nep-gen New Economics Papers
on Gender
Issue of 2018‒12‒03
two papers chosen by
Jan Sauermann
Stockholms universitet

  1. Gender norms and intimate partner violence By Libertad González Luna; Núria Rodríguez-Planas
  2. Gender Norms and Income Misreporting within Households By Anja Roth; Michaela Slotwinski

  1. By: Libertad González Luna; Núria Rodríguez-Planas
    Abstract: We study the effect of social gender norms on the incidence of domestic violence. We use data for 28 European countries from the 2012 European survey on violence against women, and focus on first and second generation immigrant women. We find that, after controlling for country of residence fixed effects, as well as demographic characteristics and other source-country variables, higher gender equality in the country of ancestry is significantly associated with a lower risk of victimization in the host country. This suggests that gender norms may play an important role in explaining the incidence of intimate partner violence.
    Keywords: domestic violence, gender, social norms, immigrants, epidemiological approach
    JEL: I1 J6 D1
    Date: 2018–10
  2. By: Anja Roth; Michaela Slotwinski
    Abstract: We revisit the prominent finding that women’s incomes are disproportionally often observed just below the income of their partner. So far, this bunching has been explained by couple formation or couples’ labor market decisions. We propose an additional mechanism: income misreporting in surveys. Drawing on survey and administrative data, we show that income misreporting accounts for the discontinuity in the distribution of women’s relative incomes just below the point where a woman outearns her partner. This misreporting is best explained by the role of gender norms in individuals’ self-portrayals and self-perception.
    Keywords: gender norms, women’s relative income shares, combination survey and administrative data
    JEL: D10 J01 J16
    Date: 2018

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