nep-fdg New Economics Papers
on Financial Development and Growth
Issue of 2007‒06‒18
one paper chosen by
Iulia Igescu
Global Insight, GmbH

  1. Phoenix miracles in emerging markets: recovering without credit from systemic financial crises By Alejandro Izquierdo; Ernesto Talvi; Guillermo A Calvo

  1. By: Alejandro Izquierdo; Ernesto Talvi; Guillermo A Calvo
    Abstract: Using a sample of emerging markets that are integrated into global bond markets, we analyse the collapse and recovery phase of output collapses that coincide with systemic sudden stops, defined as periods of skyrocketing aggregate bond spreads and large capital flow reversals. Our findings indicate the presence of a very similar pattern across different episodes: output recovers with virtually no recovery in either domestic or foreign credit, a phenomenon that we call Phoenix Miracle, where output "rises from its ashes", suggesting that firms go through a process of financial engineering to restore liquidity outside the formal credit markets. Moreover, we show that the US Great Depression could be catalogued as a Phoenix Miracle. However, in contrast to the US Great Depression, EM output collapses occur in a context of accelerating price inflation and falling real wages, casting doubts on price deflation and nominal wage rigidity as key elements in explaining output collapse, and suggesting that financial factors are prominent for understanding these collapses.
    Keywords: Output collapse, systemic crises, Balance of Payments crisis, Sudden Stop, capital flows, Phoenix Miracle, credit crunch, Great Depression
    JEL: F31 F32 F34 F41
    Date: 2006–12

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