climate change finance, REDD+, forestry sector governance
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-054&r=ger
  173. By: Bruno Ducoudre (OFCE); Hervé Péléraux (OFCE); Christine Rifflart (OFCE); Hélène Périvier-Timbeau (OFCE); Christophe Blot (OFCE); Marion Cochard (OFCE); Eric Heyer (OFCE); Catherine Mathieu (OFCE); Danielle Schweisguth (OFCE); Mathieu Plane; Amel Falah (OFCE); Céline Antonin (OFCE); Sabine Le Bayon (OFCE)
    Abstract: La Grande Récession se poursuit pour la cinquième année consécutive. De 2010 à 2013, les efforts budgétaires réalisés et annoncés par les pays développés ont été sans précédent, avec pour objectif une réduction rapide des déficits. Mais dans un contexte de multiplicateurs élevés, l’effort budgétaire a un coût en termes d’activité. Trop longtemps ignoré, ce mécanisme a conduit à ce que les espoirs de réduction des déficits publics furent toujours déçus. En 2013 puis en 2014, l’ensemble des pays développés continuera donc l’effort de consolidation budgétaire, malgré le haut niveau du chômage involontaire. Les multiplicateurs budgétaires restant élevés, les pays développés s’enfonceront dans le cercle vicieux d’une hausse du chômage, d’une récession qui se prolonge et de doutes croissants quant à la soutenabilité des finances publiques. La poursuite de cette stratégie d’austérité budgétaire porte en elle le germe de la déflation salariale dans les pays les plus touchés. Les réformes structurelles imposées par la troïka consistant notamment à couper dans les rémunérations des fonctionnaires indiquent que cette déflation n’est pas subie, mais encouragée, avec pour objectif la restauration de la compétitivité des pays en crise. Mais, puisque la zone euro est un espace de change fixe, cette déflation salariale ne pourra que se transmettre aux autres pays. Un nouveau levier sera activé par lequel la crise se prolongera. Lorsque les salaires décroissent, l’accès au système financier pour lisser les choix des agents économiques devient impossible. Les dettes que l’on cherche à réduire depuis le début de la crise vont s’apprécier en termes réels. La déflation par la dette deviendra le nouveau vecteur du piège de la crise.
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2hr7gdj1&r=ger
  174. By: Marion Cochard (OFCE)
    Abstract: Après une année 2012 en fort ralentissement, les pays d’Europe centrale et orientale ont connu un léger rebond de croissance au premier semestre 2013. Dans le sillage de la zone euro, de l’Allemagne en particulier, les économies de la zone bénéficient d’un regain de demande de l’extérieur et multiplient les signes de reprise. L’amélioration des perspectives de la zone euro à l’horizon de la prévision, de même qu’un assouplissement de la politique budgétaire, devraient sortir progressivement la zone de l’ornière au cours de l’année 2013. Le véritable rebond de croissance devrait se faire sentir à partir de 2014, avec une croissance économique moyenne de la zone à 2,4 %, contre 0,9 % en 2013. L’économie russe, quant à elle, voit sa croissance ralentir depuis la mi-2012, entravée par un risque de surchauffe. Compte tenu de nos prévisions de prix des matières premières, les perspectives de croissance de la Russie baissent à 2,9 % pour 2014.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oap87i993&r=ger
  175. By: Eicker-Wolf, Kai; Truger, Achim
    Keywords: taxation, fiscal policy, public expenditure, investment, Germany, fiscalité, politique fiscale, dépenses publiques, investissement, Allemagne, tributación, política fiscal, gasto público, inversión, Alemania
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ilo:ilowps:484519&r=ger
  176. By: Gomber, Peter; Haferkorn, Martin; Zimmermann, Kai
    Abstract: The general concept of a Securities Transaction Tax is controversial among academics and politicians. While theoretical research is quite advanced, the empirical guidance in a fragmented market context is still scarce. Possible negative effects for market liquidity and market efficiency are theoretically predicted, but have not been empirically tested yet. In light of the agreement of eleven European member states to implement an STT, this study aims to give a comprehensive overview of the effects of the STT, introduced in France in 2012, on liquidity demand, liquidity supply, volatility and inter-market information transmission. The results show that the STT has led to a decline in liquidity demand, has had a detrimental effect on liquidity supply and negatively influences the inter-market information transmission efficiency. However, no effect on volatility can be observed. --
    Keywords: financial transaction tax,market fragmentation,speculative trading,market quality
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:safewh:11&r=ger
  177. By: Céline Antonin (OFCE)
    Abstract: 2012 restera une année de purge budgétaire pour l'Italie qui clôture l'année avec une baisse de son PIB de 2,4 %, et un acquis de -1 % pour 2013 (...).
    Keywords: Italie; budget
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n2p8ge107&r=ger
  178. By: Ruiz, Manuel (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)
    Abstract: En este documento se contrasta la hipótesis modificada de autoselección para empresas formales peruanas. Se consideran 3 tipos: aquellas que producen solo para el mercado interno, las que producen para el mercado interno y para el mercado externo indirectamente vía intermediarios comerciales, y aquellas que producen para el mercado interno y para el mercado externo directamente a través de filiales de distribución establecidas en el exterior, de acuerdo con Felbermayr y Jung (2011) y con Verma y Mc Williams (2013). Se utiliza un modelo de datos ordenados que permite discriminar entre estas tres categorías. Se encuentra que el ordenamiento para la elección de los modos de exportación se da a través de diferencias de productividad factorial total aproximadas por variables tales como el tamaño de la firma, entre otras.
    Keywords: Intermediación comercial, firmas heterogéneas, productividad, probit ordenado, tamaño de la firma
    JEL: D24 F14 F23 L25 O30
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2014-004&r=ger
  179. By: Yannick L'Horty (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV), ERUDITE - Equipe de Recherche sur l'Utilisation des Données Individuelles Temporelles en Economie - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne (UPEC) : EA437 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV)); Etienne Lehmann (TEPP - Travail, Emploi et Politiques Publiques - CNRS : FR3435 - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV), CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - INSEE - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique, ERMES - Equipe de recherche sur les marches, l'emploi et la simulation - CNRS : UMR7017 - Université Paris II - Panthéon-Assas)
    Abstract: La coexistence de trois dispositifs massifs de réduction du coût du travail, les exonérations générales de cotisations employeurs, le Crédit d'Impôt pour la Compétitivité et l'Emploi, et le " pacte de responsabilité " dont la mise en place a été annoncée au début 2014, n'est pas un gage de lisibilité, de simplicité et de cohérence. L'objet de cet article, est de proposer les grandes lignes d'une remise à plat de l'ensemble de ces dispositifs. Nous mobilisons les leçons de l'expérience, au travers de l'histoire des prélèvements sociaux et de celle des exonérations. Nous mobilisons aussi les enseignements de la théorie économique, des arguments classiques à ceux des modèles d'appariement, et ceux des études économétriques appliquées. Nous plaidons pour un renforcement de la progressivité des prélèvements sociaux, c'est-à-dire pour concentrer les exonérations sur les plus bas salaires
    Keywords: prélèvements sociaux ; cotisations employeurs ; chômage
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00972293&r=ger
  180. By: Hélène Périvier-Timbeau (OFCE)
    Abstract: Le projet de loi sur l’égalité entre femmes et hommes, voté par le Sénat le 18 septembre 2013, comprend notamment un volet visant à modifier les modalités d’accès à l’allocation de congé parental, le Complément libre choix d’activité (CLCA). Le droit à cette allocation est un droit familial : il est attribué à celui des deux parents qui réduit ou cesse son activité professionnelle pour s’occuper de l’enfant, et ce pour une durée de 3 ans maximum. Partant du constat que 98 % des allocataires sont des femmes, l’objectif visé par la loi est d’encourager les pères à y recourir : désormais sur les 36 mois de droit à l’allocation de congé parental, 6 devront être pris par l’autre parent. Autrement dit, au terme de 30 mois de congé parental pris par la mère, le père devra prendre le relais pour les 6 mois restant, au risque pour la famille de perdre ces 6 mois. L’Unaf, hostile à cette réforme, a publié sur son site une enquête sur « Les pères et le congé parental »...
    Date: 2013–09–26
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/cnic3v8rndpflfg9o121kei47&r=ger
  181. By: Vincent Touze (OFCE)
    Abstract: Bien que le vieillissement démographique soit avant tout une bonne nouvelle puisqu’il signifie que les individus vivent plus longtemps, il est aussi souvent présenté comme un fardeau économique et social. Il affecterait les capacités productives (baisse de la productivité et diminution de la population active) et réduirait le revenu par tête (augmentation de la population inactive). Il conduirait aussi à un alourdissement des dépenses sociales en faveur des populations âgées (retraite, santé et dépendance) et la fiscalisation de leur financement pourrait peser lourdement sur les incitations à produire des richesses. En toute logique, l’Allemagne devrait être pénalisée d’un vieillissement plus fort que celui observé en France. Pour autant, un dividende démographique en faveur de la France ne va pas de soi. Certes les tendances démographiques prévoient un avenir radieux pour la France. Mais, les évolutions économiques récentes ont plutôt été très favorables à l’économie allemande alors que la France s’est embourbée dans le chômage de masse et une croissance faible...
    Date: 2013–10–11
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/cnic3v8rndpflfg9o400jh0qo&r=ger
  182. By: Kaminski, Jonathan; Christiaensen, Luc
    Abstract: The 2007-2008 global food crisis has renewed interest in post-harvest loss, but estimates remain scarce, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper uses self-reported measures from nationally representative household surveys in Malawi, Uganda, and Tanzania. Overall, on-farm post-harvest loss adds to 1.4-5.9 percent of the national maize harvest, substantially lower than the Food and Agriculture Organization's post-harvest handling and storage loss estimate for cereals, which is 8 percent. Post-harvest loss is concentrated among less than a fifth of households. It increases with humidity and temperature and declines with better market access, post-primary education, higher seasonal price differences, and possibly improved storage practices. Wider use of nationally representative surveys in studying post-harvest loss is called for.
    Keywords: Markets and Market Access,Crops and Crop Management Systems,Food&Beverage Industry,Technology Industry,Environmental Economics&Policies
    Date: 2014–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6831&r=ger
  183. By: Richard Bennett (American Enterprise Institute)
    Abstract: American citizens are far ahead of government agencies and holdout populations such as the elderly in transitioning to new networking technologies. The FCC should revise its Internet Protocol Technology Transitions Order to, among other things, accelerate the adoption of IP technologies in the realms of public safety, defense, and aviation.
    Keywords: network services,government,FCC,Broadband networks,Broadband access
    JEL: A O
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:aei:rpaper:40736&r=ger
  184. By: Wahl, Peter
    Keywords: financial management, taxation, economic recession, Community law, regulation, comment, public opinion, trade union role, EU countries, gestion financière, fiscalité, récession économique, droit communautaire, réglementation, commentaire, opinion publique, rôle du syndicat, pays de l'UE, dirección financiera, tributación, recesión económica, derecho comunitario, reglamento, comentario, opinión pública, papel del sindicato, países de la UE
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ilo:ilowps:484767&r=ger
  185. By: Jennifer Edwards; Rebecca Kellenberg
    Keywords: ELE Evaluation, Express Lane Eligibility Evaluation, South Carolina, CHIPRA
    JEL: I
    Date: 2013–11–22
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8087&r=ger
  186. By: Catherine Mathieu (OFCE)
    Abstract: L’économie britannique a connu une croissance soutenue au premier semestre 2013. Le PIB a augmenté de 0,4 % au premier trimestre et de 0,7 % au deuxième, soit une hausse de 1,4 % en glissement sur un an au deuxième trimestre, contre -0,2 % à la fin de 2012. Le taux de chômage est resté quasiment stable, passant de 7,8 % en décembre 2012 à 7,7 % en juin 2013. L’inflation, mesurée selon l’indice des prix à la consommation harmonisé était de 2,7 % en glissement sur un an en août 2013, comme en décembre 2012. La Banque d’Angleterre poursuit sa politique de soutien à la croissance via le maintien de son taux directeur à 0,5 %, et des mesures non conventionnelles, tandis que le gouvernement britannique continue de mettre en oeuvre son plan de réduction du déficit public, souhaitant faire baisser le ratio de dette publique à partir de 2017-2018. En 2012, le déficit public au sens de Maastricht était de 6,2 points de PIB et la dette publique de 89 points de PIB. Les taux d’intérêt publics à long terme ont commencé à augmenter à partir de mai 2013, comme aux États-Unis et un peu plus rapidement que dans la zone euro, pour approcher 3 % en septembre 2013, soit des niveaux encore historiquement faibles. Les indicateurs conjoncturels signalent tous la poursuite de la reprise au troisième trimestre, mais la question se pose de savoir à quel point cette reprise, jusqu’ici tirée par la consommation des ménages et les exportations, sera relayée par l’investissement des entreprises, alors que la politique budgétaire restera restrictive.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oasc3ekcp&r=ger
  187. By: Rodríguez, Julieta A.; Rodríguez, Elsa Mirta M.
    Abstract: La Producción Integrada (PI) es un Sistema Agrícola de Producción de alimentos que utiliza al máximo los recursos y los mecanismos de regulación naturales y asegura a largo plazo una agricultura viable. En el sudeste bonaerense, este sistema productivo ha sido plasmado en un Protocolo realizado por la E.E.INTA Balcarce para papa. El objetivo de esta investigación es estimar el Costo de Producción Integrada de Papa -en comparación con el costo de Producción Convencional- y el beneficio factible de obtener con el nuevo proceso productivo, teniendo en cuenta la disponibilidad a pagar de los consumidores por una papa diferenciada. El estudio utiliza técnicas cualitativas para obtener información global sobre la producción de papa en el sudeste bonaerense e información desagregada sobre los elementos que componen el costo de producción y comercialización de los dos sistemas productivos analizados y técnicas cuantitativas para estimar los Costos de Producción de papa -integrada y convencional- y los Flujos de Fondos (Cash Flow). Los resultados indican que los cambios que se introducen en un establecimiento papero convencional del sudeste bonaerense a través de la implementación de un Sistema de Producción Integrada de papa incorporan nuevos elementos en el Estado de Costos y provocan una reducción del costo de producción. Adicionalmente, se observa que los Flujos de Fondos descontados arrojan un valor notablemente mayor al aplicar el Sistema de Producción Integrada en lugar del Convencional.
    Keywords: Papa; Producción Alimentaria; Proceso Productivo; Costos de Producción; Flujo de Fondos
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nmp:nuland:1932&r=ger
  188. By: Nicholas Sander (Reserve Bank of New Zealand)
    Abstract: Fluctuations in migration are a significant feature of New Zealand's economy. This note reports results of statistical modelling that analyses the relationship between permanent and long-term migration (and its components) and developments in the housing market.
    Date: 2013–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nzb:nzbans:2013/10&r=ger
  189. By: Marisa Ratto (CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - Ministère de l'Enseignement supérieur et Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé)
    Abstract: Novembre 2013 Télécharger au format PDF : Document 167 (267 Ko) Ce document de travail fournit une analyse empirique de la relation entre utilisation de certaines pratiques de travail et coopération entre collègues. À partir des données de l'enquête couplée Changements organisationnels et informatisation-COI 2006, cinq pratiques de travail sont identifiées qui, selon la littérature économique, favorisent la coopération entre collègues : les interactions répétées entre collègues, les interdépendances dans la production, l'autonomie décisionnelle au travail, le contrôle réciproque du travail entre collègues et l'accomplissement de tâches variées. On repère ainsi une importante corrélation positive entre l'autonomie décisionnelle au travail et l'entraide, et entre le contrôle réciproque du travail et l'entraide. Quand on considère l'adoption de deux de ces pratiques à la fois, ce sont deux combinaisons particulières qui sont les plus fortement corrélées à l'entraide : les interdépendances dans la production combinées à l'autonomie décisionnelle et la diversité des tâches également combinée à l'autonomie décisionnelle. Les incitations telles que la rémunération basée sur la performance de l'équipe et les systèmes d'évaluation de la performance, qui ont des conséquences réelles sur le salaire et la carrière, sont aussi associées positivement à l'entraide.
    Keywords: pratiques de travail; coopération; travail d'équipe
    Date: 2013–11–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00966235&r=ger
  190. By: Socha, Karolina (COHERE, Department of Business and Economics)
    Abstract: When introducing Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG) tariffs as the basis for paying hospitals in Europe, one of the major problems was to find a balancing point between the aim of increasing hospital activity and the need to control global expenditures on hospital care. Consequently, in several European countries, DRG-based reimbursement has been mixed with the already existing forms of hospital reimbursement, such as block budgets, instead of replacing the latter entirely. The mixed reimbursement is viewed as a cautious way of introducing DRG-based funding, which offers the potential for achieving activity expansion without jeopardizing global expenditures control. Denmark is one of the countries where DRG tariffs have been added to the system of block budgets coupled with activity targets. The transition to the mixed reimbursement occurred by replacing a part of each hospital’s ‘old’ block budget by a ‘new’ DRG-based component. The DRG-based component depends on a hospital’s case mix and applicable DRG tariffs, which are, however, reduced by, e.g. 30-50% as compared with a monetary value of a full tariff. The usual interpretation is that such a mix of reimbursement methods provides a specific set of incentives that is different from other hospital payment methods. Yet, the exact modus operandi of the mixed reimbursement remains obscure. It is not entirely clear whether and how the unit rate of reimbursement was changed after the transition? Was the entire volume of a hospital’s activity affected or only certain treatments and/or higher levels of activity? Another question is what happened with the activity targets that traditionally accompanied the ‘old’ block budgets? The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive description of the change in hospital incentive scheme that followed the transition to the mixed reimbursement in Denmark. In doing so, the paper provides a qualitative assessment of the mixed reimbursement with regard to the asserted exceptionality of its incentive structure, with a particular focus on its ability to balance incentives for activity expansion and global expenditures control. We show that the mixed reimbursement is simply a veiled version of the usual block budget system, which due to certain added complications might even distort activity/efficiency improvements in a new way. The cautions way of implementing DRG –based reimbursement resulted in a system that has hardly moved away from the historical patterns of activity and costs. The sum of the ‘new’ DRG-based component and the remaining part of the ‘old’ block budget simply added up to the total of the ‘old’ block budget (+/- standard annual corrections for inflation, etc.), which allowed hospitals to produce unchanged sort and volume of activity at unchanged unit cost. Only few percent of the annual activity volume is indeed subject to altered reimbursement incentives. In sum, the mixed reimbursement as implemented in Denmark does not present any innovation. Hence, any empirical research based on the assumption that the incentive scheme for the entire volume of hospital activity was changed by the transition to the mixed reimbursement might produce false conclusions.
    Keywords: Diagnosis-Related Groups; Block budgets; Hospital reimbursement; Denmark
    JEL: I12 I13 I14
    Date: 2014–03–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:sduhec:2014_003&r=ger
  191. By: David C Broadstock (TIERS, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, China and Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), School of Economics, University of Surrey, UK.); Rui Wang (TIERS, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, China); Dayong Zhang (TIERS, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, China)
    Abstract: We attempt to consolidate (at least in part) the vast literature on oil shocks and stock returns by decomposing the influence of oil shocks into two channels of effect: ‘direct’ and ‘indirect’. Using a simple empirical asset pricing model it is shown that oil shocks can affect stocks not only directly, but also indirectly through general market risk (which is shown to be due in part to oil shocks), or put another way that additional oil price risk exposure is embedded in the traditional market beta. As far as is known, this is the first paper explicitly quantifying both effects together. By doing so we offer a more complete picture of when and how oil shocks impact stock returns, thus allowing investors to make more informed responses to oil shocks. The results are illustrated using daily data from all (active) listed energy related stock portfolios in the Asia Pacific Region, and are robust to structural instability and the specification of oil-shock used.
    Keywords: Oil Prices, Energy Related Stocks, Threshold GARCH, Asset Pricing, Structural Break.
