nep-ger New Economics Papers
on German Papers
Issue of 2009‒04‒18
three papers chosen by
Roberto Cruccolini
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen

  1. Design und Betrieb von Cross Docks By Sinja-Katharina Tiedemann; Nils Boysen
  2. Eingliederungszuschüsse und Betriebszugehörigkeitsdauer in Westdeutschland By Ruppe, Kathi
  3. Schaufenster Griechenland – was kann aus dem aktuellen Debakel für das soziale Europa gelernt werden? By Tausch, Arno

  1. By: Sinja-Katharina Tiedemann (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Lehrstuhl für ABWL/ Operations Management); Nils Boysen (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Lehrstuhl für ABWL/ Operations Management)
    Abstract: Die hohen Anforderungen an heutige Wertschöpfungsnetzwerke in Bezug auf Flexibilität und Lieferbereitschaft stellen die Distribution vor die Aufgabe, Güter immer häufiger und in immer kleineren Mengen ausliefern zu müssen. Ein Ansatz, diesen Forderungen auf möglichst wirtschaftliche Art und Weise gerecht zu werden, besteht darin, bestehende Distributionsnetze um sogenannte Cross Docks zu erweitern. In solchen lagerlosen Umschlagzentren können dann kleine Warensendungen mit ähnlicher Destination zu vollständig ausgelasteten Lkw-Transporten konsolidiert werden, um sogenannte "economies in transportation" realisieren zu können. Neben den strategischen Überlegungen für und wider die Einführung von Cross Docks stehen in diesem Aufsatz insbesondere die Planungsprobleme im Mittelpunkt, die es im Rahmen der Errichtung und der täglichen Prozessabläufe in einem Cross Docking Terminal zu lösen gilt.
    Date: 2009–04–15
  2. By: Ruppe, Kathi (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])
    Abstract: "Wage subsidies are a major instrument of active labor market policies in Germany. This paper analyses for West Germany, if tenure differs across individuals taking up a subsidized or unsubsidized job, respectively, during the second quarter of 2003. The study is based on process generated data of the German Federal Employment Agency. Cox estimations indicate a significant positive relationship between subsidy receipt and tenure, the risk of ending an employment relationship is in particular lower during the time of subsidization and the subsequent statutorily regulated period of employment. However, no significant differences between men and women could be established." (author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
    Keywords: Eingliederungszuschuss - Erfolgskontrolle, Beschäftigungsdauer, Betriebszugehörigkeit - Dauer, arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahme, Arbeitslose, berufliche Reintegration, Westdeutschland, Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    JEL: J68 J64 J63
    Date: 2009–04–08
  3. By: Tausch, Arno
    Abstract: The nationwide violent riots by youths and the general strike in December 2008 in Greece happened in a country, which according to the financial expenses paid by Brussels should be a real showcase of the European model. A quick glance at the statistics of the net recipient countries of the EU budget teaches us that not the poor new member states in the east of the continent, but Greece is one of the prime recipients all financial transfers from Brussels over the last decades. From 2003 to 2006 paid Brussels paid net to Greece 16.5 billion Euros (net), and Greece should be a real model of social coherence, and Lisbon-strategy progress towards a dynamic, knowledge-based society, etc. The apocalyptic pictures of the unrests in this key country in the EU are all the more alarming, because Greece is a member of the Union already since 1981. Greece in January 1981 became the tenth State of the European Community. On 6 November 1992, Greece became a member of Schengen, and from 1.1.2001, Greece is also a member of the European Monetary Union. In many respects, Greece was an EU model pupil. Its Eurobarometer consent for the European Constitution was 78% - the highest among all member states. The Accession Treaty with the ten new EU member states on 16 April 2003 was signed in Athens as the birthplace of democracy. The devastating forest fires of 2007 heralded the need for a rethinking of the "Greek model". More than 190 fires were reported and more than 70 fatalities were counted. The far-reaching consequences of this major fire disaster for the climate of the region are still unclear. Large stretches of land in the west and southwest look like volcano - or lunar landscapes. Many of these fires had their origins in negligence or even criminal arson for the benefit of land speculation. With the current collapse of the Greek model also a neo-liberal success story comes to end. The neo-liberal government of Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis has been in office since September 2007. Focus of the Karamanlis government is the restructuring of social security, a balanced budget, combating unemployment, the reform of education, including through licensing of private universities, and health care reform along neo-liberal policy prescriptions. The key points of government activity were • deregulation and cutting red tape • privatization projects • selling shares in the state's largest telephone company on the stock market The current experience of Greece has a disturbing lesson for the further convergence and integration process of the neighbouring states. Even more alarming than the standstill of the convergence process are unmistakable signs that this EU core member state is confronted with corruption out of control. According to Transparency International Greece only holds rank 57 in global corruption control, and the worst EU 27 Country Bulgaria is even ranked 72nd. Numerous international studies, surveyed in the article, show that Greece is far more controlled by the shadow economy and the underground economy (= organized crime) than Italy. Our analysis with aggregate data from Eurostat provides further information about the full extent of the current socio-political disaster confronting Greece. On the one hand youth unemployment is a sad record in Europe: 22.9% of young people in the country were without work even before the onset of the current economic crisis, and this value will explode in 2009. The target group accuracy of the social system is one of the worst in Europe. In a regional perspective, Athens is an island of prosperity in a sea of poverty. In: East Macedonia, Thraki Sterea Ellada Voreio Aigaio Ipeiros Makedonia Dytiki youth unemployment was over 30%. Also our other indicators • age-and gender-specific and regional employment rates • age-and gender-specific and regional employment rates • Proportion of adult population with only lower education • Research and development expenditure at the regional level • Regional Purchasing Power • Regional Productivity • Regional Lisbon indicator • Regional economic growth show that Greece, after receiving all these funds from the Brussels structural convergence programmes is having a very deficient regional development. We also show on the basis of our multivariate re-analysis of the data of 2007 UNICEF child poverty study that the Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark had the best performance in Europe in eliminating child poverty. Our closer look at the 40 sub-components of the UNICEF study shows the deep crisis, which Greek youth is facing today. Particularly in the area of the acquisition of cognitive skills, Greece is very poorly placed. Our analysis thus shows that the crisis of the Greek social system unfortunately, has a deeper, even European dimension - the crisis of a heavily subsidized EU member country that has dismally failed.
    Keywords: F15 - Economic Integration; O52 - Economywide Country Studies Europe F15 - Economic Integration; O52 - Economywide Country Studies Europe F15 - Economic Integration; O52 - Economywide Country Studies Europe F15 - Economic Integration; O52 - Economywide Country Studies Europe
    JEL: F15 O52
    Date: 2009–03–24

This nep-ger issue is ©2009 by Roberto Cruccolini. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.