nep-ger New Economics Papers
on German Papers
Issue of 2012‒07‒14
seven papers chosen by
Roberto Cruccolini
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen

  1. Wissenschaftlicher Pluralismus als Entdeckungsverfahren und das Monopol der Modellökonomik By Dürmeier, Thomas
  2. "Jenseits des BIP"? Zur Organisation der Politikberatung zur Nachhaltigkeitspolitik in Deutschland By Heinrich Tiemann; Gert G. Wagner
  3. Zum systematischen Stellenwert von Wirtschaftswachstum: Ziel, Mittel oder weder noch? By Johannes Hirata
  4. Datenschutz am Forschungsdatenzentrum By Hochfellner, Daniela; Müller, Dana; Schmucker, Alexandra; Roß, Elisabeth
  5. Evaluation der Sonderregelung für kurzfristig Beschäftigte in der Arbeitslosenversicherung By Werner, Daniel; Ramos Lobato, Philipp; Dietz, Martin
  6. Die Zinslast des Bundes in der Schuldenkrise: Wie lukrativ ist der „sichere Hafen“? By Jens Boysen-Hogrefe
  7. Pflegetätigkeiten von Personen in Haushalten mit Arbeitslosengeld-II-Bezug : eine deskriptive Betrachtung By Hohmeyer, Katrin; Kopf, Eva; Fiebig, Mareike; Grüttner, Michael

