nep-evo New Economics Papers
on Evolutionary Economics
Issue of 2021‒11‒15
six papers chosen by
Matthew Baker
City University of New York

  1. Borderline Disorder: (De facto) Historical Ethnic Borders and Contemporary Conflict in Africa By Emilio Depetris-Chauvin; Ömer Özak
  2. Global Value Chains from an Evolutionary Economic Geography perspective: a research agenda By Ron Boschma; ;
  3. The Great Transition: Kuznets Facts for Family-Economists By Jeremy Greenwood; Nezih Guner; Ricardo Marto
  4. Testing Unified Growth Theory: Technological Progress and the Child Quantity--Quality Trade-off By Strulik, Holger
  5. The Demand for Punishment to Promote Cooperation Among Like-Minded People By Bühren, Christoph; Dannenberg, Astrid
  6. Agent-Based Computational Economics: Overview and Brief History By Tesfatsion, Leigh

  1. By: Emilio Depetris-Chauvin (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile); Ömer Özak (Southern Methodist University)
    Abstract: We explore the effect of historical ethnic borders on contemporary non-civil conflict in Africa. Exploiting variations across artificial regions (i.e., grids of 50x50km) within an ethnicity's historical homeland, we document that both the intensive and extensive margins of contemporary conflict are concentrated close to historical ethnic borders. Following a theory-based instrumental variable approach, which generates a plausibly exogenous ethno-spatial partition of Africa, we find that grid cells with historical ethnic borders have 27 percentage points higher probability of conflict and 7.9 percentage points higher probability of being the initial location of a conflict. We uncover several key underlying mechanisms: competition for agricultural land, population pressure, cultural similarity and weak property rights.
    Keywords: Borders, Conflict, Intra-State Conflict, Ethnic Borders, Non-Civil Conflict, Ethnic Conflict, Territory, Property Rights, Landownership, Population Pressure, Migration, Historical Homelands, Development, Africa, Economic Development, Economic Growth, Voronoi Diagram, Voronoi Tesselation, Thiessen Tesselation
    JEL: D74 N57 O13 O17 O43 P48 Q15 Q34
    Date: 2021–11
  2. By: Ron Boschma; ;
    Abstract: The research agendas of Evolutionary Economic Geography (EEG) and Global Value Chains (GVC) have developed more or less independently from each other, with little interaction so far. This is unfortunate because both streams of literature have a lot to offer to each other. This paper explores how, looking at four strands in the GVC literature. Promising crossovers between EEG and the GVC literature are identified but also some missing links that need to be taken up in future research. These new research avenues, promoting the adoption of an evolutionary perspective on GVCs, are expected to enrich both literatures in mutual ways.
    Keywords: Evolutionary Economic Geography, Global Value Chains, Global Production Networks, Global Innovation Systems, regional diversification, relatedness
    JEL: B52 F23 O19 O33 R10
    Date: 2021–11
  3. By: Jeremy Greenwood (University of Pennsylvania); Nezih Guner (CEMFI); Ricardo Marto
    Abstract: The 20th century beheld a dramatic transformation of the family. Some Kuznets style facts regarding structural change in the family are presented. Over the course of the 20th century in the United States fertility declined, educational attainment waxed, housework fell, leisure increased, jobs shifted from blue to white collar, and marriage waned. These trends are also observed in the cross-country data. A model is developed, and then calibrated, to address the trends in the US data. The calibration procedure is closely connected to the underlying economic logic. Three drivers of the great transition are considered: neutral technological progress, skill-biased technological change, and drops in the price of labor-saving household durables.
    Keywords: average weekly hours, blue-collar jobs, college premium, fertility, housework, leisure, Marriage, neutral technological progress, price of labor-saving household durables, skill-biased technological change, theory-based identification, user guide, white-collar jobs
    JEL: D10 E13 J10 O10
    Date: 2021–11
  4. By: Strulik, Holger
    JEL: O40
    Date: 2021
  5. By: Bühren, Christoph; Dannenberg, Astrid
    JEL: H41
    Date: 2021
  6. By: Tesfatsion, Leigh
    Abstract: Scientists seek to understand how real-world systems work. Models devised for scientific purposes must always simplify reality. However, ideally, a modeling approach should be flexible as well as logically rigorous; it should permit scientists to tailor model simplifications appropriately for specific purposes at hand. Modeling flexibility and logical rigor have been the two key goals motivating the development of Agent-based Computational Economics (ACE), a variant of agent-based modeling adhering to seven specific modeling principles. This perspective provides an overview of ACE and a brief history of its development.
    Date: 2021–11–08

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