nep-gen New Economics Papers
on Gender
Issue of 2017‒05‒21
five papers chosen by
Jan Sauermann
Stockholms universitet

  1. The Changing Nature of Gender Selection into Employment: Europe over the Great Recession By Dolado, Juan J.; García-Peñalosa, Cecilia; Tarasonis, Linas
  2. Career Interruptions and Current Earnings: The Role of Interruption Type, Compensation Component, and Gender By Gerst, Benedikt; Grund, Christian
  3. Within-Family Inequalities in Human Capital Accumulation in India: Birth Order and Gender Effects By Congdon Fors, Heather; Lindskog, Annika
  4. Participation, learning, and equity in education: Can we have it all?: By Delavallade, Clara; Griffith, Alan; Shukla, Gaurav; Thornton, Rebecca
  5. Gender Discrimination at the Top and Product Market Competition By Heyman, Fredrik; Norbäck, Pehr-Johan; Persson, Lars

  1. By: Dolado, Juan J. (European University Institute); García-Peñalosa, Cecilia (CNRS); Tarasonis, Linas (Bank of Lithuania)
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role played by selectivity issues induced by nonemployment in explaining gender wage gap patterns in the EU since the onset of the Great Recession. We show that male selection into the labour market, traditionally disregarded, has increased. This is particularly the case in peripheral EU countries, where dramatic drops in male unskilled jobs have taken place during the crisis. As regards female selection, traditionally positive, we document mixed findings. While it has declined in some countries, as a result of increasing female LFP due to an added-worker effect, it has become even more positive in other countries. This is due to adverse labour demand shifts in industries which are intensive in temporary work where women are over-represented. These adverse shifts may have more than offset the rise in unskilled female labour supply.
    Keywords: sample selection, gender wage gaps, gender employment gaps
    JEL: J31
    Date: 2017–04
  2. By: Gerst, Benedikt (RWTH Aachen University); Grund, Christian (RWTH Aachen University)
    Abstract: This study examines how career interruptions and subsequent wages of employees are related. Using individual panel data of middle managers from the German chemical sector, we are able to differentiate between different reasons for interruptions as well as between various compensation components. We show that career interruptions are more related to lower subsequent bonus payments than they are to fixed salaries and that interruptions caused by unemployment are associated with higher interruption pay gaps than those resulting from other reasons. In addition, the pay gap after career interruptions is more pronounced for male employees than it is for females.
    Keywords: career interruptions, gender pay gap, stigma effects, bonus payments, fixed salaries, total compensation
    JEL: M52 J31 J33 J71
    Date: 2017–04
  3. By: Congdon Fors, Heather (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University); Lindskog, Annika (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)
    Abstract: In this paper we investigate birth order and gender effects on the development of children’s human capital in India. We investigate both indicators of the child’s current stock of human capital and of investment into their continued human capital accumulation, distinguishing between time investments and pecuniary investment into school quality. Our results show that in India, birth order effects are mostly negative. More specifically, birth order effects are negative for indicators of children's accumulated human capital stock and for indicators of pecuniary investments into school quality. These results are more in line with previous results from developed countries than from developing countries. However, for time investments, which are influenced by the opportunity cost of child time, birth order effects are positive. Gender aspects are also important. Girls are disadvantaged within families, and oldest son preferences can explain much of the within-household inequalities which we observe.
    Keywords: Birth order; Son preferences; Gender; Human Capital; Education
    JEL: D13 I20 J16 O15
    Date: 2017–05
  4. By: Delavallade, Clara; Griffith, Alan; Shukla, Gaurav; Thornton, Rebecca
    Abstract: The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals have set a triple educational objective: improving access to, quality of, and gender equity in education. This study is the first to document the effectiveness of policies targeting all these objectives simultaneously. We examine the impact of a multifaceted educational program—delivered to 230 randomly selected primary schools in rural India—on students’ participation and performance. We also study the heterogeneity of this impact across gender and initial school performance, and its sustainability over two years. Although the program specifically targeted outof-school girls for enrollment, the learning component of the program targeted boys and girls equally. We find that the program reduced gender gaps in school retention and improved learning during the first year of implementation. However, targeting different educational goals (access, quality, and equity) did not yield sustained effects on school attendance or learning, nor did it bridge gender inequalities in school performance over the two-year period.
    Keywords: education; gender; policies; rural communities; impact assessment; girls education , development economics; primary school enrollment; retention; student academic performance; sustainable development goals,
    Date: 2017
  5. By: Heyman, Fredrik (Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)); Norbäck, Pehr-Johan (Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN)); Persson, Lars (Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN))
    Abstract: We show that increasing the intensity of product market competition can reduce discrimination against female managers, even in an environment in which all employers have a preference for discrimination. The reason is that due to the glass ceiling effect, female managers will, on average, be more skilled than male managers and will therefore, on average, be more beneficial for the firm when product market competition is intense. Using detailed matched employee-employer data, we find that (i) more intense competition leads to relatively higher wages for female managers and (ii) the share of female managers is higher in firms in more competitive industries.
    Keywords: Discrimination; Management; Competition; Gender
    JEL: J70 L20 M50
    Date: 2017–05–15

This nep-gen issue is ©2017 by Jan Sauermann. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.