  1. By: Dürmeier, Thomas
    Abstract: In dieser Arbeit wird untersucht, ob Wettbewerb in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften existiert. Es besteht ein Monopol der heutigen neoklassischen Modellökonomik, was zu einer geringen Pluralität der wissenschaftlichen Ansätze und Perspektiven führt. Der wissenschaftliche Fortschritt wird behindert und das hat negative Folgen für die Wirtschaft und die Politik. Dies wird an Beispiele aus der Finanzkrise, bibliometrischen Ergebnisse und Fallbeispiele aus bundesdeutschen Hochschulen verdeutlicht. Als Fazit wird eine wissenschaftspolitische Intervention in die Volkswirtschaftslehre für mehr Pluralität gefordert: ein Code of Conduct für ÖkonomInnen, eine Quote für heterodoxe Lehrmeinungen und die Gründung eines Instituts für plurale Ökonomik in der Bundesrepublik. --
    Keywords: Pluralismus,Wirtschaftswissenschaften,Monopol,Heterodoxe Ökonomik,Wissenschaftssoziologie
    Date: 2012
  2. By: Heinrich Tiemann; Gert G. Wagner
    JEL: R10 I31
    Date: 2012
  3. By: Johannes Hirata
    JEL: R10 I31
    Date: 2012
  4. By: Hochfellner, Daniela (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]); Müller, Dana (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]); Schmucker, Alexandra (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]); Roß, Elisabeth (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])
    Abstract: "Research data of the Federal Employment Agency as well as surveys of the Institute for Employment Research are highly relevant for the scientific community and policy consulting. These data help to find answers to various research questions regarding employment and occupational research. The legal basis for data access is mainly Section 67 of the German Social Code Book X (SGB X). Since the establishment of the Research Data Centre (FDZ) of the Federal Employment Agency (BA) in the Institute of Employment Research (IAB) social data of the BA and the IAB are accessable for researchers using standardised and transparent principles. The remainder of this paper is to discuss the trade-off between the capability of research interests and data protection as well as the satisfaction of these demands." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    Keywords: Forschungsdatenzentrum, Bundesagentur für Arbeit, IAB, Datenschutz, Datenzugang, Datenanonymisierung, Sozialdaten
    Date: 2012–07–03
  5. By: Werner, Daniel (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]); Ramos Lobato, Philipp (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]); Dietz, Martin (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])
    Abstract: "In 2009, with the introduction of the special regulation according to Section123 (as of 1 April 2012, Section142), Sub-section 2 of Book III of the Social Code (SGB III), the eligibility conditions for unemployment insurance were reformed. The regulation, which is restricted to a period of three years, provides for a shortened qualifying period of six instead of the usually necessary twelve months, if persons had predominantly been in short-term employment. The purpose of the regulation is to facilitate access to unemployment insurance benefits for the group of employees who, on account of frequent, often short-term working contracts, have difficulty accruing qualifying periods within the two-year framework period. The current Research Report presents central findings of the evaluation study carried out at the Institute for Employment Research. What was examined in particular was the structure of applicants to date in accordance with central socio-demographic characteristics. The number of (analysable) applicants for the period August 2009 to March 2010 amounted for the entire Federal Republic to 583 persons. In the period April 2010 to December 2010, 356 persons submitted an application. In the case of more than half of the applications, it was a question of artists and creative artists (Kunst- und Kulturschaffende). With 36.4 per cent of the persons who submitted an application between August 2009 and March 2010, at least one application was granted. For the applicants in the period April 2010 to December 2010, this figure came to 55.3 per cent. Applications were most frequently rejected when the employment relationships of the applicants predominantly did not have a duration of six weeks or less. If these employment conditions had amounted to ten, instead of six, weeks, then roughly half of the applicants would have fulfilled this condition, but their application was rejected on account of the current regulation. Amongst artists and creative artists these shares are somewhat higher. In addition to this, the implementation of the special regulation was extrapolated at selected employment offices in an exploratory manner. The evaluation of qualitative expert questionnaires shows that the special regulation exhibits a highly differentiated significance in the day-to-day work of the specialised staff and managers asked throughout various different organisational units and was hence evaluated in just as diverse a way. While in the domain of the benefits department, the special regulation was seen as relevant in the sense of working practices, in its version valid since August 2009 it is evaluated as being tendentially little expedient. Within the context of job placement on the other hand, it plays a subordinate role and cannot thus be evaluated in a functional way. Here, instead, the survey reveals a series of different factors and conditions - both external and inner-organisational ones - that structure the possibilities for action which these specialised staff have when supervising and placing short-term employees and that show themselves to be clearly more relevant to day-to-day work." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    Date: 2012–06–28
  6. By: Jens Boysen-Hogrefe
    Abstract: In the aftermath of the Great Recession and during the debt crisis in the euro area yields on German federal bonds have been exceptionally low. This analysis tries to calculate the profits that the federal government makes due to the low yields. The interest payments that are due to emissions of bonds and bills made between 2009 and 2012 are approximated and compared to several benchmark scenarios. Compared to the mean yields of the years 1999-2008 profits of the federal government are quite high (68 billion euros). Application of yield curve models show that most of these profits are due to the macroeconomic conditions in the euro area and to low central bank rates. To a much smaller extend these profits are due to flight into safety, which, however, has become more relevant recently
    Keywords: safe haven, interest payments, debt crisis, yield curve
    JEL: G12 H63
    Date: 2012–07
  7. By: Hohmeyer, Katrin (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]); Kopf, Eva (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]); Fiebig, Mareike; Grüttner, Michael (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])
    Abstract: "The increasing life expectancy coming along with a birth deficit is expected to lead to an increasing demand for elderly care in Germany in the future. In Germany, private home care, often provided by family members, is given primacy over institutional care. At the same time, a labour market participation of broad groups of people is necessary for the sustainable financing of the social security system. However, informal care-giving and labour market participation might not be compatible for all care-givers. Consequently, a conflict of goals - labour market participation and informal home care for persons in need of care - might occur. Also needy individuals receiving the welfare benefit 'Unemployment Benefit II' have to be available for job placement in order to reduce or end their neediness. The research report, therefore, describes care-giving activities of individuals living in households receiving the welfare benefit 'Unemployment Benefit II'. Based on the first four waves of the panel study 'Labour Market and Social Security', the report considers observations aged between 15 and 64 years who lived in a household receiving the welfare benefit at the time the sample was drawn. About 7 % of the respondents provide care to relatives or friends. The amount as well as the type of care provided varies strongly over observations. Carers are more often female, aged 35 years or older, have children and cohabit with a partner than non-carers. They are less likely to be employed and more likely to live in a household with welfare benefit receipt at the time of the interview. They are less often required to search for a job than non-carers. However, only for roughly one quarter of them, care-giving is the reason for not being obliged to search for a job. This indicates that care-giving is not necessarily preventing employment but that care-giving might also arise due to non-employment." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    Date: 2012–07–03

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