nep-fdg New Economics Papers
on Financial Development and Growth
Issue of 2013‒10‒05
four papers chosen by
Iulia Igescu
Global Insight, GmbH

  1. The impact of an ageing population on economic growth: an exploratory review of the main mechanisms By Renuga Nagarajan; Aurora A.C. Teixeira; Sandra T. Silva
  2. Government size, composition of public expenditure, and economic development By Susana Martins; Francisco José Veiga
  3. Using Alternative Student Growth Measures for Evaluating Teacher Performance: What the Lterature Says. By Brian Gill; Julie Bruch; Kevin Booker
  4. Appendix to "Precocious Albion: a New Interpretation of the British Industrial Revolution" By Morgan Kelly; Joel Mokyr; Cormac Ó Gráda

  1. By: Renuga Nagarajan (CEF.UP, Faculdade de Economia da Universidade do Porto); Aurora A.C. Teixeira (CEF.UP, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto; INESC Porto, OBEGEF); Sandra T. Silva (CEF.UP, Faculdade de Economia da Universidade do Porto)
    Abstract: Although a myriad of important theoretical and empirical contributions on ageing populations exist, these contributions are diffuse and lack an integrated vision of the distinct mechanisms through which ageing populations impact on economic growth. As such, in this paper we survey the literature that provides insights on the ageing population and its effect on economic growth. In particular, we sought to uncover the main mechanisms through which ageing impacts on economic growth. The literature review shows that the impact of ageing on the performance of countries is intimately related to the mechanism elected. About 70% of the empirical studies that focused on the ‘public social expenditure’ mechanism convey a negative impact of ageing on economic performance, whereas the majority (60%) of empirical studies that focus on ‘human capital’ fail to uncover any significant statistical relation between ageing and the economic growth proxy and the positive impact is more closely related to the ‘consumption and saving patterns’ mechanism. Estimation methodologies also seem to be associated with distinct impacts of ageing on economic growth, with less sophisticated econometric methods (i.e. OLS and panel) being most often associated with negative (cor)relations. The bulk of the empirical evidence concerns developed countries (and the ‘public social expenditure’ mechanism), with most of the analysis indicating a negative and significant relation between ageing and growth. Given that developed, developing and even the least developed countries are/will be affected by the phenomenon of an ageing population, knowing the degree to which the influence of ageing varies among countries (including developing and the least developed), and through which mechanisms, is essential to specifying sound public policies.
    Keywords: Ageing; economic growth; consumption and saving patterns; public expenditure; human capital
    JEL: J1 O4
    Date: 2013–09
  2. By: Susana Martins (Universidade do Minho, Escola de Economia e Gestão); Francisco José Veiga (Universidade do Minho - NIPE)
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the effects of government size and of the composition of public expenditure on economic development. Using the system-GMM estimator for linear dynamic panel data models, on a sample covering up to 156 countries and 5-year periods from 1980 to 2010, we find that government size as a percentage of GDP has a quadratic (inverted U-shaped) effect on the growth rate of the Human Development Index (HDI). This effect is especially pronounced in developed and high income countries. We also find that the composition of public expenditure affects development, with the share of five subcomponents exhibiting non-linear relationships with HDI growth.
    Keywords: Economic Development, Government Size, Composition of public expenditure; Human Development Index
    JEL: H50 O15 O23 O43
    Date: 2013
  3. By: Brian Gill; Julie Bruch; Kevin Booker
    Keywords: teacher effectiveness, alternative assessment, student growth, valued added, student learning objectives
    JEL: I
    Date: 2013–09–30
  4. By: Morgan Kelly (University College Dublin); Joel Mokyr (Northwestern University); Cormac Ó Gráda (University College Dublin)
    Abstract: See WP13/11
    Keywords: Industrial Revolution, Human Capital, Economic Growth
    Date: 2013–09–27

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