nep-ent New Economics Papers
on Entrepreneurship
Issue of 2019‒05‒20
five papers chosen by
Marcus Dejardin
Université de Namur

  1. Firm Size and Innovation in the Service Sector By David B. Audretsch; Marian Hafenstein; Alexander S. Kritikos; Alexander Schiersch
  2. Entrepreneurial Incentives and the Role of Initial Coin Offerings By Rod Garratt; Maarten van Oordt
  3. The European venture capital landscape: an EIF perspective. Volume V: The economic impact of VC investments supported by the EIF By Pavlova, Elitsa; Signore, Simone
  4. Learning about Competitors: Evidence from SME Lending By Darmouni, Olivier; Sutherland, Andrew
  5. Acceptability of e-Filing of Taxes by Micro-Entrepreneurs in Northwestern Nigeria By Mas'ud, Abdulsalam

  1. By: David B. Audretsch (Indiana University Bloomington); Marian Hafenstein (German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)); Alexander S. Kritikos (German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), University of Potsdam, IZA (Bonn), IAB (Nuremberg)); Alexander Schiersch (German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin))
    Abstract: A rich literature links knowledge inputs with innovative outputs. However, most of what is known is restricted to manufacturing. This paper analyzes whether the three aspects involving innovative activity - R&D; innovative output; and productivity - hold for knowledge intensive services. Combining the models of Crepon et al. (1998) and of Ackerberg et al. (2015), allows for causal interpretation of the relationship between innovation output and labor productivity. We find that knowledge intensive services benefit from innovation activities in the sense that these activities causally increase their labor productivity. Moreover, the firm size advantage found for manufacturing in previous studies nearly disappears for knowledge intensive services.
    Keywords: MSMEs, R&D, Service Sector, Innovation, Productivity, Entrepreneurship
    JEL: L25 L60 L80 O31 O33
    Date: 2019–05
  2. By: Rod Garratt; Maarten van Oordt
    Abstract: Initial coin offerings (ICOs) are a new mode of financing start-ups that saw an explosion in popularity in 2017 but declined in popularity in the second half of 2018 as regulatory pressure, instances of fraud and reports of poor performance began to undermine their reputation. We examine whether ICOs are a passing fad or a worthwhile form of financing with beneficial economic properties. We do so by examining how financing a start-up through an ICO changes the incentives of an entrepreneur relative to debt and venture capital financing. Depending on market characteristics, an ICO can result in a better or worse alignment of the interests of the entrepreneur and the investors compared with conventional modes of financing. Notably, an ICO can be the only form of financing that induces optimal effort and hence maximizes the net present value of the start-up, and there are projects that should not take place at all unless they can be financed through an ICO.
    Keywords: Asset Pricing; Exchange rates
    JEL: G32
    Date: 2019–05
  3. By: Pavlova, Elitsa; Signore, Simone
    Abstract: This paper examines the impact of venture capital (VC) investments supported by the EIF on the financial growth and performance of young and innovative firms. Using a novel dataset covering European start-ups supported by VC in the years 2007 to 2014, we generate a counterfactual group of non-VCbacked firms through a combination of exact and propensity score matching. To offset the relatively limited set of observables allowed by our data, we estimate treatment propensity using a series of innovative measures based on machine learning, network theory, and satellite imagery analysis. Our results document the positive effects of EIF-supported VC investments on start-up performance, as measured through various financial indicators (e.g. assets, revenue, employment). We find that VC financing enables start-ups to prioritise long-term growth, trading off short- to medium-term profitability if necessary. Overall, our work provides meaningful evidence towards the positive effects of EIF-supported VC investment on the financial growth of young and innovative businesses in Europe.
    Keywords: EIF,venture capital,public intervention,real effects,start-ups,machine learning,geospatial analysis,network theory
    JEL: G24 L25 M13 O38
    Date: 2019
  4. By: Darmouni, Olivier; Sutherland, Andrew
    Abstract: This paper provides evidence of strategic complementarities in lenders’ contract terms in SME financing. To isolate this strategic effect from lenders’ joint reaction to unobserved common shocks to fundamentals, we exploit the staggered entry of lenders into an information sharing platform. Upon joining, lenders adjust their terms toward what others are offering. This effect is mediated by market power and seems to be driven by incentives to match rivals in order to preserve market share as opposed to learning about fundamentals. We also find evidence that this strategic behavior increased delinquencies during the recent crisis.
    Keywords: competition, strategic complementarities, information sharing, credit bureau, corporate loans, SME
    JEL: D22 D43 D82 D83 G00 G21 G24 G30
    Date: 2018
  5. By: Mas'ud, Abdulsalam
    Abstract: E-filing for some kinds of tax payments was introduced at the federal level in Nigeria in 2013, yet it has not been made available by state government for the collection of Personal Income Tax from micro-entrepreneurs – a major source of revenue. This research was designed to investigate the acceptability of e-filing to micro-entrepreneurs in Northwestern Nigeria. Micro-entrepreneurs were asked what factors would affect their willingness to use e-filing should it become available. Data were collected through survey questionnaires from 384 micro-entrepreneurs and interviews with three tax consultants in the region. Performance expectancy was found to be the main predictor of e-filing acceptability by among micro-entrepreneurs: its use will likely enhance their ability to pay their taxes. Effort expectancy is the second main predictor, implying that micro-entrepreneurs believe that e-filing will be easy to use, and thus influence its acceptability. Social influence is the third main predictor of e-filing acceptability; friends, family, and business associates who value e-filing will influence its acceptance among micro-entrepreneurs. Trust in e-filing software was found to be an insignificant predictor of e-filing acceptability for micro-entrepreneurs. Lastly, awareness was found to be a negative factor that would affect the willingness of micro-entrepreneurs to use e-filing: while they are willing to use e-filing, they lack awareness of its operating modalities. In line with the findings, it is recommended that state government in Nigeria should introduce an e-filing system for collecting taxes from micro-entrepreneurs. The e-filing software design needs to be bilingual and fully reliable to gain the trust of its potential users, and the use of intermediaries to assist the users should be encouraged.
    Keywords: Finance, Governance,
    Date: 2019

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