nep-evo New Economics Papers
on Evolutionary Economics
Issue of 2022‒08‒29
six papers chosen by
Matthew Baker
City University of New York

  1. Cliometrics and the Future of Economic History. By Claude Diebolt; Michael Haupert
  2. Gendered Language and Gendered Violence By Davis, Lewis; Mavisakalyan, Astghik; Weber, Clas
  3. The Signaling Value of Social Identity By Arnaud Wolff
  4. Mistaking Noise for Bias Victimhood and Hutu-Tutsi Reconciliation in East Africa By Blouin, Arthur; Mukand, Sharun W.
  5. The Impact of Growth on the Transmission of Patience By Domenico Delli Gatti; Jakob Grazzini; Domenico Massaro; Fabrizio Panebianco
  6. Teaching Norms: Direct Evidence of Parental Transmission By Thijs Brouwer; Fabio Galeotti; Marie Claire Villeval

  1. By: Claude Diebolt; Michael Haupert
    Abstract: This contribution will take you on a journey from the origins of economic history through its triumphs and travails which lead us to what we believe is a bright future for an invigorating discipline.
    Keywords: Cliometrics, economic history, economics, history.
    JEL: A12 N00 N01
    Date: 2022
  2. By: Davis, Lewis; Mavisakalyan, Astghik; Weber, Clas
    Abstract: This study establishes the influence of sex-based grammatical gender on gendered violence. We demonstrate a statistically significant relationship between gendered language and the incidence of intimate partner violence in a cross-section of countries. Motivated by this evidence, we conduct an individual-level analysis exploiting the differences in the language structures spoken by individuals with a shared religious and ethnic background residing in the same country. We show that speaking a gendered language is associated with the belief that intimate partner violence is justifiable. Our results are consistent with the theoretical possibility that gendered language activates gender schemata in the minds of speakers, increasing the salience of gender distinctions and existing gender norms which legitimize gendered violence.
    Keywords: gender,language,cultural norms,intimate partner violence
    JEL: J12 Z13 D83
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Arnaud Wolff
    Abstract: This paper proposes a theory of social identity adoption and expression, which ties the choice of social identity to material and social benefits present in an individual’s social environment. I argue that in an environment in which receivers aim at uncovering the sender’s motives and commitments, the beliefs and values adopted by an individual can serve as a signal of trustworthiness. In such an environment, individuals are expected to adopt the social identity which will provide them with the greatest amount of (social) benefits. I formalize this choice in a game-theoretic framework, embed in a broader niche selection structure. I argue that the main predictions of the model help illuminate several empirical findings, such as the malleability of beliefs and values, the resistance of beliefs and values to evidence, and the existing correlation between beliefs and values and individual-level traits such as personality.
    Keywords: Social Identity, Beliefs, Values, Trustworthiness, Social Incentives.
    JEL: C72 C73 D83 D91
    Date: 2022
  4. By: Blouin, Arthur (University of Toronto); Mukand, Sharun W. (University of Warwick)
    Abstract: The difficulty in resurrecting inter-ethnic cooperation in the aftermath of violence and genocide is one of the biggest challenges facing post-conflict societies. Using experimental data from post-genocide Rwanda and Burundi, this paper shows that an unwarranted tendency to blame others for negative outcomes is a behavioural barrier that makes reconciliation difficult. We show that individuals systematically (and mistakenly) blame accidental negative shocks (noise) to the deliberate intent of individuals (bias). This victimhood bias wherein individuals ascribe noise to bias is much larger for (a) individuals for whom ethnic identity is salient; (b) for those who have had greater exposure to inter-ethnic violence. Further, we observe that both inter-ethnic contact and economic development are associated with a decline in this victimhood bias. Finally, those with a lower victimhood bias are more likely to behave cooperatively in inter-ethnic relationships. Our results suggest that insurance agreements that limit negative shocks and reduce noise, can encourage reconciliation by mitigating feelings of victimhood.
    Date: 2022
  5. By: Domenico Delli Gatti; Jakob Grazzini; Domenico Massaro; Fabrizio Panebianco
    Abstract: Patience affects economic growth, no news. This paper investigates the opposite causal relationship, i.e., how growth influences patience. We propose a simple theoretical framework where heterogeneous parents may choose to transmit their cultural trait - patience - to their offspring. Our model shows that parental effort to educate children to patience positively depends on economic growth. We test empirically this result using both country-level and individual data and show that, coherently with the model’s prediction, growth has a significant impact on the effort to teach patience.
    Keywords: growth, patience, cultural transmission
    JEL: D15 D91 E21 O47
    Date: 2022
  6. By: Thijs Brouwer (Department of economics, Tilburg University - Tilburg University [Netherlands]); Fabio Galeotti; Marie Claire Villeval (GATE Lyon Saint-Étienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne] - Université de Lyon - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: We examine the educative role played by parents in social norm transmission. Using a field experiment, we study whether parents enforce and comply more with norms when their children are present compared to when they are not. We compare similar parents when or after they bring or pick up their children at school. We find that parents accompanying children, in contrast to parents alone, are more likely to punish norm violators and to provide help to strangers when there is no violation. They also tend to substitute more direct punishment with withholding help as a means of indirect punishment.
    Keywords: Field Experiment,Social Norms,Transmission,Parenting
    Date: 2022–07–17

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