nep-gen New Economics Papers
on Gender
Issue of 2023‒08‒14
three papers chosen by
Jan Sauermann
Institutet för Arbetsmarknads- och Utbildningspolitisk Utvärdering

  1. Equal Pay for Similar Work By Diego Gentile Passaro; Fuhito Kojima; Bobak Pakzad-Hurson
  2. The Gender Pay Gap and its Determinants across the Human Capital Distribution By Ariel J. Binder; Amanda Eng; Kendall Houghton; Andrew Foote
  3. Does Unfairness Hurt Women? The Effects of Losing Unfair Competitions By Stefano Piasenti; Marica Valente; Roel van Veldhuizen; Gregor Pfeifer

  1. By: Diego Gentile Passaro; Fuhito Kojima; Bobak Pakzad-Hurson
    Abstract: Equal pay laws increasingly require that workers doing "similar" work are paid equal wages within firm. We study such "equal pay for similar work" (EPSW) policies theoretically and test our model's predictions empirically using evidence from a 2009 Chilean EPSW. When EPSW only binds across protected class (e.g., no woman can be paid less than any similar man, and vice versa), firms segregate their workforce by gender. When there are more men than women in a labor market, EPSW increases the gender wage gap. By contrast, EPSW that is not based on protected class can decrease the gender wage gap.
    Date: 2023–06
  2. By: Ariel J. Binder; Amanda Eng; Kendall Houghton; Andrew Foote
    Abstract: This paper leverages a unique linkage between American Community Survey data and postsecondary transcript records to examine how the gender pay gap, and its proximate determinants, varies across the distribution of education credentials in the 15 years following graduation. Although recent literature focuses on career disparities between the highest-educated women and men, we find evidence that the pay gap is smaller at higher education levels. Field-of-degree and occupation effects explain most of the gap among top bachelor’s graduates, while labor supply and unobserved channels matter more for less-competitive bachelor’s, associate’s, and certificate graduates. This heterogeneity in gap levels and mechanisms is especially large in the first decade following graduation. Our results suggest that contemporary early-career gender inequality lacks a unified explanation and requires different policy interventions for different subgroups. More research is needed to understand the larger unexplained gender pay gap among less-educated individuals.
    Keywords: gender pay gap, postsecondary transcript records, college selectivity, human capital, field and occupation choice, labor supply
    JEL: I24 I26 J16 J31
    Date: 2023–06
  3. By: Stefano Piasenti (HU Berlin); Marica Valente (University of Innsbruck); Roel van Veldhuizen (Lund University); Gregor Pfeifer (University of Sydney)
    Abstract: How do men and women differ in their persistence after experiencing failure in a competitive environment? We tackle this question by combining a large online experiment (N=2, 086) with machine learning. We find that when losing is unequivocally due to merit, both men and women exhibit a significant decrease in subsequent tournament entry. However, when the prior tournament is unfair, i.e., a loss is no longer necessarily based on merit, women are more discouraged than men. These results suggest that transparent meritocratic criteria may play a key role in preventing women from falling behind after experiencing a loss.
    Keywords: competitiveness; gender; fairness; machine learning; online experiment;
    JEL: C90 D91 J16 C14
    Date: 2023–07–14

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