    JEL: G12 G15
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:sur:seedps:146&r=ger
  192. By: González Gómez, Daniel A.
    Abstract: El diseño y la implementación de políticas industriales por parte del Estado son condición sine qua non para conducir la economía sobre un sendero de desarrollo sostenible. En particular el avance en las cadenas de valor y en los procesos de eslabonamiento requiere de políticas activas que contemplen tanto a las economías sectoriales como al desarrollo armónico y equilibrado entre las regiones. En esta línea, las políticas productivas y más específicamente la promoción de agrupamientos empresariales constituyen una herramienta para el fortalecimiento económico local. Esta tesis presenta el estudio de la aplicación del Programa Sistemas Productivos Locales (SPL) a través de las Agencias de Desarrollo Local de todo el país, como instrumento de política industrial y de desarrollo económico implementado por la Secretaría de la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa y Desarrollo Regional. El marco teórico y objetivo de la tesis se desarrollan a partir del estudio de la literatura existente, información bibliográfica y de la investigación llevada a cabo entre los grupos promovidos por estas instituciones. Precisamente el trabajo de campo consistió en la búsqueda de información entre los coordinadores de grupos con planes de trabajo asociativo aprobados por el Programa SPL. Por último, los resultados generales de la tesis permiten contrastar la hipótesis de trabajo y realizar las correspondientes conclusiones.
    Keywords: Conglomerados Productivos; Asociación de Empresas; Desarrollo Local; Sistema Productivo
    Date: 2013–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nmp:nuland:1927&r=ger
  193. By: Elise Huillery (Département d'économie)
    Abstract: Was colonization costly for France? Did French taxpayers contribute to colonies' development? This paper reveals that French West Africa's colonization took only 0.29 percent of French annual expenditures, including 0.24 percent for military and central administration and 0.05 percent for French West Africa's development. For West Africans, the contribution from French taxpayers was almost negligible: mainland France provided about two percent of French West Africa's revenue. In fact, colonization was a considerable burden for African taxpayers since French civil servants' salaries absorbed a disproportionate share of local expenditures.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09na41pc24o&r=ger
  194. By: OECD
    Abstract: Teachers’ salaries increased in real terms between 2000 and 2011 in virtually all OECD countries, but mostly remain below those of other tertiary-educated workers. Statutory salaries for lower secondary school teachers with 15 years of experience are 35% higher than starting salaries in OECD countries. Among OECD countries, education systems that pay teachers more relative to their national income per capita tend to perform slightly better in mathematics as shown by the PISA study. An increasing number of countries are now targeting salary increases to attract high-level graduates in the profession, to retain the best teachers or to assign the most experienced teachers to disadvantaged schools.
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:oec:eduaaf:21-en&r=ger
  195. By: Divakaran, Shanthi; McGinnis, Patrick J.; Shariff, Masood
    Abstract: This paper discusses the constraints for private equity financing of small and medium enterprises in developing economies. In addition to capital, private equity investors bring knowledge and expertise to the companies in which they invest. Through active participation on the board of directors or in partnership with management, private equity investors equip companies with critical improvements in governance, financial accounting, access to markets, technology, and other drivers of business success. Although private equity investors could help to create, deepen, and expand growth of small and medium enterprises in developing economies, the vast majority of private equity in such markets targets larger or more established enterprises. Technical assistance, when partnered with private equity, can unlock more investor commitments and considerably enhance the ability of small and medium enterprises in emerging markets to raise private equity capital. Technical assistance provides funding that allows private equity funds to extend their reach to smaller companies. Technical assistance can mitigate some level of risk and increase the probability of successful investments by funding targeted operational improvements of investee companies. Dedicated technical assistance facilities financed by third parties, such as development finance institutions, governments, or other parties, have emerged to fill this critical need.The paper discusses the provision of investment capital twinned with technical assistance, which is now more accepted by limited partners and general partners or fund managers and is becoming more of a market model for private equity finance focused on small and medium enterprises.
    Keywords: Debt Markets,Access to Finance,Emerging Markets,Investment and Investment Climate,Microfinance
    Date: 2014–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6827&r=ger
  196. By: Etienne Wasmer (Département d'économie); Nicolas Lepage-Saucier; Juliette Schleich
    Abstract: Bien que peu prisé des syndicats de salariés et des représentants patronaux, le contrat unique reste paradoxalement au coeur du débat public. Si le contrat unique semble à première vue être une réponse séduisante pour réduire le dualisme, il ne règle pas pour autant les problèmes liés à la précarité et à l’impact de la protection de l’emploi ; ceuxci peuvent être traités par des politiques alternatives ciblées plus efficaces. De plus, bien que réels, les coûts du dualisme sont moins évidents et moins bien démontrés que ceux engendrés par la protection de l’emploi. Enfin, la suppression des CDD entrainerait, à protection inchangée, une perte d’emploi importante car tous ces emplois ne seraient pas remplacés par des CDI compte tenu de la prudence à l’embauche des entreprises. Un assouplissement fort de la protection de l’emploi prévue dans ce nouveau contrat unique serait alors nécessaire, mais il peut d’ores et déjà intervenir dans les cadres légaux actuels et n’a pas à être lié à un nouveau contrat : des contreparties en termes d’assurance chômage ou de formation professionnelle sont possibles.
    Date: 2013–06
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n8tj78lbn&r=ger
  197. By: Hisayuki Tsukuma (Faculty of Medicine, Toho University); Tatsuya Kubokawa (Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo)
    Abstract:    This paper addresses the problem of estimating the normal mean matrix with an unknown covariance matrix. Motivated by an empirical Bayes method, we suggest a unied form of the Efron-Morris type estimators based on the Moore-Penrose inverse. This form not only can be dened for any dimension and any sample size, but also can contain the Efron-Morris type or Baranchik type estimators suggested so far in the literature. Also, the unied form suggests a general class of shrinkage estimators. For shrinkage estimators within the general class, a unied expression of unbiased estimators of the risk functions is derived regardless of the dimension of covariance matrix and the size of the mean matrix. An analytical dominance result is provided for a positive-part rule of the shrinkage estimators.
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:tky:fseres:2014cf926&r=ger
  198. By: Wittenberg, Martin (DataFirst, University of Cape Town)
    Abstract: Bhorat and van der Westhuizen (2013) use asset indices to explore inequality in post-Apartheid South Africa. We show that the way in which the asset indices were transformed to calculate the Gini coefficients does not preserve the relative ranking of inequality measures on subgroups. This means that the reported trends are not robust. Even if they were, it is difficult to interpret the coefficients.
    Keywords: inequality, asset index
    JEL: D63 I32
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ldr:wpaper:110&r=ger
  199. By: Chao Wang; Ilaria Dalla Pozza
    Abstract: Maintaining long-term customer relationships and increasing customer value are always the two crucial objectives in service management and relationship marketing. Both researchers and market practitioners are ardent on exploring and comprehending the drivers of customer lifetime duration and number of future transactions (discounted expected transactions). This study implements a probability model to estimate the lifetime duration and discounted expected transactions with relatively simple and standard discrete-time based transaction data which are easily approachable for managers, and identifies the relational and demographic factors that have significant contribution in the explanation of the variance in customer lifetime duration and discounted expected transactions. Several important managerial implications are discussed to offer some insights to marketing managers and decision makers.
    Date: 2014–03–28
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipg:wpaper:2014-203&r=ger
  200. By: Hairault, Jean-Olivier (University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne); Langot, François (University of Le Mans); Sopraseuth, Thepthida (University of Cergy-Pontoise)
    Abstract: Since the last recession, it is usually argued that older workers are less affected by the economic downturn because their unemployment rate rose less than the one of prime-age workers. This view is a myth: older workers are more sensitive to the business cycle. We document volatilities of worker flows and hourly wage across age groups on CPS data. We find that old worker's job flows are characterized by a higher responsiveness to business cycles than their younger counterparts. In contrast, their wage cyclicality is lower than prime-age workers'. Beyond this empirical contribution, we show that a life-cycle Mortensen & Pissarides (1994) model is well suited to explain these facts: older workers' shorter work-life expectancy endogenously reduces their outside options and leads their wages to be less sensitive to the business cycle. Thus, in a market where wage adjustments are small, quantities vary a lot: this is the case for older workers, whereas the youngest behave like infinitively-lived agents. Our theoretical results point out that Shimer (2005)'s view on the MP model is consistent with prime-age workers' labor market while aging endogenously introduces real wage rigidities, allowing to match what we observe for old workers, without specific assumptions as in Hagendorn & Manovskii (2008).
    Keywords: search, matching, business cycle, life-cycle
    JEL: E32 J11 J23
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8076&r=ger
  201. By: Peter J. Wallison (American Enterprise Institute)
    Abstract: In September 2013, the Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC) designated Prudential Financial as a systemically important financial institution (SIFI); its rationale was perfunctory and data-free, suggesting that the FSOC sees no need to justify its designation decisions. Congress must step in, and quickly, before this pattern continues.
    Keywords: SIFIs,FSOC,Dodd-Frank Act,banking regulation
    JEL: A G
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:aei:rpaper:40673&r=ger
  202. By: Xavier Timbeau (OFCE)
    Abstract: La région Ile-de-France est caractérisée par une faible augmentation de l’offre de logements et une hausse importante des prix de l’immobilier. Pour lever la contrainte foncière, la densification, tout au moins dans la proche périphérie de l’hypercentre, paraît une solution envisageable. Nous proposons ici un mécanisme de partage de la valeur créée lors d'une densification importante par la destruction d'un immeuble existant et sa reconstruction avec un nombre d’étages accru. Le partage se veut incitatif pour les propriétaires mais aussi pour les collectivités locales. De fait, pour ces dernières, la densification est à la fois une charge économique, implique des investissements, demande de compenser les perdants à la densification et induit un risque de modification de la base électorale. Si la densification se fait par une augmentation suffisante de l’élévation et dans une zone où les prix au m² sont élevés, la valeur créée est alors d'un ordre de grandeur suffisant pour renverser les logiques de malthusianisme foncier à l'oeuvre. En simulant un tel dispositif sur l’Ile-de-France, il apparaît un potentiel de construction d'un million de nouveaux logements, un investissement des collectivités locales de l'ordre de 60 milliards d'euros et un surcroît d’activité dans le bâtiment de près de 140 milliards d'euros. Le dispositif actuel d’assujettissement de la valeur totale des constructions neuves à la TVA au taux normal devrait être aménagé afin de permettre de financer les incitations nécessaires à une telle opération.
    Keywords: construction de logement; Etalement urbain; Densité résidentielle; Taxation de basses densités
    Date: 2013–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09mgl120sj7&r=ger
  203. By: Backman, Mikaela (Jönköping International Business School, & Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS))
    Abstract: It is natural to assume that the characteristics of the bank sector are important factors for new firm formation when external capital is needed for establishing new firms. The local bank sector acts as the main provider of financial funds in Sweden since other sources of external capital are limited. In addition, the banking services needed in the start-up process tend to be sensitive to distance and are mainly supplied locally. Thus, the structure of the local bank sector is an important factor that determines the conditions for start-ups. The finding in this paper supports the hypothesis that new firm formation is positively influenced by (1) the average size of the bank branches, (2) number of independent banks and bank branches per capita, and (3) the intensity of competition level. Access to independent banks and bank branches has a stronger influence on start-ups in more rural locations.
    Keywords: new firm formation; local bank sector; Sweden
    JEL: G21 L26 R11
    Date: 2014–03–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0358&r=ger
  204. By: Vicente Correia Lima Neto; Cleandro Henrique Krause; Renato Nunes Balbim
    Abstract: Este trabalho busca discutir a dinâmica do uso de instrumentos urbanísticos pós-Estatuto da Cidade como elemento de análise dos planos diretores (PDs) municipais. A pesquisa parte do argumento de que a política urbana municipal estaria consolidada a partir da presença do seu instrumento básico – o PD municipal, conforme especifica o Estatuto da Cidade (EC). No entanto, a simples presença desse plano no âmbito do município não reflete sua efetividade. Como avaliar, portanto, tais PDs, que não pela sua simples presença? A premissa desta pesquisa é de que a previsão integrada e detalhada dos instrumentos previstos pelo EC e presentes nos PDs ensejaria planos mais minuciosos e aderentes à realidade municipal. A integração, nesse sentido, poderia ser analisada a partir da construção, previsão e detalhamento de um circuito de intervenção no espaço urbano, que traria os instrumentos urbanísticos como ferramenta transformadora da cidade. Um maior detalhamento a priori, sem a necessidade de regulamentações futuras, permitiria o próximo passo no contexto da política urbana municipal – o nível operacional dos PDs. A escolha dos instrumentos corresponde àqueles que, de certa forma, estão mais presentes no ideário urbano, possuem esse caráter tácito pretendido e possibilitam atuar de forma integrada ou integradora de outros instrumentos. Nesse sentido, o que se denomina circuito é composto dos instrumentos outorga onerosa (OO), operação urbana consorciada (OUC) e zona especial de interesse social (Zeis). Destaca-se ainda que os instrumentos citados já haviam sido utilizados por municípios brasileiros anteriormente ao EC, pesando esse motivo nas suas escolhas. Assim, a existência do circuito favoreceria a consolidação dos princípios da política urbana previstos no EC, o ordenamento do espaço urbano, a recuperação das mais-valias fundiárias urbanas e a provisão habitacional, resultando em proxy da capacidade de ordenamento e efetividade de ação transformadora do PD. Esta análise busca responder, a partir dos dados da Pesquisa de Informações Básicas Municipais (MUNIC) – Perfil dos Municípios Brasileiros, da Rede de Avaliação e Capacitação para Implementação dos Planos Diretores Participativos (Rede PDP) e da leitura da base legal dos municípios que compuseram a amostra, a questionamentos a respeito da incorporação dos preceitos de política urbana previstos no EC, da previsão e do detalhamento dos instrumentos urbanísticos e da eventual influência do porte do município na previsão do circuito. Conclui-se que existe um forte impacto das políticas federais na política urbana municipal, apresentando uma recente inflexão em relação à previsão dos instrumentos urbanísticos. Contudo, observa-se o baixo apontamento das áreas específicas para o uso de tais instrumentos, ou seja, a indicação de seus locais de aplicação nos municípios, a despeito de sua necessidade legal, e uma tendência de maior completude do uso e previsão dos instrumentos em municípios de maior porte e em posições superiores na hierarquia da rede brasileira de cidades. This paper discusses the use of urban policy instruments in Brazil, brought by the City Statute (CS) a federal law passed in 2001 (“Estatuto da Cidade” in Portuguese), as a tool of analysis of municipal master plans (MP). The main argument of this research is that the municipal urban policy would be consolidated by the presence of MP as specified in the CS. However, the mere presence of this plan within the municipality may not reflect its effectiveness. Therefore, how to evaluate the cities master plans if not by their presence? The premise established for this research is that the integrated and detailed prevision of urban policy instruments provided by the CS in the MPs would develop more real and useful MPs. Such integration could be analyzed from the construction, prevision and detailing of a circuit of intervention in the urban space, which would bring the urban instruments as a transformative tool of cities. And, at first, a more detailed MP, without the need for further regulations, could make itself promptly operational. The choice of which instruments to analyse corresponds to those which: i) are more present in Brazil’s urban reform ideary; ii) have tacit knowledge; and iii) enable the integrated use of other instruments. In this sense, what is here called circuit consists of the instruments: i) onerous grant of building rights; ii) urban operations consortium; and iii) special area of social interest. Additionally, the above instruments had been used by the municipalities prior to the CS. Thus, the existence of the circuit would favor the consolidation of the urban policy principles brought by the CS, the rational use of the urban space, the recovery of socially created land values and the provision of social housing. Meanwhile, the circuit could be a proxy of the planning capacity and the effectiveness of a MP. This analysis is based on data from the Survey of Basic Municipal Information (MUNIC) - Profile of Brazilian Municipalities, and from the Network of Assessment and Training for Implementation of Participatory Local Master Plans (PDP) as well as the legal texts of MPs comprised in a sample. The research seeks to answer which facts influence the existence of the circuit: i) city size; ii) if the MPs contain the principles brought by the CS; and iii) the prevision and detailing of urban policy tools in the MPs. We find that there is a strong impact of federal urban policies at a local level, with a recent increase in the prevision of urban policy instruments. However, there are few indications of the sites where they are supposed to be used in the municipalities’ territory. We also observe a trend towards a greater presence of urban policy tools in larger municipalities on higher positions in the hierarchy of the Brazilian network of cities.
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1943&r=ger
  205. By: Jose Olmo; William Pouliot
    Abstract: This article introduces a U-statistic type process that is fashioned from a kernal which can depend on nuisance parameters. It is shown that this process can accommodate, in a straightforward manner, anti-symmetric kernels, which have proved useful for detecting changing patterns in the dynamics of time series, and weight functions. Weight functions have been shown to improve the power of test statistics employed to detect these changing patterns throughout the evaluation perios; early and late as well. Theory and related test statistics are developed here and applied to detection of structural breaks in linear regression models (LRM). This flexibility is exploited to develop tests to detect changes in intercept or slope in LRMs that are robust to changes in the rest of medal parameters. The statistics developed here are applied to detect changing patterns in mutual fund manager's stock selecting ability over the period 2001 to 2010.
    Keywords: Change-Point tests; CUSUM test; Linear regression models; Stochastic processes; U-Statistics
    JEL: C12 C22 C52
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:bir:birmec:14-02&r=ger
  206. By: IMK Düsseldorf; OFCE Paris; WIFO Wien
    Abstract: The German economy achieved only a weak growth performance in 2012. GDP grew by 0.7 % on annual averages and by just 0.4 % over the course of the year. The prospects during the forecast period are mildly optimistic. The global economy will initially pick up only slowly, but the growth dynamic is expected to be stronger next year, boosting German exports. In the wake of the apparent stabilisation of the Euro area, uncertainty will gradually dissipate and investors will increasingly drop their wait-and-see attitude. Private consumption will, moreover, bolster growth in both the current and the coming year. The Institutes forecast GDP growth of 0.9 % on annual averages this year, a figure which understates the underlying dynamic: comparing the fourth quarter of 2013 with that of 2012 growth will reach a very much more substantial 1.9 %. In 2014 GDP growth is expected to be 1.5 %. The unemployment rate will remain more or less unchanged over the two years, at 5.1 % and 5.0 % on ILO definitions and 6.8 and 6.7 % respectively on German national definitions. Medium-term simulations indicate that the German economy is likely to remain constrained by the impact of the euro area crisis for an extended period. There are two main causal channels: German exports to the euro area will continue to be squeezed severely by the austerity policies being pursued across Europe, and even in Germany fiscal policy is expected to be contractionary, dampening the growth of incomes and domestic demand. Growth is expected to average 1.3 % in the years to 2017. Alternative scenarios show that by means of expansionary policies, including a European investment programme, far more favourable results could be obtained in the euro area as a whole and its member states individually than in the baseline scenario.The recession in the crisis-hit countries and the current stagnation in the remaining EMU member states must be overcome and give way to economic growth strong enough to increase capacity utilization and reduce unemployment. The necessary process of deleveraging must continue and public finances be put on a sustainable footing. At the same time, current account imbalances must be reduced and the financial sector stabilised. The current economic policy strategy, consisting first and foremost of fiscal austerity and a monetary policy rendered ineffective by country-specific risks, will almost certainly be unable to generate sustained improvements in these four key areas.A necessary condition for exiting from the crisis is to make monetary policy effective once more by re-establishing confidence in the government bonds of the crisis countries. This must be accompanied by a turnaround in fiscal policy. Fiscal consolidation must occur in such a way that it does not impinge negatively on aggregate demand. The Macro group proposes a European investment offensive. The crisis countries should receive external financing equal to 1 % of current GDP for a period of five years. This should be used to finance public investment and/or support for private investment. Member States with current account surpluses, especially Germany, should implement expansionary fiscal policy measures representing at least 1 % of GDP, such that they play the role of locomotive for the European business cycle. .
