nep-for New Economics Papers
on Forecasting
Issue of 2023‒01‒02
four papers chosen by
Rob J Hyndman
Monash University

  1. Conditional density forecasting: a tempered importance sampling approach By Montes-Galdón, Carlos; Paredes, Joan; Wolf, Elias
  2. Graph-Regularized Tensor Regression: A Domain-Aware Framework for Interpretable Multi-Way Financial Modelling By Yao Lei Xu; Kriton Konstantinidis; Danilo P. Mandic
  3. Empirical Asset Pricing via Ensemble Gaussian Process Regression By Damir Filipovi\'c; Puneet Pasricha
  4. Confidence Interval Construction for Multivariate time series using Long Short Term Memory Network By Aryan Bhambu; Arabin Kumar Dey

  1. By: Montes-Galdón, Carlos; Paredes, Joan; Wolf, Elias
    Abstract: This paper proposes a new and robust methodology to obtain conditional density forecasts, based on information not contained in an initial econometric model. The methodology allows to condition on expected marginal densities for a selection of variables in the model, rather than just on future paths as it is usually done in the conditional forecasting literature. The proposed algorithm, which is based on tempered importance sampling, adapts the model-based density forecasts to target distributions the researcher has access to. As an example, this paper shows how to implement the algorithm by conditioning the forecasting densities of a BVAR and a DSGE model on information about the marginal densities of future oil prices. The results show that increased asymmetric upside risks to oil prices result in upside risks to inflation as well as higher core-inflation over the considered forecasting horizon. Finally, a real-time forecasting exercise yields that introducing market-based information on the oil price improves inflation and GDP forecasts during crises times such as the COVID pandemic. JEL Classification: C11, C53, E31, E37
    Keywords: Bayesian analysis, forecasting, importance sampling, inflation-at-risk
    Date: 2022–12
  2. By: Yao Lei Xu; Kriton Konstantinidis; Danilo P. Mandic
    Abstract: Analytics of financial data is inherently a Big Data paradigm, as such data are collected over many assets, asset classes, countries, and time periods. This represents a challenge for modern machine learning models, as the number of model parameters needed to process such data grows exponentially with the data dimensions; an effect known as the Curse-of-Dimensionality. Recently, Tensor Decomposition (TD) techniques have shown promising results in reducing the computational costs associated with large-dimensional financial models while achieving comparable performance. However, tensor models are often unable to incorporate the underlying economic domain knowledge. To this end, we develop a novel Graph-Regularized Tensor Regression (GRTR) framework, whereby knowledge about cross-asset relations is incorporated into the model in the form of a graph Laplacian matrix. This is then used as a regularization tool to promote an economically meaningful structure within the model parameters. By virtue of tensor algebra, the proposed framework is shown to be fully interpretable, both coefficient-wise and dimension-wise. The GRTR model is validated in a multi-way financial forecasting setting and compared against competing models, and is shown to achieve improved performance at reduced computational costs. Detailed visualizations are provided to help the reader gain an intuitive understanding of the employed tensor operations.
    Date: 2022–10
  3. By: Damir Filipovi\'c; Puneet Pasricha
    Abstract: We introduce an ensemble learning method based on Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) for predicting conditional expected stock returns given stock-level and macro-economic information. Our ensemble learning approach significantly reduces the computational complexity inherent in GPR inference and lends itself to general online learning tasks. We conduct an empirical analysis on a large cross-section of US stocks from 1962 to 2016. We find that our method dominates existing machine learning models statistically and economically in terms of out-of-sample $R$-squared and Sharpe ratio of prediction-sorted portfolios. Exploiting the Bayesian nature of GPR, we introduce the mean-variance optimal portfolio with respect to the predictive uncertainty distribution of the expected stock returns. It appeals to an uncertainty averse investor and significantly dominates the equal- and value-weighted prediction-sorted portfolios, which outperform the S&P 500.
    Date: 2022–12
  4. By: Aryan Bhambu; Arabin Kumar Dey
    Abstract: In this paper we propose a novel procedure to construct a confidence interval for multivariate time series predictions using long short term memory network. The construction uses a few novel block bootstrap techniques. We also propose an innovative block length selection procedure for each of these schemes. Two novel benchmarks help us to compare the construction of this confidence intervals by different bootstrap techniques. We illustrate the whole construction through S\&P $500$ and Dow Jones Index datasets.
    Date: 2022–11

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