nep-gen New Economics Papers
on Gender
Issue of 2021‒10‒18
three papers chosen by
Jan Sauermann
Stockholms universitet

  1. Commuting, Children and the Gender Wage Gap By Borghorst, Malte; Mulalic, Ismir; van Ommeren, Jos
  2. Gender Differences in Economics PhD Field Specializations with Correlated Choices By Sierminska, Eva; Oaxaca, Ronald L.
  3. Can Non-Cognitive Skills Explain The Gender Wage Gap In Russia? An Unconditional Quantile Regression Approach By Ksenia V. Rozhkova; Natalya Yemelina; Sergey Yu. Roshchin

  1. By: Borghorst, Malte (Mercator School of Management, University of Duisburg-Essen); Mulalic, Ismir (Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School); van Ommeren, Jos (Department of Spatial Economics, VU University)
    Abstract: It has been documented that the gender pay gap strongly increases after the birth of the first child. We focus on Denmark and show that gender differences regarding commuting play an important role in explaining this. We offer 3 pieces of evidence. First, the gender pay and commuting gaps come into existence at the same moment: when the first child is born. Second, wage compensation for commuting is lower for women after the birth compared to men: about 3 − 4 percentage points of the overall gender pay gap is due to gender differences related to compensation for commuting when having children. Third, women who get a child are much more likely to leave their job when they have a long commute, which is not true for men. <p>Using information on job moving through the lens of a dynamic search model, these results imply that the marginal cost of commuting increases substantially for women with a child. For female workers with a child, a one standard deviation increase in commuting distance induces costs equivalent to about 10% of their wage, whereas for all other workers these costs are equivalent to only 3-4% of their wages.
    Keywords: Commuting; Wages; Gender wage gap
    JEL: J31 J61 R23 R41
    Date: 2021–10–06
  2. By: Sierminska, Eva; Oaxaca, Ronald L.
    Abstract: We model the process of field specialization choice among beginning economists within a multivariate logit framework that accommodates single and dual primary field specializations and incorporates correlations among field specialization choices. Conditioning on personal, economic, and institutional variables reveals that women graduate students are less likely to specialize in Labor/Health, Macro/Finance, Industrial Organization, Public Economics, and Development/Growth/International and are more likely to specialize in Agricultural/Resource/Environmental Economics. Field-specific gender faculty ratios and expected relative salaries as well as economics department rankings are significant factors for gender doctoral specialization dissimilarity. Preferences and characteristics contribute about equally to field specialization dissimilarity.
    Keywords: gender,economics,specialization,salaries
    JEL: J01 J16 J31
    Date: 2021
  3. By: Ksenia V. Rozhkova (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Natalya Yemelina (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Sergey Yu. Roshchin (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: Non-cognitive skills are widely recognized in economics as an important factor that affects various individual outcomes, including wages and employment. Non-cognitive skills can also serve as an additional explanation for the gender wage gap. This paper disentangles the complex relationship between non-cognitive skills and the gender wage gap based on Russian data. Data are collected from a nationally representative Russian survey RLMS-HSE and include detailed information on individuals aged 20–60. We use the Big Five factor model, locus of control, and attitudes towards risk to represent non-cognitive skills. Our findings suggest that non-cognitive skills account for up to 8 per cent of the gender wage gap, although significant variation is observed with different measures of personality and across the wage distribution. We conclude that personality traits are noteworthy but not exhaustive factors in the gender wage gap, and there are other unobserved factors which researchers have yet to identify.
    Keywords: gender wage gap, non-cognitive skills, personality traits, unconditional quantile regression, Russia
    JEL: J16 J24 J31
    Date: 2021

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