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:80e-2013&r=ger
  207. By: Harro Maas
    Abstract: This paper examines how Samuelson defined his own role as an economist as a technical expert, who walked what he called ‘the middle of the road’ to – seemingly – stay out of the realm of politics. As point of entry I discuss the highly tempting offers made by Theodore M. Schultz in the 1940s to come over to Chicago, which Schultz persistently repeated over a period of three years and despite strong Chicago faculty resistance. A contrast between Schultz’s own experiences as an economic expert at Iowa State, Samuelson’s work as an external consultant for the National Resources Planning Board during the Second World War and the firm support of the MIT administration for Samuelson’s research, serve to pinpoint the meaning of being technical for Samuelson, and the relation of the technical economic expert to the realm of politics.
    Keywords: technical expertise, economic modeling, ‘middle of the road’ economists, National Resources Planning Board, MIT, University of Chicago
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hec:heccee:2014-1&r=ger
  208. By: Michida, Etsuyo; Nabeshima, Kaoru; Ueki, Yasushi
    Abstract: This paper summarizes the main results of a unique firm survey conducted in Vietnam in 2011 on product-related environmental regulations (PRERs). The results of this survey are compared with the results of a corresponding survey of firms in Penang, Malaysia (Michida, et al. 2014b). The major findings are as follows. First, adaptation to PRERs involves changes in input procurement and results in market diversification, which potentially alters the structure of supply chains. This finding is consistent with the Malaysian survey result. Second, connections to global supply chains are key to compliance, but this requires firms to meet more stringent customer requirements. Third, government policy can play an important role in assisting firms to comply with PRERs.
    Keywords: Vietnam, Environmental protection, Industrial standards, Foreign investments, International trade, Statistics, Global supply chain, FDI, PRERs (Product-related environmental regulations), REACH, RoHS
    JEL: F18 O14
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper466&r=ger
  209. By: Eric Heyer (OFCE); Marion Cochard (OFCE); Bruno Ducoudre (OFCE); Hervé Péléraux (OFCE)
    Abstract: En 2013, l'économie française devrait croître de 0,2 % en moyenne annuelle, ce qui lui permettrait de retrouver en fin d'année le niveau de production atteint six ans plus tôt, fin 2007. Cette performance médiocre est très éloignée du chemin qu'aurait dû normalement emprunter une économie en sortie de crise. Cinq ans après le début de la crise, le potentiel de rebond de l'économie française est important. Mais cette « reprise » a été freinée principalement par les plans d'écono- mies budgétaires en France et dans l'ensemble des pays européens. Pour la seule année 2013, cette stratégie budgétaire aura amputé de 2,4 points de PIB l'activité en France. La prise de conscience de l'existence de multiplicateurs budgétaires élevés a été tardive, une fois que l'expérience de l'austérité eût produit ses effets sur la croissance. En mai 2013, elle a poussé les autorités européennes à étaler l'effort en prolongeant le délai imparti pour la correction du déficit excessif de six pays de l'Union, dont la France. L'allègement des exigences de la Commission offre un ballon d'oxygène au gouvernement pour atténuer l'austérité en 2014. Selon le budget présenté à l'automne 2013, l'effet interne de l'austérité s'atténuerait de 0,5 point entre 2013 et 2014, et dans la mesure où nos partenaires relâcheraient également leur restriction, une amélioration de la demande adressée à la France est anticipée. Au total, c'est près d'un point de croissance qui serait regagné en 2014 par rapport à 2013 grâce à l'allègement de la rigueur. Dans ces conditions, la croissance devrait être de 1,3 % en 2014 en moyenne annuelle, rythme trop faible pour envisager une amélioration du marché du travail. Le taux de chômage en France métropolitaine augmenterait légèrement pour s'établir à 10,9 % fin 2014. Il s'élèverait à 11,4 % pour la France entière. La contrepartie à l'allègement de la rigueur est un déficit public plus élevé que celui qui avait été initialement programmé. Il devrait s'établir à 3,5 % du PIB en 2014 après avoir atteint 4,1 % en 2013.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oaor10q44&r=ger
  210. By: Bingley, Paul (The Danish National Centre for Social Research – SFI); Lundborg, Petter (Department of Economics, Lund University); Vincent Lyk-Jensen, Stéphanie (The Danish National Centre for Social Research – SFI)
    Abstract: Military conscription implicitly taxes draftees. Those who would have volunteered at the market wage may be forced to serve for lower wages, and those with higher opportunity costs may be forced to serve regardless, yet little is known about the distribution of this burden. We exploit the Danish draft lottery to estimate the causal effect of military service on labor earnings of young men across the cognitive ability distribution. We find that high ability men who are induced to serve face a 7 percent earnings penalty, whereas low ability men face none. Educational career disruption is an important channel.
    Keywords: conscription; military service; earnings; draft lottery
    JEL: J24 J31 J45
    Date: 2014–03–21
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:lunewp:2014_010&r=ger
  211. By: Richard Darbéra (LATTS - Laboratoire Techniques, Territoires et Sociétés - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - CNRS : UMR8134)
    Abstract: Les taxis ne peuvent prendre des clients dans la rue ou en station qu'à l'intérieur du périmètre de l'autorité qui leur a accordé la licence. C'est leur " zone de prise en charge ". Dans la plupart des pays d'Europe il n'y a que quelques centaines de ces zones. En France il y en a potentiellement 36 000. Leur étroitesse, combinée au fait que ces licences sont négociables, empêche les taxis d'offrir un service optimisé pour le transport de malades ou d'adopter les nouvelles technologies de réservation par applications de téléphonie mobile.
    Keywords: taxi; régulation; téléphonie mobile
    Date: 2014–02–13
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00971522&r=ger
  212. By: Hiroyuki Yamada (Associate Professor, Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP)); Satoshi Shimizutani (Research Fellow, Research Division, Gender Equality Bureau, Cabinet Office)
    Abstract: This paper examines the labor supply outcomes of family care provision for Japanese households in 2010, ten years after the introduction of the public long-term care insurance (LTCI) program. We found that family care provision for parents adversely affected labor market outcomes of main caregivers at home in terms of probability of working, employment status and hours worked. The adverse effect was found to be more serious for female caregivers than for male caregivers. Moreover, our results suggest that the public LTCI program seems to only partially mitigate the disadvantages of the main caregivers for both males and females.
    Keywords: Informal care, Caregiver, Long-term care insurance, Labor supply, Japan
    JEL: J22 I11
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:osp:wpaper:14e004&r=ger
  213. By: Huang, Yongfu; Quibria, M. G.
    Abstract: This paper examines whether foreign aid, together with other economic, social and environmental factors, contributes to sustainable development. It starts with a theoretical model where sustainable development is modelled as a different kind of growth tha
    Keywords: sustainable development, aid effectiveness, post-2015 development agenda, economic growth, natural resource exploitations, energy intensity, factor-IV, factor-GMM
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-057&r=ger
  214. By: Helle M. Alvesson; Menno Mulder-Sibanda
    Abstract: The objective of this review was to study where community-based family planning and nutrition programs have been integrated, how this has been accomplished, and what the results have been. Although family planning is a nontraditional intervention in community-based nutrition programs, it can have profound effects on maternal and child health and nutrition. When family planning does not occur, short intervals between pregnancies deplete mothers' reserves of nutrients needed for pregnancy and later for breastfeeding. As a result, short birth intervals are associated with higher maternal and neonatal mortality and malnutrition rates of infants. Family planning, which promotes contraceptive use and the lactational amenorrhea method, can thus improve nutrition outcomes in both mothers and babies. The authors identified a few studies on integrated services in the published literature; thus the main part of the review is built on operational research studies and unpublished smaller scale intervention studies. However, the controlled studies that were identified indicate positive correlation between breastfeeding levels and increased contraception use. Additionally, although the design of the intervention studies did not make it possible to assess the degree to which integration had an impact, the studies did highlight factors that were key to a successful integration process. These are community engagement; multiple and frequent contact points between mothers, community volunteers, and health workers; involvement of husbands; moving implementation decisions closer to the users of the program; and assuring transparency, clarity, and simplicity in the transmission of development objectives to communities.
    Keywords: abortion, access to family planning, access to health care, adolescent girls, adolescent pregnancies, adolescents, age of marriage, Antenatal care, antenatal visits, ... See More + vailability of family planning, babies, baby, BASIC HEALTH CARE, Behavior Change, birth control, breast milk, breastfeeding, care during pregnancy, Child Development, child health, child health services, child marriage, Child Mortality, child mortality rate, child mortality rates, CHILD NUTRITION, CHILD SURVIVAL, childbearing, childbirth, children per woman, clinics, Community health, complementary food, condoms, contraception, contraceptive method, Contraceptive prevalence, contraceptive services, contraceptive use, counselors, declines in fertility, delivery care, demographic targets, development objectives, diabetes, diseases, Early childbearing, economic growth, economic status, emergency obstetric care, exchange of information, existing family planning, families, Family Health, Family Health International, FAMILY PLANNING, family planning methods, FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMS, family planning services, family size, fertility, fertility rate, fertility rates, fewer pregnancies, first pregnancy, forms of contraception, gender issues, global policy, HEALTH CARE, health care providers, health care services, health centers, HEALTH EDUCATION, health facilities, health indicators, health interventions, health messages, health outcomes, health promotion, Health sector, health system, health systems, health workers, high child mortality, HIV, home visits, hospital, hospitals, household surveys, Human Development, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, husbands, hygiene, ill-health, Illness, immunization, Immunizations, Immunodeficiency, individual women, Infant, infant feeding, Infant mortality, Infant mortality rate, infant mortality rates, infant nutrition, INTEGRATING FAMILY PLANNING, international organizations, intervention, iodine deficiency, iron, IUD, IUDs, lactational amenorrhea, lactational amenorrhea method, LAM, large families, laws, live births, local community, longitudinal research, Low-Income Settings, male involvement, malnourished children, maternal care, maternal deaths, maternal health, MATERNAL MORTALITY, Maternal mortality rate, maternal mortality rates, Maternal mortality ratio, maternal nutrition, maternity services, medical facilities, midwife, midwifery, midwives, Millennium Development Goals, Ministry of Health, modern contraceptives, morbidity, mortality, mortality among infants, MORTALITY REDUCTIONS, mother, national Drug, national level, National Population, National Population Policy, neonatal mortality, newborns, number of children, number of women, nurses, NUTRITION, nutrition education, nutritional status, oral contraceptives, outreach workers, peer groups, pill, population control, population growth, postabortion, postabortion care, postnatal care, postpartum period, practitioners, pregnancies, pregnancy, pregnant women, preventive health care, Primary Health Care, progress, promotion of family planning, provision of family planning, puberty, public debate, Public Health, public health services, quality of services, radio, religious leaders, reproductive age, reproductive health, reproductive health services, risk of death, role models, rural areas, safe motherhood, sanitation, scientific evidence, screening, service delivery, sexually active, siblings, skilled personnel, small families, smaller families, social services, stillbirth, surgery, teenage girls, teenage pregnancies, teenagers, UNFPA, United Nations Population Fund, unmarried adolescent, unmarried women, use of family planning, use of family planning methods, vaccination, village chiefs, voluntary family planning, woman, workers, World Health Organization, Young Child, young children
    Date: 2013–11–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wbk:hnpdps:85743&r=ger
  215. By: Arraigada, Mariana Cecilia
    Keywords: Calidad de los Servicios; Engagement; Clima Organizacional; Recursos Humanos
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nmp:nuland:1929&r=ger
  216. By: Christophe Blot (OFCE); Danielle Schweisguth (OFCE); Céline Antonin (OFCE); Sabine Le Bayon (OFCE)
    Abstract: Après six trimestres de baisse, la zone euro a renoué avec une croissance positive au deuxième trimestre 2013, le PIB progressant de 0,3 %. À l’exception du secteur de la construction, les enquêtes de conjoncture sont mieux orientées, confirmant le retour d’une croissance positive dans les prochains trimestres sur l’ensemble de la zone. La confiance des marchés est revenue, comme en témoigne la poursuite de la baisse des taux souverains en Espagne en Italie. Un mouvement de convergence semble d'ailleurs amorcé puisque dans le même temps les taux sur la dette souveraine allemande et française ont augmenté. Les risques de crise de liquidité dans la zone euro semblent aussi s'atténuer. Le guichet de la BCE reste ouvert et les demandes de refinancement diminuent progressivement. La crainte d'un éclatement de la zone euro étant écartée, les principales menaces qui pourraient contrarier le retour de la croissance dans la zone euro résident dans la poursuite de l'ajustement budgétaire. Pour autant, il est encore prématuré d’affirmer que la zone euro est sortie de la récession. La poursuite, même à un moindre rythme, de la consolidation conjuguée aux pressions à la baisse des salaires en lien avec le niveau élevé du chômage pèsera sur le pouvoir d’achat des ménages dans la plupart des pays. Il ne devrait donc pas y avoir de reprise par la consommation, en dehors du cas particulier de l’Allemagne. La croissance sera insuffisante pour combler l’écart de croissance qui s’est creusé et réduire les divergences qui sont apparues dans la zone euro. Les pressions déflationnistes dans les pays du sud de l’Europe restent fortes, ce qui contraint le pouvoir d’achat et la consommation des ménages, en particulier les agents les plus endettés qui doivent faire face à leurs échéances. Dans ces conditions, la zone euro restera écartelée entre une fraction de pays où la crise laisse peu de traces et une autre durablement affaiblie économiquement, financièrement et socialement.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oaoq8f41m&r=ger
  217. By: Satoshi Baba (Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo)
    Abstract:    Germany's urban land policy (kommunale Bodenpolitik) attracted the attention of foreign countries. There were also many contemporary publications about this policy in Germany because it was a precondition for city planning, which included housing and transportation policies. The aim of this paper is to clarify Frankfurt am Main's land policy at the turn of the twentieth century, especially under Franz Adickes' era. Adickes, the third senior mayor (1891-1912), carried out urban land policy as a consciously planned intervention in the land market. His land policy had two additional objectives: The first was securing land for administrative buildings and public facilities. The second was the facilitation of city extension and the preparation for future incorporation. Frankfurt's municipal land increased from 4,229.17 ha in 1900 to 6,370.19 ha in 1913. Land purchased by the city consisted of 11,649 estates during the period 1895-1915. Conversely, land sold during the same period consisted of only 2,465 estates because it was difficult to set land prices. As a result, the Erbbaurecht (Heritable Building Right) was utilized as a substitute measure for land sales. Though Frankfurt's urban land policy produced good results, it was forced to change owing to 'the predominance of purchasing policy' and increasing debt. Thus, the state government also became involved with the land and housing policies. The land policy shifted from the stage of 'social city' to that of 'social state' after World War I.
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:tky:fseres:2014cf920&r=ger
  218. By: Richard V. Burkhauser (Cornell University and University of Melbourne); T. Lynn Fisher (Social Security Administration); Andrew J. Houtenville (University of New Hampshire); Jennifer R. Tennant (Ithaca College)
    Abstract: Using linked 2009 Current Population Survey (CPS)-Annual Social and Economic Supplement/Social Security Administration records data and a definition of disability based on the six-question disability sequence (6QS) in the CPS-Basic Monthly Survey, we perform a face validity test that shows that the 6QS captures only 66.3 percent of those who administrative records confirm are receiving Social Security benefits based on their disability. Adding a work-activity question to the 6QS increases our capture rate by another 23.1 percentage points for a total of 89.3 percent. We find little difference in the distribution of conditions between those who only report a 6QS-based disability and those who only report a work activity-based disability. The four function-related questions in the 6QS do a relatively good job of capturing those receiving benefits based on these conditions. But the work-activity question does a far better job of capturing those receiving benefits than the two activity-related questions in the 6QS.
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mrr:papers:wp267&r=ger
  219. By: Xavier Timbeau (OFCE)
    Abstract: L'accélération attendue de la croissance mondiale en 2014 pourrait enfin laisser espérer la fin du marasme après six années de crise. Le terme possible de la crise dans la zone euro porte l'espoir d'une normalisation du fonctionnement de l'économie mondiale. Mais, au-delà de quelques chiffres positifs publiés depuis le début de l'année et de l'anticipation d'une fin de récession dans la zone euro, rien aujourd'hui n'indique que les difficultés sont surmontées. Les mécanismes de la crise des dettes souveraines peuvent se réactiver, les péripéties politico-budgétaires américaines, qui ont trouvé une issue temporaire, peuvent resurgir début 2014 et les tensions autour de la fiscalité et la hausse du chômage nourrissent les inquiétudes sociales. Selon les tenants de la rigueur à marche forcée, l'amélioration du climat conjoncturel dans la zone euro illustrerait les premiers bénéfices de la stratégie de consolidation budgétaire telle qu'elle a été conduite depuis 2010. C'est négliger l'effet multiplicateur très négatif de la rigueur sur l'activité, l'absence de coordination des ajustements qui a accentué l'effet récessif de ces choix de politique économique, et le mauvais calibrage de l'effort imposé aux pays qui a étouffé la reprise naissante en 2010 et empêché la résorption de la partie conjoncturelle des déficits. On peut plutôt voir dans l'embellie de la conjoncture en zone euro la conséquence des arrangements institutionnels qui ont permis de contenir la crise des dettes souveraines et qui ont consisté à faire endosser le risque de détention de dette souveraine par des tiers via une forme de mutualisation. La zone euro sera enlisée dans la faible croissance d'ici à 2015 et ne pourra guère compter sur le dynamisme vacillant de ses partenaires extérieurs, les États-Unis et les pays émergents.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oaop3ak9h&r=ger
  220. By: Miles Parker; Benjamin Wong (Reserve Bank of New Zealand)
    Abstract: Exchange rate changes affect prices in New Zealand. Using data from the last 25 years, this note illustrates how the inflation responses have differed depending on what caused the exchange rate to move.
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nzb:nzbans:2014/01&r=ger
  221. By: Jérôme Maucourant (TRIANGLE - Triangle : action, discours, pensée politique et économique - CNRS : UMR5206 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Lyon - École Normale Supérieure (ENS) - Lyon - Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Etienne)
    Abstract: La crise que traverse le capitalisme occidental devrait avoir une conséquence théorique immédiate : contester les énoncés de la " science économique " dominante, qui se glorifie d'être une science, alors qu'elle est avant tout un outil performatif du capitalisme transnational dont la puissance ne réside pas dans la caractère " autorégulateur " des marchés concurrentiels, mais dans sa capacité à dévaluer le travail humain et nier les formes de vie. Ceci implique d'en revenir à la problématique de l' " économie politique ", qui part des fondements sociaux et institutionnels rendant possible la création de richesses. Mais, le passage au postcapitalisme, que peut précipiter la catastrophe dite " écologique ", devrait aussi impliquer de repenser à nouveaux frais le concept de capitalisme lui-même. Le propos de l'article est ainsi d'opposer le vieux principe capitaliste au système capitaliste, lequel est donc nouveau et contingent, ce qui est intéressant dans une perspective postcapitaliste. Certes, la puissance du " capitalisme rationnel ", inventé par l'Occident, est remarquable, mais sa dynamique même le conduit à une irrationalisation profonde de la vie sociale et, in fine, économique, du fait que le " fétichisme de la liquidité " est devenu son principe organisateur. Paradoxalement, l'émergence de formes alternatives de capitalisme, adaptant et actualisant, comme en Chine, les vieux principes du " capitalisme politique " à la Weber, a rendu possible la mondialisation. Sans les marchés créés par le capitalisme occidental, la mondialisation n'eût certes pas été possible, mais, sans la diversité des capitalismes, elle n'aurait pas pu se poursuivre. L'inquiétante convergence de ce processus capitaliste est liquidation de l'idée même de contrôle démocratique de l'économie.
