nep-gen New Economics Papers
on Gender
Issue of 2018‒11‒26
five papers chosen by
Jan Sauermann
Stockholms universitet

  1. Capital Market Integration and Gender Inequality By Komura, Mizuki; Ogawa, Hikaru
  2. The Role of Female Top Manager in Innovation Activities: Case of CEECs? firms By Marija Becic; Perica Vojinic
  3. The Dynamics of Discrimination: Theory and Evidence By Aislinn Bohren; Alex Imas; Michael Rosenberg
  4. Income taxation of couples, spouses' labor supplies and the gender wage gap By Cremer, Helmuth; Roeder, Kerstin
  5. Cross Cohort Evidence on Gendered Sorting Patterns in the UK: The Importance of Societal Movements versus Childhood Variables By Lekfuangfu, Warn N.; Lordan, Grace

  1. By: Komura, Mizuki (Musashi Unniversity); Ogawa, Hikaru (University of Tokyo)
    Abstract: This study explores the effects of globalization on gender inequality. Specifically, we depict that, in terms of capital market integration, globalization alters the gender gap in wage rates through changes in labor demand for capital-intensive sectors. Consequently, globalization leads to opposite effects on the couple's labor supply and fertility decisions in capital-importing and capital-exporting countries, via changes in the bargaining positions of men and women. Moreover, by considering the properties of the industrial structures of capital-importing and capital-exporting countries, our result shows that globalization induces empirically observed declines in fertility rates throughout the world.
    Keywords: globalization, capital market integration, gender inequality, domestic production
    JEL: F15 F21 J12 J13 J16
    Date: 2018–10
  2. By: Marija Becic (Department of Economics and Business Economics, University of Dubrovnik); Perica Vojinic (Department of Economics and Business Economics, University of Dubrovnik)
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to explore whether the gender of top manager plays an important role in innovation activities in selected CEE countries. For this purpose, a framework of logistic binary regressions is applied to the firm-level data from Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS). The research assesses the differences in firm innovation activities in CEECs considering the gender structure of the top management. Findings indicate that, on average, there is a lower possibility that a firm innovates when it is governed by a female manager. However, women in top management are underrepresented in all the industries but this is specially the case in highly innovative sectors such as IT industry.
    Keywords: process innovation, product innovation, gender diversity, top management, CEECs firms
    JEL: J16 O30
    Date: 2018–10
  3. By: Aislinn Bohren (Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania); Alex Imas (Department of Economics, Carnegie Melon University); Michael Rosenberg (Wayfair, Inc.)
    Abstract: We model the dynamics of discrimination and show how its evolution can identify the underlying cause. We test these theoretical predictions in a field experiment on a large online platform where users post content that is evaluated by other users on the platform. We assign posts to accounts that exogenously vary by gender and history of evaluations. With no prior evaluations, women face significant discrimination, while following a sequence of positive evaluations, the direction of discrimination reverses: posts by women are favored over those by men. According to our theoretical predictions, this dynamic reversal implies discrimination driven by biased beliefs.
    Keywords: Discrimination, Dynamic Behavior, Field Experiment
    JEL: J16 D83 D9
    Date: 2017–11–18
  4. By: Cremer, Helmuth; Roeder, Kerstin
    Abstract: We study the taxation of couples when female wages do not reflect their true productivity. We show that the expression for the marginal tax rates of the male spouses is the same as in a Mirrleesian world where wages reflect true productivities. Marginal taxes for the female spouses are reduced because of a Pigouvian correction. Consequently, the wage discrimination pleads for a lower marginal tax on the female spouse. Furthermore, the distortion of a couples' tradeoff between male and female labor supply is the same as in a Mirrleesian world without a gender wage gap. It only depends on true productivities and not on wages. In other words, the tax system completely neutralizes the extra distortion introduced by the wedge between the female spouse's wage and her true productivity.
    Keywords: Couples' income taxation; gender wage gap; Household Labor Supply; optimal income taxation
    JEL: D10 H21 H31 J16 J22
    Date: 2018–09
  5. By: Lekfuangfu, Warn N. (Chulalongkorn University); Lordan, Grace (London School of Economics)
    Abstract: We consider the extent to which societal shifts have been responsible for an increased tendency for females to sort into traditional male roles over time, versus childhood factors. Drawing on three cohort studies, which follow individuals born in the UK in 1958, 1970 and 2000, we compare the magnitude of the shift in the tendency of females in these cohorts to sort into traditionally male roles as compared to males, to the combined effect of a set of childhood variables. For all three cohorts we find strong evidence of sorting along gendered lines which has decreased substantively over time. We also find that there has been no erosion of the gender gap in the tendency to sort into occupations with the highest share of males. Within cohort, we find little evidence that childhood variables change the tendency for either the average or highest ability female to sort substantively differently. Our work underlines the importance of societal shifts, over and above childhood variables, in determining the sorting patterns we have seen over the last number of decades, and also those that remain today.
    Keywords: occupational choice, gender, societal change, childhood influences
    JEL: J16 J4
    Date: 2018–10

This nep-gen issue is ©2018 by Jan Sauermann. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.