nep-gen New Economics Papers
on Gender
Issue of 2020‒11‒09
three papers chosen by
Jan Sauermann
Stockholms universitet

  1. The Emergence of Procyclical Fertility: The Role of Gender Differences in Employment Risk By Sena Coskun; Husnu Dalgic
  2. Tastes for Discrimination Monopsonistic in Labour Markets. By Bernardo Fanfani
  3. Financial risk-taking and the gender wage gap By Edin, Per-Anders; Selin, Håkan

  1. By: Sena Coskun; Husnu Dalgic
    Abstract: Fertility in the US exhibits a procyclical pattern since 80s. We argue that gender differences in employment risk leads to procyclical fertility; men mostly work in volatile and procyclical industries whereas women are likely to work in relatively stable and countercyclical industries. Our quantitative framework features a general equlibrium OLG model with endogeneous fertility and human capital choice and it shows that current gender industry composition in the US data accounts for all of this procyclicality. Moreover, we argue that gender income ratio (female to male) is higher in bad times which tilts the quality-quantity trade-off towards quality.
    Keywords: fertility, industry cyclicality, industry gender segregation, gender income gap, quality-quantity trade-off
    JEL: E24 E32 J11 J13 J16 J21 J24
    Date: 2020–01
  2. By: Bernardo Fanfani (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore; Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore)
    Abstract: This paper presents a model where wage di erences between men and women arise from taste-based discrimination and monopsonistic mechanisms. We show how preferences against women a ect heterogeneity in firms' pay policies in the context of an imperfect labour market, deriving a test for the presence of taste-based discrimination and of other firm-level mechanisms driving the gender wage gap, in particular compensating wage differentials. These results inform an analysis of sex pay di erences in the Italian manufacturing sector showing that preferences for workplaces providing more exible schedules are a significant determinant of the gender wage gap. Taste-based discrimi- nation mechanisms appear to be significant as well, but small in size.
    Keywords: Gender Wage Gap, Taste-Based Discrimination, Monopsonistic Discrimination, CompensatingWage Di erentials, FirmWage Policy, Matched Employer-Employee Data.
    JEL: J00 J16 J31 J71
    Date: 2020–10
  3. By: Edin, Per-Anders (Department of Economics at Uppsala University); Selin, Håkan (IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy)
    Abstract: Could differences in risk attitudes explain parts of the gender wage gap? We present estimates on the association between labor market outcomes and financial risk-taking using individual level administrative data on individual wealth portfolios and wage rates. The individual’s share of risky to total financial assets i s significantly and positively associated with the wage rate. However, it turns out that our risk measure explains only a small part of the observed gender difference in wages.
    Keywords: Wages; human capital; financial risk
    JEL: D80 J31
    Date: 2020–10–14

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