nep-ent New Economics Papers
on Entrepreneurship
Issue of 2018‒06‒25
six papers chosen by
Marcus Dejardin
Université de Namur

  1. The role of hybrid entrepreneurship in explaining multiple job holders' earnings structure By Schulz, Matthias; Urbig, Diemo; Procher, Vivien
  2. Entrepreneurship in the periphery: The role of pre-entry experience and home advantage for newly founded firms By Antoine Habersetzer, Rikard Eriksson, Heike Mayer
  3. From knowledge to business ecosystems: emergence of an entrepreneurial activity during knowledge replication By Amel Attour; Nathalie Lazaric
  4. Being There: The Role of Mindfulness in the Entrepreneurial Process By Saddam Khalid
  5. Entrepreneurial skills and growth of Small and Medium Enterprise (SMEs): A comparative analysis of Nigerian entrepreneurs and Minority entrepreneurs in the UK By Eunice Abdul, Omolara
  6. Social Entrepreneurship: Startups mit sozialem Ansatz By Röhl, Klaus-Heiner

  1. By: Schulz, Matthias; Urbig, Diemo; Procher, Vivien
    Abstract: Despite the high prevalence of hybrid entrepreneurs among multiple job holders, research on hybrid entrepreneurship and multiple job holding has largely evolved independently from each other. We take a first step for a fruitful exchange between both research streams by building on hybrid entrepreneurship theories to explain why multiple job holders frequently have higher hourly earnings in their second job compared to their main job. Consistent with these entrepreneurship theories, our empirical analysis, based on the British Household Panel Survey (1991-2008), demonstrates that engaging in self-employment as second job significantly increases the probability of having higher average earnings in this second job, compared to being paid employed in both occupations. Furthermore, we explore the roles of gender and household composition in explaining multiple job holders' earnings structure.
    Keywords: multiple job holding,self-employment,hybrid entrepreneurship,earnings
    JEL: L26 J31 M13
    Date: 2018
  2. By: Antoine Habersetzer, Rikard Eriksson, Heike Mayer
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to assess the importance of industry experience and home advantage of entrepreneurs for the competitiveness of new firms in the periphery. We assume that spinoffs founded by local entrepreneurs are generally the most competitive form of entry, and show the highest comparative advantage in peripheral regions. We use matched employer-employee data for Sweden to test the effect of industry experience and home advantage on firm survival (logistic regressions), and job growth of surviving firms (OLS regression) during the period 2004-2012. Our results suggest that industry experience is more important than home advantage for firm survival, but that firms in core areas do benefit from home advantage. Regarding job growth, home advantage seems to be more important than industry experience but with varying significance over the regional hierarchy. After controlling for survival, the positive effect on job growth of being locally embedded seems to be confined to peripheral entrepreneurs.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship, spinoffs, home advantage, periphery
    Date: 2017–05
  3. By: Amel Attour (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Nathalie Lazaric (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Our article emphasizes the relationship between knowledge and business ecosystems. Transformation of a knowledge ecosystem can lead to the emergence of a technological platform embodying a business ecosystem and providing the resources required especially for firm startup. The role of knowledge replication in an innovation ecosystem is identified through exploratory research and a qualitative case study in the technology hotspot of Sophia-Antipolis. Our findings provide evidence of a new technological trajectory in near field communication ecosystems resulting from a radical transformation of traditional knowledge ecosystems. We show that the role of a knowledge filter is reduced by some public actors and universities acting as the “tenant anchor” and accelerating the replication of knowledge, and the resolution of intellectual property rights issues in emergent business ecosystems. We highlight the critical role of a public actor in enabling the emergence and creation of a business ecosystem, and its involvement in this entrepreneurial activity.
    Keywords: Knowledge ecosystem, entrepreneurial opportunities, technological platform, knowledge replication, academic actor.,entrepreneurial opportunities,technological platform,knowledge replication,academic actor
    Date: 2018–04–13
  4. By: Saddam Khalid (Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University)
    Abstract: The construct of mindfulness has attracted the attention of multiple scientific disciplines. However, research on mindfulness in the field of entrepreneurship remains limited. Research findings suggest that mindfulness through its temporal orientation and wide attentional breadth influences different aspects of cognitions and emotions and is beneficial and cost-effective in a dynamic rather than static environment. Extending these findings to entrepreneurship, I suggest that mindfulness has implications in entrepreneurship because of the environment in which entrepreneurs work and the tasks they usually perform. I propose a theoretical framework for understanding the role of mindfulness in the entrepreneurial process.
    Keywords: Mindfulness, cognitions, emotions, entrepreneurship
    JEL: L26 M1 M13 M10 M19
    Date: 2018–06
  5. By: Eunice Abdul, Omolara
    Abstract: The significance of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) to an economy development of a country cannot be ignored. Therefore, the growth of a business depends on the development of abilities needed to execute a smooth running of day to day business activities. Research established the fact that the flat economy growth of region relies on the extent of trade activities in the area. Given this importance of enterprise, this present study aims at developing an understanding of the influence of entrepreneurial skills on SMEs in Nigeria compare with the UK, as perceived by SME owners. The research will benefit the researcher, SME owners in Nigeria, Policymakers, and other researchers. Data collection was through an online survey questionnaire, and it was administered to a population of 38 SME owners both in Nigeria and in the UK. The research followed judgmental sampling techniques to explore their experience, beliefs, and attitudes to entrepreneurial skills because of the limited time frame. Moreover, this survey was used to validate the study conceptual framework and establish an insight on the opinion of business owners of the context. The study findings were that entrepreneurial skills have a significant influence on the growth of SMEs in Nigeria and the UK. However, the respondent in Nigeria and the UK agreed that creative thinking, Problem solving and communication skills are critical for increase sales and competitive advantage. Moreover, the respondent in Nigeria strongly agrees that high level of creative thinking with a bit of problem solving and communication skills will SMEs growth. By contrast, UK minority entrepreneurs argue that great creative thinking and a balance of problem solving and communication skills are critical to SMEs growth.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Small and Medium Enterprise (SME), Entrepreneurial Skills, Creative Thinking, Leadership, Problem-Solving, Teamwork, and Communication
    JEL: L20 L21 L25 L26 M13 M19
    Date: 2018–03–19
  6. By: Röhl, Klaus-Heiner
    Abstract: Deutschland hinkt bei innovativen Gründungen, die die Lösung gesellschaftlicher Probleme mit Ideen aus der Sharing Economy und der Nutzung von Onlineangeboten verbinden, den angelsächsischen oder skandinavischen Ländern bislang hinterher. Dabei können Sozialunternehmer als Testfeld für neue Ideen fungieren und gesellschaftliche Innovationen vorantreiben.
    Date: 2018

This nep-ent issue is ©2018 by Marcus Dejardin. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.