nep-geo New Economics Papers
on Economic Geography
Issue of 2019‒12‒09
three papers chosen by
Andreas Koch
Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung

  1. Polycentricity and regional development: an analytical framework and some evidence from Italy By David Burgalassi; Chiara Agnoletti; Leonardo Piccini
  2. Regional Income Disparities, Distributional Convergence, and Spatial Effects: Evidence from Indonesia By Gunawan, Anang; Mendez, Carlos; Santos-Marquez, Felipe
  3. Urban Wage Premia, Cost of Living, and Collective Bargaining By Belloc, Marianna; Naticchioni, Paolo; Vittori, Claudia

  1. By: David Burgalassi; Chiara Agnoletti; Leonardo Piccini
    Abstract: This paper analyses the relationships between polycentricity and regional development, under a multi-dimensional and policy oriented conceptualization of development. We provide an analytical framework and an explorative analysis of Italian regions, by taking into account several aspects of spatial structure. We found that competitiveness is positively associated with agglomeration and negatively with polycentricity. However, larger regions show to be less inclusive, while there is a positive association between polycentricity and social cohesion. Our results allow for a discussion on regional polycentricity and its effectiveness when planning and evaluating public policies, possibly enriching the debate on regional policy assessment and implementation.
    Keywords: regional development, regional urban systems, polycentric urban regions, inequalities
    JEL: R11 R12 R14
    Date: 2019–10–01
  2. By: Gunawan, Anang; Mendez, Carlos; Santos-Marquez, Felipe
    Abstract: Using a novel dataset, this paper studies the spatio-temporal dynamics of income per capita across provinces and districts in Indonesia over the 2000-2017 period. First, an exploratory spatial analysis suggests that spatial autocorrelation is only significant at the district level and it appears to be robust from 2013 to 2017. Thus, at the district level, we proceed to use a spatial filtering model for decomposing income into a spatially independent component and a spatial residual. Next, through the lens of a distributional convergence framework, we find that the non-filtered income is characterized by a lack of regional mobility. In contrast, the spatially independent component shows a pattern of polarization. We conclude arguing that neighbor effects have played a significant role in reducing regional polarization in Indonesia.
    Keywords: Convergence, Getis filter, Nonparametric distribution, Indonesia
    JEL: R10 R11 R15
    Date: 2019–11–24
  3. By: Belloc, Marianna (Sapienza University of Rome); Naticchioni, Paolo (University of Rome 3); Vittori, Claudia (Sapienza University of Rome)
    Abstract: In this paper, we estimate nominal and real (in temporal and spatial terms) urban wage premia (UWP) in Italy, with its economy characterized by the interplay between collective wage bargaining and spatial heterogeneity in the cost of living. Our dataset for the 2005- 2015 period includes, for workers' characteristics, unique administrative data provided by the Italian Social Security Institute and, for the local CPI computation, housing prices detailed at a fine level of spatial aggregation delivered by the Italian Revenue Agency. For employees covered by collective bargaining, we find a zero UWP in nominal terms and a negative and non-negligible UWP in real terms (-2.6% when all controls are included). To capture the role played by centralized wage settings, we consider various groups of self-employed workers, who are not covered by national labour agreements, while living in the same locations and enjoying the same amenities as employees. We find that, differently from employees, selfemployed workers enjoy a positive UWP in nominal terms, and do not suffer from urban real wage penalties. Results hold under a large array of robustness checks.
    Keywords: urban wage premium, cost of living, wage setting
    JEL: R12 R31 J31
    Date: 2019–11

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