nep-ent New Economics Papers
on Entrepreneurship
Issue of 2014‒08‒25
six papers chosen by
Marcus Dejardin
Université de Namur

  1. Behind the GATE Experiment: Evidence on Effects of and Rationales for Subsidized Entrepreneurship Training By Fairlie, Robert W.; Karlan, Dean; Zinman, Jonathan
  2. Working Paper 204 - Skills and Youth Entrepreneurship in Africa: Analysis with Evidence from Swaziland By Zuzana Brixiova; Mthuli Ncube; Zorobabel Bicaba
  3. Women's Social Entrepreneurship and Innovation By Marieke Huysentruyt
  4. Competitive Small and Medium Enterprises : A Diagnostic to Help Design Smart SME Policy By Parth S. Tewari; David Skilling; Pranav Kumar; Zack Wu
  5. Information Asymmetry in SME Credit Guarantee Schemes: Evidence from Japan By SAITO Kuniyoshi; TSURUTA Daisuke
  6. Can Entrepreneurship Training Improve Work Opportunities for College Graduates? By World Bank

  1. By: Fairlie, Robert W. (University of California, Santa Cruz); Karlan, Dean (Yale University); Zinman, Jonathan (Dartmouth College)
    Abstract: Theories of market failures and targeting motivate the promotion of entrepreneurship training programs and generate testable predictions regarding heterogeneous treatment effects from such programs. Using a large randomized evaluation in the United States, we find no strong or lasting effects on those most likely to face credit or human capital constraints, or labor market discrimination. We do find a short-run effect on business ownership for those unemployed at baseline, but this dissipates at longer horizons. Treatment effects on the full sample are also short-term and limited in scope: we do not find effects on business sales, earnings, or employees.
    Keywords: entrepreneurship, training, random experiment, evaluation, self-employment
    JEL: L26 J24
    Date: 2014–08
  2. By: Zuzana Brixiova; Mthuli Ncube; Zorobabel Bicaba
    Abstract: The shortages of entrepreneurial skillshave lowered search effectiveness of potential young entrepreneurs and the rate of youth start-ups. Our paper contributes to closing a gap in the entrepreneurship and development literature with a model of costly firm creation and skill differences between young and adult entrepreneurs. The model shows that for young entrepreneurs facing high cost of searching for business opportunities, support for training is more effective in stimulating productive start-ups than subsidies. Further, the case for interventions targeted at youth rises in societies with high cost of youth unemployment. We test the role of skills and training for productive youth entrepreneurship on data from a recent survey of entrepreneurs in Swaziland.
    Date: 2014–08–06
  3. By: Marieke Huysentruyt
    Abstract: After having explained the smaller gender gap in social entrepreneurship compared to commercial entrepreneurship, this paper provides information on female management style and on the innovation capacity of social enteprises led by women. This Report is based on SELUSI data and presents three specific case studies from Hungary, Russia and Chile.
    Date: 2014–08–12
  4. By: Parth S. Tewari; David Skilling; Pranav Kumar; Zack Wu
    Keywords: Finance and Financial Sector Development - Microfinance Small Scale Enterprise Private Sector Development - E-Business Private Sector Development - Small and Medium Size Enterprises Environmental Economics and Policies Industry Environment
    Date: 2013–05
  5. By: SAITO Kuniyoshi; TSURUTA Daisuke
    Abstract: In this paper, we investigate whether adverse selection and/or moral hazard can be detected in credit guarantee schemes for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Using bank-level data, we analyzed whether the subrogation rate is positively associated with the ratio of guaranteed loans to total loans, and found that the data are consistent with an adverse selection and/or moral hazard hypothesis. Further analyses show that the relationship is stronger for 100% coverage than for 80% coverage, indicating that "20% self-payment" mitigates the problem, but is not enough to eliminate it.
    Date: 2014–07
  6. By: World Bank
    Keywords: Education - Educational Sciences Tertiary Education Secondary Education Teaching and Learning Education - Primary Education
    Date: 2013–04

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