nep-fle New Economics Papers
on Financial Literacy and Education
Issue of 2021‒04‒05
three papers chosen by

  1. Crowding out effects of financial knowledge and attitude on risk preferences: Evidence from a least developed African country By Ruth Cadaoas Tacneng; Klarizze Anne Martin Puzon; Thierno Barry
  2. Digital Financial Inclusion in Emerging and Developing Economies: A New Index By Purva Khera; Stephanie Y Ng; Sumiko Ogawa; Ratna Sahay
  3. Law, mobile money drivers and mobile money innovations in developing countries By Simplice A. Asongu; Peter Agyemang-Mintah; Rexon T. Nting

  1. By: Ruth Cadaoas Tacneng; Klarizze Anne Martin Puzon; Thierno Barry
    Abstract: Using hand-collected survey and experimental data, we examine the determinants of financial literacy as well as the link between self-reported risk and elicited risk preferences in a least developed African country, Guinea. We measure financial literacy as the sum of three elements: financial knowledge, attitude, and behaviour. Our findings indicate that the lack of a significant relationship between our financial literacy measure and risk preferences is caused by the crowding out effects of financial attitude and knowledge.
    Keywords: Literacy, Risk attitudes, Africa, Investment decisions
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Purva Khera; Stephanie Y Ng; Sumiko Ogawa; Ratna Sahay
    Abstract: Adoption of technology in the financial services industry (i.e. fintech) has been accelerating in recent years. To systematically and comprehensively assess the extent and progress over time in financial inclusion enabled by technology, we develop a novel digital financial inclusion index. This index is based on payments data covering 52 developing countries for 2014 and 2017, taking into account both access and usage dimentions of digital financial services (DFSs). This index is then combined with the traditional measures of financial inclusion in the literature and aggregated into an overall index of financial inlusion. There are two key findings: first, the adoption of fintech has been a key driver of financial inclusion. Second, there is wide variation across countries and regions, with the greatest progress recorded in Africa and Asia and the Pacific regions. This index should offer a useful analytical tool for researchers and policy makers.
    Date: 2021–03–19
  3. By: Simplice A. Asongu (Yaounde, Cameroon); Peter Agyemang-Mintah (Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirate); Rexon T. Nting (London, UK)
    Abstract: This study investigates how the rule of law (i.e. law) modulates demand- and supply-side drivers of mobile money to influence mobile money innovations (i.e. mobile money accounts, the mobile phone used to send money and the mobile phone used to receive money) in developing countries. The following findings from Tobit regressions are established. First, from the demand-side linkages, law modulates: (i) bank accounts and automated teller machine (ATM) penetration for negative interactive relationships with mobile money innovations and (ii) bank sector concentration for a positive interactive relationship with mobile money accounts. Second, from supply-side linkages, law interacts with: (i) mobile subscriptions for a negative relationship with the mobile phone used to send money; (ii) mobile connectivity coverage for a negative nexus on the mobile phone used to receive money and (iii) mobile connectivity performance for a negative influence on the mobile phone used to send/receive money. Policy implications are discussed in the light of enhancing the rule of law as well as improving mobile phone subscription, connectivity and performance dynamics.
    Keywords: Mobile money; technology diffusion; financial inclusion; inclusive innovation
    JEL: D10 D14 D31 D60 O30
    Date: 2021–01

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