nep-gen New Economics Papers
on Gender
Issue of 2020‒03‒23
three papers chosen by
Jan Sauermann
Stockholms universitet

  1. Do Women Shy Away from Public Speaking? A Field Experiment By De Paola, Maria; Lombardo, Rosetta; Pupo, Valeria; Scoppa, Vincenzo
  2. Gender Roles and the Gender Expectations Gap By Francesco D’Acunto; Ulrike Malmendier; Michael Weber
  3. Managing one's personal finances: Are women more overconfident than men? By Hermansson, Cecilia; Jonsson, Sara

  1. By: De Paola, Maria (University of Calabria); Lombardo, Rosetta (University of Calabria); Pupo, Valeria (University of Calabria); Scoppa, Vincenzo (University of Calabria)
    Abstract: Public speaking is an important skill for career prospects and for leadership positions, but many people tend to avoid it because it generates anxiety. We run a field experiment to analyze whether in an incentivized setting men and women show differences in their willingness to speak in public. The experiment involved more than 500 undergraduate students who could gain two points to add to the final grade of their exam by orally presenting solutions to a problem set. Students were randomly assigned to present only to the instructor or in front of a large audience (a class of 100 or more). We find that while women are more willing to present face-to-face, they are considerably less likely to give a public presentation. Female aversion to public speaking does not depend on differences in ability, risk aversion, self-confidence and self-esteem. The aversion to public speaking greatly reduces for daughters of working women. From data obtained through an on-line Survey we also show that neither increasing the gains deriving from public speaking nor allowing participants more time to prepare enable to close the gender gap.
    Keywords: public speaking, psychological gender differences, gender, leadership, glass ceiling, field experiment
    JEL: D91 C93 M50
    Date: 2020–02
  2. By: Francesco D’Acunto; Ulrike Malmendier; Michael Weber
    Abstract: Expectations about macro-finance variables, such as inflation, vary significantly across genders, even within the same household. We conjecture that traditional gender roles expose women and men to different economic signals in their daily lives, which in turn produce systematic variation in expectations. Using unique data on the contributions of men and women to household grocery chores, their resulting exposure to price signals, and their inflation expectations, we show that the gender expectations gap is tightly linked to participation in grocery shopping. We also document a gender gap in other economic expectations and discuss how it might affect economic choices.
    JEL: C90 D14 D84 E31 E52 G11
    Date: 2020–03
  3. By: Hermansson, Cecilia (Department of Real Estate and Construction Management, Royal Institute of Technology); Jonsson, Sara (Stockholm University, Stockholm Business School)
    Abstract: We investigate gender differences in overconfidence in managing one’s personal finances and find that women are more overconfident than men in this context. Overconfidence decreases with educational level for both genders, however, the decrease is larger for men.
    Keywords: overconfidence; education; gender; personal finances
    JEL: J16
    Date: 2020–03–11

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