nep-geo New Economics Papers
on Economic Geography
Issue of 2007‒05‒04
five papers chosen by
Vassilis Monastiriotis
London School of Economics

  1. Da integração territorial às aglomerações econômicas: a organização espacial e as políticas regionais nos Estados Unidos (1800-2000) By Ricardo Machado Ruiz
  2. The use of permanent contracts across Spanish regions: Do regional wage subsidies work? By J.Ignacio García Pérez; Yolanda Rebollo Sanz
  3. Impact of Sports Arenas on Land Values: Evidence from Berlin By Gabriel Ahlfeldt; Wolfgang Maennig
  4. A smart market for passenger road transport (SMPRT) congestion: an application of computational mechanism design By Sheri Markose; Amadeo Alentorn; Deddy Koesrindartoto; Peter Allen; Phil Blythe; Sergio Grosso
  5. Relationships between investments costs for infrastructure and for sport stadia: The case of the World Cup 2006 in Germany By Nicolas Büttner; Wolfgang Maennig; Marco Messner

  1. By: Ricardo Machado Ruiz (Cedeplar-UFMG)
    Abstract: The paper summarizes and analyses the spatial organizations of US and their regional development policies. The first part describe the evolution of the US economy during the period 1800-2000, and the second part presents the regional policies and agencies that shape the regional development. The US regional policy was split into three periods. In the first period the regional policy was fully connected to the national development strategy. In the second period the regional policy turned to the regions that did not developed by their own: the so-called “regional problems”. In the third period, the regional policies showed a clear decline, they became more local and social-aid geared, and less structuralist or systemic.
    Keywords: US; industrial belt; TVA; regional policy; Appalachia
    JEL: R58 R11 O14 O18 O25
    Date: 2007–04
  2. By: J.Ignacio García Pérez (Centro de Estudios Andaluces. Universidad Pablo de Olavide); Yolanda Rebollo Sanz (Universidad Pablo de Olavide)
    Abstract: This paper evaluates the effect of regional wage subsidies to foster permanent employment for a sample of temporary and unemployed Spanish workers. We study the transition into permanent employment using a new dataset based on administrative Social Security registers named “La Muestra Continua de Vidas Laborales”, which is used for the first time to carry out policy evaluation exercises in the Spanish labor market.
    Keywords: Difference-in-differences, Evaluation Analysis, Wage Subsidies, Competing risk
    JEL: J38 J68
    Date: 2007
  3. By: Gabriel Ahlfeldt (University of Hamburg); Wolfgang Maennig (University of Hamburg)
    Abstract: This paper develops a hedonic price model explaining standard land values in Berlin. The model assesses the impact of three multifunctional sports arenas situated in Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg which were designed to improve the attractiveness of their formerly deprived neighbourhoods. Empirical results confirm expectations about the impact of various attributes on land values. Sports arenas have significant positive impacts within a radius of about 3000 meters. The patterns of impact vary, indicating that the effective impact depends on how planning authorities address potential countervailing negative externalities.
    Keywords: Stadium Impact, Land Gradient, Hedonic Regression, Spatial Autocorrelation, Berlin
    JEL: L83 R31 R53 R5
    Date: 2007–04
  4. By: Sheri Markose; Amadeo Alentorn; Deddy Koesrindartoto; Peter Allen; Phil Blythe; Sergio Grosso
    Abstract: To control and price negative externalities in passenger road transport, we develop an innovative and integrated computational agent based economics (ACE) model to simulate a market oriented "cap" and trade system. (i) First, there is a computational assessment of a digitized road network model of the real world congestion hot spot to determine the "cap" of the system in terms of vehicle volumes at which traffic efficiency deteriorates and the environmental externalities take off exponentially. (ii) Road users submit bids with the market clearing price at the fixed "cap" supply of travel slots in a given time slice (peak hour) being determined by an electronic sealed bid uniform price Dutch auction. (iii) Cross-sectional demand data on car users who traverse the cordon area is used to model and calibrate the heterogeneous bid submission behaviour in order to construct the inverse demand function and demand elasticities. (iv) The willingness to pay approach with heterogeneous value of time is contrasted with the generalized cost approach to pricing congestion with homogeneous value of travel time.
    Date: 2007–04–28
  5. By: Nicolas Büttner (University of Hamburg); Wolfgang Maennig (University of Hamburg); Marco Messner (University of Hamburg)
    Abstract: This study uses the example of the 2006 soccer World Cup in Germany to examine whether any systematic relationships exist between infrastructure investments on the one hand and investments in the respective stadium on the other. Particular attention is paid to an examination of whether the relative infrastructure costs in the case of newly-built stadia differ from those relating to stadia that have been reconstructed or extended. Such systematic relationships, or “rules of thumb”, could be used in the future to simplify the prediction of the expected volume of necessary infrastructure measures for major sporting events (other soccer World Cups, the Olympic Games, etc.) on the basis of the investment required for the sports venues. Our study makes use of a cluster and discriminance analysis and concludes that such general rules cannot be derived from the 2006 World Cup in Germany.
    Keywords: Infrastructure investments, sport stadia costs, cluster analysis, discriminance analysis.
    JEL: L83 R42 R53
    Date: 2007–04

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