    Keywords: Capitalisme politique, capitalisme rationnel, Marx, Weber, postcapitalisme
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00967678&r=ger
  222. By: Camille Hémet (Aix-Marseille School of Economics)
    Abstract: La diversité reflète le fait que les membres d’une communauté diffèrent selon certaines caractéristiques, liées à l'origine ethnique, au statut socio-économique ou à la culture. L’essor du commerce et l'intégration économique placent les sociétés modernes face à des niveaux de diversité croissants. Cette thèse évalue l’impact social et économique de la diversité locale. elle montre comment la diversité d’un quartier influe sur les conditions de vie et les perspectives d'emploi de ses habitants. Ce travail contribue à la littérature de trois façons: il examine des questions inexplorées à un niveau très local, révèle les mécanismes sous-jacents et fournit de nouvelles méthodes pour aborder la question de l'endogénéité. Le chapitre 1 montre que la diversité des origines a un effet négatif sur la qualité des biens publics locaux, du fait d’actes de vandalisme liés à un manque de pression des pairs, et du fait de l'échec de l'action collective qui permettrait une gestion efficace de la propriété. Aucun effet robuste sur la sécurité publique n’est à noter. Le chapitre 2 révèle que l'effet du chômage sur la criminalité a une dimension spatiale. Pour les crimes économiques, le taux de chômage des quartiers environnants a un effet plus fort que celui du voisinage immédiat, l'inverse étant vrai pour vandalisme. Le chapitre 3 montre que les personnes vivant dans un quartier plus diversifié ont des perspectives d'emploi inférieures, cet effet étant plus lié à la dimension culturelle qu’ethnique de la diversité. Le chapitre 4 développe un modèle rationalisant le recours des minorités ethniques à l'économie informelle en réponse à des conditions défavorables sur le marché du travail.
    Keywords: diversité ethnique et culturelle, conditions de vie, relations sociales, chômage; ethnic and cultural diversity, living conditions social, relationships, unemployment
    Date: 2013–11
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6o65lgig8d0qcro9oj5ak8gr4&r=ger
  223. By: Einav Hart; Judith Avrahami; Yaakov Kareev; Peter M. Todd
    Abstract: Many competitions require investment of nonrefundable resources, e.g., political campaigns, financial markets, sports or courting rituals. One contestant wins the prize for the invested amount, while all others forfeit their investments without receiving compensation. Frequently, contests are asymmetric, due to differing resources or prize valuations. This could lead weaker contestants to avoid investing, and stronger ones to lower their investment. Two experiments explored the effects of asymmetry between the contestants – arising from their endowments or prizes – on investments. Subjects played both symmetric and asymmetric contests, enabling direct within-subject comparisons. We observed an effect of asymmetry only when it concerned endowments: Subjects invested less when their endowments were asymmetric, whereas (a-)symmetry in the prizes did not influence investments. The changes between consecutive investments can be explained by reactions to the previous outcome (win or loss) in terms of regret over the previous investment being too much or too little.
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:huj:dispap:dp660&r=ger
  224. By: Kemal Türkcan (Akdeniz University)
    Abstract: Purpose: Recent empirical research in international trade emphasizes the role of the extensive and intensive margin to the export growth. This paper examines the sources of export growth in Turkey. For this purpose, the study decomposes Turkey’s export growth into extensive and intensive margins by using two methodologies, the count method and the decomposition method of export growth shares. The intensive margin into price and quantity components is further decomposed in order to evaluate the role of changes in price and changes in quantity. Detailed bilateral trade data, BACI, from CEPII are employed to analyze Turkey’s export statistics with 209 countries at the HS-6 level over the period 1998–2011. Additionally, these methods are employed for different categories of goods (final goods and intermediate goods exports). The results suggest that the extensive margin, particularly geographic diversification, plays the most important role in Turkey’s total goods export growth. Further, the growth in Turkey’s total goods exports is mainly explained by quantity rather than price growth. The results further point out that growth in Turkey’s final goods was driven by price growth, whereas growth in intermediate goods exports was mainly explained by quantity growth. Yet the results also suggested that product and geographic diversification of Turkey’s have not been fully realized and thus many more opportunities exist for Turkey to expand product range or expand into new markets, which in turn will bring significant benefits in the form of stable, sustainable economic growth.
    Keywords: Turkey, export margins
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:tek:wpaper:2014/2&r=ger
  225. By: Céline Antonin (OFCE)
    Abstract: Fin 2012, l’Italie a réussi à ramener son déficit budgétaire à 3 % du PIB et à respecter ses engagements européens. La réduction du déficit est pourtant lente si l’on tient compte de l’ampleur de l’impulsion budgétaire : en raison d’un multiplicateur supérieur à 1, la réduction du déficit de 0,8 points en 2012 a nécessité une impulsion négative de 3 points de PIB. Ainsi, la purge budgétaire s’est faite au prix d’une forte récession : au deuxième trimestre 2013, l’Italie a enregistré son huitième trimestre consécutif de baisse du PIB. Au premier semestre 2013, la consommation privée a fortement chuté (-3,3 %) de même que l’investissement ; seule le commerce extérieur a permis d’amortir la baisse de PIB, mais seulement par le canal de la chute des importations.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oashm8m15&r=ger
  226. By: Jae-Hyun Jung; Eli Peli
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:qsh:wpaper:154791&r=ger
  227. By: Alexander Herzog-Stein; Fabian Lindner; Rudolf Zwiener
    Abstract: In the last decade economic policy in Germany was strongly focused on supply-side policies, and the demand side was mainly ignored. Labour-market and welfare-state reforms reduced firms' costs from wages, social security contributions, and taxes. The aim was to increase incentives for job creation. In the public debate many claim that the implemented supply-side policies were a success story. However, the question is how successful these one-sided supply-side policies have really been since the end of the 1990s. By comparing business cycles in Germany over time, comparing Germany's economic development to other European countries, and by using macro-econometric simulations this question is investigated and all the implemented supply- and demand-side policies of the last ten to fifteen years are examined. It is shown that the implemented structural reforms weakened aggregate demand for a long time. Since appropriate demand-side policies were neglected, the consequence was a long period of stagnating aggregate demand. During this period foreign demand for German goods was nearly the only source for growth impulses. Consequently, German economic and employment performance was worse than in other European economies. Only with more active anti-cyclical demand-side policies and the tripartite policy of safeguarding jobs during the global financial crisis 2008/09 did economic circumstances change. The macro-econometric simulations with the IMK-Model show that a macro-economically oriented wage policy and fiscal and welfare policies that stabilise aggregate demand would have led to a better and more evenly balanced economic performance, to more jobs and less inequality in Germany.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:imk:report:87e-2013&r=ger
  228. By: Thomas Masterson
    Abstract: The quality of match of the statistical match used in the LIMTIP estimates for South Korea in 2009 is described. The match combines the 2009 Korean Time Use Survey (KTUS 2009) with the 2009 Korean Welfare Panel Study (KWPS 2009). The alignment of the two datasets is examined, after which various aspects of the match quality are described. The match is of high quality, given the nature of the source datasets. The method used to simulate employment response to availability of jobs in the situation in which child-care subsidies are available is described. Comparisons of the donor and recipient groups for each of three stages of hot-deck statistical matching are presented. The resulting distribution of jobs, earnings, usual hours of paid employment, household production hours, and use of child-care services are compared to the distribution in the donor pools. The results do not appear to be anomalous, which is the best that can be said of the results of such a procedure.
    Keywords: Statistical Matching; Time Use; Household Production; Poverty; LIMTIP; South Korea
    JEL: C14 C40 D31 J22
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:lev:wrkpap:wp_793&r=ger
  229. By: Silfverberg, Denise Valerie
    Abstract: The Individually Paying Program (IPP) is the voluntary component of the Philippines` social health insurance program. The program caters to those in the informal sector and those without a formal employer-employee relationship. Coverage levels for the IPP were found to be considerably low with a regional average of 57 percent and a provincial average of 53 percent. Massive variation between provinces was found. Four important factors were identified when looking into said variation. First, availability and accessibility is an issue. Second, substitution effect between private and public facilities was observed. Third, income levels do not appear to be a factor in determining the level of insurance coverage. Lastly, the size of certain sectors had a significant effect on the coverage levels observed in the province. Although there is a need to corroborate the findings with an individual-level analysis, these results are good indicators to start with in order to address the lack of coverage in the voluntary program of PhilHealth.
    Keywords: health care financing, Philippines, social health insurance, universal coverage, informal sector, voluntary program
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:phd:dpaper:dp_2014-15&r=ger
  230. By: Pickbourn, Lynda; Ndikumana, Leonce
    Abstract: While developing countries have made some progress in achieving human development since the turn of the century, many are still lagging behind in important human development goals such as education, health, nutrition and access to clean drinking water and
    Keywords: foreign aid, human development, gender equity, education, health
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-066&r=ger
  231. By: Martin Gelter (Fordham University School of Law); Kristoffel Grechenig (Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods & Amsterdam Center for Law & Economics (ACLE))
    Abstract: The roots of law & economics lie in late 19th century continental Europe. However, this early movement did not persist, having been cut off in the 1930s. After World War II, modern law & economics was (re-)invented in the United States and subsequently grew into a major field of research at U.S. law schools. In continental Europe, law & economics was re-imported as a discipline within economics, driven by economists interested in legal issues rather than by legal scholars. Hence, the European discourse was more strongly influenced by formal analysis, using mathematical models. Today, research in the U.S., Europe, and in other countries around the world, including Latin America and Asia, uses formal, empirical, and intuitive methods. New subfields, such as behavioral law & economics and experimental law & economics, have grown in the U.S. and in Europe during the past two decades.
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpg:wpaper:2014_05&r=ger
  232. By: Gaétan de Rassenfosse (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, and Intellectual Property Research Institute of Australia, The University of Melbourne); Hélène Dernis (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris); Geert Boedt (European Patent Office, Austria)
    Abstract: This paper provides an introduction to the Patstat patent database. It offers guided examples of ten popular queries that are relevant for research purposes and that cover the most important data tables. It is targeted at academic researchers and practitioners willing to learn the basics of the database.
    Keywords: Patent, Patstat
    JEL: O30
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iae:iaewps:wp2014n08&r=ger
  233. By: Cristos Shiamptanis (LCERPA)
    Abstract: This study revisits the sectoral shifts hypothesis for the US for the period 1948 to 2011. A quantile regression approach is employed in order to investigate the asymmetric nature of the relationship between sectoral employment and unemployment. Significant asymmetries emerge. Lilien's dispersion index is significant only for relatively high levels of unemployment and becomes insignificant for low levels suggesting that reallocation affects unemployment only when the latter is high. More job reallocation is associated with higher unemployment.
    Keywords: unemployment, employment reallocation, sectoral shifts, aggregate shocks, conditional quantile regression model, bootstrapping; Nonlinear Öscal rule, Fiscal Sustainability, Solvency Crisis, Policy Switching, Canada
    JEL: C63 E62 E63 F34 H63
    Date: 2014–03–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wlu:lcerpa:wm0070&r=ger
  234. By: Sumner, Andy
    Abstract: The majority of the world.s poor, by income poverty and multi-dimensional poverty, now live in countries officially classified by the World Bank as middle-income countries. Of course nothing happens when a country crosses a (somewhat) arbitrary threshold
    Keywords: poverty, inequality, economic development
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-062&r=ger
  235. By: Orazio Attanasio; Sally Grantham-McGregor; Camila Fernández; Emla Fitzsimons; Marta Rubio-Codina; Costas Meghir
    Keywords: Home Enviornment, Low-Income Families, Colombia, Child Development
    JEL: F Z
    Date: 2013–06–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8090&r=ger
  236. By: Keith Head (Sauder School of Business [British Columbia]); Thierry Mayer (Département d'économie); Mathias Thoenig (Centre Universitaire d'Informatique)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the consequences of replacing the assumption of Pareto heterogeneity with log-normal heterogeneity. This case is interesting because it (a) maintains some desirable analytic features of Pareto, (b) ts the complete distribution of rm sales rather than just approximating the right tail, and (c) can be generated under equally plausible processes (see online appendix). The log-normal is reasonably tractable but its use sacrices some \scale-free" properties conveyed by the Pareto distribution. Aspects of the the calibration that do not matter under Pareto lead to important dierences in the gains from trade under log-normal.
    Date: 2014–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/f6h8764enu2lskk9p2m9j4i07&r=ger
  237. By: Stefan Lutz (Royal Docks Business School, University of East London)
    Abstract: Economic theory implies that research and development (R&D) efforts increase firm productivity and ultimately profits. In particular, R&D expenses lead to the development of intangible assets in the form of intellectual property (IP) and these assets command a return that increases overall profits of the firm. This hypothesis is investigated for the North American and European automotive supplier industries. Results indicate that R&D expenses in fact increase both intangible asset levels and their profit contributions. In particular, increases in the R&D expense to sales ratio lead to increases in the profit contribution of intangible assets relative to sales. This indicates that more R&D intensive IP should command higher royalty rates per sales when licensed to third parties and within multinational enterprises alike.
    Keywords: Productivity; Intellectual property; Royalties; MNE; Transfer pricing.
    JEL: D24 L20 L62 M21
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ucm:doicae:1406&r=ger
  238. By: Alp Simsek (Massachusetts Institute of Technology); Anton Korinek (Johns Hopkins University and IMF)
    Abstract: We investigate the role of debt market policies in mitigating liquidity traps driven by household leverage. When borrowers engage in deleveraging, the interest rate needs to fall to induce lenders to pick up the decline in aggregate demand. However, if the fall in the interest rate is limited by the zero lower bound, aggregate demand is insufficient and the economy enters a liquidity trap. In such an environment, households' borrowing and saving decisions are associated with aggregate demand externalities. The competitive equilibrium allocation is constrained inefficient. Welfare can be improved by ex-ante restrictions on leverage to mitigate prospective deleveraging. Ex-post policies to write down debt also generate positive demand externalities.
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:red:sed013:1369&r=ger
  239. By: M. Neuenkirch, P. Siklos (LCERPA)
    Abstract: Monetary policy decisions are typically taken after a committee has deliberated and voted on a proposal. However, there are well-known risks associated with committee-based decisions. In this paper we examine the record of the shadow Monetary Policy Council in Canada. Given the structure of the committee, how decision-making takes place, as well as the voting arrangements, the MPC does not face the same information cascades and group polarization risks faced by actual decision-makers in central bank monetary policy councils. We find a considerable diversity of opinion about the recommended future path of interest rates inside the MPC. Beginning with the explicit forward guidance provided by the Bank of Canada market determined forward rates diverge considerably from the recommendations implied by the MPC. There is little evidence that the Bank and the MPC coordinate their future views about the interest rate path. However, it is difficult to explain the basis on which median voter inside the MPC, as well as doves and hawks on the committee, change their views about future changes in policy rates. This implies that there remain challenges in understanding the evolution of future interest rate paths over time.
    Keywords: Bank of Canada, central bank communication, committee behaviour, monetary policy committees, shadow councils, Taylor rules
    JEL: E43 E52 E58 E61 E69
    Date: 2014–03–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wlu:lcerpa:wm0066&r=ger
  240. By: Silfverberg, Raymunda R.
    Abstract: This study established the breadth of socialized Philippine health insurance, known as the PhilHealth Sponsored Program. It examined the extent of coverage relative to its target "poor" population, how much coverage rates varied across provinces and the factors likely to explain variation. PhilHealth Sponsored Program appeared to have attained universal coverage over the targeted "poor" population at the national level for the year 2011. However, universal coverage was not true in all regions or provinces. Majority of provinces experienced mild to extreme leakages in the program. Several demand and supply variables identified to have strong statistical significance in explaining variations were age-groups, education, LGUs` real per capita income, health expenditures, governance style, accessibility to PHIC support offices and availability of health professionals, all of which were found to very likely affect undercoverage rates relative to full coverage. Severity of poverty, administrative and political governance, and availability of accredited RHUs and private hospitals provided strong statistical evidence in influencing the levels of leakage vis-a-vis full coverage. Effects of most variables conformed to expectations. Results of the study point to a number of research issues that can be undertaken and some policy recommendations addressed to the national agencies and local government implementers and financiers for the PhilHealth Sponsored Program.
    Keywords: Philippines, PhilHealth Sponsored Program, universal coverage, national health insurance, regional/provincial PhilHealth coverage, NHTS-PR data, Good Governance Index (GGI)
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:phd:dpaper:dp_2014-19&r=ger
  241. By: Mikel Berdud (Departamento de Economía-UPNA); Juan M. Cabasés Hita (Departamento de Economía-UPNA); Jorge Nieto (Departamento de Economía-UPNA)
    Abstract: This paper explores optimal incentive schemes in public health institutions when agents (doctors) are intrinsically motivated. We develop a principal-agent dynamic model with moral hazard in which agents’ intrinsic motivation could be promoted (crowding-in) by combining monetary and non-monetary rewards, but could also be discouraged (crowding-out) when the health manager uses only monetary incentives. We discuss the conditions under which investing in doctors’ motivational capital by the use of well designed nonmonetary rewards is optimal for the health organizations manager. Our results show that such investments will be more efficient than pure monetary incentives in the long run. We will also prove that when doctors are riskaverse, it is profitable for the health manager to invest in motivational capital.
    Keywords: contracts, moral hazard, intrinsic motivation, crowding effects, motivational capital
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:nav:ecupna:1402&r=ger
  242. By: Yolanda F. Rebollo-Sanz (Department of Economics, Universidad Pablo de Olavide); Jose Ignacio García Pérez (Department of Economics, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)
    Abstract: Unemployment insurance is usually found to show negative effects in the transition from unemployment to a new job. However, the extent to which workers’ careers might improve or deteriorate as a result of the unemployment insurance system is not immediately clear. This paper addresses the effects of certain aspects of this system on employment stability by jointly accounting for benefits endogeneity, dynamic selection issues and occurrence dependence. The analysis is undertaken for a dual labour market, such as the market in Spain, where temporary and permanent workers differ with respect to numerous individual and labour market characteristics. We find that non-insured unemployed workers experience a greater rate of transition to employment than insured workers. But we also find that benefits encourage job stability for temporary workers not only by increasing subsequent job tenure but also by increasing the probability of entering into a permanent contract. Finally, we get that shortening the duration of the benefit entitlement period does not seem to lead to significant gains in overall employment stability, which increases at most by 4.3%. .
    Keywords: Unemployment insurance; Multivariate Mixed Proportional Hazard Model; Job Turnover; Employment Stability; Employment Dynamics
    JEL: J63 J64 J65 J68
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pab:wpaper:14.02&r=ger
  243. By: Li, Defu; Huang, Jiuli; Zhou, Ying
    Abstract: Taking into account the adjustment costs of investment, this paper proves that it is not the neoclassical growth model itself but the specific form of capital accumulation function that requires technical change to exclusively be Harrod neutral in steady state. Uzawa’s(1961)steady-state growth theorem holds only when the marginal efficiency of capital accumulation is constant, which implies that the capital supply is infinitely elastic. Therefore, it is unnecessary to make strong assumptions about the shape of the production function and the direction of technical change for neoclassical growth model to exhibit steady-state growth.
    Keywords: Neoclassical Growth Model; Uzawa’s Steady-state Growth Theorem; Direction of Technical Change;Adjustment Cost
    JEL: E13 O33 O41
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pra:mprapa:55046&r=ger
  244. By: Marina Durano (School of Economics, University of the Philippines Diliman)
    Abstract: The Magna Carta of Women (R.A. 7910) is the Philippines comprehensive women’s human rights law. The Magna Carta of Women is found to be consistent with Rawlsian notions of justice, particularly when it undertakes inequality evaluation in primary goods. Identity-based inequality evaluation is also present in the Magna Carta of Women as implied in its definition of discrimination and marginalization. With the state as the primary duty bearer, the Magna Carta of Women gives prominence to an instrumental view of agency since participation is mediated through state mechanisms and institutions. The Magna Carta of Women fails to acknowledge the contributions of care work and the implications of the gendered division of labor. The capabilities approach highlights the challenges attached to these observations. Where human rights are viewed as ethical demands, the MCW succeeds in giving attention to aspects of women’s lives that require state support.
