nep-ent New Economics Papers
on Entrepreneurship
Issue of 2012‒06‒13
three papers chosen by
Marcus Dejardin
Notre-Dame de la Paix University

  1. How do banks screen innovative firms? Evidence from start-up panel data By Brown, Martin; Degryse, Hans; Höwer, Daniel; Penas, María Fabiana
  2. Establishment and Development of Academic Spin Off Firms by Evidence from Turkey and Some Policy Recommendations By Yelda Erden; Alp Eren Yurtseven
  3. Université et entrepreneuriat en Haïti By Paul, Bénédique

  1. By: Brown, Martin; Degryse, Hans; Höwer, Daniel; Penas, María Fabiana
    Abstract: Start-up firms often face difficulties in raising external funds. Employing a unique panel dataset covering 9,715 start-up firms over the period 2007-2009, we find that high-tech startups are less likely to use bank finance and face more difficulties in raising bank finance than low-tech start-ups. We find that external credit scores do affect the availability of credit for start-up firms, but that banks rely less on external rating information in their decision making for high-tech start-ups than low-tech start-ups. Start-ups that have their main relation with a small bank use more bank finance and report less difficulties in getting credit. By contrast, a greater expertise of the bank in the firm's industry is not associated with fewer difficulties to get bank loans. There are no differences between high-tech and low-tech start-ups regarding the impact of bank size. --
    Keywords: Innovation,Start-up,Credit information sharing,Soft information
    JEL: G2 G18 O16 P34
    Date: 2012
  2. By: Yelda Erden (TEKPOL, Science and Technology Policy Studies, Middle East Technical University); Alp Eren Yurtseven (TEKPOL, Science and Technology Policy Studies, Middle East Technical University)
    Abstract: This study aims to identify the main characteristics of academic spin off firms, which evolve from universities through commercialization of intellectual property and transfer of technology developed within academic institutions. Academic spin off firms can be conceptualized as a subset of new technology-based firms and they emerge as important actors of the innovation system in Turkey. Despite the extensive empirical evidence pointing to the conclusion that most new technology-based firms do not grow and more importantly do not even want to grow, the dominating view of new technology-based firms is presuming rapid growth, or at least an aspiration towards it. In addition to problems associated with the liability of newness, academic spin off firms also face two fundamentally different difficulties: Academic spin off firms evolve from non commercial environments, i.e. universities and research laboratories, and have to overcome substantial obstacles on the way to become a profitable organization. Moreover key stakeholders in the founding process (i.e. the academic entrepreneurs, university management, finance suppliers etc.) may have conflicting interests, which may influence the growth pattern of academic spin off firms. Solution of these problems call for a redefinition of parent organization’s structure and mission statement. Recently emerging third mission paradigm puts forward entrepreneurialism as a new pillar in addition to teaching and research. This study attempts to highlight key characteristics of ASOF’s and obtained results are expected to contribute to the intellectual debate about transformation of universities with an entrepreneurial mind set. Obtained results indicate that founders of academic spin off firms have precedent joint research experience, i.e. network of researchers and role of research group as a quasi- firm is influential in the founding process of academic spin off firms. Moreover academic spin off firms are embedded in networks, rather than being atomistic entities and either structure of these networks change, or academic spin off firms partake in different networks during their development.
    Keywords: Academic spin-off, new technology-based firm, entrepreneurial university
    Date: 2012–05
  3. By: Paul, Bénédique
    Abstract: This article analyzes the university's role in the reconstruction of Haiti through an economic perspective. To rebuild themselves, Haitians need to be able to realize their dreams and meet their own needs, while fighting the behavioral bias created by the assistantship. By studying the relationship between university and entrepreneurship in Haiti, the article emphasizes the need for the Haitian university to be redesigned in order to act as vector of an entrepreneurial culture for the country's economic development.
    Keywords: Université; Entrepreneuriat; Innovation; Formation; Recherche; Haïti
    JEL: D03 O17 A23 B52 L26
    Date: 2012–04–16

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