nep-geo New Economics Papers
on Economic Geography
Issue of 2015‒08‒25
six papers chosen by
Andreas Koch
Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung

  1. A Measure for identifying substantial geographic Concentrations By van Egeraat, Chris; Morgenroth, Edgar; Kroes, Rutger; Curran, Declan; Gleeson, Justin
  2. Interregional flows of PhDs: an analysis of French long-term data By Bastien Bernela; Olivier Bouba-Olga; Marie Ferru
  3. Migration externalities in Chinese cities By Pierre-Philippe Combes; Sylvie Démurger; Shi Li
  4. The Texas Economic Model, Miracle or Mirage? A Spatial Hedonic Analysis By Wang, Hongbo
  5. Modalities of coordination inside innovative collaborative projects: between face-to-face interactions and interactions at a distance By Bastien Bernela; Rachel Levy
  6. Zoning a cross-border city By Bárcena Ruiz, Juan Carlos; Casado Izaga, Francisco Javier

  1. By: van Egeraat, Chris; Morgenroth, Edgar; Kroes, Rutger; Curran, Declan; Gleeson, Justin
    Abstract: Regional industrial policy emphasizes the notion of building on existing concentrations of competitive firms. A range of measures to identify such concentrations has been put forward in the literature. These however do not identify substantial concentrations which have the best potential for further development, tend to concentrate on scale measured by employment and are applied using data for pre-specified administrative boundaries. This paper presents a new concentration index that identifies substantial concentrations and utilizes information on both the number and scale of plants. It also proposes a method for generating relevant industry-specific spatial units.
    Keywords: Geographical concentration; industrial specialization; agglomeration; methodology
    JEL: C43 R12
    Date: 2015–08–12
  2. By: Bastien Bernela (CRIEF - Centre de Recherche sur l'Intégration Economique et Financière - Université de Poitiers); Olivier Bouba-Olga (CRIEF - Centre de Recherche sur l'Intégration Economique et Financière - Université de Poitiers); Marie Ferru (CRIEF - Centre de Recherche sur l'Intégration Economique et Financière - Université de Poitiers)
    Abstract: The aim of this article is to provide empirical analysis of the geographical mobility of PhDs between French regions by using long term data (1970-2000). First of all, we highlight the low mobility of PhDs: more than 60% of them supervise their first PhD in the region where they defended their own one. We then test the impact of structural determinants with a gravity model (sample selection model) and we observe in particular the influence of the scientific size of regions and spatial distance on the PhDs' mobility.
    Date: 2014–12–01
  3. By: Pierre-Philippe Combes (AMSE - Aix-Marseille School of Economics - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) - Ecole Centrale Marseille (ECM) - AMU - Aix-Marseille Université); Sylvie Démurger (GATE Lyon Saint-Étienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Etienne - PRES Université de Lyon - CNRS); Shi Li (Beijing Normal University / Beijing)
    Abstract: We analyse the impact of internal migration in China on natives' labour market outcomes. We find evidence of a large positive correlation of the city share of migrants with natives' wages. Using different sets of control variables and instruments suggests that the effect is causal. The large total migrant impact (+10% when one moves from the first to the third quartile of the migrant variable distribution) arises from gains due to complementarity with natives in the production function (+6.4%), and from gains due to agglomeration economies (+3.3%). Finally, we find some evidence of a stronger effect for skilled natives than for unskilled, as expected from theory. Overall, our findings support large nominal wage gains that can be expected from further migration and urbanisation in China.
    Date: 2015–03–10
  4. By: Wang, Hongbo
    Abstract: As a state without a personal income tax that has experienced strong employment and population growth in the past, Texas was held up as the economic policy model for Kansas and Oklahoma to follow in recently cutting their personal income tax rates. Using micro-level data, this paper examines whether Texas has benefitted from its mix of public policies by examining the geographic patterns of estimated quality-adjusted wages and housing costs across the U.S. The overall finding is an absence of significantly positive capitalized effects from the policies of Texas. The only significant capitalized policy effect found was lower quality of life in Texas nonmetropolitan areas relative to those in Oklahoma.
    Keywords: State income tax, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas
    JEL: H30 R51 R58
    Date: 2015–07–31
  5. By: Bastien Bernela (CRIEF - Centre de Recherche sur l'Intégration Economique et Financière - Université de Poitiers); Rachel Levy (LEREPS - Laboratoire d'Etude et de Recherche sur l'Economie, les Politiques et les Systèmes Sociaux - Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Toulouse - UT1 - Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UTM - Université Toulouse 2 Le Mirail - École Nationale de Formation Agronomique - ENFA)
    Abstract: This research aims to characterize interactions between partners within collaborative projects for innovation. We use data from an online survey sent to all the partners involved in projects labelled by a French competitiveness cluster. The partners have assessed the frequency of face-to-face interactions and interactions at a distance with each other partner of the same project. From the 754 inter-organizational ties, we observe heterogeneity of interactions in terms of existence and frequency. Although the role of the project coordinator and partners' acquaintanceship stimulates interactions, we show that geographical proximity has a positive impact only on face-to-face interactions. Finally, a cross-analysis of the two forms of interactions highlights the existence of both complementarity and substitutability cases, but this latter is possible only if a minimum of face-to-face interactions occurs.
    Abstract: Cette recherche vise à caractériser les interactions entre partenaires dans le cadre de projets collaboratifs pour l'innovation. Les données mobilisées proviennent d'une enquête en ligne adressée à l'ensemble des partenaires impliqués dans des projets labellisés par un pôle de compétitivité français. Les acteurs ont évalué la fréquence de leurs interactions en face-à-face et à distance avec chacun des autres partenaires impliqués dans le même projet. A partir des 754 liens inter-organisationnels étudiés, on observe une hétérogénéité des interactions en termes d'existence et de fréquence. Si le rôle des coordinateurs des projets et de la connaissance antérieure des partenaires stimule les interactions, nous montrons que la proximité géographique n'a un impact positif que sur les interactions en face-à-face. Enfin, l'analyse croisée des deux types d'interactions met en évidence l'existence à la fois de configurations de complémentarité et de substituabilité, cette dernière n'étant possible que s'il existe un minimum d'interactions en face-à-face.
    Date: 2014–11–20
  6. By: Bárcena Ruiz, Juan Carlos; Casado Izaga, Francisco Javier
    Keywords: zoning, spatial, competition, location, choice
    JEL: L13 R32 R38
    Date: 2015

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