    Keywords: gender equality, law and economics, human rights, capabilities
    JEL: K3 J16 K00 D63 I31
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:phs:dpaper:201404&r=ger
  245. By: Elsayed, Ahmed (ROA, Maastricht University); de Grip, Andries (ROA, Maastricht University); Fouarge, Didier (ROA, Maastricht University)
    Abstract: Using data from the UK Skills Surveys, we show that the part-time pay penalty for female workers within low- and medium-skilled occupations decreased significantly over the period 1997-2006. The convergence in computer use between part-time and full-time workers within these occupations explains a large share of the decrease in the part-time pay penalty. However, the lower part-time pay penalty is also related to lower wage returns to reading and writing which are performed more intensively by full-time workers. Conversely, the increasing returns to influencing has increased the part-time pay penalty despite the convergence in the influencing task input between part-time and full-time workers. The relative changes in the input and prices of computer use and job tasks together explain more than 50 percent of the decrease in the part-time pay penalty.
    Keywords: part-time work, pay penalty, job tasks, computer use
    JEL: J24 J31
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8069&r=ger
  246. By: Jae-Hyun Jung
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:qsh:wpaper:155036&r=ger
  247. By: Anouk Bonnemains (EDYTEM - Environnements, Dynamiques et Territoires de la Montagne - CNRS : UMR5204 - Université de Savoie)
    Abstract: La France est l'une des premières nations pour les sports d'hiver avec les Etats Unis et l'Autriche. Le département de la Savoie rassemble 39,2 % de part de marché, 37% de la fréquentation touristique hivernale se regroupent dans 13 très grandes stations dont 8 se trouvent en Savoie . Au sein de ce même département la fréquentation est concentrée sur la Tarentaise . La Tarentaise a donc un poids important dans l'industrie des sports d'hiver, engendrant une quasi mono-économie sur le territoire. Il semble donc intéressant de questionner ces " très grandes stations " au regard des changements climatiques et de leur liens avec le territoire dans un contexte de construction territoriale. Certain élus locaux cherchent à renforcer leur légitimé à travers une politique climatique et la mise en place de politiques territoriales volontaire : Schéma de Cohérence Territoriale, Plan Climat Energie. Deux grandes questions souhaitent être traitées dans cet article : comment la spécialisation dans le tourisme hivernal, modèle performant économiquement, a entraîné une forte vulnérabilité du territoire face aux changements climatiques ? Et de fait, comment le système touristique est pris en charge dans les politiques climatiques territoriales ? Et comment celle-ci sont comprises dans des politiques territoriales plus large ?
    Keywords: Tourisme; Innovation; Changement global ; Labex ITEM ; Montagne; Tarentaise
    Date: 2014–01–29
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00966470&r=ger
  248. By: Sidartha Gordon (Département d'économie); Olivier Bochet (University of Bern); René Saran
    Abstract: We consider collective decision problems given by a profile of single-peakedpreferences defined over the real line and a set of pure public facilities to be located on the line. In this context, Bochet and Gordon (2012) provide a large class of priority rules based on efficiency, object-population monotonicity and sovereignty. Each such rule is described by a fixed priority ordering among interest groups. We show that any priority rule which treats agents symmetrically - anonymity - , respects some form of coherence across collective decision problems - reinforcement - and only depends on peak information - peak-only -, is a weighted majoritarian rule. Each such rule defines priorities based on the relative size of the interest groups and specific weights attached to locations. We give an explicit account of the richness of this class of rules.
    Keywords: Multiple Public Facilities; Priority Rules; Weighted Majori- tarian Rules; Object-Population Monotonicity; Sovereignty; Reinforcement; Anonymity.
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oc5kng5b4&r=ger
  249. By: Kevin D. Hoover
    Abstract: In many sciences – physical, but also biology, neuroscience, and other life sciences – one object of reductionism is to purge intentionality from the fundamental basis of both explanations and the explanatory target. The scientifically relevant level – ontologically and epistemologically – is thought to lie deeper than the level of ordinary human interactions. In the material and living world, the more familiar is the less fundamental. In contrast, the economic world of day-to-day life – the world of market interactions – appears to be the relevant level. Macroeconomics is thought to provide an account that is above, not below or behind, ordinary economic decisionmaking. An advantage of a macroeconomic account is that it is possible to employ causal analysis of the economy as a whole analogous to the causal analysis of physical systems. The fear of many economists is that such analyses are untethered to ordinary economic decisionmaking. The object of reductionism in economics – the so-called microfoundations of macroeconomics – is adequately to ground or replace higher level causal analysis with an analysis of the day-to-day interactions of people. The object is not to purge intentionality, but to reclaim it. The paper will attempt to understand the key issues surrounding the microfoundations of macroeconomics from a perspectival realist perspective that elucidates the relationship between economists’ methodological preference for microfoundations and need for macroeconomic analysis – that is, between economists’ respect for the intentional nature of economic life and the need for a causal analysis of the economy. The paper favors metaphysical humility and methodological pragmatism.
    Keywords: microfoundations of macroeconomics, reductionism, causation, intentionality, Lucas critique
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hec:heccee:2014-3&r=ger
  250. By: Thomas Paris (GREGH - Groupement de Recherche et d'Etudes en Gestion à HEC - GROUPE HEC - CNRS : UMR2959); Frédéric Leroy (HEC Paris - Recherche - Hors Laboratoire - GROUPE HEC)
    Abstract: The important role of entrepreneurship in the dynamics of the arts sector and the influence of the leader's personality make succession a key issue in creative industries. What happens to an artistic organization when its founder leaves? How does it evolve? Can it adopt a style of management that is compatible with the founder's absence? This article focuses on the case of Groupe Bernard Loiseau, an iconic French company in the culinary arts whose owner and chef died suddenly. It sheds light on how the question of succession and that of style were addressed in this organization and how they are addressed in artistic organizations in general.
    Keywords: Succession; culinary art;entrepreneurial management;creative industries
    Date: 2014–01–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00973150&r=ger
  251. By: Eliasson, Jonas (KTH)
    Abstract: Congestion charges were introduced in Stockholm in 2006 as a seven-month trial, followed by a referendum where a majority voted in favour of the charges. This led to the reintroduction of congestion charges in August 2007, and they have been operational since then. The system has attracted worldwide attention worldwide, both because it achieved substantial congestion reductions, and because the system overcame fierce initial hostility, surviving a heated and complicated political and legal process, and eventually gaining support by more than 2/3 of the population and all political parties. This report summarises the story of the Stockholm congestion charges, pointing out experiences and lessons learnt.
    Keywords: Congestion charges; Stockholm; Sustainable transport
    JEL: H23 H54 R41 R48
    Date: 2014–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:ctswps:2014_007&r=ger
  252. By: Jonsson, Adam (Department of Engineering Science and Mathematics); Voorneveld, Mark (Dept. of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper provides axiomatic descriptions of social welfare relations, defined on infinite streams of utility, that are consistent with the utilitarian criterion on subsets where maximizing aggregate utility has a clear interpretation: the streams, or their differences, are summable. Besides standard assumptions on efficiency, equity and interpersonal comparability, two axioms are introduced and shown to be necessary and sufficient. A more general version of one axiom suffices to distinguish streams with different long-run averages.
    Keywords: Intergenerational equity; aggregating infinite utility streams; ethical social welfare relations
    JEL: D63 D70 D90
    Date: 2014–03–17
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:hastef:0747&r=ger
  253. By: Sandrine Levasseur (OFCE)
    Abstract: A compter du 1er Août 2013, le taux rémunérant les dépôts sur les Livrets A passera à 1,25 %, soit une baisse de 50 points de base par rapport à son précédent niveau. Cette baisse est la 8e modification du taux de Livret A depuis le début de la crise (graphique 1). Cette note tente de quantifier l’impact de la baisse du taux du Livret A sur les montants collectés en 2013 et 2014.
    Date: 2013–07–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09ne28ib21l&r=ger
  254. By: Arthur Charpentier (Department of Economics, Ecole Polytechnique - CNRS : UMR7176 - Polytechnique - X, CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - CNRS : UMR6211 - Université de Rennes 1 - Université de Caen Basse-Normandie); Benoît Le Maux (CREM - Centre de Recherche en Economie et Management - CNRS : UMR6211 - Université de Rennes 1 - Université de Caen Basse-Normandie)
    Abstract: The present research relaxes three of the usual assumptions made in the insurance literature. It is assumed that (1) there is a finite number of risks, (2) the risks are not statistically independent and (3) the structure of the market is monopolistic. In this context, the article analyses two models of natural catastrophe insurance: a model of insurance with limited liability and a model with unlimited guarantee. Among others, the results confirm the idea that the natural catastrophe insurance industry is characterized by economies of scale. The government should consequently encourage the emergence of a monopoly and discipline the industry through regulated premiums. It is also shown that government intervention of last resort is not needed when the risks are highly correlated. Lastly, the results point out that when the risks between two regions are not sufficiently independent, the pooling of the risks can lead to a Pareto improvement only if the regions face similar magnitude of damage. If not, then the region with low-damage events needs the premium to decrease to accept the pooling of the risks.
    Keywords: Insurance, Ruin, Natural Catastrophe, Market Failure, Government Intervention
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00536925&r=ger
  255. By: Elizabeth Beasley; Yann Algan (Département d'économie)
    Abstract: Les essais contenus dans cette thèse utilisent des preuves empiriques pour répondre à deux questions qui sont d'une importance capitale compte tenu de notre compréhension croissante de la relation de préférences sociales et de la croissance économique et le bien-être au niveau des pays : les bases du comportement prosocial et l'impact des politiques visent à l'augmenter. Les niveaux de comportement prosocial ont souvent été pris comme une donnée fixée, or ces essais fournissent la preuve qu'ils sont susceptibles de changer à partir des interventions politiques. Étant donné qu'il y a peu d'interventions spécifiquement axées sur la confiance et la coopération, il peut y avoir une grande portée pour améliorer du bien-être en augmentant la politique axée sur cette question. C’est ce qui est démontré dans ces essais. Chapitre 1 aborde les bases du comportement pro-social en utilisant différents cadres dans les demandes d'une contribution au bien public, et montre que les informations sur la norme sociale est le facteur de motivation le plus puissant. Chapitre 2 fournit des résultats empiriques et théoriques que le comportement pro-social au niveau communautaire (en contribuant aux services publics locaux) dépend de l'efficacité attendue de ce comportement. Le chapitre 3 fournit de nouvelles résultats sur l'impact de la confiance sur le plan individuel, et montre qu'un programme de formation de l'enfance qui a augmenté la confiance (ainsi que amélioré l'attention et réduit la délinquance), a déclenché une chaîne d'événements pour améliorer les résultats à long terme en termes d’éducation, criminalité et performance économique.
    Keywords: Behavioral Economics, Education, Experiments, Trust, Economie comportementale, Education, Expériences, Confiance
    Date: 2013–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5adcidkke9omt0s9p8h1kc140&r=ger
  256. By: Bolander, Pernilla (Department of Management); Asplund, Kajsa (Department of Management); Werr, Andreas (Department of Management)
    Abstract: Talent Management (TM) is currently on top of the HR agenda of managers all over the world. Still, TM research and writing has to a large extent been focused on multinational, US-based firms. Recent research has identified a need for empirical research on TM in other national and cultural contexts. The current study focuses on TM practices in the Swedish context which is characterized by collectivistic and egalitarian values at odds with the individualistic and elitist values of TM. Based on a study of 16 organizations, three approaches to TM are identified – a Humanistic approach, a Competitive approach and an Entrepreneurial approach. The three approaches are described and discussed in relation to the organizational and cultural context in which they were identified. Hereby, the paper contributes to a more context-specific understanding of TM, which has been called for in previous research.
    Keywords: Talent Management; HR strategy; Culture
    Date: 2014–03–20
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhb:hastba:2014_002&r=ger
  257. By: Guillaume Allegre (OFCE)
    Abstract: A la suite de la remise des 125 000 signatures réunies par des organisations défendant l’introduction d’un revenu de base, les citoyens suisses se prononceront lors d’un référendum d’initiative populaire sur l’inscription du principe du revenu de base dans la constitution fédérale helvétique. Si le revenu de base, défendu par Vanderborght et Van Parijs (2005) sous le terme allocation universelle, peut prendre plusieurs formes, son principe est d’être versé (1) de manière universelle, d’un montant égal pour tous3, sans contrôle des ressources ou des besoins ; (2) sur une base individuelle et non aux foyers ou ménages ; (3) de façon inconditionnelle, sans exigence de contrepartie (...).
    Date: 2013–12
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oehj92o15&r=ger
  258. By: Rick Van der Ploeg
    Abstract: The principles of how best to manage the various components of national wealth are outlined, where the permanent income hypothesis, the Hotelling rule and the Hartwick rule play a prominent role. As far as managing natural resource wealth is concerned, a case is made to use an intergenerational sovereign wealth fund to smooth consumption across generations, a liquidity fund for the precautionary buffers to deal with commodity price volatility, and an investment fund to park part of the windfall until the country is ready to absorb extra spending on domestic investment. Capital scarcity implies that a positive part of the windfall should be spent on domestic investment. The conclusions highlight the political economy problems that will have to be tackled with these normative proposals for managing wealth.
    Keywords: permanent income, Hotelling rule, Hartwick rule, precaution, capital scarcity, absorption constraints, Dutch disease, investing to invest, political economy
    JEL: E21 E22 D91 Q32
    Date: 2013–12–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:oxf:wpaper:oxcarre-research-paper-128&r=ger
  259. By: Haucap, Justus; Müller, Andrea
    Abstract: We analyze the behavior of 577 economics and law students in a simple binary trust experiment. While economists are both significantly less trusting and less trustworthy than law students, this difference is largely due to differences between female law and economics students. While female law students are already different in nature (during the first term of study) from female economists, the gap between them also widens more drastically over the course of their study compared to their male counterparts. This finding is rather critical as the detailed composition of students is typically neglected in most experiments. --
    Keywords: Gender Effects,Trust Game,Economists,Nature,Nurture
    JEL: A12 A22 C35 C91
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:dicedp:136&r=ger
  260. By: Paul Hallwood (University of Connecticut); Thomas J. Miceli (University of Connecticut)
    Abstract: This paper assesses the economic characteristics of the balance that federal law aims to achieve between the interests of paleontologists and amateur and commercial collectors of fossils on US federal lands. The objective function is taken to be the maximization of the social value of these resources. Allowing ‘open access’ to amateurs and commercial collectors would maximize search activity. However, as a fossil’s scientific value is not necessarily their priority, they may under-invest in the recovery of such information. We trace how US federal law has tried to strike a balance between search activity and scientific recovery. We also comment favorably on the developing trend of promoting professional (paleontologist)-amateur partnerships in both search and recovery.
    Keywords: Fossils, scientific value, search and recovery, paleontology
    JEL: D83 H41 I23 K11 O32
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:uct:uconnp:2014-07&r=ger
  261. By: Carmit Shwartz (School of Economics, Australian School of Business, the University of New South Wales); W. Erwin Diewert (University of British Columbia and University of New South Wales); Kevin J. Fox (School of Economics & Centre for Applied Economic Research, Australian School of Business, the University of New South Wales)
    Abstract: This paper provides methodologies for evaluating consumer benefits of infrastructure services using potentially observable information. We define benefit measures for consumers and, using general principles from the index number literature, derive alternative first and second order approximations to these measures under the assumption of fixed prices for market goods and services. We then describe how the benefit measures and their associatedapproximations can be used in quantifying the economic benefits when prices are allowed to change endogenously as the provision of infrastructure services changes. In addition, under quite unrestrictive assumptions, a measure of welfare change based only on potentially observable data is derived.
    Keywords: Consumer benefits; infrastructure services; first order approximation; second order approximation; exible functional forms; index number theory
    JEL: C43 D61 H41 H43 H54
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:swe:wpaper:2014-17&r=ger
  262. By: Richard Darbéra (LATTS - Laboratoire Techniques, Territoires et Sociétés - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (UPEMLV) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - CNRS : UMR8134)
    Abstract: La libre interaction de l'offre et de la demande ne permet pas de réguler le marché du transport particulier de personnes que l'on hèle dans la rue. C'est pourquoi, l'offre de taxis est généralement strictement régulée en prix et en quantité par les pouvoirs publics. Mais à côté du marché des courses que l'on hèle dans la rue, il existe un marché des contrats de transport où les courses sont commandées à l'avance, c'est le marché des " voitures de remise ". Sur ce marché l'offre et la demande s'ajustent spontanément pour déterminer les prix et les quantités. Partout les taxis, qui sont présents sur les deux marchés, ont mal supporté la concurrence des voitures de remise. Ce conflit, qui a existé partout depuis les années 1960, connaît actuellement un regain en France avec la résurrection des " voitures de petite remise " sous le nom de VTC. Notre étude compare les approches de cette question par le régulateur anglais et par le régulateur français.
    Keywords: taxi; régulation; Angleterre;
    Date: 2014–03–29
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00968620&r=ger
  263. By: Christophe Blot (OFCE); Céline Antonin (OFCE)
    Abstract: En économie, les miracles s’avèrent parfois être des mirages. L’Islande et l’Irlande en font l’expérience. Ces deux petites économies ouvertes, paradis de la finance libéralisée et dérégulée, havres de croissance au début des années 2000, ont été frappées de plein fouet par la crise financière. La nationalisation quasi-intégrale des systèmes financiers qui en a résulté a pesé sur la dette publique de ces deux pays. Pour endiguer la hausse de la dette et les risques d’insoutenabilité, les gouvernements des deux pays ont, dès 2010, mis en œuvre des plans d’austérité budgétaire, mais avec une différence de taille : l’Irlande appartient à la zone euro, ce qui n’est pas le cas de l’Islande. La dernière Note de l’OFCE (n°25 du 4 février 2013) revient sur la situation financière et macroéconomique récente de ces deux pays afin de montrer dans quelle mesure les divergences de policy-mix peuvent rendre compte de trajectoires de sortie de crise différentes.
    Date: 2013–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/dambferfb7dfprc9m09b0a21l&r=ger
  264. By: Li, Ziran; Jacobs, Keri; Artz, Georgeanne M.
    Keywords: Cooperatives; equity; capital constraint
    Date: 2014–03–28
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:isu:genres:37451&r=ger
  265. By: José Ramón García (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona); Fabio Manca (IPTS- JRC European Commission and Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona); Jordi Suriñach (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona)
    Abstract: Globalisation and technological advances have made possible to offshore specific productive tasks (that do not require physical proximity to the actual location of the work unit) to foreign countries where these are usually performed at lower costs. We analyse the effect of task trade (i.e. task offshorability) on Spanish regional and national employment levels correlating a newly built index of task-delocalisation index to key variables such as the region’s wealth, the worker’s age and level of education, the importance of the service sector and the technological level of the economic activities undertaken in that particular geographical area. We conclude that approximately 25% of Spanish occupations are potentially affected by task trade/offshoring and that this is likely to benefit Spanish economy (and the performance of specific regions, categories of workers and sectors) being Spain a potential recipient of tasks offshored from abroad. Also we obtain that Spain’s trade in tasks correlates strongly with the above variables, presenting significant regional differences.
    Keywords: task trade, offshore, occupations, national/regional offshoring, tasks. JEL classification: F14, F16, J23, J24, J62
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ira:wpaper:201412&r=ger
  266. By: Kosfeld, Michael; Schüwer, Ulrich
    Abstract: This paper explores consequences of consumer education on prices and welfare in retail financial markets when some consumers are naive about shrouded add-on prices and firms try to exploit it. Allowing for different information and pricing strategies we show that education is unlikely to push firms to disclose prices towards all consumers, which would be socially effifficient. Instead, price discrimination emerges as a new equilibrium. Further, due to a feedback on prices, education that is good for consumers who become sophisticated may be bad for consumers who stay naive and even for the group of all consumers as a whole. --
    Keywords: consumer education,financial literacy,bounded rationality,competition,regulation
    JEL: D40 D80 L50
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:safewp:47&r=ger
  267. By: Acir Almeida
    Abstract: Este estudo analisa os correlatos políticos do uso de medidas provisórias (MPs) pelos presidentes brasileiros na produção de leis. Argumenta-se que o uso intenso deste instrumento legislativo reflete uma delegação tácita de poderes de agenda do Congresso para o Executivo, e que esta delegação segue uma lógica informacional, pois é motivada pelo interesse dos congressistas em reduzir sua incerteza decisória e limitada pela credibilidade da recomendação do Executivo. Com base nesta lógica, espera-se que a MP seja usada com maior frequência para políticas menos complexas, que uma maioria parlamentar tem urgência em votar ou nas quais existe pouca discordância entre uma maioria e o Executivo. Estas expectativas são secundadas por evidência correlacional de uma análise multivariada que usa dados originais de iniciativas de lei editadas pelo Executivo entre 1989 e 2012. This study analyses the political correlates of the use of provisionary decrees (medidas provisórias) by Brazilian presidents in law-making. It is argued that the intense use of this legislative tool reflects a tacit delegation of agenda powers from the Congress to the Executive branch, and that such delegation follows an informational logic, in the sense that it is motivated by the interest of congress members in reducing their decision-making uncertainty and limited by the credibility of the Executive’s recommendation. Based on this logic, it is expected that decrees will be used more frequently for policies that are less complex, that some parliamentary majority considers urgent to vote on, or for which there is little disagreement between some majority and the Executive. These expectations are backed by correlational evidence from a multivariate analysis that uses original data on law initiatives issued by the Executive between 1989 and 2012.
