nep-fmk New Economics Papers
on Financial Markets
Issue of 2009‒10‒17
three papers chosen by
Kwang Soo Cheong
Johns Hopkins University

  1. Bond Liquidity Premia By Jean-Sébastien Fontaine; René Garcia
  2. Hedging residual value risk using derivatives By Sylvain Prado
  3. Crises and Liquidity in Over-the-Counter Markets By Ricardo Lagos; Guillaume Rocheteau; Pierre-Olivier Weill

  1. By: Jean-Sébastien Fontaine; René Garcia
    Abstract: Recent asset pricing models of limits to arbitrage emphasize the role of funding conditions faced by financial intermediaries. In the US, the repo market is the key funding market. Then, the premium of on-the-run U.S. Treasury bonds should share a common component with risk premia in other markets. This observation leads to the following identification strategy. We measure the value of funding liquidity from the cross-section of on-the-run premia by adding a liquidity factor to an arbitrage-free term structure model. As predicted, we find that funding liquidity explains the cross-section of risk premia. An increase in the value of liquidity predicts lower risk premia for on-the-run and off-the-run bonds but higher risk premia on LIBOR loans, swap contracts and corporate bonds. Moreover, the impact is large and pervasive through crisis and normal times. We check the interpretation of the liquidity factor. It varies with transaction costs, S&P500 valuation ratios and aggregate uncertainty. More importantly, the liquidity factor varies with narrow measures of monetary aggregates and measures of bank reserves. Overall, the results suggest that different securities serve, in part, and to varying degrees, to fulfill investors' uncertain future needs for cash depending on the ability of intermediaries to provide immediacy.
    Keywords: Financial markets; Financial stability
    JEL: E43
    Date: 2009
  2. By: Sylvain Prado
    Abstract: Abstract: In the leasing industry the lessor faces a risk, at the end of the contract, in not recovering sufficient capital value from resale of the asset. We propose a model to hedge residual value risk using the Gaussian copula methodology. After discussing residual value risk and credit risk modelization, a new derivative product is introduced and analyzed; the Collateralized Residual Values (CRV). The model is applied to an European auto lease portfolio of operating lease contracts pertaining to a major company. Our results indicate that the financial product is easy to customize, and to implement through the contract characteristics and the level of correlation.
    Keywords: Residual value risk, credit risk, credit derivatives, factor modeling, copula
    JEL: C10 G13
    Date: 2009
  3. By: Ricardo Lagos; Guillaume Rocheteau; Pierre-Olivier Weill
    Abstract: We study the efficiency of dealers’ liquidity provision and the desirability of policy intervention in over-the-counter (OTC) markets during crises. Our theory emphasizes two key frictions in OTC markets: finding counterparties takes time, and trade is bilateral, with quantities and prices determined by bargaining. We model a crisis as a negative shock to investors’ asset demands that lasts until a random recovery time. In this context, dealers can provide liquidity to outside investors by acting as counterparties in trades and by accumulating asset inventories. We find that, when frictions are severe, even well capitalized dealers may not find it optimal to accumulate inventories, given that investors choose asset positions that require small reallocations. In such circumstances, the market allocative efficiency can increase if the government steps in, purchases private assets on its own account, and resells them when the economy recovers.
    JEL: C78 D83 E44
    Date: 2009–10

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