nep-gen New Economics Papers
on Gender
Issue of 2020‒03‒16
two papers chosen by
Jan Sauermann
Stockholms universitet

  1. Vulnerable Boys: Short-Term and Long-Term Gender Differences in the Impacts of Adolescent Disadvantage By Lei, Ziteng; Lundberg, Shelly
  2. STEM education and outcomes in Vietnam: Views from the social gap and gender issues By Vuong, Quan-Hoang; Pham, Thanh-Hang; Tran, Trung; Vuong, Thu-Trang; Cuong, Nguyen Manh; Linh, Nguyen Phuc Khanh; La, Viet-Phuong; Ho, Toan Manh

  1. By: Lei, Ziteng (University of California, Santa Barbara); Lundberg, Shelly (University of California, Santa Barbara)
    Abstract: The growing gender gap in educational attainment between men and women has raised concerns that the skill development of boys may be more sensitive to family disadvantage than that of girls. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) data we find, as do previous studies, that boys are more likely to experience increased problems in school relative to girls, including suspensions and reduced educational aspirations, when they are in poor quality schools, less-educated neighborhoods, and father-absent households. Following these cohorts into young adulthood, however, we find no evidence that adolescent disadvantage has stronger negative impacts on long-run economic outcomes such as college graduation, employment, or income for men, relative to women. We do find that father absence is more strongly associated with men's marriage and childbearing and weak support for greater male vulnerability to disadvantage in rates of high school graduation. An investigation of adult outcomes for another recent cohort from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997 produces a similar pattern of results. We conclude that focusing on gender differences in behavior in school may not lead to valid inferences about the effects of disadvantage on adult skills.
    Keywords: gender, education, employment, earnings, family structure, father absence, school quality, neighborhood effect
    JEL: J24 J12 J16
    Date: 2020–01
  2. By: Vuong, Quan-Hoang; Pham, Thanh-Hang; Tran, Trung; Vuong, Thu-Trang; Cuong, Nguyen Manh; Linh, Nguyen Phuc Khanh; La, Viet-Phuong; Ho, Toan Manh (Thanh Tay University Hanoi)
    Abstract: United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals 4 Quality Education has highlighted major challenges for all nations to ensure inclusive and equitable quality access to education, facilities for children, and young adults. The SDG4 is even more important for developing nations as receiving proper education or vocational training, especially in science and technology, means a foundational step in improving other aspects of their citizens’ lives. However, the extant scientific literature about STEM education still lacks focus on developing countries, even more so in the rural area. Using a dataset of 4967 observations of junior high school students from a rural area in a transition economy, the article employs the Bayesian approach to identify the interaction between gender, socioeconomic status, and students’ STEM academic achievements. The results report gender has little association with STEM academic achievements; however, female students (αa_Sex[2] = 2.83) appear to have achieved better results than their male counterparts (αa_Sex[1] = 2.68). Families with better economic status, parents with a high level of education (βb(EduMot) = 0.07), or non-manual jobs (αa_SexPJ[4] = 3.25) are found to be correlated with better study results. On the contrary, students with zero (βb(OnlyChi) = -0.14) or more than two siblings (βb(NumberofChi) = -0.01) are correlated with lower study results compared to those with only one sibling. These results imply the importance of providing women with opportunities for better education. Policymakers should also consider maintaining family size so the parents can provide their resources to each child equally.
    Date: 2020–02–23

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