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1933&r=ger
  268. By: Rania Jammazi; Chaker Aloui
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to question the traditional conventional view on the exchange rate targeting that real shocks have
    Keywords: exchange rates; time series decomposition; HML test; dual long memory.
    JEL: E30 F31
    Date: 2014–03–28
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipg:wpaper:2014-198&r=ger
  269. By: Junior Ruiz Garcia; José Eustáquio Ribeiro Vieira Filho
    Abstract: O estudo procura analisar a importância da política comercial agrícola do Brasil para o desenvolvimento econômico, discutindo questões como segurança alimentar, redução da pobreza e da desigualdade, geração de empregos, mitigação e adaptação às mudanças climáticas, bem como sustentabilidade ambiental. Busca-se questionar quais as contribuições da política agrícola do Brasil para o desenvolvimento sustentável. Como hipótese, entende-se que a política agrícola pode ser um importante instrumento para o desenvolvimento, redução das desigualdades e gestão dos recursos naturais no Brasil. The study seeks to analyze the importance of agricultural trade policy in Brazil for economic development, discussing issues such as food security, poverty reduction and inequality, employment creation, mitigation and adaptation to climate change and environmental sustainability. The problem aims to question the contributions of Brazil’s agricultural trade policy for sustainable development. The hypothesis is understood that agricultural trade policy can be an important tool for development, reducing inequalities and promoting sustainable management of natural resources in Brazil.
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1936&r=ger
  270. By: Lee, Kyung-Gon (Korean Labor Institute); Polachek, Solomon (Binghamton University, New York)
    Abstract: This paper analyzes how changes in school expenditures affect dropout rates and standardized test scores based on data from 465 school districts in New York during the 2003/04 to the 2008/09 school years. Past traditional regression approaches show inconsistent results of school expenditures because of an endogeneity problem. The regression discontinuity design used in this study isolates exogenous variation in school expenditures per pupil by comparing school districts where budget referenda passed and failed by narrow margins. The results indicate that increases in school expenditures reduce dropout rates but have limited effects on student test scores.
    Keywords: educational expenditures, school budget referenda, school dropout rates, student performance
    JEL: I20 I21 I22
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8056&r=ger
  271. By: Bjerkholt, Olav (Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo)
    Abstract: The journal of the Econometric Society, Econometrica, was established in 1933 and edited by Ragnar Frisch for the first 22 years. As a new journal Econometrica had three key characteristics. First, it was devoted to a research program stated in few but significant words in the constitution of the Econometric Society and for many years printed in every issue of the journal. Second, it was the first international journal in economics. Third, it was the journal of association (Econometric Society) with members committed to a serious interest in econometrics. The paper gives a brief account of the circumstances around the establishment of the journal and of the relationship between Frisch and Alfred Cowles 3rd who in various capacities played a major role in launching the journal and keeping it going. It furthermore conveys observations and comments related to the editing of the first seven volumes of Econometrica, i.e. 1933-39. The main aim of the paper is to shed light on how the editor and a small core group of econometrician attempted to promote econometrics via Econometrica. The paper is overwhelmingly based on unpublished material from Frisch’s editorial files. Editorial principles, controversies, and style are illuminated through excerpts from the editorial correspondence. The paper was presented at ESEM-67, University of Gothenburg, 26-30 August, 2013.
    Keywords: Econometrica; Ragnar Frisch; editorial style
    JEL: B23 B31
    Date: 2014–02–23
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:osloec:2013_028&r=ger
  272. By: Silfverberg, Denise Valerie
    Abstract: The Employed Program of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth) caters to those in the formal sector. Included are those in the government and private sectors with a formal employer-employee relationship. Coverage levels for both the government and private sectors are promising with regional averages of 74 percent and 71 percent, respectively; and provincial averages of 80 percent and 75 percent, respectively. For the private sector, certain sectors were found to be more prone to undercoverage. For the government sector, no clear pattern was found to explain the causes of variation between provinces. This is likely due to the absence of casual and contractual employees in the model. The findings for both sectors are possible propositions on how targeting should be implemented to address the gaps that exist in what is supposed to be a mandatory scheme.
    Keywords: health care financing, Philippines, social health insurance, universal coverage, formal sector, employed program
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:phd:dpaper:dp_2014-16&r=ger
  273. By: Liang Guo-Fitoussi (RITM - Réseaux Innovation Territoires et Mondialisation - Université Paris-Sud); Olivier Darné (LEMNA - Laboratoire d'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique - Université de Nantes : EA4272)
    Abstract: In this paper, we compare the properties of the main criteria proposed for selecting the number of factors in dynamic factor model in a small sample. Both static and dynamic factor numbers' selection rules are studied. Simulations show that the GR ratio proposed by Ahn and Horenstein (2013) and the criterion proposed by Onatski (2010) outperform the others. Furthermore, the two criteria can select accurately the number of static factors in a dynamic factors design. Also, the criteria proposed by Hallin and Liska (2007) and Breitung and Pigorsch (2009) correctly select the number of dynamic factors in most cases. However, empirical applications show most criteria select only one factor in presence of one strong factor.
    Keywords: Dynamic factor model; factor numbers; small sample properties
    Date: 2014–03–20
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00962247&r=ger
  274. By: Amanda Gosling; Mathan Satchi
    Abstract: We present a job posting model of a labour market where jobs differ in characteristics other than wages and workers differ in their marginal willingness to pay for such characteristics. This creates incentives for firms to separate workers by posting multiple jobs. The interaction between these separation incentives and the standard search frictions is the key contribution of the paper. The paper examines the implications for policies such as a minimum wage or ones which set minimum standards on these non-wage job characteristics. We show that policies that set standards on wages and the other job characteristics can increase the utility of the worst-off workers and may reduce inefficient forms of unemployment. Policies that only intervene in one aspect on the other hand may increase these forms of unemployment.
    Keywords: Search; Job posting; Non-wage characteristics; Separation incentives; Minimum Wages
    JEL: J31 J32 J42 J64 J80
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ukc:ukcedp:1401&r=ger
  275. By: Ouafa Sakka (Carleton University - Carleton University); Louise Côté (HEC Montréal - HEC MONTRÉAL); Henri Barki (HEC Montréal - HEC MONTRÉAL)
    Abstract: L'objectif de cet article est de faire une revue critique de la littérature sur le lien entre l'incertitude reliée à la tâche et les systèmes de contrôle de gestion (SCG) formels. Deux résultats sont mis en exergue : certaines recherches montrent que le recours aux SCG formels est incompatible avec les situations d'incertitude élevée, alors que d'autres soutiennent qu'il est très utile pour la résolution de l'incertitude. Nous concluons que ces études sont complémentaires et non contradictoires, mais qu'elles soulèvent plusieurs critiques. Nous pensons que les chercheurs devront prêter attention au choix du modèle de contingence pour étudier les relations entre l'incertitude, les SCG et la performance ainsi qu'aux choix des définitions et mesures de ces construits.
    Keywords: Incertitude reliée à la tâche, Systèmes de contrôle formels, Recension de littérature, théorie de contingence.
    Date: 2013–05–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00962419&r=ger
  276. By: Samuel Kobina Annim (Department of Economics, University of Cape Coast, Ghana); Katsushi S. Imai (School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester (UK) and RIEB, Kobe University (Japan))
    Abstract: The empirical literature of household savings tends to treat savings as "a black box" defined as annual income minus consumption. This paper takes a unique approach to reconstruct the cash and asset balances using the detailed household transaction data of farm households in rural India and generates the long monthly and seasonal panel data. We have found that households - both the poor and the relatively affluent in terms of landholding classes - cope with temporary shocks quite well using crop inventory, currency and capital assets, rather than livestock, as buffer. The importance of portfolio adjustment in smoothing consumption is also confirmed by the system equation in which both portfolio and production decisions are made endogenous. It is concluded that not only the level but also the diversification of household assets are important for buffering consumption.
    Keywords: Diversified diet, Livestock, Ethnicity, Height-for-age, Weight-for-Age and Weight-for-Height, Lao PDR
    JEL: I12 I18 Q18
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:kob:dpaper:dp2014-17&r=ger
  277. By: Tomoko Ono; Michael Schoenstein; James Buchan
    Abstract: Doctors are distributed unequally across different regions in virtually all OECD countries, and this causes concern about how to continue to ensure access to health services everywhere. In particular access to services in rural regions is the focus of attention of policymakers, although in some countries, poor urban and sub-urban regions pose a challenge as well. Despite numerous efforts this mal-distribution of physician supply persists. This working paper first examines the drivers of the location choice of physicians, and second, it examines policy responses in a number of OECD countries... La répartition des médecins entre les régions est inégale dans pratiquement tous les pays de l’OCDE, et cela pose la question de savoir comment continuer de garantir l’accès aux services de santé partout. L’accès aux services dans les régions rurales préoccupe tout particulièrement les responsables publics, même si, dans certains pays, les régions urbaines et suburbaines pauvres posent aussi un problème. En dépit d’importants efforts, les inégalités dans la répartition des effectifs médicaux persistent. Le présent document de travail examine, dans un premier temps, les critères déterminants, pour les médecins, dans le choix de leur lieu d’exercice et, dans un second temps, les réponses apportées par les pouvoirs publics dans un certain nombre de pays de l’OCDE...
    JEL: I18
    Date: 2014–04–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:oec:elsaad:69-en&r=ger
  278. By: Ivar Ekeland (Université Paris-Dauphine - Paris IX); Alfred Galichon (Département d'économie)
    Abstract: This paper exhibits a duality between the theory of revealed preference of Afriat and the housing allocation problem of Shapley and Scarf. In particular, it is shown that Afriat’s theorem can be interpreted as a second welfare theorem in the housing problem. Using this duality, the revealed preference problem is connected to an optimal assignment problem, and a geometrical characterization of the rationalizability of experiment data is given. This allows in turn to give new indices of rationalizability of the data and to define weaker notions of rationalizability, in the spirit of Afriat’s efficiency index.
    Keywords: Afriat's theorem; Indivisible allocations; Optimal assignment; Revealed preferences
    JEL: D11 C60 C78
    Date: 2013–11
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/5rkqqmvrn4tl22s9mc0o6ctj2&r=ger
  279. By: Alexandre Arbex Valadares
    Abstract: ste texto busca oferecer uma crítica aos critérios oficiais de classificação da população segundo a situação de domicílio – rural ou urbano. Com argumentos fundados na evolução normativa desta classificação e um exercício quantitativo de sentido ilustrativo, o texto intenta chamar a atenção para a presença ainda marcante da ruralidade como traço característico da estrutura socioespacial de ocupação do território brasileiro. This text seeks to offer a critique of the official criteria for the classification of the population according to their place of residence – rural or urban. With arguments based on the normative evolution of this classification and a quantitative exercise in an illustrative way, the text tries to draw attention to the still strong presence of rurality as a characteristic feature of socio-occupational structure of the Brazilian territory.
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1942&r=ger
  280. By: Seeun Jung (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA), EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris)
    Abstract: This paper investigates a new way to decompose the gender wage gap with the introduction of individual risk attitudes using representative Korean data. We estimate the wage gap with correction for the selection bias, which latter results in the overestimation of this wage gap. Female workers are more risk averse. They hence prefer working in the public sector, where wages are generally lower than in the private sector. Therefore, our observation of the gender wage differential based on the normal Mincerian wage equation is overestimated. Our (corrected) wage differential is significantly reduced by 5% points, by applying the Switching Regression Model and Dubin & McFadden's selection correction. Self-selection based on risk attitudes therefore explains, in part, what is popularly perceived as gender discrimination.
    Keywords: Occupational Choice ; Gender Wage Gap ; Risk Preference ; Selection Bias
    Date: 2014–03–25
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:psewpa:halshs-00965520&r=ger
  281. By: Frederic Teulon
    Abstract: The euro area is experiencing a sovereign debt crisis; as a result, the foundations of its monetary union have been shattered. This crisis, which is an extension of an international financial crisis, shows that the European Union is not an optimum currency area. Robert Mundell’s work remains an indispensable reference on this subject: a monetary union among greatly different countries and propelled by considerably weak solidarity is problematic. In the present context, the possibilities are limited for permanently improving the situation, for transforming sovereign debts into sustainable ones, and for regaining a higher level of growth. Experience seems to show that a single currency cannot accommodate national budgetary policies and that national policies are hindered by the existence of a single currency in a context of asymmetries. Eventually, a scenario where the euro area would collapse becomes highly probable. This paper puts forward a model of debt sustainability and discusses eight related proposals.
    Keywords: European Monetary Union; European Central Bank (EBC); Eurozone; Stability growth pact; Financial crisis; Fiscal policy and debt sustainability; Optimal currency area; Sovereign debt
    JEL: E42 E44 G38
    Date: 2014–03–28
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipg:wpaper:2014-196&r=ger
  282. By: Graziella Bertocchi; Alfonso Gambardella; Tullio Jappelli; Carmela A. Nappi; Franco Peracchi
    Abstract: A relevant question for the organization of large scale research assessments is whether bibliometric evaluation and informed peer review where reviewers know where the work was published, yield similar results. It would suggest, for instance, that less costly bibliometric evaluation might - at least partly - replace informed peer review, or that bibliometric evaluation could reliably monitor research in between assessment exercises. We draw on our experience of evaluating Italian research in Economics, Business and Statistics, where almost 12,000 publications dated 2004-2010 were assessed. A random sample from the available population of journal articles shows that informed peer review and bibliometric analysis produce similar evaluations of the same set of papers. Whether because of independent convergence in assessment, or the influence of bibliometric information on the community of reviewers, the implication for the organization of these exercises is that these two approaches are substitutes.
    Date: 2013–09
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mod:recent:093&r=ger
  283. By: Talia Bar (University of Connecticut); Sidartha Gordon (Département d'économie)
    Abstract: We study mechanisms for selecting up to m out of n projects. Project managers’ private information on quality is elicited through transfers. Under limited liability, the optimal mechanism selects projects that maximize some function of the project’s observable and reported characteristics. When all reported qualities exceed their own project-specific thresholds, the selected set only depends on observable characteristics, not reported qualities. Each threshold is related to (i) the outside option level at which the cost and benefit of eliciting information on the project cancel out and (ii) the optimal value of selecting one among infinitely many ex ante identical projects.
    Keywords: adverse selection, information acquisition, mechanism design, project selection, limited liability, R&D.
    JEL: D82 O32
    Date: 2013–07
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6srk09n8t49coi7&r=ger
  284. By: John Burnett (Towers Watson); Kevin Davis (Australian Centre for Financial Studies; Department of Finance, Monash University; and Department of Finance, The University of Melbourne); Carsten Murawski (Department of Finance, The University of Melbourne); Roger Wilkins (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne); Nicholas Wilkinson (Towers Watson)
    Abstract: This article introduces four metrics quantifying the adequacy of retirement savings taking into account all major sources of retirement income. The metrics are applied to a representative sample of the Australian population aged 40 and above. Employers in Australia currently make compulsory contributions of 9.25 per cent of wages and salaries to tax-advantaged defined-contribution employee retirement savings accounts. Our analysis reveals that compulsory retirement savings, even when supplemented by the means-tested government pension and private wealth accumulation, are not in general sufficient to fund a comfortable lifestyle during retirement. We further find that omitting one or more ‘pillars’ of saving will significantly bias estimates of retirement savings adequacy. Our analysis also points to several shortcomings of the widely-used income replacement ratio as an indicator of savings adequacy.
    Keywords: Retirement savings, financial literacy, life-cycle consumption and savings, household finance
    JEL: D14 D91 P46
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iae:iaewps:wp2014n05&r=ger
  285. By: Mario Forni; Luca Gambetti; Marco Lippi; Luca Sala
    Abstract: We introduce noisy information into a standard present value stock price model. Agents receive a noisy signal about the structural shock driving future dividend variations. The resulting equilibrium stock price includes a transitory component —the “noise bubble”— which can be responsible for boom and bust episodes unrelated to economic fundamentals. We propose a non-standard VAR procedure to estimate the structural shock and the “noise” shock, their impulse response functions and the bubble component of stock prices. We apply such procedure to US data and find that noise explains a large fraction of stock price volatility. In particular the dot-com bubble is entirely explained by noise. On the contrary the stock price boom peaking in 2007 is not a bubble, whereas the following stock market crisis is largely due to negative noise shocks.
    JEL: C32 E32 E62
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mod:recent:096&r=ger
  286. By: Paola Manzini (University of St Andrews and IZA); Marco Mariotti (University of St Andrews)
    Abstract: We introduce attention games. Alternatives ranked by quality (producers, politicians, sexual partners...) desire to be chosen and compete for the imperfect attention of a chooser by investing in their own salience. We prove that if alternatives can control the attention they get, then "the showiest is the best": the equilibrium ordering of salience (weakly) reproduces the quality ranking and the best alternative is the one that gets picked most often. This result also holds under more general conditions. However, if those conditions fail, then even the worst alternative can be picked most often.
    Keywords: Consideration sets, bounded rationality, stochastic choice
    JEL: D01
    Date: 2014–04–08
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:san:wpecon:1403&r=ger
  287. By: Huang, Yongfu; Quibria, M. G.
    Abstract: This paper investigates the determinants of inclusive growth with a focus on foreign aid. Based on the Solow growth model, a theoretical model has been developed which shows that foreign aid can stimulate inclusive growth if it is effectively used for aug
    Keywords: inclusive growth, aid effectiveness, post-2015 development agenda, access to water, access to sanitation, primary school enrolment, limited information maximum likelihood
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-059&r=ger
  288. By: Thomas Chalaux; Cyrille Schwellnus
    Abstract: This paper extends the OECD Economics Department’s suite of short-term indicator models for quarterly GDP growth, which currently cover only the G7 countries, to the BRIICS countries. Reflecting the relative scarcity of high-quality macroeconomic time series, the paper adopts a small-scale bridge model approach. The results suggest that in terms of short-term forecast accuracy for the first and second quarter following the most recent GDP release these models outperform simple autoregressive or constant growth benchmarks. The small-scale indicator models would have allowed the identification of the growth slowdown during the global crisis of 2008-09 and the subsequent rebound several months ahead of official GDP releases. Overall, forecast accuracy appears to be similar to that of the existing indicator model suite for the G7 countries, especially once the higher GDP growth volatility in most BRIICS is accounted for. Modèles d'indicateurs de la croissance du PIB à court terme dans les BRIICS : une approche avec des modèles d'étalonnage à petite échelle Ce papier étend aux BRIICS les modèles de prévision de croissance à court terme du Département des Affaires économiques de l’OCDE qui n’englobent pour l’instant que les pays du G7. Considérant le manque de séries macroéconomiques de qualité, ce papier adopte une approche avec des modèles d’étalonnage à petite échelle. Les résultats suggèrent que les prévisions de ces modèles pour les deux trimestres suivant la publication la plus récente du PIB sont plus précises que celles des modèles autorégressifs ou qu’une hypothèse de croissance constante. Ces modèles à petite échelle auraient permis l’identification du ralentissement puis du rebond de la croissance durant la crise globale de 2008-2009 et ce plusieurs mois avant les publications officielles du PIB. Dans l’ensemble, la précision des prévisions semble être similaire à celle des modèles existants pour les pays du G7, particulièrement lorsque la forte volatilité du PIB que connaît la plupart des BRIICS est prise en compte.
