nep-gen New Economics Papers
on Gender
Issue of 2019‒02‒18
four papers chosen by
Jan Sauermann
Stockholms universitet

  1. Do male managers increase risk-taking of female teams? Evidence from the NCAA By René Böheim; Christoph Freudenthaler; Mario Lackner
  2. Born in the Family: Preferences for Boys and the Gender Gap in Math By Gaia Dossi; David N. Figlio; Paola Giuliano; Paola Sapienza
  3. Gender wage gap in the workplace: Does the age of the firm matter? By Iga Magda; Ewa Cukrowska-Torzewska
  4. Child Penalties Across Countries: Evidence and Explanations By Henrik Kleven; Camille Landais; Johanna Posch; Andreas Steinhauer; Josef Zweimüller

  1. By: René Böheim; Christoph Freudenthaler; Mario Lackner
    Abstract: We analyze the effect of the coach's gender on risk-taking in women sports teams using data taken from National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) basketball games. We find that the coach's gender has a sizable and significant effect on risk-taking, a finding that is robust to several empirical strategies, including an instrumental variable approach. In particular, we find that risk-taking among teams with a male head coach is 5 percentage points greater than that in teams with a female head coach. This gap is persistent over time and across intermediate game standings. The fact that risk-taking has a significantly positive effect on game success suggests that female coaches should be more risk-taking.
    Keywords: Corporate risk-taking, gender difference, success
    JEL: J16 J44
    Date: 2019–02
  2. By: Gaia Dossi; David N. Figlio; Paola Giuliano; Paola Sapienza
    Abstract: We study the correlation between parental gender attitudes and the performance in mathematics of girls using two different approaches and data. First, we identify families with a preference for boys by using fertility stopping rules in a population of households whose children attend public schools in Florida. Girls growing up in a boy-biased family score 3 percentage points lower on math tests when compared to girls raised in other families. Second, we find similar strong effects when we study the correlations between girls’ performance in mathematics and maternal gender role attitudes, using evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. We conclude that socialization at home can explain a non-trivial part of the observed gender disparities in mathematics performance and document that maternal gender attitudes correlate with those of their children, supporting the hypothesis that preferences transmitted through the family impact children behavior.
    JEL: A13 I20 J16 Z1
    Date: 2019–02
  3. By: Iga Magda; Ewa Cukrowska-Torzewska
    Abstract: We contribute to the literature on firm-level determinants of gender wage inequalities by studying the link between a firm’s age and the size of its gender pay gap. Using European Structure of Earnings data for eight European countries, we find that in all of these countries, the gender wage gaps are smallest in the youngest firms. Our results also show that in Central European countries, the size of the gender pay gap clearly increases with the age of the company; whereas there is no such link in the older EU member states. Levels of gender wage inequality appear to be highest in companies that were previously state-owned, but were privatized during the transition. We interpret our findings with the support of competition and monopsony theories.
    Keywords: gender wage gap, wage inequalities, transition, age of firms
    JEL: J16 J31 J45
    Date: 2019–01
  4. By: Henrik Kleven; Camille Landais; Johanna Posch; Andreas Steinhauer; Josef Zweimüller
    Abstract: This paper provides evidence on child penalties in female and male earnings in different countries. The estimates are based on event studies around the birth of the first child, using the specification proposed by Kleven et al. (2018). The analysis reveals some striking similarities in the qualitative effects of children across countries, but also sharp differences in the magnitude of the effects. We discuss the potential role of family policies (parental leave and child care provision) and gender norms in explaining the observed differences.
    JEL: H31 J13 J16 J18 J22
    Date: 2019–02

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