nep-geo New Economics Papers
on Economic Geography
Issue of 2022‒03‒28
nine papers chosen by
Andreas Koch
Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung

  1. Capital Cities and Road Network Integration: Evidence from the U.S. By Nicole Loumeau
  2. On the Spatial Scope of Warehouse Activity: An Exploratory Study in France By David Guerrero; Jean Paul Hubert; Martin Koning; Nicolas Roelandt
  3. Cultural diversity and innovation-oriented entrepreneurship By Paula Prenzel; Niels Bosma; Veronique Schutjens; Erik Stam
  4. The Long-Term Effects of War on Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Development: Evidence from Vietnam By Nguyen, Cuong; Tran, Tuyen; Vu, Huong
  5. The Great, Greater, and Greatest Recessions of US States By Wall, Howard
  6. Legitimizing path development by interlinking institutional logics: The case of Israel's desert tourism By Maximilian Benner
  7. Effects of Monetary and Fiscal Policy Interactions on Regional Employment: Evidence from Japan By Tomomi Miyazaki; Haruo Kondoh
  8. Distribución geográfica de la actividad económica en la Argentina: revisión bibliográfica y perspectivas By Borello, José Antonio; González, Leandro
  9. Factores diferenciados en incrementos de la productividad en Chile: un acercamiento desde la heterogeneidad territorial By Correa Mautz, Felipe; Miranda, Jorge