    Keywords: growth, forecasting, bridge models, short-term indicators, indicateurs de court terme, modèle d’étalonnage, prévisions, croissance
    JEL: C53 E37
    Date: 2014–03–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1109-en&r=ger
  289. By: Hiro Lee (Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University); Ken Itakura (Graduate School of Economics, Nagoya City University)
    Abstract: In this paper we compare welfare effects and the extent of sectoral adjustments under the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) accords using a dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model from the perspective of Japan. The ambitious goals of both organizations, as well as overlapping membership, make comparisons of different scenarios particularly intriguing. Another objective of this paper is to examine the effects of Japan's agricultural policy reforms on its agricultural output. If agricultural reforms, such as phasing out gentan and consolidation of agricultural land, lead to an improvement in productivity of agricultural sectors, then the extent of output contraction of agricultural and processed food sectors in Japan would be reduced significantly except for dairy products. This suggests the importance of carrying out agricultural reforms in Japan for region-wide trade accords.
    Keywords: TPP, RCEP, CGE model, Japan, agricultural policy reform
    JEL: F15 F17
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:osp:wpaper:14e003&r=ger
  290. By: Gang Liu
    Abstract: Reducing food losses and food waste is attracting growing public attention at the international, regional, and national levels, and is widely acknowledged to contribute to abating interlinked sustainability challenges such as food security, climate change, and water shortage. However, the pattern and scale of food waste throughout the supply chain remains poorly understood for developing countries such as China, despite growing media coverage and public concerns in recent years. The data in the literature are either out of date or fragmented. This report presents estimates of food losses and food waste in China, based on literature data, informed estimates, and other publicly available information.
    Keywords: China, food waste reduction, municipal solid waste, agricultural losses, food loss, food waste, data, policy information, grain storage, food value chain
    JEL: Q18 Q53 Q58
    Date: 2014–04–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:oec:agraaa:66-en&r=ger
  291. By: Chowdury, Sadia; Vergeer, Petra; Schmidt, Harald; Barroy, Helene; Bishai, David; Halpern, Scott
    Abstract: This paper was developed for World Bank task team leaders (TTLs) and teams designing results-based financing (RBF) programs in family planning (FP). It explores the rationale for introducing such incentives based on insights from classical and behavioral economics, to respond to supply- and demand-side barriers to using FP services. To help the reader understand why incentivizing FP requires specific attention in RBF, the evolution of incentives in vertical FP programs introduced from the 1950s to the early 1990s and the ethical concerns raised in these programs are described. RBF programs after the 1990s were also studied to understand the ways FP is currently incentivized. The paper also touches on the effects of the incentive programs for FP as described in the literature. Finally, it examines ethical concerns related to FP incentives that should be considered during the design, implementation, and evaluation of programs and provides a conceptual framework that can be of use for task teams in the decision making process for FP in RBF programs. It should be noted that the paper is concerned exclusively with developing a framework that can help design ethical programs to address the unmet need for FP.
    Keywords: abortion, abstinence, access to health services, adolescents, aggressive, approach to women, babies, behavior change, birth rate, birth rates, capitation, changes in ... See More + ertility, child health, child mortality, child survival, childbirth, children per woman, cities, classical economics, coercion, Commission on Population, community health, complications, comprehensive reproductive health, condoms, consumers, contraceptive acceptors, contraceptive choices, contraceptive methods, contraceptive prevalence, contraceptive use, counseling, DECISION MAKING, demand curve, demographers, demographic goals, Department of Population, developing countries, drugs, earthquake, economic performance, employment, Equal access, essential health services, ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS, expenditures, extended families, families, FAMILY PLANNING, Family Planning Programs, Family Planning Services, family size, Family Welfare, fatigue, female sterilization, fertility, fertility decline, Fertility declines, fertility rate, fertility rates, food supplies, forced abortion, free choice, gender equity, health care, health care coverage, health care policy, health care providers, health care services, health care workers, health centers, Health Economics, health education, health effects, health facilities, health indicators, health investments, health outcomes, Health Policy, health professionals, health providers, Health Results, health risks, health sector, health service, health services, Health Specialist, health system, health workers, high fertility, HIV, HIV/AIDS, hospital, hospitals, household income, human capital, Human Development, human resources, human rights, illness, immunizations, impact evaluations, impact on health, infants, information services, informed choice, informed choices, informed decisions, injectable contraceptives, insurance, integration, INTERNATIONAL ACTION, International Conference on Population, International Family Planning, IUD, IUDs, lack of information, lack of knowledge, large families, live births, low-income countries, lower fertility, married women, maternal deaths, maternal health, maternal health care, maternal mortality ratio, maternity leave, MEDICAL CARE, Medical Ethics, medical records, medical specialists, medical treatment, method of choice, methods of family planning, Ministry of Health, modern contraception, modern contraceptive methods, modern family, modern family planning, modern family planning methods, mortality, national government, National Population, natural resources, newborns, number of couples, number of people, number of women, Nutrition, oral contraceptives, outpatient care, pace of population growth, pamphlet, pandemic, Parenthood Federation, patient, patient satisfaction, patients, pensions, Policy Implications, policy makers, Population and Development, population control, population growth, Population Policies, Population Research, Population Research Centre, posters, pregnancies, pregnancy, pregnant women, prenatal care, Price subsidies, production costs, provision of services, Public Health, quality assurance, quality care, quality of care, quality of services, quality services, reducing maternal mortality, religious reasons, Reproductive Health, reproductive health program, reproductive rights, respect, rural women, safe motherhood, screening, service delivery, service providers, sex, sexually active, side effects, small families, smaller families, smoking, social compensation, social consequences, Social marketing, social reasons, socioeconomic development, socioeconomic factors, Spouse, spouses, state governments, sterilization, substance abuse, supply curve, supply curves, training health workers, transportation, unintended pregnancies, unsafe abortions, urban areas, vasectomy, workers
    Date: 2013–12–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wbk:hnpdps:84663&r=ger
  292. By: Reyes, Krishna; Amores, Juan Carlos
    Abstract: Over the last decade, there was a significant drop in mortality and morbidity cases attributed to tuberculosis (TB). The high TB Case Detection (CDR) and Treatment Success Rates (TSR) may have underpinned the decreasing prevalence. Despite these successes, TB still appears to be a major health problem in the country. Disturbingly, the rate of decrease in the mortality and morbidity is not fast enough. This makes the country`s MDG goal targets on TB eradication shaky. The Philippines is also in the list of 27 countries with the highest burden of TB. To further augment case detection rate and early diagnosis, this study aims to qualitatively explore the barriers to diagnosis among the poor highly urbanized population, one of the identified high-risk population groups. Using focus group discussions of TB patients with delayed diagnosis conducted in three highly urbanized cities in the Philippines, namely, Metro Manila, Cebu, and Davao, the researchers investigated and explored wide range of factors that hinder patients to seek health care despite the presence of triggering factors among urban poor. Results suggest sociocultural, financial, and health system factors are identified as important barriers. These factors ascertain the findings identified in most developing countries. This study hopes to augment the prevention and control program of the Department of Health and Philippine Health Insurance Corporation to increase awareness and health-seeking behavior.
    Keywords: poverty, Philippines, tuberculosis, TBDOTS, early diagnosis, case detection rate, highly urbanized population
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:phd:dpaper:dp_2014-18&r=ger
  293. By: Fortmannm Lea; Salas, Paula Cordero; Sohngen, Brent; Roe, Brian
    Abstract: Implementation arrangements for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation can be seen as contracts that could address some of the inherent problems with forest carbon credits that often lead to high transaction costs -- measuring, monitoring, and verification. Self-enforcing contracts, where it is in the best interest of the environmental service providers to comply with the contracts, may be one way to reduce these costs if providers have incentives to uphold their end of the contract. While the literature on Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation is extensive, there is little information available to guide policy makers or investors on what form such contracts should take. After providing an overview of the current status of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and its role as a tool for reducing carbon emissions on an international scale, the paper describes key issues regarding implementation and reviews the literature on contracts from the related area of Payments for Ecosystem Services programs, which face similar challenges. The remainder of the paper reviews various contractual mechanisms from agricultural and forestry related projects that have been proposed or are being used in practice and discusses the various implications associated with their design and implementation.
    Keywords: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases,Environmental Economics&Policies,Climate Change Economics,Debt Markets,Environment and Energy Efficiency
    Date: 2014–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6829&r=ger
  294. By: Paula Armstrong (Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch)
    Abstract: This paper investigates different theoretical models of incentives for teachers in education. It highlights key characteristics likely to render incentives successful in encouraging productive behaviour, provides evidence of where these systems have been successfully and unsuccessfully implemented internationally and the likelihood of successful implementation of teacher incentive programmes in South Africa.
    Keywords: incentives, teachers
    JEL: I2 J5
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:sza:wpaper:wpapers212&r=ger
  295. By: Sau Soon, Chen; Mohd Helan, Mohd Helme bin; Ujang, Zunairah; Michida, Etsuyo; Nabeshima, Kaoru
    Abstract: This paper examines how a country which has been successful in creating agglomeration of a manufacturing industry has faced various types of product-related environmental regulations. Then the paper shows how the government and testing laboratory have taken measures to adapt to PRERs overseas in response to the needs by firms affected by regulations. In reaction to the introductions of PRERs overseas, Malaysia also has introduced equivalent policies domestically, proving that PRERs have spread to Malaysia.
    Keywords: Malaysia, Environmental policy, Industrial standards, Manufacturing industries, International trade, Trade and the environment, Product-related environmental regulations (PRERs)
    JEL: F18 O2
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper452&r=ger
  296. By: Keiji Saito (Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo); Shin-ichi Hanada (Faculty of Economics, Kanazawa Seiryo University); Hiroshi Ohashi (Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo)
    Abstract: This paper examines the effects of large-scale penetration of solar PV in Japan. Since the government adopted in 2009 the feed-in tariff on renewable energy sources, the solar PV has been popular for both for residential and non-residential users. This paper employs power system simulation and assess several scenarios on the penetration of solar PV in 2020. The paper finds two major results; (1) the penetration is reached at 4000GW, the annual peak demand would shift from summer to winter. No kW value would be placed on an additional unit of solar PV. (2) Since solar PV would replace thermal power generation, the fuel cost of the generation would reduce with penetration of solar PV, but at a slower rate.
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:tky:jseres:2014cj258&r=ger
  297. By: Pauw, Karl; Thurlow, James
    Abstract: Prioritizing public investments requires information on relative returns that are difficult to derive from disparate evaluation studies. This paper presents a .hybrid. approach that combines ex post evaluation data with an economy-wide model for experimen
    Keywords: rural investment, impact evaluation, agricultural growth, poverty
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2013-060&r=ger
  298. By: Voß, Achim
    Abstract: The public management of stock pollutants is an intertemporal problem; today's optimal choice takes the behavior of future governments into account. If a government expects a successor with different environmental preferences - for instance, if Conservatives expect green successors - it must choose strategically. I model this interaction in a two-period game in which the government of each period chooses consumption as a flow variable that adds to a stock of pollution. In this setting, I analyze how the prospect of losing political power changes the incumbent's policy choice. It is shown that both the prospect of a more conservative or of a greener successor reduce present consumption. This implies that losing power in the future makes a conservative government choose a compromise policy today - which may explain why in some countries, conservative governments seem to adopt green policies. By contrast, the expected loss of power makes a green government choose a policy that appears as a radicalization of their position. --
    Keywords: Stock Pollution,Political Economy of Environmental Policy,Time Inconsistency,Strategic choice of stock variables,Sequential Game,Partisan Politicians,Ideological Preferences,Green Parties
    JEL: Q58 D72 C72
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:zbw:cawmdp:66&r=ger
  299. By: Sandy Tubeuf (Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds); Richard Edlin (School of Population Health, University of Auckland); Swati Shourie (Monash Injury Research Institute, Monash University); Francine Cheater (School of Nursing Sciences, University of East Anglia); Hilary Bekker (Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds); Cath Jackson (York Trials Unit, University of York)
    Abstract: Background: Levels of measles in England and Wales are at their highest for 18 years and strategies targeting the different groups of parents who don’t vaccinate their children continue to be needed. Decision aids for childhood immunisation decisions appear to be effective in achieving vaccine uptake, however their cost effectiveness is unknown. Aim: To assess the cost-effectiveness of a web-based decision aid to increase MMR vaccine uptake. Design and Setting: Economic evaluation conducted alongside a cluster randomised controlled trial. 50 GP practices in the North of England were randomised to one of three trial arms (decision aid, leaflet, nothing) alongside usual practice. 220 first-time parents (child aged 3 to 12 months) were recruited. Methods: Parents self-reported their contacts with the NHS and other previous/expected resource utilisation; associated costs were calculated. Vaccine uptake was collected from GP practices. Cost-effectiveness is expressed in terms of incremental cost per first vaccine uptake. Multiple imputations were used to account for missing data and findings were adjusted for baseline differences in parents’ levels of decisional conflict for the MMR decision. Results: MMR uptake was highest for those receiving the decision aid (42/42, 100% vs. usual practice 61/62, 98% and leaflet arm 69/75, 92%) and was associated with lower cost. The decision aid has a high chance of being cost-effective regardless of the value placed on obtaining additional vaccinations. Conclusions: The decision aid appears to offer an efficient means of decision support for parents.
    Keywords: cost-effectiveness;decision aid; vaccination; immunisation; MMR
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:lee:wpaper:1401&r=ger
  300. By: Kümmerling, Angelika; Lehndorff, Steffen
    Abstract: In principle, two different types of working-time instruments were used to introduce working-time changes during the crisis. First, work-sharing schemes (with their country-specific institutional background and public subsidies); second, working-time adjustments based on unilateral or bilateral decisions taken at the level of the firm, with or without a framework of collective agreements, but in either case without public financial support. While the former have been studied extensively (Messenger and Ghosheh, 2013), the present report takes stock of working time-related crisis-response measures at the firm level beyond those supported by work-sharing schemes. It covers conventional instruments such as reductions of working time with or without financial compensation and variations in the use of overtime hours, but also more innovative approaches such as the use of working time accounts, “working- time corridors”1 and various other forms of changes in working-time organization, such as teleworking or compressed working weeks.
    Keywords: labour flexibility, hours of work, work sharing, flexible hours of work, time management, small enterprise, economic recession, flexibilité du travail, durée du travail, partage du travail, horaire de travail variable, gestion du temps, petite entreprise, récession économique, flexibilidad del trabajo, horas de trabajo, repartición del trabajo, horario de trabajo variable, gestión de tiempo, pequeña empresa, recesión económica
    Date: 2013
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ilo:ilowps:484127&r=ger
  301. By: Manabu Asai (Faculty of Economics, Soka University); Michael McAleer (Econometric Institute, Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands, Department of Quantitative Economics, Complutense University of Madrid, and Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University.)
    Abstract: Modelling covariance structures is known to suffer from the curse of dimensionality. In order to avoid this problem for forecasting, the authors propose a new factor multivariate stochastic volatility (fMSV) model for realized covariance measures that accommodates asymmetry and long memory. Using the basic structure of the fMSV model, the authors extend the dynamic correlation MSV model, the onditional/stochastic Wishart autoregressive models, the matrix-exponential MSV model, and the Cholesky MSV model. Empirical results for 7 financial asset returns for US stock returns indicate that the new fMSV models outperform existing dynamic conditional correlation models for forecasting future covariances. Among the new fMSV models, the Cholesky MSV model with long memory and asymmetry shows stable and better forecasting performance for one-day, five-day and ten-day horizons in the periods before, during and after the global financial crisis.
    Keywords: Dimension reduction; Factor Model; Multivariate Stochastic Volatility; Leverage Effects; Long Memory; Realized Volatility.
    JEL: C32 C53 C58 G17
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ucm:doicae:1405&r=ger
  302. By: Ambrosino, Angela (University of Turin)
    Abstract: The mediation procedure, as outlined by D.lg 28/2010 and subsequent amendments, introduced in our legal system a new tool for coordinating the decisions of economic agents. The new civil mediation is proposed, therefore, as an instrument characterized by a different procedure and objectives from those of ordinary judgment. The evaluation of its efficiency requires the introduction of new theoretical tools that allow to evaluate the different aspects of social interaction in mediation. The traditional cost-benefit analysis proposed by the economic analysis of law, or simple considerations on Pareto-efficiency proposed by standard economics seem not sufficient analytical tools in this perspective. This article shares Mitchell’s cognitive approach to the theory of law, and it is aimed at analyzing the new model of mediation introduced into Italian legislation through the lens offered by F.A. Hayek’s theory of law (1973, 1976, 1979), with particular reference to the distinction he made between law and legislation and its consequence on the analysis of the role of the judge in common law as the discoverer of law. Moreover, Hayek’s legal theory will be analyzed jointly to his concept of social order. In the light of the contribution of this author, in fact, the choice of our legislator seems to be close to the idea of developing regulatory structures that simply delineate the action of subjects without imposing specific behaviors or ex ante solutions to given situations
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:uto:dipeco:201406&r=ger
  303. By: Thomas J. Miceli (University of Connecticut)
    Abstract: This paper examines markets, firms, and the law as alternative institutional arrangements for organizing transactions that involve transaction-specific investments and uncertain performance. The analysis is the logical extension of Coase’s seminal analysis of the market-firm boundary on one hand, and the market-law boundary on the other. It thus combines insights from the literature on industrial organization and law and economics. The result is a unified framework that reveals the relative advantages and disadvantages, within a fairly simple economic setting, of market exchange, court ordering (contracts), and internal governance (agency).
    Keywords: Asset specificity, contracts, firms, holdup problem, market exchange
    JEL: D23 K12 L14 L22
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:uct:uconnp:2014-06&r=ger
  304. By: Naylor, Robin (Department of Economics, University of Warwick); Soegaard, Christian (Department of Economics, University of Warwick)
    Abstract: We show that a firm's profits under Cournot oligopoly can be increasing in the number of firms in the industry if wages are determined by decentralised bargaining in unionised bilateral oligopoly. The intuition for the result is that increased product market competition following an increase in the number of firms is mirrored by increased labour market rivalry which induces (profit-enhancing) wage moderation. Whether the product or labour market effect dominates depends both on the extent of union bargaining power and on the nature of union preferences. An incumbent monopolist will have an incentive to accommodate entry if the labour market effect dominates. We also show that this incentive is stronger if the incumbent anticipates that, post entry, it will be able to act as a Stackelberg leader. Key words: Oligopoly ; wage bargaining ; profits and entry JEL classification: D43 ; J50 ; L13
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wrk:warwec:1044&r=ger
  305. By: Kraay, Aart; McKenzie, David
    Abstract: This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the existence of poverty traps, understood as self-reinforcing mechanisms through which poor individuals or countries remain poor. Poverty traps have captured the interest of many development policy makers, because poverty traps provide a theoretically coherent explanation for persistent poverty. They also suggest that temporary policy interventions may have long-term effects on poverty. However, a review of the reduced-form empirical evidence suggests that truly stagnant incomes of the sort predicted by standard models of poverty traps are in fact quite rare. Moreover, the empirical evidence regarding several canonical mechanisms underlying models of poverty traps is mixed.
