nep-ent New Economics Papers
on Entrepreneurship
Issue of 2013‒09‒26
four papers chosen by
Marcus Dejardin
University of Namur and Universite' Catholique de Louvain

  1. Locally owned: Do local business ownership and size matter for local economic well-being? By Anil Rupasingha
  2. Discrimination or Social Networks? Industrial Investment in Colonial India By Gupta, Bishnupriya
  3. Beyond ‘the Beamer, the boat and the bach’? A Content Analysis-Based Case Study of New Zealand Innovative Firms By Les Oxley; Shangqin Hong; Philip McCann

  1. By: Anil Rupasingha
    Abstract: The concept of “economic gardening”—supporting locally owned businesses over nonlocally owned businesses and small businesses over large ones—has gained traction as a means of economic development since the 1980s. However, there is no definitive evidence for or against this pro-local business view. Therefore, I am using a rich U.S. county-level data set to obtain a statistical characterization of the relationship between local-based entrepreneurship and county economic performance for the period 2000–2009. I investigate the importance of the size of locally based businesses relative to all businesses in a county measured by the share of employment by local businesses in total employment. I also disaggregate employment by local businesses based on the establishment size. My results provide evidence that local entrepreneurship matters for local economic performance and smaller local businesses are more important than larger local businesses for local economic performance.
    Date: 2013
  2. By: Gupta, Bishnupriya (Department of Economics, University of Warwick)
    Abstract: Industrial investment in Colonial India was segregated by the export oriented industries, such as tea and jute that relied on British firms and the import substituting cotton textile industry that was dominated by Indian firms. The literature emphasizes discrimination against Indian capital. Instead informational factors played an important role. British entrepreneurs knew the export markets and the Indian entrepreneurs were familiar with the local markets. The divergent flows of entrepreneurship can be explained by the comparative advantage enjoyed by social groups in information and the role of social networks in determining entry and creating separate spheres of industrial investment. JEL classification: JEL codes:
    Date: 2013
  3. By: Les Oxley (University of Waikato); Shangqin Hong (University of Canterbury); Philip McCann (University of Groningen)
    Abstract: In this paper we will use case studies to seek to understand the dynamic innovation processes at the level of the firm and to explain the apparent 'enigma' between New Zealand's recent innovation performance and economic growth. A text-mining tool, Leximancer, (version 4) was used to analyse the case results, based on content analysis. The case studies reveal that innovation in New Zealand firms can be best described as 'internalised', and the four key factors that affect innovation in New Zealand firms are ‘Product’, ‘Market’, ‘People’ and ‘Money’. New Zealand may be an ideal place for promoting local entrepreneurship, however, many market/technology opportunities cannot be realized in such a small and isolated economy, hence the poor economic performance.
    Keywords: innovation; New Zealand; case study; content analysis
    Date: 2013–09–10
  4. By: Antonin MICHELET (RRI)
    Abstract: Faire parler de son territoire, le rendre attractif et visible pour des cibles internationales est une priorité pour les grandes agglomérations. De ce fait, les outils de marketing territorial et de land branding deviennent de plus en plus sophistiqués. Les outils d’attractivité, de gestion de prospects, de conduite de projet sont performants et permettent de soutenir l’objectif d’implantation d’entreprises, notamment étrangères sur les territoires. Cette situation crée une concurrence entre les territoires pour attirer les entreprises. La concurrence se traduit par une sur-communication territoriale qui amène à rechercher une spécificité (discours, plus d'avantages économiques, surexploitation de lieux historiques, etc.). To get people talk about its territory, to make it an attractive and visible target internationally is a priority of large cities. Therefore, the tools of territorial marketing and land branding become increasingly sophisticated. The tools of attractiveness, lead management, project management are efficient and can support the goal of the establishment of companies, including foreign investors. This situation creates a competition between territories to attract businesses. The competition results in an over-communication of the territory which leads to search for specificity (speeches, more economic advantages, overexploitation of historic sites, etc.)
    Keywords: territoire, entrepreneuriat, attractivité, investissement, territory, entrepreneurship, attractiveness, investment
    JEL: H79 R5
    Date: 2013

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