  1. By: Nicole Loumeau (ETH Zurich, Switzerland)
    Abstract: This paper quantifies the causal effect of capital status on road network integration of U.S.micro/metropolitan statistical areas. Road network integration is defined using a class of measurements that evaluate how well a location is connected to all other locations through the National Highway System (NHS).To tackle the non-random placement of capital cities, I instrument capital status using a k-means clustering algorithm that predicts the boundaries of 48 U.S. states and defines the geographical center as a hypothetical capital location. Overall, I find significant and robust evidence that capital cities are more directly integrated in the NHS than non-capital cities of similar characteristics. I discuss two possible mechanisms behind the capital premium: (i) the favorable geographical position of capital cities within their state and (ii) a political interest in connecting capital cities well to major urban areas around.
    Keywords: capital cities, transport infrastructure, market access, clustering algorithm
    JEL: O18 R42 R42 R58 C26
    Date: 2021–11
  2. By: David Guerrero (AME-SPLOTT - Systèmes Productifs, Logistique, Organisation des Transports et Travail - Université Gustave Eiffel); Jean Paul Hubert (AME-DEST - Dynamiques Economiques et Sociales des Transports - Université Gustave Eiffel); Martin Koning (AME-SPLOTT - Systèmes Productifs, Logistique, Organisation des Transports et Travail - Université Gustave Eiffel); Nicolas Roelandt (AME - Département Aménagement, Mobilités et Environnement - Université Gustave Eiffel)
    Abstract: This article analyses the relationship between the location of warehouses, the spatial scope of their activities and some of their operational characteristics. It uses the results of a French national survey providing detailed characteristics for 1,974 warehouses of more than 5,000 square metres. A typology of four spatial categories is built based on a population potential with different values of friction (?). Applying logistic regression, the four categories are related to survey data describing the spatial scope of the activities of warehouses, controlling for variations in other characteristics such as seasonality and vehicle movements. The results show a significant relationship between the location of warehouses and their spatial scope. As expected, warehouses with local origins are more frequent outside the core (inner Paris) and metropolitan location categories (outer Paris and other large urban areas). The findings suggest there may be significant differences in the spatial scope of warehouse activity even within the same urban area.
    Date: 2022–01–01
  3. By: Paula Prenzel; Niels Bosma; Veronique Schutjens; Erik Stam
    Abstract: A growing empirical literature has established a positive relationship between cultural diversity and entrepreneurship rates, often attributing this effect to innovative benefits of diversity. However, not all entrepreneurship is inherently innovative, raising the question of whether cultural diversity may increase the relative prevalence of entrepreneurs pursuing innovative instead of more replicative strategies. This study investigates the relationship between regional cultural diversity and the innovation-orientation of early-stage entrepreneurs and considers moderating factors by decomposing shares of foreign-born population by origin within and outside of the EU and by education level. Combining survey data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor with various measures of cultural diversity, we carry out a multilevel analysis for 166 European regions. The results suggest that entrepreneurs in more culturally diverse regions are significantly more likely to exhibit innovation-orientation. We find some evidence that this effect is supported by cognitive proximity as the share of EU-born foreign population is driving this result. Moreover, our analysis suggests that the effect of cultural diversity on innovative entrepreneurship is not due to human capital availability or moderated by entrepreneurs' absorptive capacity but rather stems from the diversity in cultural background itself.
    Keywords: cultural diversity, entrepreneurship, innovation, European regions, multilevel analysis
    JEL: F22 L26 O30 R1
    Date: 2022–02
  4. By: Nguyen, Cuong; Tran, Tuyen; Vu, Huong
    Abstract: In this study, we find that the negative effect of unexploded ordnance (UXO) on the geographical density of foreign direct investment and large firms is a new channel through which the war legacy impedes local development in Vietnam. A 1% increase in the proportion of UXO-contaminated area leads to a 0.78% relative decrease in the density of FDI firms within districts. Point estimates for the elasticity of the density of joint-venture FDI firms and state-owned enterprise (SOEs) due to UXO are smaller, equal to -0.56 and -0.54. Consequently, a 1% increase in the proportion of UXO-contaminated areas leads to a 0.46% relative decrease in the intensity of nighttime light.
    Keywords: War; FDI; unexploded ordnance; local development; Vietnam.
    JEL: O12 R12
    Date: 2021–08–15
  5. By: Wall, Howard
    Abstract: This paper examines state-level differences in the effects of the Great Recession. It finds that several states were in recession prior to the official start of the recession, while more than a dozen states didn’t enter recession until six months or more after the official start. States’ exits from recession were similarly staggered. As a result, 11 states’ recessions lasted one year or shorter, while the recessions for five states lasted two years or longer. Further, there were geographic patterns to the spread of the recession across states. I use these state-level estimates to introduce a new approach for calculating the total effects of recessions on employment, one that accounts for lost employment growth as well the decrease in employment. States formed distinct geographic groupings according to these total effects, with states in the West and Southeast tending to have seen the greatest harm. Finally, many of the state-level differences in the effects of the Great Recession were related to differences in industry mix and the prevalence of sub-prime mortgages. The states with the longest and deepest recessions also tended to have been those with the highest shares of subprime mortgages.
    Keywords: State recessions
    JEL: E24 E32 R12
    Date: 2022–01–18
  6. By: Maximilian Benner
    Abstract: The legitimation of new industrial regional paths has become a crucial issue in path development since it touches the institutional foundations of regional evolution. In institutional theory, legitimacy is considered a critical fundament of institutionalization, and the institutional logics perspective draws attention to the different material and symbolic sources of legitimacy. Drawing on neo-institutional sociology, this article proposes a nuanced understanding of legitimation dynamics in regional industrial path development by arguing that new paths are legitimized by interlinking different institutional logics through symbolic constructions used for meaning-making such as future-oriented visions. Empirical examples from two tourism destinations in Israel’s Negev desert illustrate this mechanism.
    Keywords: evolutionary economic geography; institutional logics; legitimacy; path development
    Date: 2022
  7. By: Tomomi Miyazaki (Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University); Haruo Kondoh (Department of Economics, Seinan Gakuin University)
    Abstract: This study examines the effects of the interaction between unconventional monetary policy and fiscal stimulus on regional employment in Japan. A mixed vector autoregressions (VARs)/event study approach is used. Our empirical findings first show that whereas employment recovery was salient in western Japan, it was not the case in Tokyo metropolitan areas, the country’s main economic hub. Second, we confirm employment recovery on female employees in all regions. However, we do not observe this on male employees, implying the policy interaction did not necessarily increase the number of regular workers, which might suppress a wage hike in the entire country.
    Date: 2022–03
  8. By: Borello, José Antonio; González, Leandro
    Abstract: En este documento se revisa una parte de la bibliografía referida a la distribución geográfica de la actividad económica en la Argentina y se recorren algunos hitos del sendero histórico de las dos grandes vertientes de generación de ideas sobre el análisis territorial en el país: la geografía y la planificación urbana y regional. En función de ese marco histórico, se examinan tres grupos de bibliografías. Los dos primeros analizan la distribución geográfica de la actividad económica en la Argentina: uno estudia dicha distribución a través de regionalizaciones, es decir, la construcción de esquemas interpretativos que clasifican el territorio nacional en distintas porciones denominadas regiones, y el otro se centra en los sistemas productivos locales y regionales. La reseña del tercer grupo de fuentes, que se refieren a las características y dinámica de los sistemas de asentamiento humano, es central para caracterizar la dinámica del sistema de asentamiento humano en la Argentina. Está organizada alrededor de tres temas centrales: el crecimiento de las ciudades intermedias, la complejización de la estructura interna de las grandes ciudades y el cambio en las características de ruralidad.
    Date: 2021–11–02
  9. By: Correa Mautz, Felipe; Miranda, Jorge
    Abstract: En este estudio se busca conocer el papel de la heterogeneidad territorial como factor condicionante de la evolución de la productividad territorial en Chile. Se utilizaron bases de datos del Servicio de Impuestos Internos y de las Encuestas de Caracterización Socioeconómica Nacional (CASEN) entre 2006 y 2014. A partir de la definición de territorios funcionales, estos se agruparon en dos conjuntos según su población superara o no los 50.000 habitantes en 2006. A través de métodos estadísticos, se especificaron los determinantes de la evolución de la productividad para cada conjunto de territorios, obteniendo como resultado principal que las variables asociadas al incremento de la productividad diferían entre los dos tipos de territorios considerados. La existencia de diferencias en las variables asociadas al incremento de la productividad tiene como corolario la necesidad de contar con políticas productivas específicas para cada territorio, dependiendo de las características y las necesidades que impone la etapa de desarrollo en la que se encuentra cada uno de ellos.
    Date: 2021–12–14

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