    Keywords: Rural Poverty Reduction,Achieving Shared Growth,Economic Theory&Research,Debt Markets,Poverty Reduction Strategies
    Date: 2014–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6835&r=ger
  306. By: Faruk Ülgen (CREG - Centre de recherche en économie de Grenoble - Université Pierre-Mendès-France - Grenoble II : EA4625)
    Abstract: In the wake of the global change of a new accumulation regime in major capitalist economies, the opening up and liberalisation process of emerging economies from the 1980s has provoked great expectations that resulted in recurrent disappointing crises. Studied as a stylized fact, the Turkish experience leads us to assess the role of liberalised macroeconomic environment, unsuitable economic policies and hesitant and weak regulatory mechanisms as the main sources of perverse sequencing in the reform area. The paper shows that the Turkish crises since the 1980s arose from bad macroeconomic policies, which implemented the neo-liberal shock therapy model and triggered boom-and-bust cycles. After three decades of liberal reforms, the Turkish economy remains still subject to structural downturns. The economic recovery is not guaranteed by a hasty liberalisation. It requires consistent policies which should frame economic agents' forms of behaviour in order to induce a sustainable macroeconomic development.
    Keywords: liberalisation ; stability ; sustainable growth regime ; Turkish economy
    Date: 2013–10–28
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00968501&r=ger
  307. By: Rantala, Olavi
    Abstract: The euro area economic  crisis is largely a result of the competitiveness disparity between Germany and the rest of the euro area. The wage moderation in Germany has considerably improved  its competitiveness in relation to the rest of the euro area. Wage policy has been deflationary in Germany in the 2000s in the sense that real wage growth has fallen below labour productivity growth. In the rest of the euro area wage policy has been inflationary since real wage growth has exceeded labour productivity  growth. The input- output price model implies that due to the lower wage inflation the unit cost of production in industry has grown  much less in Germany than in the rest of the euro area. Restoring competitiveness necessitates a clear wage inflation halt in the rest of the euro area in the coming years.
    Keywords: Euro crisis, competitiveness
    JEL: C67 E64 F16
    Date: 2014–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:rif:report:23&r=ger
  308. By: Areski Cousin (SAF - Laboratoire de Sciences Actuarielle et Financière - Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I : EA2429); Ibrahima Niang (SAF - Laboratoire de Sciences Actuarielle et Financière - Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I : EA2429)
    Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the diversity of term structure functions (e.g., yield curves, swap curves, credit curves) constructed in a process which complies with some admissible properties: arbitrage-freeness, ability to fit market quotes and a certain degree of smoothness. When present values of building instruments are expressed as linear combinations of some primary quantities such as zero-coupon bonds, discount factor, or survival probabilities, arbitrage-free bounds can be derived for those quantities at the most liquid maturities. As a matter of example, we present an iterative procedure that allows to compute model-free bounds for OIS-implied discount rates and CDS-implied default probabilities. We then show how mean-reverting term structure models can be used as generators of admissible curves. This framework is based on a particular specification of the mean-reverting level which allows to perfectly reproduce market quotes of standard vanilla interest-rate and default-risky securities while preserving a certain degree of smoothness. The numerical results suggest that, for both OIS discounting curves and CDS credit curves, the operational task of term-structure construction may be associated with a significant degree of uncertainty.
    Keywords: Term-structure construction methods; OIS discounting curves; credit curves; model risk; arbitrage-free bounds; affine term-structure models
    Date: 2014–04–01
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00968943&r=ger
  309. By: Ali T. Akarca (University of Illinois at Chicago); Aysýt Tansel (Middle East Technical University)
    Abstract: During last sixty years, Turkish population moved from one province to another at the rate of about 7-8 percent per five-year interval. As a consequence of this massive internal migration, population residing in a province other than the one they were born in increased from 12 percent in 1950 to 39 percent in 2011. Impact of this population instability on provincial turnout rates in 2011 parliamentary election is studied, controlling for the effects of other socio-economic, demographic, political and institutional factors. Consequences of migration both at destinations and origins are considered. According to robust regressions estimated, the relationship between turnout and education is inverse U-shaped, and between turnout and age, U-shaped. The latter reflects generational differences as well. Large population, large number parliament members to be elected from a constituency, participation by large number of parties, and existence of a dominant party depress the turnout rate. A percentage increase in the proportion of emigrants among the people born in a province reduces turnout rate in that province by 0.13 percentage points, while a percentage increase in the ratio of immigrants in the population of a province reduces it by 0.06 percentage points. However, at destinations where large numbers of immigrants from different regions are concentrated, the opportunity afforded to immigrants to elect one of their own, reduces the latter adverse impact significantly and in some cases turns it to positive.
    Keywords: Election turnout, internal migration, political participation, Turkey, voter behavior.
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:tek:wpaper:2014/4&r=ger
  310. By: Ana B. Ania; Andreas Wagener
    Abstract: Fiscal federalism is often hailed as an innovation procedure: successful policy experiments in one jurisdiction will, via imitation, spread through the entire system, leading to overall better policy performance. We show that such hopes set in laboratory federalism may be ill-founded. For a standard framework of decentralized redistribution in a common labor market with mobile transfer recipients imitationwith- experimentation will lead to a complete breakdown of the welfare state: zero transfers.
    JEL: H77 H75 C73
    Date: 2014–02
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:vie:viennp:1402&r=ger
  311. By: Todd Honeycutt; Jennifer A. Lyons; Lorenzo Moreno
    Keywords: Youth Disabilities, Disability Support System, International, Disability
    JEL: I J
    Date: 2014–03–30
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mpr:mprres:8095&r=ger
  312. By: Clément Bosquet (Spatial Economic Research Center); Pierre-Philippe Combes (Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille); Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa (Aix-Marseille School of Economics)
    Abstract: Differences in promotion across genders are still prevalent in many occupations.Recent work based on experimental evidence indicates that women participate less in or exert lower effort during contests. We exploit the unique features of the promotion system for French academics to look at women's attitudes towards competition in an actual labour market. Using data for academic economists over the period 1991-2008 we find that, conditional on entering the competition, there is no difference in promotions across the genders, which is difficult to reconcile with either discrimination or a poorer performance of women in contests. In contrast, women have a substantially lower probability than men to enter the promotion contest. Our data does not support that this gap is due to differences in costs or in preferences concerning department prestige, indicating that women are less willing than men to take part in contests.
    Keywords: gender gaps, promotions, academic labour markets
    JEL: J16 J7 I23
    Date: 2013–11
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oc99l12b6&r=ger
  313. By: John M. Nunley; Adam Pugh; Nicholas Romero; Richard Alan Seals, Jr.
    Abstract: We present experimental evidence from a correspondence test of racial discrimination in the labor market for recent college graduates. Online job advertisements were answered with over 9,000 résumé s from fictitious, recently-graduated job seekers. We find strong evidence of differential treatment by race: black applicants receive approximately 14 percent fewer interview requests than their otherwise identical white counterparts. The racial gap in employment opportunities increases as perceived productivity characteristics are added, which is difficult to reconcile with models of statistical discrimination. We investigate different channels through which the observed racial differences might occur and conclude that taste-based discrimination at the race-skill level is the most likely explanation. The racial differences identified operate primarily through customer-level discrimination.
    Keywords: Racial Discrimination; Employment; Productivity; Field Experiments; Correspondence Studies
    JEL: J23 J24 J71
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:abn:wpaper:auwp2014-06&r=ger
  314. By: Guillaume Allegre (OFCE)
    Abstract: Après avoir annoncé son intention de réformer les dispositifs de soutien aux revenus d’activité modestes (RSA activité et Prime pour l’emploi - PPE), le Premier ministre a confié au député Christophe Sirugue l’élaboration d’un rapport portant sur les voies de réforme permettant de trouver un équilibre entre redistribution vers les plus pauvres et accompagnement du retour à l’emploi. Deux autres objectifs sont fixés par le Premier ministre : éviter les écueils du non-recours et de la complexité administrative...
    Date: 2013–09–24
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/cnic3v8rndpflfg9o64k34s2h&r=ger
  315. By: Berliant, Marcus; Fujishima, Shota
    Abstract: We consider the optimal nonlinear income taxation problem in a dynamic, stochastic environment when the government is sluggish in the sense that it cannot change the tax rule as uncertainty resolves. We show that the sluggish government cannot allow saving or borrowing regardless of the utility function. Moreover, we argue that the zero top marginal tax rate result in static models is of little practical importance because it is actually relevant only when the top earner in the initial period receives the highest shock in every period.
    Keywords: Optimal income taxation; New dynamic public finance
    JEL: H21
    Date: 2014–04–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pra:mprapa:55088&r=ger
  316. By: Moreno-Ternero, Juan D. (Department of Economics, Universidad Pablo de Olavide); Østerdal, Lars Peter (COHERE, Department of Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark)
    Abstract: Standard models for the evaluation of population health, such as the so-called models of aggregate Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs), or aggregate Healthy Years Equiva- lent (HYEs), are usually criticized on equity grounds. We provide in this paper normative justi_cations for alternative equity-sensitive models, such as the so-called models of mul- tiplicative QALYs, multiplicative HYEs, and generalizations of the two. Our axiomatic approach assumes social preferences over distributions of individual health states experi- enced in a given period of time. It conveys informational simplicity, as it does not require information about individual preferences on health.
    Keywords: Population health; equity; HYEs; QALYs; axioms
    JEL: D63 I10
    Date: 2014–01–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:sduhec:2014_001&r=ger
  317. By: Nabila JAWADI; Likoebe M. MARUPING; Nabila BOUKEF CHARKI
    Abstract: Shared leadership has emerged as an important determinant of team performance. However, the efficacy of such leadership in facilitating effective performance in distributed contexts is little understood. We extend theory by examining how shared leadership influences performance in distributed teams. Specifically, we focus on spatial, temporal, and configurational aspects of dispersion and how shared leadership enables teams to overcome the barriers posed by these forms of dispersion. We conducted a five-month study of ten distributed teams to examine shared versus concentrated leadership. Results of the study suggest that highly distributed teams achieve high performance when leadership influence in team coordination and monitoring processes is distributed across multiple team members. In contrast shared and concentrated leadership both seemed to facilitate high performance in less distributed teams. Further, we found that shared leadership in coordination processes was particularly important in facilitating effective communication patterns and, ultimately, high performance. The implications of our findings for theory are discussed.
    Keywords: shared leadership, team dispersion, team performance, team processes, virtual interaction.
    Date: 2014–03–28
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ipg:wpaper:2014-201&r=ger
  318. By: Richard Layard (London School of Economics and Political Science); Andrew Clark (Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering); Nattavudh Powdthavee; Francesca Cornaglia
    Abstract: If policy-makers care about well-being, they need a recursive model of how adult life satisfaction is predicted by childhood influences, acting both directly and (indirectly) through adult circumstances. We estimate such a model using the British Cohort Study (1970).The most powerful childhood predictor of adult life-satisfaction is the child’s emotional health. Next comes the child’s conduct. The least powerful predictor is the child’s intellectual development. This has obvious implications for educational policy. Among adult circumstances, family income accounts for only 0.5% of the variance of life-satisfaction. Mental and physical health are much more important.
    Keywords: Well-being, Life-satisfaction, Intervention, Model, Life-course, Emotional health, Conduct, Intellectual performance, Success
    JEL: A12 D60 H00 I31
    Date: 2013–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6ggbvnr6munghes9oc90kh192&r=ger
  319. By: Sergey Kichko (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Sergey Kokovin (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Evgeny Zhelobodko (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: We develop a two-factor, two-sector trade model of monopolistic competition with variable elasticity of substitution. Firms' profits and sizes may increase or decrease with market integration depending on the degree of asymmetry between countries. The country in which capital is relatively abundant is a net exporter of the manufactured good, although both firm sizes and profits are lower in this country than in the country where capital is relatively scarce. The pricing policy adopted by firms neither depends on capital endowment nor country asymmetry. It is determined by the nature of preferences: when demand elasticity increases (decreases) with consumption, firms practice dumping (reverse-dumping)
    Keywords: international trade, monopolistic competition, capital asymmetry, variable markups
    JEL: F12 F13
    Date: 2014
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hig:wpaper:54/ec/2014&r=ger
  320. By: Dreger, Christian (DIW Berlin); Rahmani, Teymur (University of Tehran)
    Abstract: In line with the neoclassical growth model a persistent stream of oil revenues might have a long lasting impact on GDP per capita in oil exporting countries through higher investment activities. This relationship is explored for Iran and the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) using (panel) cointegration techniques. The existence of cointegration between oil revenues, GDP and investment can be confirmed for all countries. While the cointegration vector is found to be unique for Iran, long run equations for GDP and investment per capita are distinguished for the Gulf countries. Both variables respond to deviations from the steady state, while oil income can be treated as weakly exogenous. The long run oil elasticities for the Gulf states exceed their Iranian counterparts. In addition, investment in Iran does not react to oil revenues in the long run. Hence, oil revenues may have been spent less wisely in Iran over the past decades.
    Keywords: oil exporting countries, oil revenues, panel cointegration
    JEL: F43 O53 Q30 C33
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8079&r=ger
  321. By: Francis Bloch (EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris); Gabrielle Demange (EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA)); Rachel Kranton (EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA))
    Abstract: Why do people spread rumors? This paper studies the transmission of possibly false information---by rational agents who seek the truth. Unbiased agents earn payoffs when a collective decision is correct in that it matches the true state of the world, which is initially unknown. One agent learns the underlying state and chooses whether to send a true or false message to her friends and neighbors who then decide whether or not to transmit it further. The papers hows how a social network can serve as a filter. Agents block messages from parts of the network that contain many biased agents; the messages that circulate may be incorrect but sufficiently informative as to the correct decision.
    Keywords: Bayesian updating ; Rumors ; Misinformation ; Social networks
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:psewpa:halshs-00966234&r=ger
  322. By: Jean-Luc Gaffard (OFCE)
    Abstract: Real divergences in economic performances that emerge between countries belonging to the eurozone make it necessary to define an economic policy oriented toward a re-industrialization of some regions in Europe. In a world characterised by irreversibility of investment and imperfection of marketinformation, supply reforms should consist inestablishing a framework aimed at supporting both botcompetition and cooperation between the various players of innovation, and thus allowing firms’strategies tobesuccessful. This requires reconsidering both national and European policies that are growth-enhancing, that is,competition policy, labour policy, regional policy, but also industrial policythat takes the form of large public programmes. However, any change in the industrial landscape in Europe will only be possible if a new macroeconomicpolicy prevents inappropriate destruction ofproductive capacities
    Date: 2013–06
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/f6h8764enu2lskk9p50bp1219&r=ger
  323. By: Grillitsch, Markus (CIRCLE, Lund University)
    Abstract: The overall objective of this paper is to contribute conceptually to the questions why and how regions transform and it joins the debate on economic evolution and institutional change. The paper addresses the challenge of how to conceptualise the interdependencies of institutions of different types and spatial scales. It aims at developing a conceptual framework that i) appreciates the variety of institutional forms and the multi-scalar nature of institutional landscapes, ii) is tangible enough for operationalization in the context of empirical research, and iii) contributes to our understanding about institutional change and economic evolution in regions. The paper offers a review on how institutions have been conceptualised in the context of evolutionary economic geography, a proposal for understanding regional institutional frameworks and institutional change through a novel way of conceptualising institutional layering, a clear distinction between concepts such as agency, networks, social structures and institutional layers, and a discussion about how this can improve our understanding about regional transformation.
    Keywords: Evolutionary economic geography; institutional theory; regional change; institutional layering
    JEL: B52 R11
    Date: 2014–03–25
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:lucirc:2014_001&r=ger
  324. By: Silke Übelmesser (School of Economics and Business Administration, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena); Marcel Gérard (CESifo, Munich)
    Abstract: This paper aims at linking cross border mobility of students and graduates with the financing of higher education. Against the background of institutional features and empirical evidence of the European Union and Northern America, a theoretical framework is developed. This allows analyzing the optimal financing regimes for different migration scenarios, comparing them with the regimes in place and discussing possible remedies. In particular, the (optimal) sharing of education costs between students / graduates and tax-payers is studied as well as the (optimal) sharing of the tax-payers' part between the various countries involved: the country which provides higher education (the host country), the country of previous education (the origin country) and possibly the countries which benefit from the improved skills of the workers. Alternative designs exhibiting potentially desirable properties are developed and policy recommendations derived.
    Keywords: Mobility of students, Mobility of graduates, Financing of higher education
    JEL: F22 H52 I23
    Date: 2014–03–31
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2014-009&r=ger
  325. By: Calypso Herrera; Louis Paulot
    Abstract: In this paper we introduce a new algorithm for American Monte Carlo that can be used either for American-style options, callable structured products or for computing counterparty credit risk (e.g. CVA or PFE computation). Leveraging least squares regressions, the main novel feature of our algorithm is that it can be fully parallelized. Moreover, there is no need to store the paths and the payoff computation can be done forwards: this allows to price structured products with complex path and exercise dependencies. The key idea of our algorithm is to split the set of paths in several subsets which are used iteratively. We give the convergence rate of the algorithm. We illustrate our method on an American put option and compare the results with the Longstaff-Schwartz algorithm.
    Date: 2014–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:arx:papers:1404.1180&r=ger
  326. By: Hartmut Lehmann; Anzelika Zaiceva
    Abstract: This paper takes stock of informal employment in Russia analyzing its incidence and determinants, developing several measures of informal employment and demonstrating that the incidence varies widely across the different definitions. We, however, show that the determinants of informal employment are roughly stable across the different measures. We also estimate an informal-formal wage gap at the means and across the entire wage distributions. We find only weak evidence for labor market segmentation in Russia for salaried workers but establish a segmented informal sector with a lower free entry tier and an upper rationed tier when including the self-employed and entrepreneurs Classification-JEL: J31, J40, P23
    Keywords: Informal employment, transition economies, labor market segmentation, Russia Length: pages 39
    Date: 2014–03
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:mod:recent:098&r=ger
  327. By: Alain Bienaymé (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris IX - Paris Dauphine)
    Abstract: After a few centuries of speeding up, the distribution of GNP's growth rates has widely changed all round the world. Growth is slowing down in advanced countries and has accelerated in emerging countries. Moreover growth is questioned as a matter of principle. Considering the vast array of issues at stake, mainly the depletion of natural resources and the enduring waste of human resources caused by mass unemployment, growth has reached a new stage. Economics needs to be provided food for thought from social sciences as well as from geography, natural sciences and philosophy : growth is a field of research open to co - disciplinarity. History shows how important the intellectuel climate, the zeit geist has been and still is for economic performances. As regards the future of growth, we explore two feasible scenarios able to conciliate at least two of the following goals : better protection and maintenance of natural resources, satisfaction of human aspirations to get better life conditions, alternative activities to paid jobs and idleness entailed by the labour saving technologies and significative efforts of households to temper their consumption.
    Keywords: Co - disciplinarity; sustainable development; emergent economies; employment; labour; natural resources; rationality; risk
    Date: 2014–02–14
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00946602&r=ger
  328. By: Peter Neary; Monika Mrazova
    Abstract: We show that relaxing the assumption of CES preferences in monopolistic competition has surprising implications when trade is restricted.� Integrated and segmented markets behave differently, the latter typically exhibiting reciprocal dumping.� Globalization and lower trade costs have different effects: the former reduces spending on all existing varieties, the latter switches spending from home to imported varieties; when demands are less convex than CES, globalization raises whereas lower trade costs reduce firm output.� Finally,calibrating gains from trade is harder.� Many more parameters are needed, while import demand elasticities typically overestimate the true elasticities, and so underestimate the gains from trade.
    Keywords: Additively Separable Preference, CES Preference, Iceberg Trade Costs, Quantifying Gains from Trade, Super- and Subconvexity of Demand, Super- and Subconcavity of Utility
    JEL: F12 F15 F17
    Date: 2014–01–20
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:oxf:wpaper:694&r=ger
  329. By: Masahiro Shoji (Faculty of Economics, Seijo University)
    Abstract:    This study empirically disentangles the channels of peer effects in crime through an experiment conducted in rural Bangladesh. The first part of this study assumes that individuals exhibit guilt aversion, which predicts the peer effects via guilt sensitivity and belief. By incorporating peer effects in a take-away game, the criminal player is informed about the victim player's belief only in the treatment group, so that the peer effects in the treatment group are driven only through guilt sensitivity. The experime ntal results suggest that peer effects affect and bring about changes i